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Siddhartha is an allegorical novel by Hermann Hesse which deals with the spiritual journey of an Indian boy called Siddhartha during the time of the Buddha. The book, Hesse's ninth novel, was written in German, in a simple, yet powerful and lyrical, style. It was first published in 1922, after Hesse had spent some time in India in the 1910s. It was published in the U.S. in 1951 and became influential during the 1960s. The word Siddhartha is made up of two words in the Sanskrit language, siddha (gotten) + artha (meaning or wealth). The two words together mean "one who has found meaning (of existence)" or "he who has attained his goals". The Buddha's name, before his renunciation, was Prince Siddhartha Gautama, later the Buddha. In this book, the Buddha is referred to as "Gotama." (From
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An assignment for 9th and 10th graders focusing on world view.

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Siddhartha is a young boy who grows up in India. Culturally, India is very different from the United States. Based on the first paragraph, please describe at least three ways Siddhartha's childhood differs from an American boy's childhood. 
What is an ablution? 
Atman is his soul. 
Watch this short video describing the caste system and reincarnation. Understanding these two elements of Hindu culture will help you understand "Siddhartha." (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following describes Govinda’s relationship with Siddhartha? 
The Rig-Veda is an ancient Indian text, like the Bible is to Christianity. 
In the previous two paragraphs, Siddhartha’s internal conflict is established. Which of the following statements summarizes his internal conflict? 
According to Siddhartha, the "most important thing" to know is where and what is the innermost self; in other words, "Who am I?" Keeping in mind that Siddhartha is a teenager, how would you compare his religious and philosophical concerns with the concerns of the average American teenager? Are they similar or different? How? 
Siddhartha thinks very highly of his father. In some cultures, having reverence for elders is not only common, it's expected. Is this the case in American culture? Think of the way American teenagers regard their fathers; is it similar or different to Siddhartha, or a little of both? 
The Upanishades are another holy Hindu text. 
"Om is the bow, the arrow is soul" is 
A Samana is a spiritual seeker who has few possessions and wanders, like a gypsy, in search of spiritual growth and wisdom. Siddhartha, who comes from a wealthy family, decides here that he wants to becme a Samana and commence his search for truth, for pure joy. 
The ascetics are the Samanas. Ascetic is a simple term meaning one who practices strict self-denial as a measure of personal and spiritual discipline. In this story, the terms are used interchangably. 
Siddhartha is being ________________ in this scene. 
Standard 9-10.6 Siddhartha Quiz