The Diary of Anne Frank
Discovered in the attic in which she spent the last years of her life, Anne Frank's remarkable diary has since become a world classic&...a powerful reminder of the horrors of war and an eloquent testament to the human spirit. In 1942, with Nazis occupying Holland, a thirteen-year-old Jewish girl and her family fled their home in Amsterdam and went into hiding. For the next two years, until their whereabouts were betrayed to the Gestapo, they and another family lived cloistered in the "Secret Annex" of an old office building. Cut off from the outside world, they faced hunger, boredom, the constant cruelties of living in confined quarters, and the ever-present threat of discovery and death. In her diary Anne Frank recorded vivid impressions of her experiences during this period. By turns thoughtful, moving, and amusing, her account offers a fascinating commentary on human courage and frailty and a compelling self-portrait of a sensitive and spirited young woman whose promise was tragically cut short.
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This version includes the omitted passages that Otto decided to keep out of the original book.
The helpers of the family are called by their real names, but the other people (apart from the Frank family) in the Annex are under pseudonym. Their real names are listed in the highlighted section. For the proposes of continuity with the book, all of the names in the questions, quizzes, and annotations are as Anne wrote them.
Diary of a Young Girl could best be categorized as
Watch the short video below, featuring photographs of Anne and her family, some history, and an interview with Anne's father, Otto, the only surviving member of the family. It was Otto who had Anne's diary published. (This annotation contains a video)
Anne's diary began in the journal you see below. After the journal was full, she filled up two more notebooks, and finally an additional 360 pages of loose leaf paper. It is assumed that due to war time rationing, she was unable to get her hands on more notebooks. (This annotation contains an image)
Hitler decreed that the Jewish children were not allowed to attend school regular schools. Below is a picture of the Jewish Lyceum that Anne attended in Amsterdam. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Anne's tone in describing her classmates?
Anne was definitely wrong about that! Anne's diary has been translated into more than sixty languages and is known as one of the most important books of the twentieth century. This would have surprised Anne very much!
Does Anne's list of what Jewish people were no longer allowed to do surprise you? How would those rules make you feel if you were Jewish and living in Amsterdam in the early 1940s?
A chatterbox is someone who talks nonstop.
In the context given, what does Anne mean when she calls herself a "pep tonic"?
The Zionists is a Jewish organization that believes in the creation of a Jewish homeland in Israel. The ownership rights of this land remain a hot political issue even today.
All of the following are main priorities of Anne's parents EXCEPT
Anne's family went into hiding just twenty-two days after she started writing in her diary.
Hitler began the concentration camps in 1933 and they were liberated by the Allied or the Soviet forces in 1944-45. Different camps had different purposes. Some were simply death camps, others work camps, and some were for the purposes of reeducation. In these camps, it is estimated that eleven million people were killed, and six million of those were Jewish.
Miep Gies was the courageous woman who was the primary helper of the family during their two years in hiding. She was also the one who recovered Anne's diary and gave it to her father. Watch the short video below to learn more about this amazing woman and see her enter the Secret Annex where the Frank family hid. (This annotation contains a video)
How do you think Anne and her family are feeling about the turn that their lives have taken? How do you think they feel about their future?
Watch the short video below to go on a virtual tour of the Secret Annex. (This annotation contains a video)
What do you think of Anne's outlook on life in hiding thus far?
Anne often feels like an outsider in her own family. As you read, notice if these feelings change or intensify.
What do people think happened to the Franks?
A hypochondriac is someone who thinks that something is wrong with their health all of the time. This is likely a psychological reaction that Peter is having to going into hiding.
In the Annex, people can't go anywhere to cool off when they are upset or annoyed with each other. Do you think that this will be one of the challenges in Anne's new life? Why or why not?
This interaction is a good example of the lack of privacy in the Annex.
Who does Anne thinks understands her best of all?
Anne feels that she is unfairly picked on by the adults, especially by Mrs. van Daan.
Anne's mother insinuates that Mrs. van Daan is
Anne writing "We're as still as baby mice" is an example of a simile. Watch the video below to learn more about similes. (This annotation contains a video)
How do you think that the format of this book as a diary has contributed to it's success over the years? Do you think it would have been as relatable a story without Anne's voice?
Westerbork was known as a "transit camp," meaning that it was where people were sent before they were shipped off to other camps. When the Nazis discovered the people in the Annex, they are all sent to the punishment barracks at Westerbork. (This annotation contains an image)
Anne's accounts of what is going on outside of the Annex are
Despite Anne detailing all of the horrors occurring in the outside world and their isolation within the Annex, Anne still retains some of the usual teenage worries about her appearance. As you read, look for these contrasts in the book.
What is worrisome about Father's illness?
Anne has gone back and reread her diary and is shocked by her earlier innocence. Can you think back to a time when you realized how innocent you had once been?
What do you think Churchill means with this play on words?
Albert Dussel became the eight person hiding in the Annex. (This annotation contains an image)
Dussel's tone in the highlighted passage could best be described as one of
There are many things that Dussel must get used to in the Annex.
Despite trying to keep a positive outlook, Anne is becoming ________________.
Dussel has brought more external conflict into Anne's life, and it leads her to feelings of internal conflict. Watch the video below to learn more about conflict in literature. (This annotation contains a video)
Do you think holidays and their traditions are important to those living in the Annex? Why or why not?
Below is a picture of Mrs. and Mr. van Daam. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Anne feel it is noteworthy to mention that she saw two Jewish people on the street?
Anne's outlook remains optimistic despite everything that is going on in the outside world. She is grateful for her safety and relative comfort.
"Piercing me like arrows from a tightly strung bow" is an example of
Tensions are becoming high in the Annex and everyone is in conflict with one another. As you read, think about how you would feel if you were trapped in a small space with seven other people, and no one was ever allowed to go outside.
The highlighted sentence contains a good example of
Anne's writing has become more mature and descriptive as she grows older and writes more in her diary. Notice changes in tone and writing style as you read.
Butter is rationed, the evening bread is cancelled, and Anne no longer has shoes that fit her. How do you think these little things adding up effect the morale of the group?
Fuhrer was Hitler's title.
The incident involving the possible burglars could best be described as ______________ for those living in the Annex.
This entry was written on April Fool's Day.
What do you think of Anne's attitude here? Is her lack of kindness to her mother justified, or do you think she is being immature?
Martial law is when the military suspends the usual laws and takes over for a period of time.
It is so surprising that, by today's standards of dress, after almost a year in the attic, Father is still wearing a tie and Mother is wearing a corset!
The highlighted sentence best shows
This poem must have meant a great deal to Anne since it validates her concerns about everyone always finding fault with her.
"As the Benjamin of the family" is a way of saying that someone is the youngest son. Anne is making a play on words to say that she was spoiled for her birthday since she is the youngest.
In the highlighted sentence, Anne is speaking of herself in
During the wartime rationing you could only purchase what you had a coupon or voucher for.
Do you think, after a time, that Anne will get used to the bombs overhead and the sound of gunfire?
The original diary published left out many of the negative things that Anne said about her roommates. This version that you are reading contains everything. If you have ever kept a diary, you know how easy it can be to get carried away venting about something that bothers you!
All of the following are included of the bedtime routine in the Annex EXCEPT
Pedantic means to be overly concerned with minute details.
Who does Anne refer to as "the Annex's little bundle of nerves"?
Below is a picture of "Bep" Elisabeth Voskuijl. (This annotation contains an image)
As Anne mentioned earlier, the bells from Westertoren Church have been a source of comfort for her, in addition to being their only way to tell time. Below is a video of the restored church bells that gave Anne reassurance. (This annotation contains a video)
What does Anne mean when she talks about their "nightly freedom"? Why is this time different than daytime?
Dickens refers to Charles Dickens, known as the greatest novelist of the Victorian era. (This annotation contains an image)
Anne has been having problems with
An idiom is a saying that's literal meaning is different from it's figurative meaning. "Promise the moon" is an idiom meaning to make extravagant promises.
For Mrs. van Daan to want to save the 325 guilders to buy new clothes after the war when the families desperately need to buy food is very
Anne's statement is very ironic considering how many millions of people have now read her words.
This is quite a profound analogy that Anne has made. What does it mean to you? What do you think she is trying to say?
Diphtheria is a bacterial illness of the upper respiratory tract.
Hanneli was a friend of Anne's. Watch the video below to hear Hanneli's account of being reunited with Anne in a concentration camp after Anne is captured. (This annotation contains a video)
What is Anne's regret about Hanneli?
Despite Anne's dismal circumstances and her depression, she knows that having a positive attitude is important.
What does Anne's father confide in her?
Anne's grandmother's secret was that she was hiding a terminal illness.
This is likely the picture of the Dutch Royal Family that Anne is talking about. It shows Queen Wilhelmina, Prince Bernhard, Crown Princess Juliana, and their three daughters. Shortly after this the family was forced to leave their palace so the Germans could occupy it. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Anne think about her treatment of her mother and what she has written about her this past year? Do you think it shows that Anne is maturing as a person?
Now that Anne is going through puberty, she is experiencing many changes to her body and also inside of her mind.
Peter Schiff is the boy who Anne mentioned earlier in her diary that she wants to marry.
Anne sees all of the following in her vivid dreams EXCEPT
For sixty years the identity of Anne's love Peter Schiff was a mystery, until an old classmate of his put the pieces together after reading Anne's diary. Peter's fate, sadly, will never be known. Like the Frank family, he went into hiding, and after being captured, he is believed to have been a prisioner at three different concentration camps (two of them being the ones that Anne was in, so it's possible-- although unlikely due to the segregation of men and women at the camps-- that their paths might have crossed again). The only thing that is known is that German records list him as dead on May 31st, 1945. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Anne's tone when she speaks about her relationship with her mother these days?
As Anne matures, she begins to see the viewpoints of those in the Annex besides just hers.
What surprises Anne the most about her conversation with Peter about sexual organs?
According to the Hebrew Bible, Methuselah was the oldest person to ever live. (This annotation contains an image)
What do you make of Anne's intense need to be alone?
The excitement of a potential invasion must be a special treat for eight people who haven't been outside on over a year and have run out of other things to talk about!
Despite Anne's feelings towards she mother, she
Earlier in her diary, Anne makes little mention of Peter except to criticize him. She barely mentions him for the first year and a half, but now that she is going through puberty, she is writing and thinking about Peter more and more. (This annotation contains an image)
What has Anne come to understand about Peter?
Can you imagine eight people all sharing one bathroom?
What do Anne's thoughts on happiness mean to you? How have her views on happiness changed since entering the Annex?
Anne's thoughts on how differently she and Peter deal with their innermost feelings show their differences in personality. Anne's desire to bang pots and pans and make people notice her is typical of a extrovert, and Peter going inside of himself is typical of an introvert.
What is it that has upset Anne?
This isn't the first time Anne has talked about her Grandmother as if she were her guardian angel.
Anne's foremost thoughts lately revolve around
Anne's visions of the past are far rosier than her view of her life was at the time. When she started to write in her diary, she lamented that she did not have a single friend, but now she remembers twenty friends.
How is Anne's advice here central to the theme of the book?
Thoughts of Peter are a good distraction from the war raging in the outside world to all of the sacrifices being made in the Annex.
Anne's impressions of the adults include all of the following EXCEPT
Anne is having an internal conflict between her emotions and her reason.
The original version of the diary that was published omitted Anne's passages about sexuality. Why do you think that was? Do you think that the book is better with or without them?
It must feel like such a relief for both Anne and Peter that they are able to have an open discussion with someone in the Annex.
The communication between the sisters shows a great deal of
Anne is referring to the men who, through black market channels, provide her family with the war time ration books for food and other needed goods. (This annotation contains an image)
What are the views of the families on the sudden friendship between Anne and Peter?
Passages like this one, where Anne is describing the female anatomy, were left out of the original book that was released. When this unabridged version was released in 1995 to mark the 50th anniversary of her death, it was banned in many schools.
How do you think the highlighted passage reflects the theme of the book? Are you surprised that Anne's experiences haven't tarnished her desire to trust in people?
Air raids were very common during World War II. An air raid is an attack by aircraft where the planes drop bombs on a ground target. The air raids are the reason why they put blackout screens in the windows of the Annex at night, so buildings could not be seen by the planes. (This annotation contains an image)
Anne describes herself as
Ersatz is a poor imitation of something, meaning that they are not getting real coffee.
What is happening in the Annex and all of Holland?
Anne wrote quite a bit that was not included in her diary. The stories she mentions in her diary, along with her other fiction and fables has since been published as the book "Tales from the Secret Annex" and in the expanded Critical Edition of her diary (which also includes additional biographical and historical information). (This annotation contains an image)
How would you describe the actions and emotions of the occupants of the Annex to the break in?
They wanted to get rid of Anne's diary because it would incriminate the people who have been helping them hide.
Why does Mr. van Hoeven say he thought it would be best if he didn't call the police?
"Like a soldier on a battlefield" is an example of simile.
Johannes Kleiman was one of the two Frank family helpers arrested (the other one was Mr. Kugler, none of the women helpers were arrested). Kleiman was released just weeks later due to his poor health. He passed away in 1959. (This annotation contains an image)
On youtube, there are several versions of this kiss from the many movies made about Anne's time in the Annex. Watch one of the videos, and write a few sentences in which you compare and contrast the reality of their romance to the movie version.
Below is a video of the chestnut tree that Anne writes about several times in her diary. The tree gives her great comfort. Sadly, the tree fell in 2010. (This annotation contains a video)
Dussel's reaction to the new security measures is very ______________.
Anne is always comparing the two Peters, and hoping that they meld into one. It is clear she wants Peter van Daan to fulfill the romantic desires she had with her "Petel."
Anne's struggle with herself about how far she should take her romance with Peter is an example of
The courtship of Anne and Peter cannot be subjected to the regular rules of propriety because they are already living together.
What do you think of the diets of those in the Annex? Would you be able to survive on lettuce, spinach, and rotten potatoes?
This is the beginning of the Dutch Famine of 1944, also known as the Hongerwinter. The German blockade had cut off the supply of food and fuel in the Netherlands.
Anne's father's response to her letter makes her feel great ______________ her actions.
The highlighted paragraph illustrates how far Anne and her family have fallen.
The fight between Peter and his mother is an example of
Anne keeps herself so busy with schoolwork in the Annex because she doesn't want to fall behind her peers.
Anne has mentioned that nature means a great deal to her now, especially watching the chestnut tree. Why do you think that is?
Anne is using a metaphor to say that if Peter wants her to open up, he'll have to try harder.
What does Anne say is affecting the occupants f the Annex very deeply?
You might remember Mr. van Hoeven as the grocer who said he didn't want to call the police after discovering the break-in in the warehouse because he "had his suspicions," meaning that he suspects there are Jewish people hiding there and doesn't want for them to be caught.
Pentecost is a religious holiday celebrated in much of Europe.
What is the question that Anne won't let herself write down? Finish Anne's sentence:"What will we do if we're ever..."
A proverb is a short saying that is commonly used and often gives advice. A commonly used English example is "Two wrongs don't make a right."
Imagine that you are one of the occupants of the Annex and just heard that the invasion had begun at last. Write down what you would be feeling and thinking about.
Franz Liszt was one of the most famous European composers of the nineteenth century. (This annotation contains an image)
"So Now I'm Fifteen" is the name of an exhibition at the Anne Frank House in Amsterdam. Watch the short video below for a glimpse. (This annotation contains a video)
What does the highlighted paragraph show you that Anne is interested in?
Anne has matured a great deal. She has gone from thinking primarily of her own problems to thinking about the fate of her Jewish classmates (as her passages about her friend Hanneli show) and is now thinking about women's rights.
Victor Kugler is the second person arrested for helping the family, along with Mr. Kleiman. Kugler escaped in March 1945 while being transferred to a German labor camp. He later immigrated to Canada and lived there until his death in 1989. (This annotation contains an image)
The mood in the Annex could best be described as
Anne's exasperation with Peter shows that she values strength of character greatly.
Anne is elated with all of the excitement the strawberries bring. Why do you think this has such significance for her?
While Anne is grateful for the fresh peas, shelling peas can be a lot of work. (This annotation contains an image)
In the last days of Anne's diary, her thoughts mostly revolve around
Even in dark days, Anne holds on to her sense of optimism and hope for the future.
These days, Anne's internal conflict revolves around
This is where Anne's diary ends. When the police come three mornings later, it was obvious that someone had betrayed the family, although who it was remains a mystery to this day. Read on to the Afterward to find out what happened to the people of the Annex and their helpers.
Anne's father has written that on the train ride to the concentration camp, Anne sat looking out the window the whole time, riveted by the meadows, fields, and villages. Otto wrote, "It was like freedom."