Sons and Lovers
Sons and Lovers is a 1913 novel by the English writer D. H. Lawrence. The Modern Library placed it ninth on their list of the 100 best novels of the 20th century. While the novel initially incited a lukewarm critical reception, along with allegations of obscenity, it is today regarded as a masterpiece by many critics and is often regarded as Lawrence's finest achievement. (From Wikipedia)
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Before you begin reading, refer back to the short biography of DH Lawrence (located on the previous page). This information is important to read in order to understand his background and the time period in which the novel was written. (This annotation contains an image)
A gin-pit is a coal mine. The author's father and Mr. Morel are miners. (This annotation contains an image)
"The Bottoms" is the neighborhood where the Morels live.
Pay attention to when the narrator talks about modern-day technology versus the past.
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Is there a word on this page you need to look up?
View the video below to learn more about direct and indirect characterization. (This annotation contains a video)
Which line from the text illustrates direct characterization?
What does Mrs. Morel's statement about being alone indicate about her marriage?
What is the simile Lawrence uses in the highlighted text? What does it reveal about Mrs. Morel's character?
Mrs. Morel's feelings about her marriage and the impending arrival of her third child are causing her to feel alone and uneasy. Pay attention to how these feelings affect her children.
Mr. Morel's broken language indicates
Mrs. Morel's favoring her mother is important to note because it highlights the theme of family. Pay attention to how her relationship with her mother translates into her relationship with her own children.
This discussion between Gertrude and John highlights the theme of
Since her marriage is unsatisfying, Mrs. Morel reflects back on her past. She holds onto memories that once made her happy.
What was Gertrude's main attraction to Walter Morel?
Roger de Coverley is a type of English country dance. View the video below to see what it looks like. (This annotation contains a video)
View the video below to learn more about flashback and think about why the author chose to include how the Morels met. (This annotation contains a video)
Do you think Walter can "mend" their relationship? As you continue to read, pay attention to how Walter and Gertrude grow apart and why this occurs.
Why is Gertrude upset with Walter?
Do you think Gertrude is lucky, as her mother insists? As you continue to read, pay attention to the themes of men and masculinity as well as women and femininity. What does the elderly woman's statement say about societal expectations?
A lot of critics have commented on how this novel is heavily influenced by Sigmund Feud's Oedipal Complex. This is a reference to Sophocles' story "Oedipus Rex" where Oedipus kills his father and marries his mother. As you read, gather evidence to prove if you agree or disagree with this statement. If you want to learn more about the Oedipal Concept, view the video below. (This annotation contains a link)
The child provides what for Gertrude?
Since Walter cannot confront and face reality, alcohol seems like a perfect escape for his problems.
What is Walter doing with the child?
Explain the simile in the highlighted text and how it relates to one of the themes of the novel.
The act of Walter cutting his child's hair causes Gertrude to feel betrayed. This simple act creates and even more estrangement in their marriage.
View the link below to convert five pounds into US dollars. (This annotation contains a link)
Here is another reference to the theme of societal expectations on women.
What does Gertrude mean by calling Jerry Walter's "bosom friend"?
Consumption is a disease. It is an archaic name for tuberculosis.
Skittles is an old European lawn game from which bowling is descended. (This annotation contains an image)
What tone is established in the conversation between Mr. and Mrs. Morel?
What is "the nuisance" Mrs. Morel is murmuring about?
Pay attention to the author's use of setting and how it provides comfort or solace to the characters. Nature can be viewed as a motif in the story. View the video clip below to learn more about motifs. (This annotation contains a video)
What does the meaning of the highlighted text infer about Walter?
Mr. Morel does not like to eat with his family. What does this say about him as a father and a husband?
Mrs. Morel is ready to give birth to her third child.
The pit mines symbolize
A collier is a bulk cargo ship carrying coal. (This annotation contains an image)
Mr. Morel eats and drinks before he sees his newborn son. This is another example of how he is disconnected to his family.
Bonny is used as a form of address for one's beloved or baby. It means attractive and beautiful.
Which word best describes Mr. Morel's character?
What do the cricket fields represent for Mrs. Morel?
What made Mrs. Morel's brow bleed?
A scullery is a small kitchen or room at the back of a house used for washing dishes and other dirty household work. (This annotation contains an image)
How will this interaction between Mr. and Mrs. Morel influence future events?
Does Mr. Morel hate his wife because she reminds him of his wrongdoings and his absence in the family? Think about what really leads Mr. Morel to drink, and how this is a possible theme of the story.
Which of the following best describes the mood of the highlighted passage?
It is upsetting to for Mrs. Morel to see her family like this because at one point in her life Mr. Morel was her love, but now things are different and it is greatly affecting her children.
Mr. Morel's trip with Jerry has caused him to become sick. Do you think this is karma?
Walter enjoyed the attention he received from his wife when he was sick, but Gertrude knows not to give in to his demands since he is no longer ill.
Gertrude once loved and found comfort in her relationship with Walter, but now _____ provide(s) the sense of meaning in her life.
An archetype is when a character represents a concept, such as the hero, the villain, or the mother figure. What is Walter Morel an archetype for? How does this impact the story?
As much as Walter and Gertrude seem to dislike each other, another baby is conceived. Is their relationship changing? Look for evidence of this in the text.
How is Paul being described? What does this say about the theme of femininity in the novel?
This is a Irish children's song and game. The first child says: "Adam and Eve and Pinch Me Went down to the river to bathe; Adam and Eve were drowned, Who do you think was saved?" The second child replies: "Pinch Me." Then the first child pinches the second one.
Never underestimate the love of a mother! How do Mrs. Morel's demands go against societal norms at this time? Is she justified in protecting her child or should she have submitted to her husband?
Why does Mrs. Morel not want William working at the coal mine?
Mrs. Morel does not approve of William's dancing. Think about what dancing may represent for Mrs. Morel.
It is really important to pay attention to Mrs. Morel's demeanor towards women suitors. This relates back to the theme of family and to Freud's Oedipal Complex.
What is at the root of Mrs. Morel's disapproval of William attending dances?
How does Lawrence use both direct and indirect characterization to illustrate the character of Paul for readers?
Paul's idea to "sacrifice" the doll is pretty morbid. As you continue to learn more about Paul, pay attention to how his actions reflect a depressive state.
Paul's reaction towards breaking the doll mirrors his father's feelings towards his mother. Mr. Morel feels as if he has "broken" his marriage by drinking and lying. He then projects his guilt and anger onto his wife.
The tree heightens the external conflict between
What is the effect of the paragraph describing the ash-tree?
As the children grow older they are able to realize the negative effects their father's drinking has had on their family.
The highlighted passage is primarily concerned with a
Many conflicts occur within this story, one being the external conflict between Mr. Morel and his family. View the video below to learn more about conflict in literature. (This annotation contains a video)
It is crazy to think a parent would say such a thing! To want any child, let alone your child, to die is unthinkable. Does this change your feelings for Mrs. Morel?
Wouldn't "a beloved" be someone who one is romantically involved with? Is Lawrence using word choice to explore a controversial topic? Freud's ideas were becoming influential around the time this novel was published in 1913.
Nature symbolizes several things in the novel. Which answer choice does nature not represent?
Paul's relationship with his mother is growing deeper. As the novel continues, see how their relationship becomes the catalysts for Paul's issues with other women.
Pay particular attention to the words Lawrence uses to describe Mrs. Morel's relationships with her children. "Passionate" and "intimacy" are words usually associated with lovers, not with children.
The author is using ____________ to give the shrubs human-like characteristics?
Why does Paul not want to fetch the money anymore?
In this time period it was very unlikely for a male to stay home and bake. What does this say about Paul's character?
The narrator portrays a relationship between mother and son.
By referencing a biblical scripture, Lawrence uses an allusion. An allusion is an expression designed to call something to mind without mentioning it explicitly. The highlighted sentence is an allusion to Joel 2:31, which states that the sun shall be turned to darkness, and the moon to blood, before the great and awesome day of the Lord comes.
How does the simile in the highlighted text relate to one of the themes of the novel? Provide evidence from the text to support your claim.
Is William the family's connection to happiness? Think about William's role in the family and if this will change throughout the story.
What can be inferred about Paul from the highlighted text?
Painting will become very important as the story continues. Think about what it may represent for Paul.
Which of the following best describes how Mrs. Morel feels when she thinks about her husband?
Paul suffers from anxiety. See how this prohibits him from certain things as the story continues.
The point of view has shifted from Mrs. Morel's view to Paul's.
What is the effect of the smile in the highlighted text?
The love between these two characters can be somewhat uncomfortable for readers. This will continue as a motif in the story.
What connative meaning does "lovers" have in this passage?
Why does the author use dashes when Paul is speaking?
Mrs. Morel has strong feelings about other females. Does this stem from her unhappy marriage or something else?
Which literary device is used when Mrs. Morel says "the kitchen chokes them to death"?
Read the article below then answer the following question. (This annotation contains a link)
After reading the article, choose one of the healthy and/or unhealthy items and explain how it relates to Mrs. Morel and her male children. Use evidence from both the text and article to support your answer.
Which of the following literary terms is shown in the highlighted text?
Here is the song "Two Little Girls in Blue" the characters sing. (This annotation contains a video)
Which literary term illustrates the difference between Paul's poor handwriting and his stellar painting?
Today the highlighted word has a negative connotation. In the text it means a female dog. Watch the video below to learn more about connotation. (This annotation contains a video)
"Idylls of the King" is a cycle of twelve narrative poems by the English poet Alfred, Lord Tennyson which retell the legend of King Arthur. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapters 1-5 Quiz
"One Thousand and One Nights" is a collection of West and South Asian stories and folk tales compiled in Arabic during the Islamic Golden Age. It is often known in English as the Arabian Nights. (This annotation contains an image)
How does this chapter's title create a different mood than the previous titles? Use evidence from the text to support your claim.
Throughout the text, Mr. Morel and his family have a tumultuous relationship. The venomous language used to express blame, censure, or ill will is called invective. To learn more about invective view the video below. (This annotation contains a video)
The guinea was a form of British Currency. (This annotation contains an image)
How does the speaker's point of view affect the reader's impression of William's fiancee?
In literary terms, Gyp would be Mrs. Morel's
Franklin D. Roosevelt once said, "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself." William seems to be afraid of the unknown. What will is life become with a woman who was raised so differently than him? Here the theme of social class is presented.
Is William saying he only enjoys Lily's company when he feels passion towards her? Do you predict their relationship will change as the novel continues?
How are William and his mother similar when it comes to their choice in significant others?
What sentence below does NOT use the word trepidation in the correct context as used in the story?
Pay attention to the difference between Willey Farm and Paul's house.
Miriam will be an important female in Paul's life. Pay attention to how their relationship develops.
What is the effect of an author using onomatopoeia in his or her writing?
The Lady of the Lake is the name of the ruler of Avalon in the Arthurian legend. She plays a pivotal role in many stories. She gives King Arthur his sword Excalibur, enchants Merlin, and raises Lancelot after the death of his father. (This annotation contains an image)
Lily acts sophisticated and educated, but she has never read a book. What does this say about her character and the time period?
Now that you know Lily is not bright, has your opinion of her and her behavior changed? Think about how the mood here contrasts with the earlier scene Lily appeared in.
Mrs. Morel is trying to teach her son to not live by her mistakes. See if William will follow this advice. If he does not, will his marriage resemble his parents'?
What kind of love is this? What is William alluding to about his death and Lily forgetting him?
In which part of the plot structure does William's death best fit?
Now with William gone, what does that mean for Paul? Will he become the man responsible for his family?
Use the word conundrum in a sentence in the same context as it is being used here.
The simile in the highlighted text is comparing which two things?
Paul has taken on a larger role in his mother's life. Is this a good or bad thing for Paul?
To what "boy" is Miriam referring?
Sir Walter Scott was a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet. Scott was the first English-language author to have a truly international career in his lifetime. (This annotation contains an image)
Like the Morel boys, Miriam's closet confidant is her mother. Is this the type of relationship that interferes with a young adult's growth and development?
Miriam is starting to have feelings for Paul, but feels he only views her as a girl on a farm who takes care of the pigs. She wants to be viewed in a higher regard.
King Cophetua and the Beggar Maid is an 1884 painting by the pre-Raphaelite artist Edward Burne-Jones. (This annotation contains an image)
Using the annotation above, explain what effect the simile of the beggar-maid has on the reader. Think about how this image reflects the values of the time period in which the text was written. Reference to the text and the painting in your response.
What is Miriam doing that causes her to burn the potatoes?
What is this "something" that Paul loves and hates? Is it the different parenting style? Is it his affection for Miriam? These are things to think about as you continue to read.
Miriam is fighting against the societal norms of the time. She believes she should have a voice and stand up for herself. What do you think?
According to a literary critic, Lawrence felt that society made people lifeless and unreal. He believed in the 'life force' in nature. He also believed in a man's natural instincts, as well as sexual feelings between men and women. Can you see these beliefs reflected in this paragraph?
By saying Mrs. Leivers' children are her "disciples," Paul emphasizes Mrs. Leivers'
It is important to note how Paul feels when he is at Willey Farm. The farm is an antithesis to where Paul lives. The farm offers Paul an escape from the demands of his family, especially his mother, and the dirt of the coal-mining town. View the video below to learn more. (This annotation contains a video)
Miriam and Paul develop a deeper relationship through
Where is the irony in Paul's statement? He says his mother is sane and wholesome, but she is overly obsessive and controlling. She has a hard time allowing her children, especially her boys, to love other people.
What conflict is presented here?
Why does Paul have so much anger? It is as if the idea of love never shows up without hate happening at the same time. It is as if they have to coexist. Keep track of this idea as you continue to read.
In relation to Paul's paintings, Mrs. Morel provides for Paul whereas Miriam provides .
His mother's jealousy keeps Paul from intimately connecting with Miriam. How else does she hold Paul back, and will this be his demise?
One can compare Mrs. Morel's anger to a(n)
What does the highlighted idiom mean?
What is it about Paul that draws Miriam in? This is something to think about as you continue to read about their relationship.
Mary, Queen of Scots, sought protection from her cousin Queen Elizabeth I in England. Elizabeth saw her as a threat to the throne and had her executed. (This annotation contains an image)
Here is the painting being referenced. Note the woman in the window. (This annotation contains an image)
Based off the description of Agatha in the highlighted text, in what way does she differ from her sister?
Using the annotation above, explain the meaning behind the allusion/metaphor for the sentence, "But there was a serpent in her Eden."
Here is another Biblical allusion. In the Bible, the serpent is a symbol of evil power and chaos. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Paul resisting this feelings for Miriam? Does he feel like he is betraying his mother in loving another woman?
Is this referencing the feeling of jealousy?
What is the effect of the optimism in this selection?
For once, we see the characters enjoying each other's company and not projecting hostility or resentment.
The link below will take you to the poem. (This annotation contains a link)
Using the two annotations above, explain how Paul is the Norman arch and Miriam is the Gothic arch.
Here is a picture of Gothic arches. (This annotation contains an image)
Here is a picture of Norman arches. (This annotation contains an image)
Think about why Mrs. Morel acts this way with Paul more so than his siblings.
What genre best fits the text?
Arthur joins the military and now wants his mom to get him out of the situation. Is it that easy? Is a note or a call from Arthur's mom really going to get him out of the military?
What is the author's purpose for repetition of the word "fool" in this chapter?
Mrs. Morel is living vicariously through Paul. Will this help or hinder Paul's future?
Which of the following statements is an example of indirect characterization about Baxter Dawes?
Using context clues, what is Paul doing when he knits his brows?
Miriam views Paul as an object and not as a man, or even a person. What does that say about Miriam and Paul's relationship?
Explain the significance of Paul's statement and how it can relate to Mrs. Morel. Use the text to support your answer.
Paul puts blame on Miriam for his mother's suffering. Is that fair? When will Paul begin to realize how his mother is holding him back from loving other women?
Orion is one of the most recognizable constellations in the night sky. (This annotation contains an image)
Which character represents the "wind of authority" that interferes with Paul's life?
What does Mrs. Morel mean by the highlighted statement?
What word/phrase best represents the connotative meaning of "cross" as it is used here?
Paul gets irritated a lot with Miriam. Is it because deep down he truly cares for her and he is trying to push those feelings away by thinking negatively of her?
Miriam can be looked at as Paul's
This is similar to when Miriam runied the potatoes. Does love get in the way of things? Think about how love has helped or hindered the characters in the story.
What type of allusion is "Solomon's baby"?
What does Paul have to drive out of himself?
Here is the English translation of the French poem. The Balcony Mother of memories, mistress of mistresses, O you, all my pleasures! O you, all my duties! You will remember the beauty of caresses, the sweetness of the hearth and the charm of the evenings. Mother of memories, mistress of mistresses. The evenings aglow with the heat of the coals, and the evenings on the balcony, veiled with rose mist; how soft your breast was to me! how kind your heart! We often said imperishable things on evenings aglow with the heat of the coals. How beautiful the sun is on warm evenings! How deep space is! How powerful is the heart! Bending over you, queen of adored ones, I thought I breathed the perfume of your blood. How beautiful the sun is on warm evenings! Night deepened like a wall, and my eyes in the darkness sensed your eyes, and I drank your breath, O sweetness! O poison! And your feet slumbered in my brotherly hands. Night deepened like a wall. I know the art of evoking happy moments, and live again my past curled up in your lap. For what is the good of seeking your languorous beauty elsewhere than in your dear body and in your so gentle heart? I know the art of evoking happy moments. Those vows, those perfumes, those infinite kisses, will they be born again from a gulf we may not sound as rejuvenated suns rise up to heaven after being bathed in the depth of deep seas? — O vows! O perfumes! O infinite kisses! Prose translation by Elaine Marks (1962)
Should Paul feel guilty for not being there for his mother? Will this be another reason for why he cannot be with Miriam?
The clock ticking loudly creates
Sudden hate? Is this a departure from Mrs. Morel's regular feelings for her husband?
After reading about the four types of love, which type best describes the relationship between Paul and his mother? Why?
Read about the four types of love, and answer the following question. (This annotation contains a link)
Paul is indirectly referring to
This explains why Mrs. Morel clings to Paul. She has a "shortage" of love in her marriage so she looks to Paul to make it up.
Love that is not returned is called unrequited love. Listen to the following song by Taylor Swift that shows unrequited love. (This annotation contains a video)
Paul is deficient in
Miriam's comment about Paul infers he is
Macbeth is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare, and is considered one of his darkest and most powerful works.
Agnosticism is the view that religious claims, such as whether or not God exists, are unknown and perhaps unknowable.
Miriam introduces Paul to Mrs. Dawes because
From the highlighted text, Clara can be best described as a
According to Paul, who is "Nevermore"?
This is an allusion to Edgar Allan Poe's "The Raven." If you are unfamiliar with Poe's poem, below is an audio clip. (This annotation contains a video)
What tone is established in the highlighted section between Paul and Clara?
The Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU) was the leading organization campaigning for women's suffrage in Great Britain in the early 20th century. (This annotation contains an image)
Think back to the details about Clara's husband in the previous chapters. Why would Clara make this statement?
Farm hands assist farmers and graziers with growing crops and feeding and raising livestock. The characters from John Steinbeck's novella "Of Mice and Men" are farm hands.
Here is an image of yellow trumpet flowers. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following uses reverence in the correct context?
You can’t find ‘ashes to ashes, dust to dust’ in the Bible because it isn't there. The phrase comes from the funeral service in the Book of Common Prayer, and it is based on Genesis 3:19 which says: By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return."
Does this remind you of Mrs. Morel? Does Paul have a penchant for women who suffer?
What is the effect of the author's excessive use of pessimism in the selection?
Why does she say "we"? Mrs. Morel is the one who pushed away Miriam. Do you think she will do this with every girl?
What theme is most present in the highlighted text?
Mrs. Morel's comment about Arthur indicates he is
It is crazy to think one can buy another out of the military. How has the military changed today?
How does Beatrice's action go against the societal restrictions of women?
Paul's hubris keeps him from accepting Miriam's love. Having too much pride is a part of a human's growth, but is it getting in the way of Paul's personal growth?
Explain one of Paul's internal and external conflicts presented in the novel this far. Use the text to support your answer.
Omar Khayyám was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet. He also wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy, music, and Islamic theology. (This annotation contains an image)
This is a French word for goodbye or until we see each other again.
If Paul "belongs" to Miriam then why is he so mean to her? Why does he treat her like she is second to everyone else?
Mrs. Morel is living
A character that does not change throughout a story is called a(n)
How does Lawrence show the role reversal of parent and child?
This is a very brash statement. Is Paul gradually killing himself in the sense of not following his own dreams and his own heart? Like Ralph Waldo Emerson said, "Envy is ignorance, imitation is suicide."
Caught in what? A bad life? In marriage? How does this comment show how Paul views Arthur's situation?
A euphemism is a polite expression used in place of words or phrases that otherwise might be considered harsh or unpleasant to hear. Euphemisms are used regularly, and there are many examples in every day language. Departed is an euphemism for dead.
Which word is a synonym for anachronism?
The spinning jenny is a multi-spindle spinning frame. The device reduced the amount of work needed to produce yarn. (This annotation contains a link)
How does Clara differ from Miriam?
What is the weight is Paul carrying around?
This is an example of a paradox. A paradox is a statement that leads to a conclusion that seems senseless and contradictory. Loving and being afraid of Paul are opposite feelings, but both are true. (This annotation contains an image)
A "hard-hearted hussy" is an example of
The following site will explain the allusion to the Queen of Sheba, another religious allusion. (This annotation contains a link)
The highlighted phrase is an example of asyndeton. The rapid effect heightens the interest of readers. Visit the website below to learn more. (This annotation contains a link)
Paul is not literally talking about Clara sleeping in her marriage. What is he indirectly stating?
Chapters 6-10 Quiz
Is it possible that Paul's mother and father's tumultuous relationship contributes to his views on marriage?
Why does Paul feel the need to not fail others, yet never seems to care about failing himself?
Paul feels his desire for Miriam has been overhwelmed by his
They are being very vague when they speak of sexuality, in keeping with the times.
What does Paul mean by saying he feels naked in front of Miriam?
How does the author's use of setting help develop the relationship between Paul and Miriam?
What is the metaphor comparing in the highlighted text?
As the novel comes to a close, pay attention to Paul's thoughts about death and dying.
Usually the word sacrifice has a negative connotation when it is associated with love. Why should someone sacrifice who they are to make another happy?
What does Lawrence mean by this?
Didn't Paul say he belonged to Miriam? Why do his feelings keep changing?
Explain the meaning behind this statement. How does this relate to the overall theme of the book?
Who or what do the madonna lilies symbolize?
White lilies typically symbolize chastity and virtue. (This annotation contains an image)
A purple iris is symbolic of wisdom and compliments. (This annotation contains an image)
According to Paul, he is breaking it off with Miriam because
The author uses the word "bondage" several times throughout the text. What word below would represent a less aggressive term for bondage?
Do you think today Paul could be diagnosed as bipolar, or something similar, or does everyone go through such emotional turmoil?
According to Miriam, Paul is constantly craving
How sad. But in a way, doesn't this sentiment reflect Paul's life?
Impressionism is a style of painting that aims to capture a feeling or experience rather than portray a realistic depiction. (This annotation contains an image)
What is causing Paul's anxiety?
The repetition of the "w" in the highlighted text is an example of
The dark red version expresses deeper sentiments of love and affection. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Paul feeling that he did not feel with Miriam?
Paul's statement is an aphorism. Learn more about aphorisms by watching the video below. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the affect of using alliteration in the highlighted text?
During this time period, a woman kissing a man would be considered too forward. Remember, Clara is a feminist and a suffragette, so this is not out of her character.
Considering the time period, why would Clara need a restored respectability? Think beyond the highlighted text.
The dahlia represents dignity and elegance. It is also the symbol of a commitment and bond that lasts forever. (This annotation contains an image)
Which type of allusion is presented in the highlighted text?
Clara speaks about women's rights. Why would this be a problem? Think about the time period and how things were different back then.
Explain the meaning of the simile in the highlighted text. How does this relate to the overall theme of the novel?
What is Mrs. Morel saying about Clara?
Again we see the author juxtapose the coal mines with nature. It represents the distinction between the serenity in nature and cold, cruel modern industry.
The tone of the conversation between Clara and Mrs. Morel can be best described as
Paul does not realize that he can do what he likes. As a grown man, he does not have to answer to his mother.
Which of the following lines on this page illustrates Clara's jealousy?
Clara seems jealous about the friendship between Paul and Miriam. Does she have a right to feel this way?
How does Mrs. Morel's comment makes Paul feel?
Is Paul being a hypocrite? Didn't he treat Miriam even worse than this?
A sphinx is a mythical creature with the body of a lion and a human head. It is mythicized as treacherous and merciless. (This annotation contains an image)
Which set of phrases from the text tell us about Paul's emotions as he watches the play with Clara?
Wow! These are strong words. Do you think Paul truly means this? Is Paul really capable of loving a woman besides his mother?
Referring to the annotation above, is Paul the real "fool" in the story? Explain your answer using evidence from the text.
The repetition of the word "fool" is very similar to JD Salinger's character Holden Caulfield from The Catcher in the Rye who talks disdainfully of "phonies."
Cribbage is a card game that dates back to the early 17th century. (This annotation contains an image)
Clara playing with her wedding ring is something to note.
Why is Paul upset with Mrs. Radford?
Why has Clara's pride been wounded?
Will this relationship work or will it end up like Paul's past relationship with Miriam? It seems once Paul gets close with a girl, something changes the dynamic of the relationship.
After identifying the direct characterization of Dawes, which word below would best describe him?
Why would Paul want to befriend Clara's estranged husband? What does this tell us about Paul's character?
Which of the following sentences does not use condemned in the correct way?
Paul admits that his mother knows everything about him, but not his sexual life. She may not be part of that particular aspect, but doesn't his mother still interfere with his romantic relationships?
This is a verse from the poem called "To Sally" by John Quincy Adams.
Describe the external conflict between Dawes and Paul. Why is Dawes so abrasive and combative? Use the text to support your reasoning.
Why can't Paul belong to a woman?
It is as if he will never meet the "right" woman as long as his mother is alive. At first it looked as if Mrs. Morel was to blame for Paul's behavior, but now it seems as if Paul is his own worst enemy.
Throughout the text, the author uses an animalistic motif to express
Below is a peewit bird. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the similes below best describes Paul's relationship with women?
Is it socially acceptable during this time period to date another man while one is still married?
Paul feels __________________ about Clara not wanting to divorce her husband.
Yet again we see another reference to flowers. Below is an image of lily of the valley. (This annotation contains an image)
Which word is an antonym for furtive?
The imagery used in the highlighted text creates a _____________ mood.
Obviously, Paul does not mean Clara makes him want to fall asleep. What connoative meaning does the word tired have?
Paul's depression is getting worse. Pay attention to what may happen to his condition as life-changing events begin to take place.
What word best describes Paul's reaction to his mother's illness?
As much as readers may feel resentment towards Mrs. Morel for Paul's issues, this scene provides a somber mood.
Why is Mr. Moel "afraid of the mention of his wife"?
Sunflowers often symbolize faith and God's love. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Lawrence foreshadowing at the end of this chapter?
Why would Paul want to visit a man who fought him and caused him harm? What does this say about Paul's character?
Describe how Paul is a dynamic character. Use examples from the text to support your reasoning.
This chapter is not narrated in chronological order. Paul's first visit with Baxter occurs before Mrs. Morel is taken home, which is included in the previous chapter.
Typhoid's presence has decreased due to sanitation practices in the developed world.
What does Clara realize after she hears about Baxter's illness?
What will this mean for Paul and Clara's relationship?
What is the purpose of emphasizing the childlike state of Mrs. Morel?
How is Paul's life monotonous?
Paul's mother's condition is greatly affecting his mood. He is so consumed with her imminent death.
Where did Paul get the scar on his mouth?
Do you believe this statement will be true?
Annie and Paul cannot bear to see their mother suffer any longer. They are going to poison her with morphia.
Do you agree or disagree with Paul and Annie's decision to end their mother's life? Explain your reasoning.
Why does the author uses dashes in the highlighted text?
What emotion best describes Mr. Morel in the highlighted text?
Paul believes his father is
Paul is suggesting to Baxter that he mend his relationship with Clara.
Who do you think is the real fool in the story? Explain your reasoning using examples from the text.
What mood is established in the highlighted text?
Is Paul indicating he wants to die? Why is he being drawn towards death?
How does the definition of derelict foreshadow the denouement (resolution) of the story?
Even in death, Paul's mother consumes him.
To die or to not die? This internal conflict is very similar to the main character in Shakespeare's "Hamlet." Hamlet's famous soliloquy questions dying and living, as well as the afterlife.
The following is part of the speech from "Hamlet" referenced above. How does this verse relate to Paul's internal conflict?To be, or not to be, that is the question—Whether 'tis Nobler in the mind to sufferThe Slings and Arrows of outrageous Fortune,Or to take Arms against a Sea of troubles,And by opposing, end them? To die, to sleep—No more; and by a sleep, to say we endThe Heart-ache, and the thousand Natural shocksThat Flesh is heir to?
Why is Paul disappointed?
Just because Paul's life is empty does not mean Miriam's will be.
Good for Miriam! She finally realizes he will never be happy and will not be satisfied by any woman.
Who or what is the reason for Paul's failures?
Freesia is a symbol for multiple sentiments. The traditional yellow flower is said to mainly signify friendship while the white freesia is used as an expression of innocence. (This annotation contains a link)
Anemone is a plant that symbolizes unfading love. It is also a symbol of luck, anticipation, and protection against evil. Legend has it that when the anemone closes its petals, rain is approaching. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapters 11-15 Quiz