Jo's Boys, and How They Turned Out: A Sequel to "Little Men"
Jo's Boys, and How They Turned Out: A Sequel to "Little Men" is a novel by American author Louisa May Alcott, first published in 1886. The novel is the final book in the unofficial Little Women trilogy. In it, Jo's "children", now grown, are caught up in real world troubles. (Wikipedia)
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Chapter 1 - TEN YEARS LATER
"Jo's Boys" is the third in a series of books that follows the life of Jo Bhaer (formerly March) and the March family. The author of this book is Louisa May Alcott. Alcott is one of the most famous female authors in American history. Her most widely read work of literature is the first book in this series that centered on the March family. It is titled "Little Women." "Jo's Boys" follows the lives of several boys that Jo Bhaer and her husband raised in her school called Plumfield.
Mrs. Jo and Mrs. Meg are sisters. Mrs. Meg's husband died in the previous book, so she now lives with Mrs. Jo and her husband at Plumfield.
Which word best describes the mood conveyed in the conversation between Jo and her sister?
Mount Parnassus is a mountain located in Greece. The fact that the students call Amy's home by this name shows that they are knowledgeable about geographical features. (This annotation contains an image)
Rob and Teddy are Mrs. Jo's two sons. How are they different from each other?
Tom has had a crush on Nan since they were just children. In the previous book, "Little Men," Tom promised Nan that he would marry her someday. It looks like he is trying to make good on this promise! (This annotation contains an image)
In the 19th century, when this book was written, women were often called "handsome" which means beautiful. Now we reserve that term for boys or men.
Which of the following words is a synonym for the word "jovial"?
Why is Tom studying medicine when he doesn't find it enjoyable?
Which quote from the text proves that Nan does not have romantic feelings for Tom?
For those who have read the first book about the March family, this situation between Nan and Tom should sound very familiar. It is very similar to the relationship between Mrs. Jo and Mr. Laurence. Watch the video clip below to see the drama that unfolded between Jo and Laurie in "Little Women." (This annotation contains a video)
The highlighted text is an example of a simile. A simile is a direct comparison made between two objects using the words "like" or "as." To learn more about this type of figurative language, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
In the highlighted text, Josie calls Ted "fat" even though he is very thin. This is an example of verbal irony. Verbal irony is similar to sarcasm, where what a character says is the opposite of what is meant. To learn more about irony, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
What do you think of the statement that Mrs. Meg just made? Do parents usually have unreasonably high hopes for their children?
What do you think Tom means when he says that Dan is "sowing wild oats"?
A motif is a common symbol that is used to reinforce the theme of a novel. In this novel, Louisa May Alcott, often uses a garden motif to reflect on the growth made by the young men and women in this story. To learn more about motifs, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
With which statement would Mrs. Jo most likely agree?
Why do you think Mrs. Meg would not want Josie to become an actress? Use details from what you know about the acting profession to support your response.
Chapter 2 - PARNASSUS
Which word(s) best describe Mrs. Jo's younger sister, Amy?
Jo uses a lot of irony and sarcasm in conversation. She tells Amy and her daughter, Bess, to drop their "mud-pies" as if they are children playing in the mud outside. In reality, they are creating beautiful sculptures. (This annotation contains an image)
As you read, you will come to the phrase, "by and by" quite a bit. This phrase is another way of saying "later on" or "someday."
The word "larks" refers to fun games and adventures that are had by young people. (This annotation contains an image)
Mrs. Amy uses a metaphor to describe herself and her sisters. In the metaphor, she compares the sisters to ___________.
How can you tell that Mr. and Mrs. Bhaer have a very strong marriage?
Nat is not a very assertive young man. He also is trying rest his future on the hope that he will become a famous musician. These are the two reasons why Mrs. Jo and Mrs. Meg do not think that he would make a good husband for Meg's daughter, Daisy. Do you think this is a fair judgement?
In the past ten years, educational reformers have noticed that girls are performing better than boys in all academic areas. In addition to this, more girls are attending college compared to boys. Click the link to read the article below. Be ready to respond to the article and compare it to this conversation between Josie and Grandpa March. (This annotation contains a link)
"But I think the woman's hour has struck; and it looks to me as if the boys must do their best, for the girls are abreast now and may read the goal first."Compare Grandpa March's prediction for women to what is taking place in modern day society. Cite evidence from both texts and your own background knowledge to support your response.
Why doesn't Josie like to read Greek literature like The Iliad?
The speed that a ship travels is measured in "knots." In the highlighted text, Louisa May Alcott probably means that Emil is talking very fast, but in reality, ten knots per hour is only about twenty miles per hour. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 3 - JO'S LAST SCRAPE
Pay attention to the title of each chapter. The title of the chapters will give you a clue as to what will happen in each chapter. (This annotation contains an image)
This sounds very similar to what Louisa May Alcott did. She did not want to write a children's book when she wrote "Little Women," but she wrote one that somewhat mirrored her own life growing up. Of course, Alcott is the character Jo.
This also reflects Alcott's writing of the story "Little Women." She wrote the entire book in only ten weeks! Isn't it funny that Alcott is talking about a book from the series within the series itself?
Alcott uses a metaphor in the text by comparing the changing tide to __________.
What did Jo enjoy most about her success as a writer? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Which aspect of being a successful author does Mrs. Jo dislike?
Can you believe what people are asking of Mrs. Jo? Do you think that all celebrities receive this kind of mail?
How would you describe the visitors that come to Plumfield to see Mrs. Jo?
All fictional stories have conflict, or problems, that drive the plot of the story. What is the first main conflict that has taken place in this novel?
Mrs. Jo seems to be patient with the numerous visitors and requests that she receives. Do you think she can stay this patient for much longer?
What is the purpose of the highlighted simile?
Dan moved to Plumfield when he was a boy and behaved very disrespectfully when he first arrived. He was so bad that he ended up getting kicked out of Plumfield because he was a negative influence on the other boys. Mrs. Jo always had a soft spot for Dan, and he eventually returned to Plumfield where Mrs. Jo became like a mother to him. Dan changed his disrespectful ways, and and Mrs. Jo built a very special relationship.
Chapter 4 - DAN
In the highlighted text, it seems that Dan still sees himself as different from everyone else. Do you think he still sees himself as a bad guy?
"Don't be discouraged; you'll find an anchor some day..."What does Mrs. Jo mean in the highlighted statement?
"...one as fair as a lily..."Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted phrase?
What does Dan want to do now that he has made a small fortune in his investments?
How does everyone respond to Dan's plans for the future? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
The highlighted text is a very inappropriate comment about Native Americans, but Dan is probably just kidding. However, this was probably the common language used in the late 1800s.
Do you see more conflict developing here? Dan and Nan are flirting and Tom does not like it one bit!
Dan's fortune from his investment is a ________ to him.
The highlighted passage is an example of foreshadowing. Authors use foreshadowing to provide clues as to what will take place later in the story. The narrator states that something dangerous might happen to Dan before he can collect his money from Mr. Laurie again. To learn more about foreshadowing, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
Nat and Dan have been close friends for a very long time. In the previous book, "Little Men," it was revealed that Dan did something very important for Nat and because of this, Nat would always be loyal to Dan. Nat was loyal to Dan even when he was not trusted by most people at Plumfield.
In present times, the term "gentleman" can be used to refer to just about any man. However, in the 19th century, the term carried a more distinguished honor. A man that earned the title of being a gentleman was considered to have high levels of morality, manners, and education. Class and aristocratic birth were not necessary to become a gentleman, but wealth did play a role in helping a man to obtain these qualifications. Below is a picture of what a gentleman from the 1800s might look like. (This annotation contains an image)
Mrs. Jo compares Dan to a colt because he is ______________.
How does Bess feel about the buffalo head that Dan brought back for her from his travels?
Women were given the right to vote in August of 1920, around 100 years ago. "Jo's Boys" was published in 1886, thirty-four years prior to the passing of this law. However, it takes some time to gain enough support to make changes to the Constitution, so women's right to vote was a current issue when this book was published. (This annotation contains an image)
Why do you think Bess holds a higher place of honor than all the others at Plumfield? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Mrs. Jo has always wanted Dan to think of her as his mother. He has been slow to open up to her, but does call her "mother" to please her.
Chapter 5 - VACATION
Characterization is when authors provide information to the reader about the characters in a story. There are two ways that an author can convey this information to the reader. Direct characterization is when the author explicitly states information about a character. Indirect characterization is being used when characters think, speak, or act. It is through these actions that the reader can learn more about who a character is. As you read, look for examples of direct and indirect characterization.
Alcott is using indirect characterization in the highlighted paragraph. What does the reader learn about Dan from his interaction with his horse?
How did Octoo save Dan's life in the past?
Which type of characterization is used in the highlighted paragraph?
Tom will stop at nothing to impress Nan. Now he tries to straighten his curly hair so that she might find him attractive. Of course, this plan backfires and his hair ends up looking terrible.
"...the friendly moon did her best to add enchantment to the scene." This highlighted text includes a literary device called personification. Personification is when an author gives human qualities to a nonhuman thing. To learn more about personification, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
What can be inferred from the conversation that Jo and Meg are having about growing old?
Mr. Laurie is going to take Mrs. Jo to look through four rooms which will allow them to peek at different members of their "family." Pay attention to the observations of Jo and Laurie as they look through each "window."
Mr. Laurie is referring to the Shakespearean tragedy, Othello, that was written in 1603. In this play, Othello was a dark-skinned man who married a light-skinned Desdemona. This marriage was quite unique for the time period in which this play was written. (This annotation contains an image)
What theme is being reflected in this conversation between Dolly and George?
What is revealed in the conversation between the two girls at the party?
Here is another example of foreshadowing. Can you predict some conflict that has the potential to occur? It seems like both Nan and Bess have started to take an interest in Dan.
How are Nan and Daisy different in their opinions of young men? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
The term "Women's Suffrage" refers to the movement that sought the right to vote for women that started in the late 19th century.
Chapter 6 - LAST WORDS
What is the real reason that Nat did not go for a walk with Dan?
Do you think Mrs. Jo is giving Nat good advice?
What will Nat need to do in order to have a chance to marry Daisy?
What advice does Mrs. Jo give to Emil before he goes out to sea again?
Here is another example of foreshadowing. What event do you think the highlighted passage is hinting at?
What is the thing that keeps getting Dan into trouble?
Readers can sometimes get a sense of who an author is based on his or her writing. Alcott often has her characters talk about religion. Based on this fact, we can infer that religion is important to Louisa May Alcott.
Why doesn't Dan tell Mrs. Jo how much of an effect her conversation is having on him?
Mrs. Jo has predicted that something life-changing will happen to Emil, Nat, and Dan. What do you think will happen to each of them? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Chapter 7 - THE LION AND THE LAMB
Remember that Rob and Ted are Jo's biological sons. Rob is the one that is usually calm and obedient, while Ted is wild like his mother. However, it seems that these two are soon going to change their ways!
Nan looks at the water-pan and sees that Don (the dog) has not had much of his water to drink. This might be a sign that he is rabid.
How does Ted change as a result of the incident with the dog?
Mr. and Mrs. Bhaer don't seem to have any problems with comparing their two sons to each other. What effect do you think this has on the boys? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Here, Mr. Bhaer alludes to the New Testament, Matthew 18: 21-22. "Then Peter came and said to Him, 'Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?' 22 Jesus said to him, 'I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.'" This allusion reflects Mr. Bhaer's philosophy on forgiveness.
How is Mr. Bhaer, a German, different in his parenting style than American fathers might be?
Here is another instance of foreshadowing. What do you think will take place between Tom and Nan?
Chapter 8 - JOSIE PLAYS MERMAID
A famous actress is staying in one of the nearby villas and Josie wants to meet her desperately.
"No one round but nurses and babies, so we can romp and splash as much as we like."Which of the following is the best definition for the word, "nurse," as it is used in the context of the highlighted sentence?
"...and down went the mermaid quite out of sight this time..."Which type of figurative language is used when Josie is referred to as a mermaid?
This is a tough situation that Ms. Cameron is putting herself in. Josie will be heartbroken if Ms. Cameron tells Josie that she does not have talent. It seems like she has decided to tell Josie the honest truth, however.
Ophelia is a female character from the Shakespearean tragedy, Hamlet. Watch the video clip below to see this scene that Josie is acting out. (This annotation contains a video)
One of the themes found in Alcott's first novel, "Little Women," focused on the dreams of the four March girls and how none of their lives turned out as they hoped they would. In "Little Women," Jo's younger sister, Amy, desperately wanted to become a famous artist. However, she had to learn eventually that she had talent, but was not an artistic genius. Here, Alcott focuses on the idea of dreams and the amount of talent it truly takes to become famous for doing something. Have you thought about this topic in your own life while trying to pursue your dreams? Watch the video clip below to learn more about emerging themes in literature. (This annotation contains a video)
Which of Louisa May Alcott's personal beliefs is reflected in the highlighted passage?
How does Ms. Cameron have a positive impact on Josie's life? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Chapter 9 - THE WORM TURNS
It seems like Demi and Tom have some news that is going to shock the entire family? What do you think it is?
What can be inferred about Tom based on this new turn of events?
How did Tom end up getting engaged to Dora? Write a brief summary of the events that led up to his proposal.
Tom and Dora have gotten engaged after hardly knowing each other. They are both also very young. Is this normal for the late 19th century in America? Read the following article to find out! Read the article carefully so you can write a reflection in the next question. (This annotation contains a link)
According to the US News article, how does the average age for a first marriage in the 21st century compare to that of the 19th century? Cite evidence from both the novel and the article to support your response.
What is revealed in the highlighted paragraph?
Have you ever noticed that love seems to be contagious? Have you had the experience of all your friends getting into romantic relationships at the same time?
What makes Dora a good match for Tom?
Chapter 10 - DEMI SETTLES
Do you think that Mrs. Meg's wishes for her son are valid? Do you plan to take your parents' advice about the path you should follow?
What makes the publishing company a good job for Demi?
What do you think is more important to a person's happiness; earning a lot of money or loving the work that he or she does?
Why is it hypocritical for Mrs. Meg to tell Josie she cannot become an actress? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
It is understandable that Josie would want to tease Demi for his relationship with Alice. That's what siblings do!
Based on the events in this chapter, which character trait best describes Josie?
Chapter 11 - EMIL'S THANKSGIVING
The "Brenda" is the name of the ship that Emil is working on. It is customary to name ships and boats. (This annotation contains an image)
"Gale" refers to a strong wind. Mrs. Hardy is hoping for calm weather so that the boat does not rock too much during their travels.
Which literary technique is used in the highlighted sentence?
What happens to people when they are in life or death situations?
Do you feel nervous for Emil? Stories have a way of making a reading feel the tension involved in the events of the plot. To learn more about tension, watch the video clip below. (This annotation contains a video)
Remember the "scarlet strand" that Aunt Jo talked to Emil about referred to the integrity and honor that a person has. A person's character is revealed in everything that he or she does. Remembering this advice, Emil vows to deal with this situation with honor.
Why does this Thanksgiving have a significant meaning for Emil? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Chapter 12 - DAN'S CHRISTMAS
How is Dan's problem similar to Emil's?
Dan has made a good decision to stop gambling. However, he is trying to help the young man, Blair, who has gotten himself into trouble while gambling. People can become addicted to gambling like they can get addicted to other substances. Watch this video clip below to learn some of the negative effects of having a gambling problem. (This annotation contains a video)
What are some negative effects that come from excessive gambling? Cite evidence from the previous video and this story to support your response.
Is this a long prison sentence considering the fact that Dan ended up killing a man?
When it comes to reflecting on his imprisonment, what does Dan feel ashamed about?
Why does Dan check the faces of the inmates before sitting down in the chapel?
Based on the speech given by the lady in the chapel, with which statement would author, Louisa May Alcott, most likely agree?
Wow! This woman really does sound like Mrs. Jo!
What effect did the message from Mason have on Dan? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Chapter 13 - NAT'S NEW YEAR
The previous two chapters centered on holidays that the men are experiencing. So far, they have been very difficult years for both Emil and Dan. Do you think that Nat's New Year will also be extremely difficult? We shall see.
How has Nat changed since arriving in Germany?
Can you relate to Nat's problem? He is spending more money that he really can afford right now. He is also spending too much time socializing and not enough time practicing and working on his musical skills. It seems like he is not making good use of his time in Germany. Is it common for young people to lose sight of their goals and spend more time having fun?
Which of the following words best describes the German grandmother, Frau Schomburg?
What work is Nat going to do to earn money for the rest of his stay in Germany?
So the three young men that left Plumfield had many trials and tribulations while they were gone. Did you notice what each of them did to stay strong during the tough times? They all thought about their family and friends and Plumfield! What do you think about when you need strength to get through a difficult situation?
Chapter 14 - PLAYS AT PLUMFIELD
Since the first book, "Little Women," the March family has put on Christmas plays for others. It is nice to see that this tradition has continued.
Using details from the highlighted paragraph, how is Mrs. Jo feeling right before the play is going to begin?
Oh no! The set is falling apart and Demi (John) was knocked on his head by a hammer!
This play sounds like it could really reflect the dilemmas that Mrs. Meg, Josie, and Demi are experiencing in their lives! Josie wants more out of life than to be a wife and mother and Demi is going to be leaving soon but has not told his mother yet.
What theme is expressed in this conversation between Mrs. Jo and Mrs. Meg?
Again, Alcott uses stories to reflect her own morals and beliefs. Which of the following themes is being expressed in this scene?
We can guess who is playing this part right? It's Nan! We can tell because she has decorated her costume with promotions for the Women's Suffrage Movement.
Why is Josie so excited after the play is finished?
Even Mrs. Jo can learn a lesson or two from stories!
Chapter 15 - WAITING
Remember that Emil was rescued on Thanksgiving day. Can you believe that an entire month has passed and word has not made it back that Emil is safe and sound?
"Rob answered reams of sympathizing letters..."Which of the following words is a synonym for the word, "reams"?
"...and frost pinched the toes that patiently trudged in old boots."Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text?
Which theme is being expressed in the highlighted passage?
Have you ever been so happy to see someone that you felt like crying when you finally saw them? Nat has not seen anyone from Plumfield for almost a year and he is just so relieved to finally see some members of his family.
What theme is expressed in the paragraph that describes how Dan has changed during his year in prison? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Remember that when Dan was first put in prison, he did not feel remorse for killing the man. It seems like he has finally seen what a terrible thing this was no matter the circumstances.
Whose "little white hand" is being referred to in the highlighted text? Could it be Bess's hand or Ted's?
Chapter 16 - IN THE TENNIS-COURT
Based on the highlighted paragraph, how are Josie and Bess different from each other? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Adonis is a god from Greek legends who is the god of beauty and desire. This figure has become a symbol of handsome young men. When a young man is referred to as an "Adonis," this means that he is extremely good-looking. (This annotation contains an image)
This conversation is going back and forth just like a game of __________.
"They drank like fishes."Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted sentence?
Mrs. Jo has no problem speaking her mind to any of the young men or women who are at Plumfield. She feels that it is her job to guide them in the right direction to help them live happier lives.
Do you think that it is alright for Mrs. Jo to scold Stuffy for eating too much and for being overweight?
Do you think it is admirable that Mrs. Jo is telling Stuffy and Dolly that she disapproves of their life choices or should she let them make their own decisions? Cite evidence from the text and your own life to support your response.
Chapter 17 - AMONG THE MAIDS
Read the highlighted text carefully. Remember that many of Louisa May Alcott's personal beliefs are revealed throughout this text. Do you think that Alcott is not in favor of young people going to college? Remember that Demi, one of the most respected young men at Plumfield, did not go to college. Alcott, herself, was taught at home by her father and some of the greatest minds in history, like Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo Emerson, were her personal tutors. In spite of these famous tutors, Alcott's family was quite poor because her father could not provide a steady income for her family.
What does Mrs. Meg think should be an important part of a young lady's education? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
This seems to be the Plumfield's version of a "girls' night out." Even Mrs. Jo enjoys joining in!
"Have your fun, my dear, but if you must earn your bread, try to make it sweet with cheerfulness, not bitter with the daily regret that it isn't cake."What does this advice mean to you? How can you apply this lesson to your own life?
Have you followed the conversation between the women at this meeting? It follows many other conversations that take place in Louisa May Alcott's novels. Alcott believes that a simple, productive, and healthy life is better than one filled with luxuries.
What can be inferred about Lady Abercrombie based on her style of clothing?
What is the "much-neglected branch of a woman's education" that Lady Abercrombie speaks of?
What theme is being expressed in the highlighted paragraph?
Chapter 18 - CLASS DAY
A "beaver hat" is a top hat that is lined with beaver fur. It is funny that Mrs. Jo says these hats are ridiculous-looking. Below is a picture of the type of hat that Ted wishes he could wear. (This annotation contains an image)
Even though Ted can be mischievous and wild, Mrs. Jo secretly finds his wild personality interesting and charming. Do you know someone like Ted in your own life?
How can you tell that Ted has a very willful spirit?
Here is another example of the garden motif being used to represent the life of a growing young man or woman. (This annotation contains an image)
What made Alice Heath's speech a success? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Did you expect Emil to end up marrying Mary, the young girl who was also trapped in the boat with him? It seemed pretty obvious that this would happen!
After experiencing what Emil and Mary went through, do you think you could get back on a boat again? They really are brave!
What is the "epidemic" that Mrs. Meg mentions in the highlighted text?
Do you think Mrs. Meg and Daisy will ever find out about the German girl who was in love with Nat? The truth always seems to have a way of coming out in stories, so it is a good possibility.
Chapter 19 - WHITE ROSES
Why does Demi feel comfortable talking to Josie about his feelings for Alice?
Alcott uses indirect characterization to let us know that Alice is a responsible and mature young lady. What event takes place to help the reader make this inference?
Why does Alice change her mind about refusing John's (Demi's) offer of love?
Demi is so flustered that people think he has had too much to drink!
"Demi thirsted for their blood..."Why is Demi so frustrated with the people at the party?
Which character trait best describes Alice?
"Wait till Nat comes home, and then my good girl shall wear white roses too."What is revealed in the highlighted sentence?
Chapter 20 - LIFE FOR LIFE
A "Hausfrau" refers to a woman who takes the role as a traditional housewife. Both Meg and Daisy enjoy domestic tasks, so they have a lot in common with Ludmilla.
What is revealed about Josie in the highlighted passage?
Working in a mine is very dangerous work. This is because the miners are doing the digging underground and it is common for the caves to collapse. To learn more about modern mining, watch the video clip below. As you watch, think about if this is the type of work that you would enjoy doing. (This annotation contains a video)
After reading the highlighted paragraph, what does the chapter title, "Life for Life" refer to?
Why doesn't Mrs. Jo want her sons to go with Mr. Laurie to check on Dan?
Even though he wanted to, Dan cannot hide his past from his family. They are very aware of any changes in him.
"Wasn't a man there who wouldn't have done the same thing, so why make a row over me?"Using context clues, what is the meaning of the word, "row"?
From what text is Dan quoting in the highlighted sentence?
What theme is expressed in the highlighted paragraph? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Chapter 21 - ASLAUGA'S KNIGHT
Who do you think the romance is developing between? Dan and Bess, of course!
Why do you think Dan is so sad when he thinks about his feelings for Bess?
It seems like Dan has been thinking about Bess for some time now.
Why is Mrs. Jo feeling sad about Dan's feelings for Bess?
What does Mrs. Jo now know based on the photograph of Bess in Dan's wallet? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
"...that dear child is the apple of her father's eye..."What is the meaning of this phrase?
Chapter 22 - POSITIVELY LAST APPEARANCE
"...for Mrs. Amy guarded her daughter as a pearl of great price."Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text?
Since Ted has always looked up to Dan, it is important that Dan is honest with him about his past. Ted seems to understand and does not think any less of his hero than he did before.
"Ah, me! it does seem as if life was made of partings, and they get harder as we go on..."Do you agree with Mrs. Jo's sentiments about life? Cite evidence from this text and your own life to support your response.
The detail about Bess being relieved when Dan left shows that she did not have the same feelings for him as he did for her.
Why does Mrs. Jo congratulate Mr. Bhaer for Nat's success?