Romeo and Juliet

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Romeo and Juliet is a tragic play written early in the career of William Shakespeare about two teenage "star-cross'd lovers" whose untimely deaths ultimately unite their feuding households. It was among Shakespeare's most popular plays during his lifetime and, along with Hamlet, is one of his most frequently performed plays. Today, the title characters are regarded as archetypal "young lovers." (From Wikipedia)
Curriculet Details
85 Questions
63 Annotations
11 Quizzes

Designed for 9th and 10th graders, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining Shakespearean terminology, mythological allusions and difficult to interpret passages, along with interactive videos on metaphor/simile, in medias res, personification, foreshadowing, motif, theme, symbolism and character development. Students will explore the themes of love and fate in this unit via Common Core aligned questions and quizzes that are imbedded directly into the book. They’ll also be supported in learning about some of Shakespeare’s signature literary moves such as using dreams to reveal foreshadowing. Our free online curriculum will increase student engagement with rich media annotations while building reading comprehension.

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Act 1 - Scene I

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What is the primary literary device being used in these lines? 
Why does Shakespeare give everything away in the Prologue? Watch this video to find out what to do when you already know what's going to happen in a play. (This annotation contains a video)
A prologue is an introductory section of a literary or musical work. Here, the prologue provides the setting (fair Verona, a town in Italy), sets the tone (which is poetic and even rhymes), and tells us a lot about what to expect.  
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The quarrel being established in this first scene is a quarrel between 
In Shakespeare's day, biting one's thumb at someone was an insult, similar to giving someone the middle finger in modern times.  
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Which of the following does Tybalt NOT hate? 
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What kind of language is being used in these lines? 
Here the Prince proclaims: "Three riots between the Capulets and Montagues have disturbed the peace of Verona. I will punish by death anyone involved in another." 
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What do Montague's lines reveal about Romeo? 
Like many writers, Shakespeare uses similes and metaphors to express ideas. This video will describe the differences between these two literary devices.  (This annotation contains a video)
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This line is  _________________________. 
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What is Benvolio's advice to Romeo here? 
Act 1 Scene 1 Quiz 

Act 1 - Scene II & III

Do you know what "in medias res" means? Watch this video to find out.  (This annotation contains a video)
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The words Capulet uses here to invite Paris to his feast show that Capulet _______________________. 
Paris is courting Capulet's daugher, Juliet.  
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The servant means that he cannot _____________. 
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In your owns words, explain what Benvolio is telling Romeo at the end of this scene. 
The term "nurse" in Shakespeare's day refers to what we would consider a babysitter for adults: part maid, part servant, part auntie, part friend. Juliet 's nurse helps her dress and cleans up after her, and also listens to her problems.  
Lammas-tide is August 1.  
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What literary device is being used in this line? 
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What do you think the nurse means when she says Paris is "a man of wax"? 
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These lines spoken by Lady Capulet contain the end-rhyme scheme  
Shakespeare's language can be hard to understand; click here to get some tips on how to deal with it:  (This annotation contains a video)
Act 1 Scene 2-3 

Act 1 - Scene IV & V

Shakespeare uses a lot of foreshadowing in his plays. This video will tell you more about this common literary device.  (This annotation contains a video)
Romeo, Mercutio, Benvolio and the others are crashing the Capulet's party because Romeo found out that Rosaline, his beloved, has been invited. Remember, Romeo is a Montague, and therefore has bad blood with the Capulets.  
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This line is a ___________ meaning "since I am heavy with sadness, I will carry the light." 
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Do you agree with Romeo that love is not tender but prickly and dangerous? Please explain your answer. 
They are putting on masks so they won't be recognized at the party. 
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What is the tone between Romeo and Mercutio as they banter back and forth here? 
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This colorful presentation of Mercutio's contains tons and tons of 
Shakespeare often uses dreams in his plays to express elements of magic, superstition, and foreshadowing. This long rant by Mercutio may seem like nonsense but here's a challenge for you: Revisit this passage at the end of the play and see if you notice any elements of foreshadowing in it. 
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Here Romeo is using _________________ to set the tone for the next scene, and the rest of the play. 
Personification is a common type of figurative language. Watch this video to learn how to identify personification.  (This annotation contains a video)
In this selection, Capulet is being crass. 
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Which of the following literary devices is NOT being used in this selection? 
A rapier is a sword. 
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Which of the following statements does Capulet make in his response to Tybalt? 
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Capulet is ______________ with Tybalt. 
Click here to learn about some of the motifs in the play:  (This annotation contains a video)
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Tybalt's lines here give an indication of what's to come. This line uses _____________ to point towards future events. 
Read this article to learn about an important element of plot: an inciting incident. (This annotation contains a link)
What is an unstable situation? What is the unstable situation in Romeo and Juliet? Watch this video to learn... (This annotation contains a video)
Act 1 Scene 4-5 

Act 2 - Scene I & II

Translation: Romeo's feelings for Rosaline have died, and in their place has sprouted a new love, for Juliet.  
Mercutio and Benvolio are trying to find Romeo. Mercutio invokes images of Rosaline to try to lure him out, but he doesn't yet know that Romeo is in love with Juliet now. 
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Romeo uses a ________________ here to compare Juliet to the sun. 
Romeo is observing Juliet from below her balcony, where she has appeared. She does not know he's there yet; he whispers words that she doesn't hear, and she speaks of him without knowing he can hear her.  
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If you haven't already figured out the unstable situation, these lines by Juliet may help. In your own words, please name and describe the unstable situation in this play. 
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What does Romeo mean by this? 
Jove, also knows as Jupiter, is the mythological god of sky and thunder, seen below.  (This annotation contains an image)
Juliet expresses a little embarassment that Romeo overheard her confessing her love for him.  
Echo is a character from Greek mythology, a beautiful nymph. Sometimes she would distract Zeus' wife, Hera, with long and entertaining stories while Zeus took advantage of the moment to ravish other mountain nymphs. When Hera discovered this trickery, she punished the talkative Echo by taking away her voice, except in foolish repetition of another's shouted words.  
Watch this video to learn about one of the central themes of the play: Love.  (This annotation contains a video)
Act 2 Scene 1-2 

Act 2 - Scene III & IV

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Which of the following literary devices does NOT appear in these lines? 
To learn more about the symbolism in Romeo and Juliet, check out this video:  (This annotation contains a video)
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Friar Laurence is musing on why Romeo would be awake at such an early hour. What is his conclusion? 
Here Romeo speaks of love as a wounding. Keep in mind that Shakespeare refers to Romeo and Juliet as "star-crossed lovers" in the prologue, meaning the stars are working against their relationship. As you read, be mindful of these subltle incidents of foreshadowing; Shakespeare's writing is rich with hidden meaning.  
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Do you agree with Friar Laurence's sentiment here? Please explain your answer using at least one example from your own experiences. 
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This line spoken by Friar Laurence illustrates that he is __________________________. 
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Tybalt has sent a letter challenging Romeo to a duel. This is a good time to remember the Prince's warning from the beginning of the play: Three civil brawls, bred of an airy word, By thee, old Capulet, and Montague, Have thrice disturbed the quiet of our streets And made Verona’s ancient citizens Cast by their grave-beseeming ornaments, To wield old partisans in hands as old, Cankered with peace, to part your cankered hate. If ever you disturb our streets again, Your lives shall pay the forfeit of the peace.Also remember that Tybalt was warned to keep his cool at the party when he recognizes Romeo. This challenge is ill-advised, but Tybalt makes it anyway. Why do you think he would be so foolish? 
Francesco Petrarca (known in English as Petrarch), was an Italian scholar and poet. Laura, Dido, Cleopatra, Helen and Hero are women who inspired love in myths and history. 
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Mercutio and Romeo are ______________ in this scene. 
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Which of the following literary devices is being used in this line? 
Mercutio is saying that it's good to see Romeo joking around with friends rather than groaning over love. 
This rude comment is made at the expense of the nurse, whose fan is prettier than her face, according to Mercutio.  
Yet another rude comment by Mercutio, this one contains innuendo that's offensive to the nurse. 
The young lady on whose behalf the nurse has come is Juliet.  
Shrift means "confession."  
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What do we know about Romeo so far, his personality, his heart, his friends and his motivation?  
Act 2 Scene 3-4 

Act 2 - Scene V & VI, Act 3 - Scene I

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The subtext of Juliet's comments at the beginning of this scene is 
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Finally the nurse tells Juliet what Romeo said. Please explain why you think she beat around the bush so much before telling Juliet the news Juliet was desperately waiting to hear. 
Have you noticed how little the nurse, Friar Laurence, Romeo and Juliet have talked about the bitter feud between the Capulet and Montague families in relation to this marriage? It's as if they are all pretending like it doesn't exist.  
This is another instance of foreshadowing. 
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Should the nurse and/or Friar Laurence have talked Romeo and Juliet out of this decision rather than enabling them to get married? Please explain your answer. 
Before starting Act 3, make sure you know the differences between the Montagues and Capulets by watching this short video: (This annotation contains a video)
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Mercutio is making the point that Benvolio likes to fight, and he gives several examples of past incidences when Benvolio has been in fights. Which of the following is NOT one of these examples? 
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Is Tybalt taunting Mercutio, or is Mercutio taunting Tybalt? Please explain your answer. 
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Benvolio's comments here are 
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Which of the following statements summarizes what Romeo means here? 
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What literary device is being used in this sentence to express the extent of Mercutio's wound? 
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Three times Mercutio repeats "A plague o' both your houses!" What does Mercutio  mean by this exclamation? 
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These lines exemplify which of the following literary devices? 
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After he murders Tybalt, Romeo pronounces "O, I am fortune's fool!" What does he mean by this? 
Here Lady Capulet urges the Prince to keep his promise, though she doesn’t realize that she is asking him to seek and kill her new son-in-law, which would break her daughter's heart. Things are getting complicated, to say the least. 
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Which of the following statements is TRUE? 
The Prince's final word on the event states that Romeo is to be banished from Verona, and if he is seen in Verona, he will be killed. What implications do you think this will have on upcoming events? 
Act 2, Scene 5-6, Act 3, Scene 1 

Act 3 - Scene II & III

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In her soliloquy at the beginning of this scene, Juliet expresses her 
Phoebus and Phaethon are mythological characters. It's not important that you know exactly who they are, but notice how often Shakespeare uses mythological allusions in the play. Why do you think he does this? What does it add to the story? 
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What literary device is being used in this rhetorical question? 
Juliet just did a complete turn around; in her previous lines, she chided Romeo, but here she rebukes the nurse and herself for chiding him previously. This shows her mixed emotions regarding the news of Tybalt's death by Romeo's hand. You can probably imagine how shocking and confusing this is for her. 
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Which is harder for Juliet to bear, her cousin's death, or the banishment of Romeo? 
The cords refer to the ladder the nurse obtained so that Romeo could climb up to Juliet's room and be with her on their wedding night. 
Characters develop over the course of a novel; this video will tell you about some of the different ways authors reveal character.  (This annotation contains a video)
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Friar Laurence says that Romeo is "wedded to calamity." What does he mean by this? Please explain the quote and provide at least one example of how Romeo is "wedded to calamity." 
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Romeo proclaims that banishment is worse than death. Why does he think that "exile hath more terror in his look" than death? 
Click below to watch a modern performance of Romeo reacting to the news of his banishment. (This annotation contains a video)
Romeo asks Friar Laurence in what part of his body his name resides and threatens to cut his name out of his own body with his sword!  
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Which of the following characterizes Friar Laurence's attitude towards Romeo in this speech? 
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As the play develops, we learn more and more about the characters from the things they say and do. More of Romeo's character is revealed in this scene; what did you learn about Romeo's personality from the reading for today? 
Act 3, Scene 2-3 Quiz 

Act 3 - Scene IV & V

The plot thickens here as Juliet's parents have decided she is to marry Paris a few days from now. How do you think she will react to this news?  
The nightingale is a symbol in the play; watch this video to learn what this bird symbolizes. (This annotation contains a video)
This line brings our attention to the tension of this moment, when Romeo must flee Verona for good or die if he is caught. 
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The lark and the nightingale are symbols through which Romeo and Juliet talk about 
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This line contains which of the following? 
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"Fortune is fickle" is an adage meaning that luck is erratic and easily changed. Do you agree with this adage? Please explain your answer below. 
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This line contains 
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Which of the following accurately summarizes Lady Capulet's sentiments in this line?  
Juliet means that her heart is dead but the double reading of this line is intended to fool her mother into thinking that she's saying she won't be satisfied until Romeo is dead.  
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Capulet is using an extended metaphor to compare Juliet's  __________________ to the ocean. 
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Why is Capulet so angry that Juliet doesn't want to marry Paris? Please support your answer using one quote from the text. 
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In her soliloquy at the end of Scene 5, what does Juliet reveal? 
Act 3 Scene 4-5 

Act 4 - Scene I - IV

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Why is Juliet's father rushing her into marriage to Paris? 
Venus is the mythological goddess of love. Paris means that love has a hard time blossoming where there is sadness, and since Juliet has been crying over her cousin, Paris hasn't had a chance to talk to her of his love. 
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In this exchange with Paris, their first in the play, Juliet is being 
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This is the most we've seen of Paris thus far. He figures in the play as an obstacle, an added difficulty, and extra layer of drama to Juliet's complicated life. What is revealed of his character in this scene at Friar Laurence's cell? 
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The essence of what Juliet is saying here is that 
In case you didn't catch it, here is a short summary of the plan Friar Laurence cooks up to reunite Romeo and Juliet.  (This annotation contains a video)
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Can you think of any loopholes in Friar Laurence's plan, anything that could potentially go wrong?  
Juliet's deceit sets things right in her home; Capulet is happy and prepares to tell Paris that Juliet has agreed to marry him, and the women all exit to prepare Juliet for the wedding tomorrow.  
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In a brief moment of distrust, Juliet wonders if 
Scene 4 exists to express the excitement and preparations taking place at the Capulet's house the morning of the wedding, and to set the stage for the drama to come.  
Act 4 Scene 1-4 

Act 4 - Scene V, Act 5 - I & II

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This line exemplifies which of the following literary devices? 
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Capulet uses _________________ in these lines to express his grief. 
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Please summarize what Friar Laurence is encouraging Paris, Capulet and Lady Capulet to do here. 
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In this passage, Capulet is saying that 
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What literary device is being used in this line? 
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What is Romeo's mood here? 
Pay attention to the details of Romeo's dream; they will come up again later in the play.  
Remember, the Friar was supposed to send word to Romeo to tell him of the plan.  
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Why was Romeo's first inclination to go to a doctor? 
"Apothecary" is a historical name for a doctor or healer. 
It's illegal to sell the kind of poison Romeo wants in Mantua. 
Friar John, who was sent to Mantua to deliver Romeo a letter from Friar Laurence, never delivered the message because he was quarantined.  
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The events leading up to this point have been elements of the rising action of the play. Which of the following events was NOT a part of the rising action? 
As we hurtle towards the end of the play, take a moment to watch a video which attempts to answer the following question: What is the point of Romeo and Juliet? (This annotation contains a video)
Act 4 Scene 5, Act 5 Scene 1-2 

Act 5 - III

Paris asks the night to hide him; he lurks in the darkness as Romeo and Balthazar approach. 
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Romeo tells Balthazar that he is going into the Capulet vault to  
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Balthazar says he'll leave Romeo to his business, but then says that 
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What is Romeo's tone as he addresses Paris? 
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Romeo has compassion, not anger, for Paris. This is similar to an earlier scene when Romeo showed sympathy and "familial" love towards ________ before they fought. 
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Which of the following does Romeo NOT mention in his speech before drinking the poison? 
Once again, Friar Laurence has a sixth sense about what's happening.  
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Is the Friar culpable for this tragedy? Please explain your answer. 
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What sentiment is Montague expressing in this line? 
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Does Friar Laurence defend himself or accept responsibility for what happened?  
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Who is being referred to here as "he"? 
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Please explain what Capulet means by this. 
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Which of the following literary devices is NOT used in this line? 
You already know that love is an important theme in this play, but Shakespeare also touches upon another theme in Romeo and Juliet: Fate. Watch this video to learn more about this theme. (This annotation contains a video)
Act 5 Scene 3