The House of the Seven Gables

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In a sleepy little New England village stands a dark, weather-beaten, many-gabled house. This brooding mansion is haunted by a centuries-old curse that casts the shadow of ancestral sin upon the last four members of the distinctive Pyncheon family. Mysterious deaths threaten the living. Musty documents nestle behind hidden panels carrying the secret of the family’s salvation—or its downfall. Hawthorne called The House of the Seven Gables “a Romance,” and freely bestowed upon it many fascinating gothic touches. A brilliant intertwining of the popular, the symbolic, and the historical, the novel is a powerful exploration of personal and national guilt, a work that Henry James declared “the closest approach we are likely to have to the Great American Novel.” (From feedbooks.com)
Curriculet Details
190 Questions
66 Annotations
21 Quizzes

Designed for students in 11th and 12th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining the historical context and setting, biographical information about the author, and characteristics of the genre. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about foreshadowing and internal/external conflict. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of character interactions and development, point of view and narrator, and themes of family, community, guilt, and forgiveness. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Chapter 1 - The Old Pyncheon Family

A gable is the triangular part of a wall that meets the edge of the roof. This photo shows the original House of the Seven Gables, which served as a model for Nathaniel Hawthorne when he wrote the novel.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why was the land originally called Maule's Lane?  
Watch this video for a brief overview of the Salem Witch Trials. Nathaniel Hawthorne was a descendant of John Hathorne, one of the judges in the trials. Hawthorne was fascinated by and ashamed of his ancestor's participation in this cruel event.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
This paragraph reveals Colonel Pyncheon to be  
As a boy, Nathaniel Hawthorne often visited the historical House of the Seven Gables in Salem, Massachusetts, because it was the home of his cousin, Susannah Ingersoll. He was later inspired to use it as his model when writing this novel.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Who is the "gentleman" referred to in this passage?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What reason does the lieutenant-governor give for Colonel Pyncheon's absence?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
This passage is an example of which literary device?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Which of the following reasons does the narrator give for why Colonel Pyncheon's death was probably not a murder?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What did Colonel Pyncheon leave unfinished before his death?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
What is the "great misfortune" that the narrator suggests the Pyncheon descendants inherited?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why did the Pyncheon family keep the portrait of Colonel Pyncheon hanging in their house?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why did the relatives fear that this member of the family would give up the House of the Seven Gables?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who are the remaining members of the Pyncheon family?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Hawthorne uses a metaphor to compare Maule's bloodline to ______.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Which of the following literary devices does Hawthorne employ here?  
The narrator describes the elm tree as 80-100 years old, whose branches seem to cover the entire House of the Seven Gables.  (This annotation contains a link)
During this time period, society was still divided into fairly strict social classes. It would be considered inappropriate and shameful for a member of the upper class, like the Pyncheons, to work as a shopkeeper. Even more embarrassing was the fact that he set up the shop in the House of the Seven Gables.  
Chapter 1  

Chapter 2 - The Little Shop-Window

A daguerreotype was an early type of photograph, popular in the 1800s. The artist in this paragraph creates photographs using the daguerreotype process, seen below.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
To what is Miss Hepzibah most loyal?  
A miniature was a small portrait, usually one or two inches in size. Edward Greene Malbone (1777-1807) was one of the best-known miniaturists. Pictured below is an example of a miniature.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What reason does the narrator give for Miss Hepzibah's perpetual scowl?  
The shop was like a type of general store, with groceries, toys, materials for sewing, and hardware. (Imagine a very small Target, set in the 1800s.)  
"Jump Jim Crow" was a popular song in the 1830s that depicted a stereotypical African slave. The song's popularity led to the use of the phrase "Jim Crow" to describe an African-American, often in a negative sense. Later, after the Civil War, the term was used to describe a series of laws that mandated racial segregation - "Jim Crow laws." The gingerbread cookies described in this paragraph were in the shape of the jumping "Jim Crow" (seen below). Keep this image in mind; the gingerbread becomes important in a later chapter.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The contrast described in this paragraph is what type of literary device?  
To learn about how Hawthorne explores the subject of class in this novel, watch this short video:  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Based on the context of this paragraph, what is most likely the connotation of hucksteress in this sentence?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Why would Hepzibah prefer to sell items from her shop without revealing herself to anybody?  
Chapter 2  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Why does the narrator claim that he is frustrated with his task in this paragraph?  

Chapter 3 - The First Customer

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What does the comparison between Hepzibah and an "enslaved spirit" reveal about her character?  
Tone and mood are two elements of literature you should be familiar with. This video will explain more.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the tone of Miss Hepzibah's speech to Mr. Holgrave?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6
Mr. Holgrave's view of their society best matches  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why are the laborers shocked by the appearance of a shop in the Pyncheon House?  
"Old Nick" was a nickname for the Devil; the laborer is saying that Miss Hepzibah's face is ugly enough to scare the Devil.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Based on this passage, Miss Hepzibah is revealed to be extremely  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What prevents Miss Hepzibah from taking the child's money?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What does the copper coin symbolize?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
How has the symbol of the copper coin changed from the previous paragraphs?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
This passage reveals that Hepzibah considers herself ________ to her customers.  
Chapter 3  

Chapter 4 - A Day Behind the Counter

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
The description of this man establishes him as  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who is "the stern old Puritan, her ancestor"?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Hepzibah draws a comparison between ___________ and __________.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Based on this description of Uncle Venner, which word best describes him?  
A workhouse was a place where the poorest members of society could work and receive shelter. The conditions were often miserable, and for most people, it was a last resort. Uncle Venner plans to "retire" there.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Which word in this sentence gives the reader the best indication of Hepzibah's feelings about Judge Pyncheon?  
Remember in the first chapter that the narrator told us of the disputed land in Maine, which Colonel Pyncheon had almost finished purchasing legally before he died. The Pyncheon family always believed that it was rightfully theirs.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The comparison between Uncle Venner and "a withered leaf ... before an autumnal gale" serves to emphasize his  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Which word in this passage indicates that Hawthorne is using personification to describe "life"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
To what is the girl compared in this passage?  
Chapter 4  

Chapter 5 - May and November

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What literary device is used to describe the morning light?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
The contrast between the bedroom before Phoebe changes it and after mimics the contrast between __________ and __________.  
A harpsichord is a type of piano that was popular in the 1800s. (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, "sunshine" can be interpreted symbolically as  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Based on what we have read in the previous chapters, who is Clifford Pyncheon?  
Although the animated version of Cinderella was not created until over a century after The House of the Seven Gables was published, we can see definite similarities between the cheerful, musical Phoebe and Cinderella, as depicted in this scene.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Hepzibah believes Phoebe's skills are  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
In this comparison, "native truth and sagacity" refers to  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the tone of this description of Phoebe?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why does Hawthorne describe the accumulation of copper coin as "sordid"?  
"The angel whom Jacob wrestled with" is an allusion to the Biblical story of Jacob, from the book of Genesis. In the story, Jacob wrestles with an angel (who may be God) and refuses to let go of the angel until he agrees to bless Jacob. The angel blesses him and renames him "Israel," meaning "He who struggles with God." Click below to watch a video explaining more about allusion. (This annotation contains a video)
Animal magnetism was a form of alternative healing advocated by Franz Mesmer, a German doctor. Mesmer believed that animals possessed certain invisible forces that could heal humans. It was eventually considered a pseudoscience (not a true form of science or medicine). The verb "mesmerize" comes from Mesmer's name. Animal magnetism is related to hypnosis, which was gaining popularity during the time that Hawthorne was writing.  
Chapter 5  

Chapter 6 - Maule's Well

A summer-house is a small structure in a park or garden, used for shade during the heat of the summer. The picture below shows what such a summer-house might have looked like in the garden of the House of the Seven Gables, although it would be much older and in disrepair.  (This annotation contains a link)
This video explains foreshadowing, a literary device commonly used by writers to create tension.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How is the garden different from the rest of the House of Seven Gables?  
Chanticleer was a name given to roosters, after a rooster in a French fairy tale.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why does Hawthorne describe these chickens as "sprites" and "guardian angels"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why is Phoebe mistrustful of the daguerreotypist?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Whom does Phoebe assume is the subject of the daguerreotype?  
Holgrave and Phoebe are discussing Hepzibah's miniature portrait of her brother Clifford. Remember, Clifford is the member of the Pyncheon family who murdered his uncle and was imprisoned. Because Phoebe does not know about Clifford's crime, Holgrave's comments can be seen as a kind of foreshadowing for her.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What did we learn of Maule's well in the first chapter?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
How is Hepzibah's tone of voice different than it normally is?  
Chapter 6  

Chapter 7 - The Guest

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What sort of breakfast does Hepzibah want to prepare?  
Later in this chapter you will be asked about irony. This video explains one of the three kinds of irony: situational irony.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The simile in this sentence compares ____________ to ____________.  
"Indian cakes" were probably a type of cornbread. The Native Americans introduced European settlers to cooking and baking with ground corn, and cornbread was an inexpensive and easy food to prepare.  (This annotation contains a link)
The sunshine "as fresh as that which peeped into Eve's bower while she and Adam sat at breakfast there" is a reference to the Biblical story of the Garden of Eden. The first humans, Adam and Eve, lived in the Garden of Eden until they disobeyed God by eating fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. In Judeo-Christian theology, this disobedience was the first sin committed by humans, and they were cast out of the garden because of it. As an allusion, the Garden of Eden has the connotations of paradise or perfection, as well as human nature and sinfulness.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, what is the connotation of the word dungeon?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, what is the meaning of sunshine?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What does this simile suggest about Clifford's mental state?  
Clifford is wearing a dressing-gown, which is a robe or outer covering that somebody would wear over pajamas. Damask is a type of woven material, often in a floral pattern.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
To what is Hepzibah compared in this pasage?  
In ancient Greece, a Sybarite was a citizen of the city of Sybaris. In later use, it refers to somebody who seeks pleasure and luxury.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Where does Clifford assume that he is?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who is the "it" in the picture that Clifford cannot bear to see?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why is Clifford's angry reaction to the bell ironic?  
Chapter 7  

Chapter 8 - The Pyncheon of To-day

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
The comparison between the shine of the boots and the man's smile suggests that  
Gentlemen often walked with canes as an accessory, for decorative or fashionable reasons.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Which word has the most negative connotation in this sentence?  
In Greek mythology, Ixion was a god whom Zeus tricked into kissing a cloud in the shape of Zeus's wife, Hera.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What was Mr. Holgrave trying to prove when he showed Phoebe the daguerreotype in the garden?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the connotation of a "serpent, which, as a preliminary to fascination, is said to fill the air with his peculiar odor"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
How does Judge Pyncheon differ physically from his ancestor, Colonel Pyncheon?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
According to the narrator, although public record considered both men to be ___________, Colonel Pyncheon and Judge Pyncheon were both criticized privately.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Based on the narrator's description, is it likely that the Judge resembles his ancestor in being "bold, imperious, reckless, and crafty"? Why?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Judge Pyncheon's "beaming sunshine" is most likely __________, based on earlier descriptions of him in this chapter.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What does Judge Pyncheon know that Phoebe does not?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the narrator's tone toward Judge Pyncheon?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Which rhetorical appeal does Judge Pyncheon use in this attempt to convince Hepzibah to move in with him?  How do you know?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the narrator's tone in this passage?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
This sentence is an example of what literary device?  
Chapter 8 

Chapter 9 - Clifford and Phoebe

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the narrator's tone toward Hepzibah?  
Characters develop over the course of a novel; this video will tell you about some of the different ways authors reveal character.  (This annotation contains a video)
The History of Rasselas, the Prince of Abissinia was a book written by Samuel Johnson in 1759. It was an allegory about happiness.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why is Clifford's repulsion toward Hepzibah's appearance so painfully ironic?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What simile does Hawthorne use to describe how Phoebe affects Hepzibah and Clifford?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why does Phoebe choose to sing sad songs rather than happy ones?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
From this passage, it is clear that Clifford values ________ above all else.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What shift occurs in this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
In this paragraph, the narrator makes sure to assure the reader that Clifford is not interested in Phoebe in a(n) _____ way.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Phoebe is ________ Clifford's sordid past.  
Chapter 9  

Chapter 10 - The Pyncheon Garden

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
What argument does the narrator make against fiction in this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, Clifford is compared to what?  
Bean stalks can grow quickly and often need to be tied to poles to allow them to grow further.  (This annotation contains a link)
In the Judeo-Christian tradition, Providence refers to God’s intervention in the world. In other words, Clifford may attribute his circumstances in life to God’s intervention or interference.  
Indian summer is a term for summer-like weather in the fall, or an extension of summer into the fall months.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Why does Hawthorne use this allusion to the Garden of Eden to describe the Pyncheon garden?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What two states are juxtaposed in the small chicken?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
What does Hepzibah's unintentional and easy destruction of the egg symbolize for the Pyncheon family?  
 (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How does Clifford delude himself?  
Charles Fourier (1772-1837) was a French philosopher whose ideas were influential in the creation of several Utopian communities (including one in which Nathaniel Hawthorne participated). He suggested that society should be divided into communes, in which people would live and work together.  (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 10 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Why does Hawthorne shift to address Clifford directly in this final paragraph?  

Chapter 11 - The Arched Window

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The contrast between the words “childish” and “aged” and the words “melancholy” and “cheerful” exemplifies what type of literary device? 
Although the historical House of the Seven Gables did not have an arched window, the fictional one did. It might have looked similar to the arched window in this house, pictured below.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Why does Clifford appreciate old objects, sights, and sounds so much?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
What is the "moral of the show" that the narrator claims to reject?  
An organ grinder was a street musician who operated an organ in a public place for change (like we might see people doing now by playing guitar or singing). Often, the organ grinder had a monkey with him for entertainment purposes.  (This annotation contains an image)
In the Bible, Mammon is the personified god of wealth or greed. In the New Testament of the Bible, Mammon was described as a false god or prince of Hell.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, what is the "surging stream of human sympathies," literally?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, what is the most likely definition of the word meet?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Clifford has been "so long separate from the world" because he was in prison.  Why has Hepzibah been "so long separate from the world"?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What type of sentence is this?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the connotation of "dog-day sultriness"?  
Chapter 11 

Chapter 12 - The Daguerreotypist

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What does the narrator imply with the use of the word other?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
According to the narrative, what is the only reason for Phoebe's and Mr. Holgrave's interactions?  
Remember that Hepzibah had suspected that Holgrave practiced animal magnetism or mesmerism - forms of mind control related to hypnosis.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Phoebe believes that Holgrave's interest in, and concern for, the Pyncheon family is primarily _____.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, the world is compared to both _____ and _____.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this metaphor, what does patchwork represent? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
To what does the narrator compare these "young men"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Why does Holgrave believe that we are “slaves to by-gone times”?  What does this metaphor mean? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What does Holgrave propose in order to reform society?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who is the "very image, in mind and body," of which Holgrave speaks?  
Chapter 12  

Chapter 13 - Alice Pyncheon

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What do we already know about Alice Pyncheon from earlier chapters?  
In Hawthorne’s time, the use of this word could be used in an offensive way, but most it is most likely not intended to be offensive when it is the black slave’s way of referring to himself.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is the narrator's attitude toward the old Matthew Maule in this paragraph?  
Cotton Mather, a Puritan minister, was highly influential in bringing the accused witches to trial during the Salem witch trials. William Phipps was the governor of Massachusetts at the time. (Cotton Mather is pictured below.)  (This annotation contains a link)
The “evil eye” is the ability to cause somebody bad luck or misfortune by looking at them. Some form of it exists in many cultures and religious traditions.  
Watch this video for a brief historical overview of animal magnetism, mesmerism, and hypnotism, which features prominently in this chapter.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
How does the description of the House of the Seven Gables differ in this paragraph from earlier chapters? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The narrator's tone in this sentence is most likely ______.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Which detail does the narrator give us to indicate that Mr. Pyncheon is wealthy and refined?  
Remember, this is the land in Maine whose purchase Colonel Pyncheon did not complete before his death.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why is this statement a "metaphorical expression"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How does the portrait of Colonel Pyncheon support the house metaphorically?  
Watch this video to learn about the differences between nobility in Great Britain and the United States: (This annotation contains a video)
This is an illustration of Alice's harpsichord from an early edition of the novel.  (This annotation contains a link)
 (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, proud most likely has a ______ connotation.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What does Mr. Pyncheon's willingness to sacrifice his daughter demonstrate about his character?  
 (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
In Alice's vision, the first man is most likely _____, the second ______, and the third _____.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
According to Alice's vision, who possesses the deed to the land?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
The narrator (Holgrave) suggests that Alice is punished for her _____.  
Chapter 13  

Chapter 14 - Phoebe's Good-By

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Which part of this sentence is meant to understood ironically? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What does the comparison of Phoebe to an infant near a precipice suggest about her situation?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What effect does the moonlight have on Holgrave? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
According to Holgrave, why is "second youth" a richer type of joy?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What does Holgrave consider his purpose in knowing Hepzibah and Clifford? 
To "put somebody to the rack" was a form of torture in medieval times; a person would be fastened to the top and bottom of the rack and then stretched until their joints snapped. To suggest that Judge Pyncheon would "put Clifford to the rack" is to suggest that he would cause Clifford to undergo serious pain and suffering.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What mood is evoked by this conversation between Holgrave and Phoebe?  
Chapter 14  

Chapter 15 - The Scowl and Smile

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why does the kitchen fire place serve as an “emblem” or symbol of the mansion’s heart? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
“A characteristic sound, however,--neither a cough nor a hem, but a kind of rumbling, and reverberating spasm in somebody’s capacious depth of chest,--impelled her forward …”   How has this sound been described previously in the text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Which rhetorical device is employed in this statement? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Which rhetorical device is employed in this statement? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is the narrator’s purpose in this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
In other words, the narrator ______ that the Judge is as upright as everybody believes him to be. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this metaphor, what does the palace represent? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
The extensive list of Judge Pyncheon’s noble traits in this paragraph superficially serves to _______ the claim that he is a good man, while actually suggesting that he is hiding dark secrets. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How does Judge Pyncheon transform in this paragraph? 
Remember that this Jaffrey Pyncheon was the one who came to the conclusion that the Pyncheon family did not rightfully own the House of the Seven Gables, and wished to return the property to the Maules.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this sentence, what does "our fallen nature" mean?  
During this time, insane asylums were often miserable places, where patients were treated poorly, subjected to experimental treatments, or left to suffer. Pictured below is one of the first public asylums in the United States.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
The description of the generations of Pyncheons serves to 
Chapter 15 

Chapter 16 - Clifford's Chamber

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
According to the narrator, individual events that seem extraordinary are actually _______.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
In this comparison, _____ is the porcelain vase, and _____ is the granite column.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Hepzibah is certain that if she called for help, anybody who came to assist would end up taking ______ side.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Why does the narrator compare the house to a "desert" or under "some spell"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
This suggestion by the narrator is an example of __________.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What mood does the narrator create in this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
How does the narrator characterize death in this passage?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What is unusual about Clifford's appearance?  
 (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What does Hepzibah realize has happened?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Hepzibah is now convinced that she is ______.  
Giant Despair, Christian, and Hopeful are characters in John Bunyan's 1678 novel, The Pilgrim's Progress. It is an allegory for Christianity. In the novel, Giant Despair catches the characters Christian and Hopeful and imprisons them in his castle.  (This annotation contains a link)
Chapter 16  

Chapter 17 - The Flight of Two Owls

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How is Clifford different in this chapter than in previous chapters?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why does Hepzibah wish to "shrink deeper into herself" so that it looks as if she is not there?  
When the House of the Seven Gables was written in 1851, the United States' railway industry was at its height. Starting in 1828 with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, the industry grew steadily and by 1860, every major city in the North was connected by rail. The railroads represented the scope and accomplishments of the Industrial Era.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The sense of ______ in this paragraph mimics Hepzibah's and Clifford's separation from the House of the Seven Gables, which had trapped them mentally and physically.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Why does Hepzibah feel even further removed from humanity on the train?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What prompts this change in Clifford's character?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Clifford believes that humans eventually _____ the past.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
Clifford idealizes the railroads because they give humans ______.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
To whom is Clifford most likely referring?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
The further that Clifford goes from the physical location of his misery (the House of the Seven Gables), the _____ he becomes.  
Like Holgrave, Clifford believes that mesmerism has the potential to heal humans, both physically and spiritually. Many Gothic writers, including Nathaniel Hawthorne, were fascinated with this aspect of human experience.  
In 1851, when Hawthorne was writing, electricity was still a relatively undiscovered field, but many people saw its potential to transform modern life.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who is the "fugitive" in Clifford's hypothetical situation?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is the mood in these final paragraphs?  
Chapter 17  

Chapter 18 - Governor Pyncheon

Imagery is defined as the mental pictures created by a piece of writing. Watch the following video to learn more.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What literary device is employed in this paragraph?  
Note that, although the reader knows that Judge Pyncheon is dead because of Clifford's and Hepzibah's reactions to seeing his body, the narrator never tells us directly that he is dead, instead continuing to describe him as if he is just still and silent.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is particularly ironic about the narrator's prediction that Judge Pyncheon will live for another twenty-five years.  
Remember in an earlier chapter that we learned of the rumors that both Colonel Pyncheon and Judge Pyncheon "wore their wives out" and caused them to die before their time.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What narrative shift occurs at this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
Which of the following statements in this paragraph contains the greatest irony?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Based on this description of Judge Pyncheon, the judge's most defining characteristic is ____.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What is the purpose in the repetition of "To-morrow"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
The imagery in the preceding paragraph evokes a _______ mood.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What were Colonel Pyncheon's "testamentary directions"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Who is this figure?  
Note that the narrator readily dismisses "ghost-stories" and allows the reader to interpret the events as supernatural or explained by natural phenomena. Similarly, Holgrave's account of Matthew Maule and Gervayse Pyncheon included supernatural elements which could be explained away. Hawthorne is intentionally ambiguous about whether we are meant to understand these events as supernatural or not.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What rhetorical device is used by repeating "Will he ...?" several times?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
How has the narrator's attitude toward Judge Pyncheon shifted in this paragraph?  
Chapter 18  

Chapter 19 - Alice's Posies

Conflict is an essential part of literature, and this video will tell you more about the two different kinds of conflict: internal and external.  (This annotation contains a video)
In The Aeneid (written by Virgil in the 1st century BCE), Aeneas goes on a quest to enter the Underworld, or Hades. In order to gain entrance, he has to gather a branch of gold and present it to Proserpina, the queen of the Underworld.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
How is this imagined history of the House of the Seven Gables different from the actual history?  
This is an image of red posies.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is ironic about Holgrave's statement?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What conflict is presented in this depiction of the "irascible housewife"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What does Ned mean when he says he wants an "elephant" or a "crocodile"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What is familiar about these two characters?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Whom does the butcher see in the house?  
Remember that the organ-grinder and the monkey had passed down the street before, and Clifford was intensely critical of the monkey because he saw it as the personification of greed.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What is ironic about this question?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What is the real reason for Hepzibah's "scowl"?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
The narrator suggests that one's ______ can cause _____.   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
How does the description of the setting mirror the events that have occurred since Phoebe left?  
Chapter 19  

Chapter 20 - The Flower of Eden

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
In this passage, Holgrave demonstrates _________ than he usually does.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
What is the "awful secret of yesterday" that Holgrave hesitates to reveal to Phoebe?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
Why is Holgrave worried about Clifford and Hepzibah?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
According to Holgrave, both the Judge's and his uncle's deaths were ______.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
What emotions does Holgrave feel at this moment?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
How did Holgrave used to feel about building houses and staying in one place?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
In this passage, Hawthorne suggests that Hepzibah was carrying _________.  
Chapter 20  

Chapter 21 - The Departure

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What metaphor does Hawthorne use to describe a person's life in this paragraph?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
According to the narrator, the medical opinion was that the uncle, whom Clifford was accused of murdered, died _____.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
Why is this action an example of "cool hardihood"?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1
How do Clifford, Hepzibah, Phoebe, and Holgrave become rich?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
What does the hens' ability to lay eggs, once removed from the House of the Seven Gables, symbolize?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
Which word has the most negative connotation in this sentence?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
What does the fallen portrait symbolize?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.3
In this paragraph, Holgrave reveals that he is actually ______.  
A barouche is a type of horse-drawn carriage that was popular in the 1800s.  (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 21