Pretty Little Liars #3: Perfect

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In Rosewood, Pennsylvania, four perfect-looking girls aren't nearly as perfect as they seem.

Aria can't resist her forbidden ex. Hanna is on the verge of losing her BFF. Emily is freaking out over a simple kiss. And Spencer can't keep her hands off anything that belongs to her sister.

Lucky me. I know these pretty little liars better than they know themselves. But it's hard keeping all of their secrets to myself. They better do as I say . . . or else!

Curriculet Details
51 Questions
49 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in eighth grade, this digital curriculum contains annotations explaining direct and indirect characterization, allusion, and tone. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about foreshadowing, flashback, and archetypes. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of textual evidence, comparing a text to an adaptation, and figurative language. This online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Keep Your Friends Close…

Many authors use foreshadowing in their stories. Below is a short video that reviews foreshadowing. After watching, reread the highlighted text. What do you predict based on what you have read? (This annotation contains a video)
Because this is the third book in a series, the author doesn't need to spend as much time developing the characters at the beginning. Instead, she quickly summarizes information from the previous novels. If you have not read the first two books, it may take a little longer for you to get to know the characters. The book's website has a page that will help. (This annotation contains a link)
Based on the definition of the word blasphemous, which of the following words would not be used to describe what Spencer has said? 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Try looking up the word blasphemous, and then answer the question that follows. 
A metaphor is a figure of speech that compares two dissimilar things without the use of like or as. Sometimes, metaphors are straightforward, like the one in the text. Other times, however, the metaphor is implied and the reader must make a connection or inference to interpret it. What does the NovaJet ad below suggest about other brands of inkjet paper? (This annotation contains an image)
Using textual evidence from this prologue ("Keep Your Friends Close") and what you may know from the earlier books, make a prediction about what will take place in this book. Tell what you predict will happen to the characters and explain why. 

1: Spencer's Hard Work Pays Off

IQ stands for Intelligence Quotient. IQ scores are used as predictors of educational achievement, special needs, job performance, and income. Below is a chart showing levels of IQ. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following best explains why Spencer begins to feel more comfortable with Dr. Evans? 
Comparing Melissa to the big bad wolf implies that 

2: Just Another Sexually Charged Day in AP English

The author has made several allusions so far in this novel. See the definition and example of allusion below, and then as you read, try to keep track of examples of allusion in this novel. (This annotation contains an image)
Use the define feature to read the definition of "careening."  Which of the following words would be the best adjective to use before the word in the sentence? 

3: There's No Such Thing as bad Press

Below is a graphic that shows the difference between direct and indirect characterization. After reviewing the chart, reread the highlighted text. What does the author reveal to the reader about Hanna and Mona through these lines? Did she use direct or indirect characterization? (This annotation contains an image)
In which of the following lines is the author using direct characterization? 
Hanna and Mona are extremely mean to others. Do you think they have any idea how they make those other people feel? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. 

4: No Wonder Emily's Mom is So Strict

After watching the brief video below about conflict, think about what conflicts Emily is facing. Are her conflicts internal, external, or both? (This annotation contains a video)
What does the author reveal about Emily through her thoughts in the highlighted text? 

5: Aria's All for Literary Reenactments

Jean-Paul Sartre was, among many other things, a writer. He used his wartime experiences to fuel his writing. In 1964, Sartre was awarded the Nobel Prize, but he turned it down. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Aria compare Sean and Ezra to poetry? 
Think about what Aria has just done. Do you think she was justified in doing this? How do you think her father will react to what she just did? What do you think her mother will say? 

6: Sibling Rivalry's a Hard Habit to Break

Dressage is a competitive equestrian (horse) sport where horse and rider are expected to perform from memory a series of predetermined movements. See the infographic below for more information. (This annotation contains an image)
Spencer and Melissa's relationship is an example of which type of conflict? 

7: Nothing Like an Old-Fashioned Interrogation

Why does the author include the highlighted text? 
The author includes many specific details about items in this novel, including brand names and details such as "diamond-encrusted." By providing these descriptions, she is helping the readers understand what type of lifestyle the girls lead. 
Based on the conversation between the girls and Officer Wilden, which of the girls is most likely to confess anything she knows? 
Now that is seems A's messages are starting up again, who do you predict is behind them? What textual evidence do you have to support your prediction? 

8: It's Always Good to Read the Book Before Stealing from it

Which of the following is not an example of how the video being leaked will likely affect the girls? 
Ali knows all of the secrets of the other girls. Notice how she uses those secrets as weapons against the other girls. What does this say about her character? 
What is ironic about this situation? 

9: Everyone, a Big Round of Applause for Spencer Hastings!

Below is a video about flashbacks in stories. After watching, think about this particular flashback. What does it add to the story? Be sure to watch for other flashbacks as the story continues. (This annotation contains a video)
If you're keeping track of clues, it probably seems like the author is pointing to Andrew as A. Do you think he really is A? Would an author typically reveal something like this so early in a book? Keep looking for clues as you read on. 

10: Someone Didn't Listen

What does the author accomplish with the highlighted text? 
Clearly, A is aware that Emily told the police about the notes and messages the girls have been receiving. How could A know about this? 

11: Even High-Tech Security Doesn't Protect You from Everything

After Hanna storms off in anger, we don't know what she says or does. Using what you know about her character, write a continuation of this scene that describes Hanna's actions after she leaves. 
Based on the context clues in this paragraph, which of the following is the best meaning of the word antithesis? 
Aria is uncomfortable because she feels like this is a reference to her relationship with Ezra. Sean is uncomfortable because he is embarrassed by his father's confusion. 

12: Ah, Court Life

Balthazar is a French brasserie restaurant located in SoHo in Manhattan, in New York City. It opened on April 21, 1997, and is owned by celebrity chef Keith McNally. Two years after its opening, it was still reportedly the hottest reservation in the city. (This annotation contains an image)
What is implied by the use of the word snaked to describe the girls' departure? 
Quiz #1 

13: Hello, My Name is Emily. And I'm Gay

Based on the description of Emily's house, it seems that Emily's family is very traditional. How do you think they will handle the news of Emily's relationship with Maya? 
Based on her parents' request, how do they seem to feel about the situation? 
Think about the parents in this novel. What kind of example do they set for their children? Do they seem to love their kids unconditionally? Think of what kind of textual evidence there is to support your answer. 

14: Spencer's Big Close-Up

Think about the relationship that Spencer and Melissa have. What do you think would have happened if Spencer had told her sister about the messages? 
In the highlighted text, why are some of the words italicized? 
Which of the following would best describe Melissa's attitude? 

15: Never, Ever Trust Something as Obsolete as a Fax Machine

Think about this interaction between the girls. What does it tell you about each of them? 
In the earlier books, we learn that Hanna suffers from an eating disorder called bulimia. While she seems to have her condition under control most of the time, it appears that stress may be causing her to have problems again. For more information about bulimia as well as links for help and support, visit the website below. (This annotation contains a link)

16: Someone's Been Kissing in the Kiln…

What is ironic about Emily's situation? 
Based on the highlighted text, the reader can infer that 
An idiom is a phrase that people use in everyday language, but it does not make sense literally, just like the phrase "uphill battle." Look at the list of idioms below. Do you know what they all mean? If you don't, you can always look them up online. (This annotation contains an image)

17: Because all Cheesy Relationship Moments Happen in Cemeteries

Which of the following words is the best synonym of ornate as it used in the text? 
After watching the short video below about hyperbole, think about why Aria makes this statement. What is she trying to show about her mom? (This annotation contains a video)
Symbolism is using one thing to represent something else. Visit the link below, then answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains a link)
Based on what you read on the link provided, what is the significance of Aria seeing a crow? 

18: A Good Smack Upside the Head Never Hurt Anyone

Which sentence is the best example of foreshadowing? 
What do you think Dr. Evans means when she suggests that people's brains sometimes edit things out? 
After reviewing tone by watching the video below, think about the tone of the conversation that Spencer is remembering. How would you describe it? (This annotation contains a video)

19: It's Better Than a Sign Saying, "Kick Me"

Think about the situation that Emily is dealing with and analyze how it compares to the situation that Hanna is dealing with. 
The metaphor comparing the toilet to Old Faithful here is referring to the famous geyser in Yellowstone National Park. Old Faithful erupts every 35 to 120 minutes for 1 1/2 to 5 minutes. Its maximum height ranges from 90 to 184 feet. It is not the biggest or the most regular geyser in Yellowstone, but it is the biggest regular geyser. Consider how the toilet earned this nickname. (This annotation contains an image)
How is Hanna's situation an example of irony? 

20: Life Imitates Art

Do you think Hester Prynne is who Aria is really upset with? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Think about how upset Aria is with her father and Meredith, and then consider her current situation. Is it logical for her to be so upset with them? 
Based on what you know about the characters and the clues from A, who do you think killed Ali? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 

21: What Does H-O-L-Y C-R-A-P Spell?

Mrs. Hastings holds her drink in midair and stammers when she answers. What does this suggest? 
Think about the scene in the restaurant. If someone were to rewrite this scene as a movie script, which of the following could not be changed without affecting the plot? 

22: There's No Place Like Rosewood—From 3,000 Feet Up

Why do you think Hanna is so determined to make sure that Lucas (and everyone else) knows that they are not on a date? 
The hot air balloon is the oldest successful human-carrying flight technology. Below is a diagram that explains how hot air balloons work.  (This annotation contains an image)
The more information we learn about Ali's personality, the ___________ she seems. 

23: The Rosebushes Have Eyes

Maya claims to care a great deal about Emily, yet she wants Emily to go against her family's wishes, even if it means they won't speak to her and they will send her away. Which of the following adjectives best describe Maya? 

24: And in Another Garden Across Town…

Think about everything that has happened between Spencer and Melissa. Does it fit your idea of how sisters should interact? Why or why not? 
Quiz #2 

25: Special Delivery for Hanna Marin

Does it seem like the two girls were really such good friends after all? What proof from the text can you think of to support your thoughts? 
In your own words, describe Hanna's relationship with her mother. Give examples from the text to support your answer. 

26: Spencer Gets in Hot Water…Literally and Figuratively

The video below shows a scene from the television series that is based on these books. After rereading the highlighted text, watch the video clip and use both to answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains a video)
After rereading the text and watching the video describing Spencer's flashback, explain two similarities and two differences between the text and the video. 
How does the author's use of words like vengeful and poisonous contribute to the tone of the scene? 

27: Old Habits Die Hard

Based on the highlighted text, what inference can you make about how Aria is feeling? 
Gothic Revival architecture often has certain features adapted from the original Gothic architecture style. (This annotation contains an image)
Ikea is a store that designs and sells ready-to-assemble furniture and home accessories. The stores are known for being massive in size. (This annotation contains an image)
Do you believe that Aria simply wants to do the right thing here, or is there another reason that she is concerned about the fact that she has a boyfriend? Use specific text to support your answer. 

28: Some of Her Letters Also Spell Jail

Based on what you know about Melissa, why does she point out that Spencer is dressed for a party? 
Which of the following lines contains a simile? 

29: There's a Full Moon at the Hollis Planetarium

What does the author achieve by comparing Hanna to a stiff, champagne-colored penguin? 
If Mona is treating Hanna this way, were they really ever best friends? 

30: Change is Good…Except When it's Not

The video below explains archetypes. After watching, begin thinking about any possible archetypes in this book. (This annotation contains a video)
The chart below shows common archetypes in literature. Do any of the characters in this novel fit any of the descriptions? If so, who? (This annotation contains an image)
Why does the author include this flashback? 

31: They Fought the Law and the Law Won

What could Aria's dream mean? What is right in front of her? 
Considering what has happened, do you think that Sean has a right to be angry and to kick Aria out of his home? Explain your answer and use textual evidence for support. 

32: Not-So-Secret Lovers

Review the chart below once again, and use it to answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains an image)
Consider the archetype of caregiver. Does Emily's mother fit this archetype? Explain why or why not using evidence from the text. 

33: Someone Slips Up. Big Time

Which of the following traits best describe Lucas? 
What does the author accomplish with the highlighted text? 
Hanna seems to know who A is. Do you? 

34: It's Right There in Front of You

Where could Ella be? Do you think she is actually at home? What other options does Aria have since her mom won't answer the phone? 
Aria's reference to Scooby-Doo is 
As the girls think more and more about Ali, they all begin to realize that she wasn't quite the friend they thought she was. Do you think they would have remained friends if Ali hadn't been murdered? 
The girls seem to think they know the identity of both A and Ali's killer. Do you think they truly know? Do you think they are the same person or two different people?  

35: Words Whispered from the Past

Based on Spencer's dream, what can you infer? 
Which of the following would not be included in a summary of Spencer's evening so far? 

36: It Will all Be Over

What type of mood is created in the highlighted text? 

37: It Was Necessary

What is the most likely reason that Hanna has been hit? 
If you are hooked on this series, skip ahead a couple of pages to read the section titled "What Happens Next..." 
Quiz #3