For twelve thousand years the Galactic Empire has ruled supreme. Now it is dying. But only Hari Sheldon, creator of the revolutionary science of psychohistory, can see into the future--to a dark age of ignorance, barbarism, and warfare that will last thirty thousand years. To preserve knowledge and save mankind, Seldon gathers the best minds in the Empire--both scientists and scholars--and brings them to a bleak planet at the edge of the Galaxy to serve as a beacon of hope for a fututre generations. He calls his sanctuary the Foundation. But soon the fledgling Foundation finds itself at the mercy of corrupt warlords rising in the wake of the receding Empire. Mankind's last best hope is faced with an agonizing choice: submit to the barbarians and be overrun--or fight them and be destroyed.
The curriculet is being added to your library
Want to learn more about the profound writer of "Foundation"? View the link below to see who brought us some of the most notable texts, such as "I-Robot." (This annotation contains a link)
The Encyclopedia Galactica is a vital element in this text. It sets up the theme of scientific knowledge and change. Pay attention to how this piece of information and documentation plays a major role in the story.
Trantor is the capital planet which is based on the Rome at the peak of its power. Asimox uses the setting as an historical allusion. As you continue to read, think about what other allusions are illustrated, and what do they mean. If you need a quick reminder of allusions, check out the clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on the context of the sentence, what word is the best antonym for provincial?
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Use the feature to look up the word anonymity.
To visualize the text better, view the movie trailer for "Foundation" below. (This annotation contains a video)
What conclusions can be drawn about the text from the movie trailer?
"Foundation's" genre is labeled science fiction, as well as a war drama similar to novels like "All Quiet on the Western Front" or "Slaughter House Five." As you continue to read and learn more about the characters, think about what genre you think fits best and why.
What effect does the repetition of the word "no" have on the text?
Pyschohistorian's believe science will help with human development.
What mood is established by the highlighted text?
Just like Rome spread itself too thin, Trantor will too, and this will cause a fall of an empire. How will the characters react to this vision? What will need to happen to protect the safety of Trantor?
What can be inferred about Raven's character based off the highlighted text?
A theme that emerges in this text is power as well as society and class. As the text develops, try to locate examples of these themes. This video reviews the concept of emerging themes. (This annotation contains a video)
Why would Dr. Seldon be the only hope of stability for Gaal?
What literary device is used when the formation of a word from its sound is associated with what it is named? Refer to the highlighted word to help you define this term.
When a country or state is in negotiations about their safety, one can only expect conflict to arise. Pay attention to what will happen to Foundation and the other planets as time goes on.
What is Seldon's central argument located in the highlighted text?
As you read the other parts of the text, you will meet other men who will fight for this cause, but who can be trusted? Pay attention to the development of future characters and how the history of Foundation creates issues for many other planets.
Part 1 Quiz
When an author uses an ellipsis (the three dots) it leaves a thought unfinished. An ellipsis is an intentional omission of a word, sentence, or phrase.
What effect does the use of the ellipsis have on the reader?
What message could be coming from Anacreon? Will this message change the fate of the kingdom?
Which of the following sentences does not use the word unceremoniously correctly?
It is important to note that the author rewrites history as the future. Instead of using chariots and sword fighting, Asimox uses spaceships and planet territories to draw a connection between the Foundation's future society and our own.
Since Terminus is poor in resources and weak in economic value they must
These utopian, futuristic worlds are also illustrated in other series, such as the "The Hunger Games" and "Divergent." View the trailer from "The Hunger Games" and see if you locate any similarities and differences between the text and the other novel series. (This annotation contains a video)
After viewing the trailer of "The Hunger Games" and reading several chapters in "Foundation," what is one major connection between the two medias?
The link below is a timeline of nuclear weapons. After viewing some of its history, why are nuclear weapons a commodity between countries or in this case between planets? (This annotation contains a link)
What reason does Hardin not use to convince the Board to move forward with progression rather than focusing on the last fifty years?
What a profound question to ask. What would it mean if psychology was the key to solving these issues? Keep reading to find out how things will continue to become problematic and how, or if they will be resolved.
When an author directly describes a character's look or actions, he or she is using the literary term called direct characterization. View the clip below to learn more about this technique. (This annotation contains a video)
Dorwin speaks in non-rhotic dialect, meaning he drops most of his "r" sounds. This is similar to a Boston accent.
Which literary term is presented in the highlighted text?
Dorwin is explaining how humanity comes from the Earth and one of the goals should be to rediscover this humanity.
The letter from Anacreon states that they will wait a week until they get what they want or they will take it by force. Is a war about to break out? If so, think about the stability of all the surrounding planets and their inhabitants. How will this impact them?
According to the website below, symbolic logic is by far the simplest kind of logic—it is a great time-saver in argumentation. Additionally, it helps prevent logical confusion when dealing with complex arguments. (This annotation contains a link)
What type of person would benefit from the symbolic type of persuasion and logic?
Which of the following words best describes Hardin's character?
This Greek word meaning "God from the machine" is used in many Greek plays, such as "Medea." According to Wikipedia, "the term has evolved to mean a plot device whereby a seemingly unsolvable problem is suddenly and abruptly resolved by the contrived and unexpected intervention of some new event, character, ability or object."
So, who is lying and who is telling the truth? How can this problem be resolved? As you continue to read, think about these questions. What is a lie and what is a fact?
What is Hardin's feelings towards Hari Seldon?
When an author use a darker, less lit setting it usually indicates a dramatic, suspenseful scene is about to occur. What possibly could happen at this moment?
This is a huge announcement that will change the territories forever. As you continue to read, find out what this information will do to the rest of the people, especially the researchers who worked on this project for the last fifty years.
What archetypical character best fits Seldon?
Part Two Quiz
The Four Kingdoms represent the countries of England and Germany that broke free from Rome during its fall. Have you noticed any other historical allusions in the text?
Sermak uses a metaphor of a rubberstamp body to describe the Council. What does this metaphor say about the Council?
According to History.com, "Manifest Destiny is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of American expansion that the United States not only could, but was destined to, stretch from coast to coast. This attitude helped fuel western settlement, Native American removal and war with Mexico."
What is Asimox saying about violence through the use of Hardin's character?
Do you see a similar personality trait in Sermak and Hardin? Are they both determined, confident men? Will this cause even more conflict within the story?
Alert! If you see one of Hardin's epigrams, pay attention because it is worth analyzing.
What purpose does Verisof's story about the man having cancer serve in the text?
What is Verisof indirectly saying about Wienis?
Verisof believes they are pretty strong and will attack quickly. Many external conflicts are being presented. View the clip below to learn about the different types of conflicts used in literature. (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following describes Hardin's internal conflict?
The repetition of the letter "f" illustrates what literary term?
Nyaks are some sort of flying animal.
They are going to war with Foundation because they have the power that Lepold's people should have or even had in the past. Is this a good enough reason to want a war?
Which word is the best antonym for the word placate?
Wow! These thoughts are fearless and disheartening. Kill your own blood? What does this say about him as a leader?
What is the point Bort is trying to make?
People are starting to question things. It seems as if Hardin has given power to the Kings of Anacreon. According to these men, that is not a wise decision if their assumptions are accurate.
What mood is created by ending the chapter with a dash and not a completed thought?
That is a close vote. Hardin won with a 206 vote, but will those who voted against him retaliate in some way?
Is Hardin safe? Is this a wise move? Pay particular attention to what the two men discuss in the private chambers.
What is Wienis trying to do by stating how the power will soon be in the control of Anacreon?
The one major difference between Wienis compared to Hardin as a ruler is
Hardin is getting to Weinis. Weinis cannot determine if Hardin is telling the truth or lying to get him to react. What do you think? What tactic is Hardin using to save the planets from going to war?
Even though "Foundation" is a science fiction text, it does at some parts read like an epic hero story. An epic hero is from history, a myth, or a legend. Epic heroes do not have godlike power, but they are smarter, braver, and stronger than the average person. The epic hero is usually on a quest, where he faces trials that change him in ways that reflect the morals and values of society. Some examples of epic heroes are Achilles, Perseus, Hercules, Odysseus, and Beowulf.
Based on the annotation, what character would represent the characteristics of an epic hero the best?
Several times throughout the text, the author uses the word ironic to describe a person's tone. The clip below will help you understand the definition of irony. Where else do you see this in the text? (This annotation contains a video)
This fable serves as a(n) in reference to how the men need to work as a team and not as enemies.
Wienis' men would not kill Hardin, so he takes it into his own hands, and as a result the bullet ends up killing him. What type of irony is displayed here?
According to Seldin, why will Spiritual Power not work if another attack or threat breaks out?
Part Three Quiz
Keep in mind that Askone is refusing trade with Foundation.
What effect does the use of alliteration have on the reader?
The Grand Master believes trading in technology is a sin against their religion. So, what does he want then? How will this create more conflict for these planets?
What is Gorov's plan?
Ponyets is vulnerable at this moment, and does not have the proper means to protect himself if he has to. What do you predict will happen next? Will Gorov escape?
As you continue to read, see if you can locate any puns. (This annotation contains an image)
How can the word lies be considered a pun in the highlighted sentence?
What does the idiom in the highlighted text mean?
Why is Gorov disappointed and somewhat upset with Ponyet? Didn't he just save him from dying? Why complicate things more with proper strategy and trading demands?
Part Four Quiz
Three ships have gone missing, and Foundation cannot appear weak by this mishap.
What is Mallow's assumption about the missing ships?
What do you think? We have a possible nuclear weapon attack and political instability. Does this smell like another war?
What is the purpose of italicizing know in the highlighted text?
As the story comes to a close, it is important to note who the protagonists and antagonists are in the text. Some critics believe people who follow the words of Hardin are automatically the protagonists. Do you agree? Learn more about this literary device in the short clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
Here is another Hardin epigram. Using the annotation a few pages back, who can be considered the protagonist in this section of the text?
Twer is getting anxious and worried. He believes they are just waiting around to be killed or attacked. Mallow understands his concern, but believes they need to wait it out. What character trait does this illustrate for both characters?
What is Jord Parma's purpose for coming here?
This phrase/curse is very similar to the oracle of Oedipus from Sophocles' play "Oedipus Rex." Oedipus unknowingly kills his father and marries his mother (he does not know this). A plague occurs within his city because a murderer lives within the city bounds. At this point, Oedipus does not know he is the true killer. Therefore, he is blind by his own ignorance and innocence.
What can be inferred about Mallow from the highlighted text?
The Commdor does not want trade associated with religion.
According to the Commdor, the necklace is simply
Why do you think religion is an issue when it comes to trade? Is this sinful? Is Mallow telling the truth?
The dialogue between the Commdor and his wife creates a
Is this some sort of symbol? View the video below and after determine what this could symbolize. (This annotation contains a video)
Who can you infer is the stranger walking in to Onum Barr's house?
This idea is very similar to our own government. States and countries may not change, but rulers and where they rule does. Again, Asimox is creating a parallel between the two.
Think back to Hardin's epigram about war and fighting as the last resort. What does this type of atmosphere create?
If you want to learn more about Barr's sixth son, read the next book "Foundation and Empire." Below is a short trailer of the book. (This annotation contains a video)
It is important to note that this daughter is the wife of the Commdor. Does this explain her demeanor towards her husband?
Without changing the meaning of the sentence, what word can best be used to replace the highlighted word?
Is this a beneficial weapon or a weapon that if it falls in the wrong hands can create even more conflict?
What can be inferred about the tech-man from this response?
Sutt wants answers to Mallow's findings. He does not understand how Mallow has so much money and he believes Mallow has more to share about what he found when he went to Korell. Who can one trust here?
What is the primary reason why they trade religion and commerce simultaneously?
Sutt knows that the religious policies are eventually going to be obsolete, and so putting Mallow on trial for killing a religious figure may be his best bet for keeping this ideology alive.
The highlighted text exemplifies which literary device?
Can the word trader be used as a pun here? Is he an actual trader of goods or a traitor to Mallow or even a higher power?
According to Mallow, Jord Parama was a
Mallow is proving that Jord Parma was indeed a member of the Korellian Secret Police by exposing his secret tattoo.
In the following simile, what is the author comparing?
Again we see people in power wanting to kill or get rid of their family. Is this all for power and status? How does this influence their political game?
As Sutt and Mallow talk, think about how they are different from each other. In literature, characters opposite of each other are called foils. View the short clip below to learn more about this literary device. (This annotation contains a video)
How are Sutt and Mallow foils?
What does the highlighted idiom indicate about Mallow?
Now that the story is coming to an end, did you decide which characters can be trusted? What will happen to Foundation's future? Read the rest of the novels to find out! (This annotation contains an image)
Part Five Quiz