Pretty Little Liars #4: Unbelievable

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Four pretty little liars' charmed lives have turned into living nightmares.

Emily's been shipped off to Iowa to live with her überconservative cousins. Aria's boyfriend is behind bars—because of her. Spencer's afraid she was involved in Ali's murder. But Hanna's fate is far worse: She's clinging to life in the hospital because she knew too much.

If these girls don't start listening to me, Hanna's going to look like the lucky one.

Curriculet Details
68 Questions
70 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 8th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining denotation/connotation, irony and archetypes. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about tone/mood and tension. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of textual evidence, figurative language, and comprehension. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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How to Save a Life

Each of the girls in this series of books has a distinctly different personality. Think about what you can learn about each of them based on how each of them reacts in this situation. 
Based on the way Ali is described, the reader can infer that the girls 
Steven Paul "Elliott" Smith (August 6, 1969 – October 21, 2003) was an American singer-songwriter and musician. Smith had a distinctive vocal style, characterized by his "whispery, spiderweb-thin delivery", and used multi-tracking to create vocal layers, textures and harmonies. Smith suffered from depression, alcoholism and drug dependence, and these topics often appear in his lyrics. (This annotation contains a video)
By saying that Mrs. DiLaurentis is type A, Ali is referring to her personality type. Below is a chart that briefly shows the difference between type A and type B personalities. Which one do you think fits you the best? (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following statements is the best summary of the girls' friendships with Ali? 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
The highlighted text can best be described as an example of 

Chapter 1

After watching the short video below on tone and mood, think about what the tone and mood of this section of text is. Which words help you determine the tone and mood? (This annotation contains a video)
Because this is not the first book in a series, the author avoids giving a great deal of detail about some of the characters, but she does give some brief details about events that have taken place in the other books. 
Which of the following would be the best synonym to replace the word incredulous in the text? 
Based on the clues given and the events that have taken place, who do you believe is A? Do you think A is also the murderer? Defend your answer with evidence from the text. 
Alliteration is the repetition of a consonant sound at the beginning of two or more adjacent words. Can you identify any alliteration in the text? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 2

Which of the following is the best example of a simile? 
Below is a video that explains imagery. Reread the highlighted paragraph, and notice the imagery that the author used. Does it help you picture the setting? (This annotation contains a video)
Reread the highlighted text. Why does the author include these lines? 
Consider everything that has happened between Spencer and Melissa: Spencer had an affair with one of Melissa's boyfriends (Wren), she kissed another of Melissa's boyfriends (Ian), she stole Melissa's essay, and she pushed her down the stairs. Do you believe they will be able to work out their problems?  

Chapter 3

American Gothic is a painting by Grant Wood in the collection of the Art Institute of Chicago. Wood's inspiration came from what is now known as the American Gothic House. The painting shows a farmer standing beside his spinster daughter. It is one of the most familiar images in 20th-century American art. (This annotation contains an image)
After viewing the painting in the annotation above, reread the highlighted section of text. Then, write a paragraph comparing Helene and Allen Weaver with the two people in the painting. Make sure to include at least three similarities and three differences.  
Which of the following pieces of textual evidence does not support the idea that Emily is going to be isolated from everyone? 
By stating that the phone looked lonely, the author is using personification. Watch the video below for a quick review of personification. (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 4

The highlighted text contains all of the following except 
While Hanna is unconscious, she seems to be dreaming about Ali and the time before she disappeared. She is trying to warn Ali that something bad is going to happen, but unfortunately, she won't be able to change the past. 

Chapter 5

Onomatopoeia is a word whose sound suggests its meaning. Even though this type of figurative language is mostly used in poetry and children's books, it is also found throughout other types of writing. (This annotation contains an image)
Think about the meaing of this saying. What do you think about the girls in the novel in relation to this quote? They are all very pretty on the outside. What about on the inside? Consider what kind of textual evidence there is to support your claims. 
Based on the highlighted text, how is Aria feeling as she is talking with her father and Meredith? 
Look up the word simpered and read the dictionary definition. Based on the definition and the context clues, which of the following is the best synonym of simpered as it is used in the text? 

Chapter 6

The “tow” in “towhead,” according to the Oxford English Dictionary, refers to “the fibre of flax, hemp, or jute prepared for spinning.” Since flax is light in color, blond people (especially children) are sometimes referred to as “towheads” or “towheaded." (This annotation contains an image)
What does the highlighted text convey about Trista? 
A hyperbole is an exaggeration used for emphasis. In the text, you can tell that Trista is being dramatic when she says, "...for like the gazillionth time..." What examples of hyperbole are in the poem below?  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 7

The highlighted text is an example of which of the following? 
After watching the short video below describing tension, reread the highlighted text. How does the author build tension in this scene? (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following supports the claim that the two girls are on-edge or nervous? 
Based on what you know about Melissa, do you think she is really "over it" as she claims to be? What textual evidence supports your claim? 
Consider all of the things that Melissa has just said as well as her actions and other things she has said or done. Describe Melissa's character, and give textual evidence to support your answer. 

Chapter 8

Earlier in the text, you watched a video about imagery. Which lines in the highlighted text qualify as imagery? 
Which of the following lines is a hyperbole? 
The girls are afraid that if they say anything to the police or anyone else, then A will do something terrible to them. Is their concern logical? Why or why not?  

Chapter 9

The term scapegoat originated from the Bible, and now it is commonly known to mean someone who unfairly blamed by others for a problem. What do you predict will happen in this chapter based on the title? 
Which of the following is the most accurate summary of the party incident? 
Why is this chapter entitled "It's No Fun Being the Scapegoat"? 

Chapter 10

Frank Lloyd Wright was an American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator. Wright believed in designing structures that were in harmony with humanity and its environment. Pictured below is Fallingwater, located in southwestern Pennsylvania. (This annotation contains an image)
What does the highlighted text suggest about Aria? 

Chapter 11

Even in Hannah's current situation, she is concerned with her appearance and her weight. Is it healthy for a person to be that concerned with their appearance? 
Thankfully for Hanna, she doesn't remember Mona's party. How do you think this will impact Hanna and Mona's friendship? 

Chapter 12

What causes Emily to shiver? 
What is the purpose of the highlighted simile? 

Chapter 13

Visit the website below and review the list of character traits. Then answer the question that follows this annotation. (This annotation contains a link)
Based on Hanna's behavior in the hospital and her treatment of others, choose three adjectives/traits from the list in the annotation above that describe Hanna. Give an explanation that to supports each trait you choose. 
Why do you think that Hanna can't remember the party or anything after it? 
Below is a short video explaining dramatic irony. How does the situation with Hanna and Mona qualify as dramatic irony? (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 14

The denotation of a word is the dictionary definition of a word. The connotation is the feeling that is associated with a word. What Spencer is referring to in the highlighted text is the connotation of the words unique, crazy, and heartless. The chart below shows more examples of connotations. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the questions that Officer Wilden is asking, what inferences can you make about where this is going? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Quiz #1 

Chapter 15

Mrs. Fields has given Emily several signs that they are going to try to accept her decisions. Give at least three examples from the text that support this statement. 
The girls have learned a great deal about Ali lately. They thought she was their friend, but they have begun to question that, and this is clear by Hanna's questions here. Do you think the girls would have all remained friends with Ali if she were still alive? 

Chapter 16

Spencer and her entire family are going ahead with the Golden Orchid contest, even though they all know that Spencer stole Melissa's essay. Based on this, what inferences can you make about the Hastings family?  
Notice how, once again, Spencer is feeling on-edge and uneasy. Think about how difficult this must make her life right now. How could she fix this problem? 
Based on Ali's treatment of Mona, which of the following traits does not fit Ali? 
Now it seems that Mona is getting text messages, too... Does this change your thoughts about who A is? 

Chapter 17

After watching the video below on character development, reread the highlighted text. What do these lines tell you about Hanna's character? (This annotation contains a video)
Why is Hanna confused by Noel's statement? 
Which of the following is the best synonym for tersely as it is used in the text? 
Unfortunately for Lucas, Hanna doesn't remember much about him from right before her accident. Based on the way that Lucas is taking care of Hanna and how he's treating her, what kind of person would you say he is? 

Chapter 18

The video below shows an example of capoeira, a Brazilian martial art, that combines elements of dance, music, and acrobatics. It is sometimes referred to as a game. (This annotation contains a video)
An allusion is a figure of speech that makes a reference to people, places, events, or literary works directly or by implying them. It is up to the reader to make the connection. In the example below, the story of Chicken Little is being referenced. Notice the allusion to Snow White in the text. (This annotation contains an image)
Why would the author mention the fact that Jenna has a phone that she can use to text? 
The girls are using papier mache to create their masks. Follow the link below to find out how to make it. (This annotation contains a link)
Why is Aria acting so nervous right now? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. 

Chapter 19

DId you know that when you divide the circumference by the diameter of any circle, it will give you the exact same number: 3.14159, or pi? (This annotation contains an image)
Review the types of irony, then answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains an image)
Emily's parents are willing to accept her relationship with Maya, only now, Emily doesn't seem to be completely interested in Maya. This can best be described as which of the following? 

Chapter 20

When the author refers to Frankenstein, she is using which of the following? 
What is making Hanna so nervous? 
Notice how Mona seems so concerned with Hanna's feelings and best interest. Is that really why Mona hasn't told Hanna about the party? 
Which sentence below contains an example of onomatopoeia? 

Chapter 21

Yale University is a private Ivy League university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701 as the "Collegiate School," the university is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. The standards, as well as the cost of tuition, at Yale are very high. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following is the best textual evidence to support the claim that Trista is eager to communicate with Emily? 
The Town of Duck is in the Outer Banks in North Carolina.  (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following best describes how Emily is feeling regarding Maya? 
Consider why the author tells the reader this detail. Why is it important? 

Chapter 22

Based on the highlighted text, which of the following adjectives best describes Mrs. Hastings? 
What kind of person does Ian seem to be? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. 

Chapter 23

Read the sentence that includes the highlighted word, winced, as well as the surrounding sentences. Which of the following words is the best synonym to replace winced as it is used in the text? 
ESP, or extrasensory perception, is perception occurring independently of sight, hearing, or other sensory processes. People who have extrasensory perception are said to be psychic. (This annotation contains an image)
Hanna says that if she wants to "stay who she was" she couldn't have both Lucas and Mona. Should she be forced to choose one over the other? Which one is a better friend, and why?  

Chapter 24

After reading the annotation above, think about the author's allusion to Marie Antoinette. What impact does this allusion, along with the title of the chapter, have on the tone of the story? 
Marie Antoinette was Queen of France from 1774-1792. She was accused of committing a crime involving a diamond necklace, harboring sympathies for France's enemies, and lavishly spending money. Eventually, she was executed using the guillotine. Use this information to answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains an image)
Since Spencer's essay was on finance, the committee presumed that she knew a great deal about the topic. Unfortunately, she really doesn't, which is why she copied the essay in the first place. How do you predict her interview will go? 
Which of the following is not a reason why Spencer is so nervous during the interview? 
Quiz #2 

Chapter 25

Gouda is a Dutch yellow cheese made from cow's milk. It is named after the city of Gouda in the Netherlands. (This annotation contains an image)
Emily is already suspicious of Maya because of the banana-flavored gum. Why might this message make her even more suspicious? 

Chapter 26

Businesses like Fresh Fields and A Pea in the Pod often use which of the following literary devices in their titles? 
Which of the following words has the same connotation as the word stench in the text? 
It seems like maybe Aria is about to reveal her secret about A to her brother. Would this be a good idea? 
Which of the following lines of text is a simile? 

Chapter 27

It's clear from Hanna's words and her tone of voice that she is still very unhappy that her father is with Isabel and her daughter, Kate. 
Watch the short video below that describes static and dynamic characters. As you continue reading the last several chapters of this novel, begin thinking about which characters qualify as static, and which qualify as dynamic. (This annotation contains a video)
Lucas is very insistent that Hanna should hear the truth about what happened at Mona's party. Why does he want Hanna to know? 
Based on what you know about both Lucas and Mona, which one of them should Hanna trust? Is there textual evidence to support your claim? 
What is revealed about Hanna by the conversation she just had with Lucas and Mona? 

Chapter 28

Consider how Maya probably feels about Trista's arrival. What kind of problems could this cause? 
Based on the highlighted text, which of the following does not describe Maya? 
Identify two similes that the author uses in the highlighted passage. How do they add to your interpretation of the text? 
Was it wise for Emily to confront Maya? Do you think Maya really is A? 
Which of these is not a lesson that Emily might have learned from this incident? 

Chapter 29

Earlier in the novel, you watched a video about building tension. If needed, revisit that video to review how authors build tension. Notice that the author included a storm in this scene. Was she trying to create tension and suspense? 
Which of the following lines of text contains an onomatopoeia? 

Chapter 30

In literature, an archetype is a repeated pattern of character, image, or event which recurs in a story, song, myth, or art. The pattern of three is a popular archetype in many stories, especially fairy tales. Take note of any other patterns of three as you finish this novel. (This annotation contains an image)
Consider the word choice used by the author. Which of the following lines does not help create tension and suspense in the novel? 
Think about who these latest clues point to. Do you think Melissa really is A? 

Chapter 31

Why is this confession such a shock to Aria? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. 
Could Jenna be tormented by A as well? 
Which of the following is included in the highlighted text? 

Chapter 32

Think about where Emily might have seen this photograph before. 
Which of the following adverbs best describes the way that Mona, Emily, and Hanna reacted to Spencer's dilemma of having no car? 

Chapter 33

Hanna has a feeling that something is really wrong. What might she be worried about? 
Which of the following adjectives best describes the girls' reactions to Aria's news? 
Consider the author's use of the simile, " a line of dominoes falling down..." Think about the image this creates for the reader and how it shows how quickly Hanna's memories returned. (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 34

The title of this chapter, "I'll get you, my pretties..." is a line from The Wizard of Oz. This is an example of which of the following types of figurative language? 
After watching the short video below on pacing, think about the pacing of this novel. Is it fast-paced or does it go slowly? Has the pacing remained the same throughout the novel, or has it changed now that we are nearing the end of the novel? (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following best summarizes Spencer's current situation? 

Chapter 35

There are several types of amnesia. Hanna had what is known as traumatic amnesia. This is memory loss caused by a hard blow to the head, such as a car accident. People with traumatic amnesia may experience a brief loss of consciousness, or even go into a coma. In the majority of cases the amnesia is temporary--how long it lasts usually depends on how severe the injury is. 
Spencer gave clues to Officer Wilden by saying things about their location out loud as they were driving. Which of the adjectives below does not describe Spencer in this situation? 

Chapter 36

A quarry is a place, typically a large, deep pit, from which stone or other materials are or have been extracted. Once they are no longer in use, they often fill with very deep water. In the image below, notice how small the tractors and equipment look compared to the massive size of the quarry. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of these is not something that is revealed about Mona through the dialogue between Mona and Spencer? 
A philanthropist is someone who donates his or her time, money, and/or reputation to charitable causes. 
What does the highlighted statement tell you about Mona? Be specific. 

Chapter 37

Imagine how awful Hanna must feel realizing that her "best friend" is really the one who has been tormenting the girls and who tried to kill her. 
Hanna could have easily given this phone to someone as soon as she found it. Instead, she tucked it into her purse. Why do you think she makes this decision? 

Chapter 38

Which of the following lessons does Spencer seem to be realizing in the highlighted text? 
Since you know that there are several more books in this series, do you think this issue will come up in one of the later books? 
Which of these adjectives best describes Spencer now that she realizes she didn't kill Ali? 

Chapter 39

Surely, it will be difficult for all of the girls to put this incident behind them. 
What realization is Aria having about Meredith here? 

Chapter 40

What seems to be Melissa's biggest concern? 
Think about how Spencer's parents will react if she decides to tell Mr. Edwards the truth. What should she do? 

Chapter 41

What does this offer by Hanna's father show? 
Hanna has given Officer Wilden a "present," but she has already erased all of the messages, so the phone will really be of no use to anyone. 

Chapter 42

Why are the girls depositing items into the bag? 
Quiz #3