The Man in the Iron Mask

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In this, the last of the Three Musketeers novels, Dumas builds on the true story of a mysterious prisoner held incognito in the French penal system, forced to wear a mask when seen by any but his jailer or his valet. (From
Curriculet Details
173 Questions
174 Annotations
6 Quizzes

Designed for students in seventh grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining figurative language, character traits, and metacognitive reading strategies. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about making inferences, and genre. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of theme, conflict, and point of view. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Chapter 1 - The Prisoner.

The author of this book, Alexandre Dumas, is a French author best known for his historical adventure novels, including The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo. He based this book on the real man in the iron mask held prisoner in the Bastille, whose true identity was never known.  
What details from the text indicate this prisoner is not the usual criminal confined to a cell? 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it’s so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. In this book, some words are unique to culture of the time and will not be defined in the dictionary. You will have to rely on the words and sentences around the unfamiliar word to figure out the meaning. Try it right now to look up the word "quarries."  
What does Aramis want the prisoner to tell him? 
Character traits are all the elements of a person’s behavior and attitudes that make up that person’s personality. In order to discern a person or character’s traits, we look at what they say, what they do, and what other people say about them. In this passage, the prisoner shows humility and contentment as he says he has no desire to be in a better place.  
What can you infer from the detail that Aramis knows where the prisoner grew up? 
The prisoner explains he has known no other life than being confined either in the country or in the prison, so he feels content with his situation. Do you think he will remain content once Aramis tells him the real story of his life? 
Why are the nurse and tutor dead? 
Sometimes the dictionary will not give a definition appropriate for the meaning of the sentence. You must use context clues to figure out the correct meaning. View this video to learn more about context clues. What do you think is the meaning of the word cavalier?  (This annotation contains a video)
Why is the tutor so upset about the letter being at the bottom of the well? 
Personification is when human qualities are given to objects or animals. Writers use personification to make what they are describing easier to understand or more interesting. What object is being personified as having a "slimy mouth and icy breath"? (This annotation contains an image)
Use text evidence from the story to explain why you think Philippe has been imprisoned all his life. 
What has been kept from Philippe during his childhood? 
Anne of Austria was the real mother of Louis and Philippe (born two years after Louis). Dumas has based this story on real events and people, characteristics of the genre historical fiction. Learn more about this genre in the following video.  (This annotation contains a video)
Why does Philippe believe the king will not set him free? 
Plot is the pattern of events as they are told in a story and can be categorized into five sections. In the exposition, the first section, we learn the prisoner is the king's twin brother and Aramis has a plan for him to take over the throne. Learn how to identify the exposition in the following video.  (This annotation contains a video)
Philippe's emotions about his imprisonment has changed  from ___ to ___ after hearing the news from Aramis.  
It is important to summarize major events in the book. Learn how to construct a summary in the following video and answer the question on the next page.  (This annotation contains a video)
Which statement is the best summary of the book so far? 
Philippe I, Duke of Orleans, was the younger brother of Louis XIV. He was not a twin brother, as Dumas portrays him in the novel, nor did he try to overthrow the king.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 2 - How Mouston Had Become Fatter without Giving Porthos Notice Thereof, and of the Troubles Which Consequently Befell that Worthy Gentleman.

A good reader uses clues to figure out things that are not exactly stated in the text. In this scene you can infer Porthos is frustrated with his selection of clothing because of all the garments strewn around the floor and description of his sadness. Learn more about how to make inferences in the following video. (This annotation contains a video)
Porthos is consumed with being well dressed. Which excerpt from the text supports this inference? 
Similes and metaphors are used when comparing two unlike things to explain an idea. Similes use the words like or as to make the connection, but metaphors do not. In this sentence, the author compares the tailor's knowledge of a person's body to a spy's knowledge of a secret fortress.  
Use text evidence to explain why Porthos works to fatten Mouston.  
What is the flaw in Porthos's plan to avoid being measured by the tailor? 

Chapter 3 - Who Messire Jean Percerin Was.

"Rue" is the French word for street.  
In summary, the Percerin family has been the tailor for the royals and nobility for generations. It is important to note that Percerin does not make suits for Colbert, the Minister of Finance for King Louis XIV, but he is the tailor for Fouquet, the Superintendent of Finances for the king.  
Which statement best translates the selected sentences into modern language? 
How do D'Artagnan and Porthos get past the long line and into the tailor's house? 
D'Artagnan is the only Musketeer who was a real person, serving Louix XIV as captain of the Musketeers of the Guard.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 4 - The Patterns.

Use the Define function to read the definition for askance. Which of the sentences below uses askance in the same way it is used in the text? 
The point of view in a book refers to who is telling the story. The three types of point of view are described in the poster below. From which point of view do you think this story is told? (This annotation contains an image)
Good readers often pause, reread and reflect during reading to clear up any confusion about the story. D'Artagnan knows that Aramis is bothered that he did not leave with Porthos and is curious to know the business Aramis has with Percerin.  
Based on what you already know about Aramis's plan, why do you think knowing what the king's outfits look like is important? 
Which of the statements below explains why The Man in the Iron Mask is told from the third person point of view? 
The author reveals that Aramis is cunning in his plan to obtain the fabrics of the king's wardrobe. How does this event fit in with the plan to free Philippe? 

Chapter 5 - Where, Probably, Moliere Obtained His First Idea of the Bourgeois Gentilhomme.

Which of the words below is an antonym for furtively? 
The author presents Porthos as a comic figure, simple-minded and vain. How does he contrast with the character of Aramis? 
Pierrefonds is a real place located northeast of Paris, France. Another characteristic of historical fiction is that it uses a real geographical location.  
How does the author show Porthos as a comical character? 
Using context clues from the text, what is the meaning of the word garcon? 
Porthos is very excited he was the first to have measurements taken without being touched. Can measurements really be taken this way? Why do you think Porthos believes they can? 

Chapter 6 - The Bee-Hive, the Bees, and the Honey.

The title for this chapter is a metaphor. The bee-hive is the house where the Epicureans, the bees, are creating the entertainment, the honey, for the party.  
Which word is a synonym for slovenly? 
What does Pelisson do to insult La Fontaine? 
The Epicureans are brainstorming rhymes while they banter, or tease each other. How many words can you think of that rhyme with the word "banter"? 
Mood is the literary device that authors use to create an emotional response in the reader. The scene with the Epicureans is used to develop a playful and fun mood. Did you laugh during any of the scene? 
What does the selected text reveal about Aramis's character? Use examples from the passage to support your response.  
Which quote is NOT text evidence that Fouquet is worried about the party? 
Nicholas Fouquet was the Superintendent of Finances in France from 1653 until 1661 under King Louis XIV. He was actually convicted of embezzlement and sentenced to prison by King Louis XIV, as Dumas describes in this book.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 7 - Another Supper at the Bastile.

Below is a picture of the Bastile as it was in the late 1700s. The Bastile was taken over during the French Revolution in 1789 and demolished.  (This annotation contains an image)
Aramis is dressed like a _____for his dinner with Baisemeaux.  
Good readers focus on important ideas, ask questions as they read, and predict what will happen next. Aramis is having dinner with the governor of the prison and seems to be overly concerned about the arrival of the courier. Predict the importance of the letter.  
Why isn't Baisemeaux concerned with reading the letter upon its arrival? 
How does Aramis manipulate Baisemeaux to free the prisoner that night? 

Chapter 8 - The General of the Order.

Aramis must feel frustrated at Baisemeaux's repeated delays.  
Why doesn't Baismeaux understand why the name Seldon is not on the order? 
Baisemeaux knows it was Aramis who visited Marchiali.  
The words "funereal," "mortuary," and "blood" indicate the mood has changed to  
Baisemeaux knows he will not get in trouble releasing Philippe Marchiale with the signed order from Aramis.  
The description of the dungeon with large shadows from one candle adds to the suspense of the scene.  
Aramis is not worried about the driver of the carriage knowing his secret because 

Chapter 9 - The Tempter.

Which statement is the best summary of the selected paragraph? 
During the rising action of the plot, events happen that lead up to the climax, the point of greatest tension. At this point, Aramis has freed Philippe from prison and is convincing him that together they will serve the people of France.  
Conflict is an important part of every story. It is what moves the story along as events continue to happen. View this video to learn more about the various types of conflict and then answer the next question.  (This annotation contains a video)
Which type of conflict is Philippe experiencing during his conversation with Aramis? 
Aramis presents Philippe with the choice to accept the plan to become king or 

Chapter 10 - Crown and Tiara.

Dumas is describing the thought process of Philippe as he reflects on the choice to put himself in danger as king or reside in the country free of fear.  
Which statement is text evidence that Philippe has decided to become King of France? 
Aramis has provided Philippe with notes about all the people he will interact with once he is king. Do you think he will fool everyone? 
Louise de La Valliere was the actual mistress of King Louis XIV and they were very much in love. Raoul is a fictional character. Why do you think Dumas adds Raoul as a former love interest of Valliere?  (This annotation contains an image)
What position does Aramis want to obtain? 
Quiz Chapters 1-10 

Chapter 11 - The Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte.

Pictured below is the actual castle at Vaux. As you read the description of the castle and grounds, pay attention to the extravagant and costly features Fouquet has added to make the palace fit for a king. (This annotation contains an image)
Using details from the text, write a statement that summarizes the description of Vaux.  
Aramis is in charge of the guests for the party and Fouquet is in charge of the  
An allusion is a reference to a character or event in a widely known text, image or event that helps the reader to understand more about the text. Allusions are commonly made to the Bible, nursery rhymes, myths, famous fictional or historical characters or events, and Shakespeare. In this story, the author relates the task accomplished by the painter to a task performed by Hercules, a mythical figure known for his strength.  

Chapter 12 - The Wine of Melun.

D'Artagnan is suspicious of the strange actions of Aramis and wants to find out what he is planning. Do you think D'Artagnan will figure out what Aramis is planning for the king? How will their friendship affect the plan? 
You can infer from the dialogue between D'Artagnan and Colbert? 
Louis XIV, known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1714. Notice as you continue to read that Louis will refer to himself as the Sun. (This annotation contains an image)
How does D'Artagnan solve the problem of a late arrival? Explain why this irritates Colbert. 

Chapter 13 - Nectar and Ambrosia.

Upon seeing the elaborate palace and all the beautiful expensive objects, King Louis XIV becomes 
The king's bedroom might have looked something like this. Notice the fresco painted on the ceiling.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 14 - A Gascon, and a Gascon and a Half.

"Gascon" is a French word meaning one who boasts and thinks highly of himself. As you read, try to figure out who the author refers to with this title.  
Which statement is text evidence that Aramis is relieved D'Artagnan does not know his plan for the king? 
Explain why Aramis and D'Artagnan, once strong and loyal friends, are now suspicious of each other. Why doesn't Aramis let D'Artagnan in on his plan? 
Theme is a main idea of a book that is repeatedly addressed as the plot progresses. Aramis tells D'Artagnan their friendship will prevail over everything. Pay attention to the themes of friendship and loyalty as the plot continues.  
What can you infer from Aramis's actions in the selected sentence? 
Aramis evaluates D'Artagnan's sense of loyalty and pride. Which characteristic seems to be most important to D'Artagnan? 
The king is ______ about how Fouquet is paying for the extravagant party.  
Dumas bases the conflict between Colbert and Fouquet on the actual struggle between them. Cardinal Mazarin was really responsible for most of the missing money, but Colbert destroys Fouquet’s reputation with the king to take over as Superintendent of Finances after Fouquet’s arrest. Below is a picture of John-Baptiste Colbert.  (This annotation contains an image)
Philippe comments that if he were king he would not make a quick decision, which is exactly how King Louis XIV responds. This indicates that Philippe is thinking as a king. Do you think he will fool everyone? 

Chapter 15 - Colbert.

The author uses a metaphor to compare the anger growing in the king to a  
Which statement best summarizes the events after dinner? 
The narrator indicates that King Louis XIV needs another opinion of someone he trusts in order to punish Fouquet.  
Which statement relates to the theme of loyalty? 
Colbert wants the king to believe the letter has been dropped by La Valliere. Predict what the letter might say that would benefit Colbert.  

Chapter 16 - Jealousy.

The plot, or events that make up a story, of a text is driven by cause and effect relationships. The cause, or what happens, can have many effects, or results. What causes the king's renewed anger toward Fouquet? 
Why isn't Fouquet concerned about the king's grumpy mood? 
What causes D'Artagnan to show caution by asking the king for a written order to arrest Fouquet? 
D'Artagnan succeeds in persuading the king to resist arresting Fouquet until morning. He is the king's voice of reason. Do you think the king will feel any better about the situation in the morning? 

Chapter 17 - High Treason.

The author adds the allusion to compare the feeling of a sleepless night that never ends to the myth of Prometheus. In this myth Zeus punishes him by chaining him to a mountain where a vulture continuously feeds on his liver until Heracles kills the bird.  
King Louis XIV believes he is having a nightmare, but in reality 
In the video clip below, Aramis, Porthos,and Athos kidnap King Louis XIV. Pay attention to how the video scene differs from the actual scene in the book. Then answer the question below.  (This annotation contains a video)
List four differences between the kidnap scene portrayed in the clip and how it is described the book.  
Baisemeaux is ______ by the appearance of the order with the ink blot on it.  
The masked "assassins" who kidnapped the king are Porthos and Aramis. Why do you think the king does not recognize Aramis as one of the kidnappers? 
Summarize in your own words the events that take place in Chapter 17.  

Chapter 18 - A Night at the Bastile.

King Louis XIV is wondering if he is dead and banished to prison for all eternity.  
The author uses a simile to emphasize the feeling of ____ the king has that he does not know when the meals are served in the Bastile.  
Authors work hard to create different types of characters in their stories to make the plot interesting. View the following video to learn the difference between dynamic and static characters. Which type of character is King Louis XIV? Do you think his change of heart will last? (This annotation contains a video)
Baisemeaux comments that ordinary prisoners hope their death will come soon and that prisoners who have gone insane act violently and cause such disturbances that maybe it would be an act of kindness to go ahead and execute them. Do you think he will execute the king? 

Chapter 19 - The Shadow of M. Fouquet.

Using text evidence, explain the internal conflict D'Artagnan is experiencing over the king's order to arrest Fouquet.  
D'Artagnan has come to Fouquet's room to keep an eye on him until he makes the arrest in the morning. As you read the dialogue that follows, notice how D'Artagnan tries to be polite about his task.  
Sometimes the dictionary will give several definitions of a word and you must use context clues to figure out which meaning fits the sentence. Which dictionary definition of the word grave is correct for this sentence? 
Which statement indicates Fouquet is concerned about the reason for D'Artagnan's visit? 
Fouquet gives his word that he will not try to escape in the fifteen minutes D'Artagnan will be gone. This action is another example of the theme of honor.  
An open door is a metaphor for an opportunity. D'Artagnan has given Fouquet a chance to get rid of damaging evidence.  
It is not poverty or prison that Fouquet fears, it is  
Fouquet describes Vaux as the property of all those who worked to create it and for future generations.  
In your own words write one sentence that summarizes D'Artagnan's advice to Fouquet.  
D'Artagnan shows Fouquet respect and courtesy as he is following orders to arrest Fouquet because he knows Colbert has influenced the king's decision against Fouquet. 
What warning does D'Artagnan give Fouquet before he goes to sleep? 

Chapter 20 - The Morning.

Follow the link to the site below and read the story of Cain and Abel, then answer the next question, which will ask you to draw a parallel between the novel and this classic story.  (This annotation contains a link)
What are the similarities and differences between Philippe and Louis and the story of Cain and Abel? 
What does Philippe suggest for Porthos? 
The scene between Fouquet and D’Artagnan occurs before the one with Aramis and Philippe. What purpose could the author have in presenting them out of chronological order? 
Why is D'Artagnan shocked to see Aramis in the king's bedroom? 
Quiz Chapters 11-20 
D'Artagnan understands why Aramis is in the king's bedroom, but still has suspicions about all of Aramis's strange actions throughout the plot.  

Chapter 21 - The King's Friend.

List at least two statements from the selected paragraph, written in third person, that indicate the thoughts of more than one character.  
The narrator indicates Fouquet is more embarrassed that he needed help than thankful he will not be arrested. What does this show about Fouquet's character? 
Do you recognize this game? It is also called "You're Getting Warmer." 
Aramis is revealing the secret of Philippe to Fouquet. Predict what effects revealing this secret will have on the plot.  
Bias means to show favor of or against one thing, idea or group. As you read the conversation between Aramis and Fouquet, notice how biased Aramis presents the information in order to persuade Fouquet to join his plan.  
Which word or words indicate the bias Aramis has regarding the treatment of Philippe? 
The author uses hyperbole, an exaggeration, to indicate the king would kill Fouquet for knowing the secret of Philippe's identity.  
Which statement summarizes the selected text? 
Aramis explains that since his actions were approved by God, he succeeded without any problems in switching Philippe for Louis.  
How has Fouquet's judgement of the plan changed since he first learned about the secret of Philippe? 
Take a moment to reflect on your earlier prediction of Fouquet's reaction to learning that Aramis has replaced Louis with Philipppe. Did you predict he would see this as a crime and send Arams away before revealing it? 
What has Aramis decided to do since his plan has come undone? 

Chapter 22 - Showing How the Countersign Was Respected at the Bastile.

What can you infer from the selected paragraph? 
Baisemeaux thinks Fouquet's compliment of the guards is verbal irony because of their fight, but it is not. Learn more about verbal irony in the following video. (This annotation contains a video)
Fouquet believes Baisemeaux has no real knowledge of Aramis's plan. Do you think he will have Baisemeaux arrested? 
Which word is an antonym for scrupulous? 
Baisemeaux is an example of a ______ because he does not change his personality; he is concerned with obeying orders but is easily swayed by manipulation.  
Baisemeaux continues to be concerned with himself and how these events will affect him.  
Write a prediction of what will happen when Fouquet enters the king's cell.  

Chapter 23 - The King's Gratitude.

It is embarrassing to a king to be seen in such a state of despair and ghastly appearance.  
What part does Fouquet say that Philippe has played in the plan? 
M. de la Fere is Athos, who has not been involved in this plot. 
Why does Fouquet request the king pardon Aramis and Porthos? 
King Louis XIV refuses to pardon Aramis and Porthos even though Fouquet asks it as a favor for freeing him. Do you think his decision is justified? 
The theme of honor is exemplified by Fouquet's actions to save Aramis and Porthos by sending them to Belle-Isle out of the reach of the king.  

Chapter 24 - The False King.

Dumas uses a _____ to compare the younger brother of Louis and Philippe to a tree.  
Madame de Chevreuse is Anne of Austria's good friend.  
Why does Philippe want to banish Madame de Chevreuse from France? 
Use the define function to look up any words in the selected sentence you do not know. Which statement below means the same as the selected sentence in more common language? 
As you read the following scene where King Louis XIV returns, pay attention to how Dumas describes the emotions of each character. A movie clip of the scene is provided later and you will be asked a question to compare both scenes.  
As you view the following clip, pay attention to the emotions of each character and then answer the following question.  (This annotation contains a video)
Compare how D'Artagnan's emotions are shown in each version of the scene. Which medium, movie or text, has the most impact on your understanding of D'Artagnan's feelings? Use evidence from each medium to defend your answer.  

Chapter 25 - In Which Porthos Thinks He Is Pursuing a Duchy.

What does Aramis believe is the cause of not having any horses available at this post? 
Athos is consoling Raoul's broken heart by telling him this is just part of life that most people go through. How does your parent console you when you are distraught? 
Athos points out to Raoul that Valliere should be forgiven because she truly loves the king. Why would this argument not make sense to Raoul? 

Chapter 26 - The Last Adieux.

Aramis feels ______ about having pulled Porthos into this failed plan.  
Aramis believes there will be trouble between France and Spain, which he plans to use to get King Louis XIV to forgive him and Porthos.  
The dangerous situation Aramis and Porthos are in has caused Athos to feel somber. Which excerpt from the text supports this inference? 
Authors use foreshadowing to give a hint of what is to come later in the story. It may appear in the form of dialogue between characters, an event in the story, or even the title may give clues about what is to come. The selected dialogue hints that Aramis and Porthos may be killed later in the plot.  

Chapter 27 - Monsieur de Beaufort.

Why has Beaufort come to say goodbye to Athos? 
What motivates Beaufort to accept the challenge of fighting Arabs in Africa? 
Beaufort asks that Raoul come fight with him in Africa. Will Athos agree to this? Do you think Raoul will want to join Beaufort? 
Which excerpt from the text supports the inference that Raoul wants to join Beaufort in order to forget about losing Valliere to the king? 
The Knights of Malta originated in the Middle Ages as soldiers who fought to protect Christians and the poor, sick, or homeless. This organization is still at work today aiding the needy, much like the Salvation Army.  

Chapter 28 - Preparations for Departure.

Returning to Paris where he fell in love with Valliere brings back memories that intensify his sadness. Is there a place where you go that brings back memories of sadness or happiness?  
Using your own words, rewrite the selected sentence to describe the chance meeting between Raoul and Mademoiselle de Montalais, Louise's friend.  
You can infer that Montalais thinks ____ is to blame for the end of Raoul's relationship with Valliere.  
Montalais means that Raoul still loves Louise and now hates her.  
Raoul has discovered the secret affair between the king's sister-in-law and Guiche, and he promises to keep the secret as he is leaving the country in two days. Do you think this secret will cause any conflicts later in the plot? 
What can you infer about Raoul from his request of Guiche? 

Chapter 29 - Planchet's Inventory.

Use the Define feature to read the definition for encumberment. Which of the sentences below uses encumberment in the same way it is used in the text? 
Arsenic is a poison that looks like white powder.  
The author uses _____ with the reference to the story of Ruth in the Bible.  
Below is a map of France. Notice how far Paris is from Cannes, which is located in southeastern section of France.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 30 - The Inventory of M. de Beaufort.

List three items Beaufort sells in order to finance his campaign in Africa.  
The author refers to Athos when he comments the "latter drank it." 
Beaufort's attitude is ______, while Athos and Raoul appear_____ 
Athos admonishes Raoul not to go into battle with the idea of dying but to be responsible in his assignment to support all the soldiers who are defending their country. Do soldiers have a responsibility to the men who fight with them? 
Quiz Chapters 21-30 

Chapter 31 - The Silver Dish.

You can infer the paper was an order that surpassed the authority of the fisherman.  
What details lead you to infer that the phantom is Philippe? 
Dumas uses a metaphor to compare the stifling heat of the day to a fiery veil.  
Dumas describes the attack on Athos and Raoul to add to the _____ of the scene.  
Which dictionary definition of the word effacing is correct for the context of the sentence? 

Chapter 32 - Captive and Jailers.

D'Artagnan explains why Athos and Raoul were attacked, but leaves out the identity of the prisoner. Why do you think he omits this important detail? 
Athos reminds D'Artagnan he is a loyal friend who can keep a secret.  
To what are Athos and D'Artagnan referring when they speak of Raoul in the selected dialogue? 
Which statement is the best summary for Athos's feelings about death? 
In this context, "base" means a low position.  
Raoul believes that in sacrificing his life for Louise's happiness, she will think he is a better man than any other she would love.  
In this context, terrific means terrible, not wonderful. Learn more about words with multiple meanings in this video.  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 33 - Promises.

D'Artagnan changes the topic of conversation to something not so dreary. What do you do when something sad is happening that you can't fix?  
D'Artagnan's return to hug Athos and Porthos indicates 
Explain the comparisons made by the metaphors in the following excerpt. The sea, loaded with phosphoric light, opened beneath the hulls of the barks that transported the baggage and munitions; every dip of the prow plowed up this gulf of white flames; from every oar dropped liquid diamonds.  
Athos and Raoul have a sincere conversation in which Athos regrets not having taught Raoul to be more lighthearted. Raoul takes the blame for his own despair and declares his love for his father. Do you think Athos is to blame for Raoul's situation? 
Athos warns Raoul not to die from ____ , as there is no glory in it.  
Don't let the word "not" confuse your understanding of the selected sentence. Athos actually means their love for each other will keep their souls connected when they are apart.  
Good readers make connections to the text. The scene here of families saying goodbye as soldiers go off to battle is like soldiers of today leaving their families upon deployment. Do you know anyone who has a family member in the military? 
Athos feels ____ by the departure of Raoul.  

Chapter 34 - Among Women.

The author describes the emotional effects of the failed plan on the king's court. Who seems to be the happiest? 
While riding to see the king, D'Artagnan reflects on the severity of the events that have taken place and is worried the king will command him to hurt his friends. His loyalty and devotion to his friends has created an internal conflict for him.  
Explain what Athenais and Mademoiselle de Tonnay-Charente do to justify the narrator's description of them as perfidious.  
Valliere is blamed for Raoul joining the army where death is almost certain. Of Athos, Raoul, or Valliere, who do you think is most at fault? 
Using text evidence, explain why the king would take a brigade of musketeers with him to Nantes and place one outside the  guests' doors.  

Chapter 35 - The Last Supper.

The order of the king is very serious. Predict what the clerk will do upon hearing these words and what D'Artagnan will do if he does not comply.  
Which statement supports the inference that the people with Fouquet think D'Artagnan has come to arrest him? 
Tertian fever is an infectious disease that spikes every third day with fever, vomiting, and headaches.  
What can you infer is the meaning of the word fly in the selected sentence? 
The words "livid" and "annihilated" support the inference that the mood has declined from hopeful to hopeless. What do you think the king's message said? 
In your own words, write a summary of the events that develop the theme of friendship in Chapter 35.  

Chapter 36 - In M. Colbert's Carriage.

D'Artagnan recognizes the women, Chevreuse and Vanel, who are now in support of Colbert and against Fouquet.  
The letters to which Chevreuse is referring are the ones that prove Fouquet took the money from the king.  
What information does Chevreuse share with Colbert on their journey? 
Chevreuse indicates that Colbert underestimates the power Aramis has to overcome his current problems. Do you think Colbert will act on this information? 
Chevreuse has informed Colbert of the events involving Aramis with the motivation to become  
The Jesuits are a large Catholic organization. Aramis is the head of this group and commands them in many countries, such as Spain. Remember Aramis predicted a war between France and Spain? As the general of the Jesuits, he as the power to make this war happen.  

Chapter 37 - The Two Lighters.

Which word from the text lead you to infer that a lighter is a boat? 
Below is an image of a flag with fleurs-de-lis.  (This annotation contains an image)
What details lead Fouquet to infer that the king is not on the boat behind them? 
Which statement is text evidence that the boat with twelve oarers is making sure Fouquet does not flee? 
Fouquet gloats about having won what he pretends is a race. Do you think Colbert was racing? 

Chapter 38 - Friendly Advice.

The selected text supports which theme of the novel? 
An analogy is a comparison between two things to explain or clarify. Dumas uses an analogy to compare Colbert's pursuit of Fouquet to a snake chasing a squirrel.  
Summarize what D'Artagnan says to help Fouquet escape. 

Chapter 39 - How the King, Louis XIV., Played His Little Part.

Despite D'Artagnan's efforts to save Fouquet, he is ordered to bring Fouquet to the king. Predict what the king will do to Fouquet. 
Which word below is a synonym for calumniated? 
The king has not confronted Fouquet with his impending arrest. Why do you think he waits so long? 
Fouquet is trying to get the king to go ahead and admit he will be arrested rather than keep waiting. When you know you are about to get punished, would you rather take the punishment quickly or wait a long time for it? 
Why does the king ask Fouquet if he has any transportation ready? 
What can you infer from Fouquet's comment when he leaves the king? 
D'Artagnan admits he tried to help Fouquet escape, but Fouquet did not listen. What in D'Artagnan's character motivates him to confess to the king? 

Chapter 40 - The White Horse and the Black.

List three things that make D'Artagnan realize Fouquet is escaping.  
Dumas uses the simile "animating himself as in war" and the desciptive word "ferocious" to indicate D'Artagnan's mood has changed to anger now that Fouquet is really trying to escape. 
Good readers adjust the pace of their reading to match the emotion of the text. Are you reading faster to match the speed of the chase? 
D'Artagnan believes he is a dishonored wretch because 
Do you find it strange behavior for a prisoner and soldier to act so friendly toward each other after such an intense pursuit? What do you think this shows about the feelings D'Artagnan and Fouquet have for each other? 
Quiz Chapters 31-40 

Chapter 41 - In Which the Squirrel Falls,—the Adder Flies.

Explain the meaning of the title of this chapter. Who is the squirrel and who is the adder? 
A "reitre" is a French word for mercenary soldier, one who can be hired by anyone.  
Which statement is the best summary of the reason D'Artagnan is furious at Colbert? 
Why does the king ask D'Artagnan if he is crazy? 
The king tries to get D'Artagnan and Colbert to put aside their anger by making them shake hands. Shaking hands is a sign of respect. Have you ever done this to make up with someone you have argued with? 
List at least five objectives Colbert intends to accomplish when he is in charge of the money of France.  
D'Artagnan chooses his friendship with Aramis and Porthos over his loyalty to the king. Do you think this is a wise decision? 

Chapter 42 - Belle-Ile-en-Mer.

Why does Aramis say they are "lost"? 
Porthos and Aramis are wondering what could have happened to the boats to keep them from returning since there has been no storm. What do you think has happened to the boats? 
Explain the metaphor Dumas uses to describe Aramis. How is Aramis the lion? 
A battery is a place used to store a collection of guns and ammunition.  
A quay is a concrete, stone, or metal platform built parallel to the shore for loading and unloading ships. It might have looked something like the picture below.  (This annotation contains an image)
What happened to all the fishing boats? 
Aramis is _____ that the letter from D'Artagnan is a forgery.  

Chapter 43 - Explanations by Aramis.

Aramis refers to a Gordian knot, tied by Gordius, a legendary king, that, according to a prophecy, was to be undone only by the person who would rule Asia. Dumas uses this allusion in order to emphasize that their problem will be very difficult to solve.  
Aramis clearly explains the plot against the king and how he deceived Porthos to involve him in the plan. Cite details from the text to evaluate the friendship between Aramis and Porthos. Is Aramis a good friend? 
Aramis has acted out of self interest, but Porthos acted out of devotion to Aramis.  
Which dictionary definition is appropriate for the meaning of clog as it is used in this context? 
D'Artagnan explains to Aramis and Porthos that they are surrounded and will be placed under arrest. How do you think they will escape this predicament? 
Why does D'Artagnan thank the officer? 
D'Artagnan presents to his officers his plan to bring Aramis and Porthos aboard his ship to explain they are surrounded and should give up without a fight. How could this be part of a plan to help them escape? 
Take a moment to summarize the events of Chapter 43 that lead to the impending capture of Aramis and Porthos.  

Chapter 44 - Result of the Ideas of the King, and the Ideas of D'Artagnan.

Dumas uses a metaphor to compare Belle-Isle to a cage and Aramis and Porthos to birds. Do you think this is an appropriate metaphor? 

Chapter 45 - The Ancestors of Porthos.

Porthos views the weak feeling in his legs as foreshadowing of his death since both his father and grandfather die soon after feeling weak in their legs.  
Dumas uses _______ in the selected sentence to emphasize the strength of Porthos.  
Which excerpt from the text best supports the fact that the king's army did not succeed in taking over Belle-Isle? 

Chapter 46 - The Son of Biscarrat.

Historically, soldiers seek an honorable death. Musketeers would rather die in battle than be hung. 
The meeting between the Musketeers and their prisoner's father, Biscarrat, occurred in the first book of this series. The Musketeers fought with Biscarrat's men but did not wound him, which created a mutual respect. Aramis hopes this respect will encourage the prisoner to help them.  
With the second attack, Aramis realizes 
Aramis instructs the inhabitants of Belle-Isle not to fight the king's men so they might be shown mercy by the king. What does this show about Aramis's character? 

Chapter 47 - The Grotto of Locmaria.

Use the Define function to read the meaning of the word husband. Which sentence below does NOT use "husband" in the same way it is used in the text? 
What can you infer from Yves's warning? 
A league is a distance of about three miles.  
Explain how the army's discovery of Aramis and Porthos in the cave is not irony, but a situation created by chance.  
Aramis indicates his confidence in a quick defeat of the king's men. Do you think their plan will work? 

Chapter 48 - The Grotto.

You can infer from the selected sentence that the soldier  
Biscarrat is caught between a rock and a hard place with this internal conflict. He feels loyalty to Aramis and Porthos, but he cannot betray his soldiers. What do you think he will do? 
Biscarrat twice urges the men not to enter the cave by using the words beseech and implore. Which phrase would Biscarrat NOT use to deter the men? 
Biscarrat's betrayal of his comrades has left him feeling dishonorable and guilty. Is there a way he could regain his honor? 
The four Musketeers had become legends in their lifetime. All soldiers knew of and respected their bravery and unequaled skill in battle. How do you think the soldiers feel about fighting them? 
Explain how Biscarrat's choice to enter the cave unarmed is related to the theme of honor.  

Chapter 49 - An Homeric Song.

The description of this scene where Porthos moves the stone and can see the ocean along with the regiment in pursuit adds to the ____ of the plot.  
One hundred toises measures about 218 yards, or about the length of two football fields.  
Think about the materials available to Aramis that have been stored in the boat. How do you think he plans to destroy the entire army? 
Explain why the word magic is appropriate for the cause of the soldiers' deaths. 

Chapter 50 - The Death of a Titan.

Dumas uses the description of the scene inside the cave lit for two seconds by the match to emphasize the amount of death that has occurred.  
Porthos has become weak. Make a prediction of what you think will happen to him.  
 What is the author's purpose in making this paragraph one long sentence? 
All the events in the plot have led to this point of highest tension. The death of Porthos is the climax of this story. The events that occur after this point are the falling action of the plot.  
Quiz Chapters 41-50 

Chapter 51 - Porthos's Epitaph.

An epitaph is a statement written on a tombstone in memory of a person who has died. Use details from the author's tribute to Porthos and write your own epitaph for him.  
The telescope was invented in the early 1600s with contributions from a Dutch eyeglass maker, Hans Lippershey, and Galileo. People thought the invention was the work of the devil, as you can see by the reaction of the sailor in the story.  
Rewrite the selected sentence in your own words without the simile and metaphor.  
Aramis has gained the respect of the commander of the king's ship. What do you think is the meaning of the sign he made with his hand and his ring that would make the leader tremble and bow? 

Chapter 52 - M. de Gesvres's Round.

You can infer from D'Artagnan's unsuccessful attempts to see the king that 
D'Artagnan gathers money, guns and horses for a journey. Where do you think he is going? 
What does D'Artagnan believe is the purpose of Gesvres making his rounds? 
The Musketeers gather and begin to make a ruckus to claim D'Artagnan's innocence, but then leave by order of the king. What does this tell D'Artagnan about his supporters? 

Chapter 53 - King Louis XIV.

D'Artagnan has struggled between his loyalty to the king and his loyalty to his friends. Which does D'Artagnan choose?Which do you think is more important?  
Which sentence below summarizes the king's purpose in sending D'Artagnan to Belle-Isle? 
What reasons does King Louis XIV give to D'Artagnan for not executing him or sending him to prison? 
The king asks D'Artagnan to choose between serving him or leaving France. Which do you think he will choose? 
Loyalty is a repeated theme in the novel. What type of loyalty in this novel appears to be the strongest? Loyalty to friends? The King? One's self? Use text evidence to explain your answer.  

Chapter 54 - M. Fouquet's Friends.

With Porthos dead and Aramis in hiding, the king has no more fear of losing his throne. Life goes back to normal for most people.  
Aramis has fled to Spain. Do you think he will return to France? 
Use the Define feature to read the definitions for besieged. Which of the words below is a synonym for besieged as it is used in this passage? 
The friends of Fouquet have not come to ask for his pardon. Predict what they have come to ask and what the king's response will be to their request.  
A fauteuil is a large armchair.  

Chapter 55 - Porthos's Will.

You can infer from the context of this sentence a procureur is the executor, the person in charge of announcing and distributing the contents of the will.  
Why does Porthos leave Raoul the bulk of his estate? 
Which excerpt from the novel is text evidence that  Mousqueton is devastated over the death of Porthos? 

Chapter 56 - The Old Age of Athos.

As you read the description of the actions and mood of Athos after Raoul's departure, pay attention to how Dumas contrasts the Athos before Raoul leaves and the Athos after he leaves. 
Compare the actions and mood of Athos before and after Raoul leaves by listing four details from the text.  
Athos explains to the doctor that he is ready to die if Raoul does not return from battle alive. He has lost the will to live.  

Chapter 57 - Athos's Vision.

The selected passage supports which of the novels themes? 
Simile or metaphor? The selected sentence is a simile because the author uses the word "resembled." Resembled is a synonym for "seemed like." 
Dumas describes Athos's vision in great detail. Can you picture the moon shining its diamonds and opals to illuminate the scene and the uniforms and weapons of the dead soldiers? Why does Dumas address this vision so thoroughly? 
Evaluate the choice made by the author to include such a descriptive scene of Athos's vision. Should he have included the scene? Does it help move the story forward or add an element of fantasy? 

Chapter 58 - The Angel of Death.

Which phrase in the selected text supports the inference that Athos welcomes death? 
Athos dies calmly with a smile on his face because he is reunited with Raoul. How does this contrast to the death of Porthos? 

Chapter 59 - The Bulletin.

A paradox is a statement that seems to say two opposite things but that may be true. Explain why Beaufort would begin his letter with "a great misfortune has struck us amidst a great triumph"? 
The pike is a wooden stick up to 18 feet long with a sharp point used as a defense against enemy cavalry. Unlike the musket, it was considered a weapon for gentlemen because you fought your enemy up close, as shown in the picture below.  (This annotation contains an image)
What does the selected text reveal about Raoul? 
Several details support the inference that Raoul fell out of bed to ensure his death: he persuades Beaufort to allow him to fight, he disobeys several orders to return, and his expression is of sadness with the news that he might live.  

Chapter 60 - The Last Canto of the Poem.

This last chapter begins the resolution of the plot. The conflicts have been resolved and all that remains is to end the story.  
Write a sentence predicting how D'Artagnan will respond to the presence of Valliere.  
Evaluate how D'Artagnan treats Valleire. Does she deserve the blame for the deaths of Athos and Raoul? 


An epilogue is the final chapter at the end of a story that may reveal the fates of the characters hours or years later. How long after the main story ends does the epilogue take place in this book? 
What has become of Fouquet? 
Anne of Austria, the king's mother, has died.  
Not many people are invited to dine with the king and D'Artagnan feels honored. What does this show about the relationship between the king and D'Artagnan? 
What has happened to Aramis? 
What has become of Valliere? 
The king's sister-in-law is the brother of King Charles II of England.  
De Guiche is having an affair with Henrietta, so she is proposing a bargain with the king to get him back to France.  
What is the deal the king makes with his sister-in-law, Henrietta? 
King Louis XIV continues to chase after women and manipulate people with deals to benefit himself which supports his characterization as  
Colbert believes France will win a war with Holland if England becomes an ally and Spain stays out of the fight. D'Artagnan points out that Spain will stay neutral as long as France is winning.  
This situation will be ironic because the Dutch are building the same ships and ammunition that will be used against them.  
In your own words, restate what D'Artagnan is saying in the selected paragraph.  
The selected text supports the theme of  
Predict whether all parties will keep their promises. Will Colbert pay D'Artagnan and make him head of the army? Will D'Artagnan win or die trying? 
Identify and explain the two types of figurative language Dumas uses in the selected text.  
As you watch this clip of the final battle scene in the movie, take a few notes listing the differences between the movie and the final battle scene in the text. Use your notes to help you answer a question in the final quiz. (This annotation contains a video)
Compare the deaths of Porthos and D'Artagnan. Whose death was the most moving or emotional for you? Defend your response with evidence from the text.  
Quiz Chapters 51-61