747

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747 is the thrilling story behind "the Queen of the Skies"—the Boeing 747—as told by Joe Sutter, one of the most celebrated engineers of the twentieth century, who spearheaded its design and construction. Sutter's vivid narrative takes us back to a time when American technology was cutting-edge and jet travel was still glamorous and new. With wit and warmth, he gives an insider's sense of the larger than life-size personalities—and the tensions—in the aeronautical world.

Curriculet Details
102 Questions
125 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 9th and 10th grades, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining central idea, supporting details, text structure, and idioms. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about aircraft technology and central idea and supporting details. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of summarization, central idea, and text structure. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Preface

At times during your reading you will be asked to support your answers by citing textual evidence. Textual evidence is the core of argument and analysis. Textual evidence supports inferences, claims, and assertions. The video explains more about the use of textual evidence.  (This annotation contains a video)
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Joe Sutter gives three purposes for writing 747. Of the following options, which is not one of the reasons he gives? 
The image shows the Boeing 747-8. The newest version of the aircraft has newly-designed wings and better efficiency. (This annotation contains an image)
Do you know what "fallible" means? You can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers. Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 

1

As you read Chapter 1, think about how Sutter's childhood experiences influence his career. Also, reflect on how each airplane that is introduced in the chapter moves Sutter one step closer to inventing the 747 (i.e. How does the commercial aviation business evolve as the years pass?). 
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What role does Nancy Sutter play in the development of the Boeing 747? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Based on the surrounding text, what is the meaning of "unstick point"? 
"The Great Northwest" included the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, and Alaska. The map below shows the general location of the Great Northwest in orange. (This annotation contains an image)
Visit the website below for a very special view of the Seattle skyline during its "vanished era" and how it looks today. Hover the cursor over the arrows in the center of the image and drag to the left or to the right to see the city transform. Smith Tower is at the far right of each image as you move the slide. (This annotation contains a link)
The Inside Passage is a waterway that winds through the small islands off the coast of Washington, British Columbia, and Alaska. The map below shows the route of the Inside Passage. The route is protects ships from the bad weather of the open ocean. (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows beautiful Puget Sound. A geographic sound is a body of water that connects the mainland to an island. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the following statements is true about Joe's childhood? 
Scarlet fever is named for the red rash that appears on the body. Scarlet fever is no longer considered a serious illness but can be fatal if left untreated. The image below shows an arm with the scarlet fever rash. (This annotation contains an image)
The image shows Firlands Sanitarium in 1914. (This annotation contains an image)
Frank Sutter lives during a time with no air conditioning, cars are a novelty, and cooking is done on a wood stove. These are all luxuries we take for granted now. Can you imagine living without them? How do you think Joe's childhood will influence his job at Boeing? 
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What is the relevance of Sutter's story about the soccer ball in his account of his childhood? 
The structure for informational text is often different from the structure of other genres. There are five basic types of structure in informational text: cause and effect, sequence, problem and solution, compare and contrast, and description. We will explore each of these as they appear in the text. The video below will prepare you to discuss the structure of informational text. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition of "transgression." Which of the words below is a synonym (similar in meaning) to transgression as it is used in the text? 
Mount Rainier is an active volcano in Washington state. The image below shows Mount Rainier. (This annotation contains an image)
The de Havilland DH-4 first flew in 1916. The image below shows the de Havilland DH-4.  (This annotation contains an image)
The selected text contains a type of figurative language called a simile. A simile compares two things that are unrelated using "like" or "as." In the selected example, the test pilots are being compared to medieval knights. 
The image below shows Charles "Lucky" Lindbergh and the Spirit of St. Louis at the time of his transatlantic flight. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3
Use your own words to describe the relationship between Charles Lindbergh and the Boeing 747. Use textual evidence to support your response. 
The Boeing 40A is shown below. It was the first Boeing aircraft built to carry passengers. (This annotation contains an image)
The Boeing 80A is shown below. What is the biggest difference between the 80A and the 40A? How do you think these planes pave the way for the 747? (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows Boeing Field. It is interesting to note that the main factory is camouflaged to look like the residential neighborhood in the center of the photo. Why do you think this was done? (This annotation contains an image)
The Douglas O-31 is shown below. How is the O-31 different from the Boeing planes you have seen? (This annotation contains an image)
The video below is newsreel footage from the era that shows Pangborn and Herndon following the transpacific flight. Sutter fails to tell the reader that the flight was almost a disaster. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
Which statement accurately describes the selected paragraph of the text? 
The Boeing Monomail is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
The Boeing B-9 can outrun any other aircraft at the time including military fighters. Boeing builds the craft using its own funds to demonstrate it viability to the military. Other airplane manufactures are soon building similar models. The image below shows Sutter's "flying cigar." (This annotation contains an image)
The P-26 Peashooter is shown below. The Peashooter (Great name, huh?) is an example of a mononplane. A monoplane has only one set of wings. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use your own words to explain the meaning of "If it looks right, it flies right" as it used in aviation. 
Barnstormers are pilots who travel around the country selling airplane rides. 
The Douglas DC-3 is shown below. How does the DC-3 revolutionize aviation? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
Based on Sutter's proclamation that Les Tower is a boyhood hero of his, how do you think Sutter is affected by the Tower's death? 
An interesting fact about the Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress (shown below) is that it went from the design board to a test flight 12 months. (This annotation contains an image)
The 314 Clipper is shown below. Why do you think a flying boat is necessary? What purpose does it serve? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
How does the test flight of the 314 Clipper affect Sutter's interest in aviation? 
On what does Sutter base his suspicions about the vertical tail of the Stratoliner being too small? Does he have enough information to draw this conclusion?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is the advantage of a pressurized cabin over an unpressurized cabin? 
Updrafts and downdrafts still make for an interesting flight. The image below illustrates how warm air rises (updrafts) and cooler air falls toward the earth (downdrafts). Can you see how this would affect flight? (This annotation contains an image)
A squall line occurs ahead of a cold front. Squall lines are dangerous to aircraft due to the high winds and precipitation. The darkness in the lower left of the image below is the squall line. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3
Create a timeline showing the evolution of aircraft beginning with the de Havilland DH-4. Be sure to include the year each aircraft was made, the name of the aircraft, and how the aircraft advanced the science of aviation. I have done an example for you.Example:1903  Wright Flyer I  The first powered aircraft was created by the Orville and Wilbur Wright. 1913  Caproni Ca 30  The Caproni Ca 30 was the first aircraft designed specifically as a bomber. 

2

At the end of the previous chapter you created a timeline. A timeline is a visual representation of chronological order. Most biographies are told in chronological order or in the order they occur in life. The video clip below further explains chronological order as a text structure.  (This annotation contains a video)
The selected text refers to the draft. Males between the ages of 18 and 25 are required by law to register with the Selective Service System. The database of registrants is used in peace time for recruiting purposes. The President of the United States can use the database to conscript, or require males to join the military, when the number of volunteers does not meet the needs of the country. 
The McDonnell Douglas DC-10 is shown below. The DC-10 is no longer being manufactured. (This annotation contains an image)
"The Low Countries" refers to Belgium, the Netherlands, and the region bound by the English Channel and the North Sea. The map below shows the Low Countries. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the meaning of antipathy. Which of the words below is a synonym (similar in meaning) for antipathy as it is used in the text? 
The job of a destroyer escort is to escort and protect ships traveling together. The image below shows the USS Edward H. Allen (DE-531). (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What can the reader infer is happening outside the DE given the information in the selected text? 
A U-boat is a German military submarine used during World Wars I and II. The image below shows a U-boat. (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows Fala and Franklin Delano Roosevelt. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
List at least three items of textual evidence from what you have read so far that helps support Sutter's claim that he is a hard worker. 
The map below shows the Marshall Islands. The United States conducted six nuclear tests at Eniwetok. Eniwetok Atoll is the in the upper right corner of the image. (This annotation contains an image)

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definitions of overture. Write a sentence using overtures in the same way it is used in the text. Secondly, write a sentence that uses overtures in a different way than that used in the text. 
The author's point of view can mean the angle from which the story is being told. Sutter is telling the story in the first person or from his point of view. Point of view can also mean the author's opinion or how he views a particular subject. Sutter's point of view with regard to Boeing is grim. He thinks the company has nothing to offer him. The video below explains point of view in further detail. (This annotation contains a video)
The 377 Stratocruiser (shown below) flies for the first time on July 8, 1947. The 377 proves to be a failure for Boeing due to the inefficiency of its four engines. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
What does Sutter mean when he says we take the global aviation infrastructure for granted today? 
John Edward "Jack" Steiner joined Boeing in 1941. He became known as the "father of the 727" due to his role in designing the plane.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
List the two "trump cards" that Boeing has over other companies trying to enter the commercial airline business. Explain how each is advantageous to Boeing. 
Lynn Olason helped develop Boeing's first passenger jet, the 707; held a patent on the 737 single-aisle jet; headed the 747 jumbo-jet division; and ended his career as a vice president of engineering for Boeing.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
How does the selected text enhance your understanding of the paragraph? 
Cowling is a covering that is placed over automobile and aircraft engines. Cowling can reduce drag, help to cool engines, allow air intake, or for decoration. The image below shows a cowl being positioned around an aircraft engine. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is the main problem with the Stratocruiser? 
The author includes the selected information about the stalls as a way of providing evidence for why his experiences in the Stratocruiser are frightening. 
The image below shows John Borger of Pan Am. (This annotation contains an image)
The image shows Pan Am leader Juan Trippe on the cover of Time Magazine. (This annotation contains an image)
The Federal Aviation Administration, or FAA, is responsible for the safety and regulation of pilots, aircraft, and air traffic in the United States and overseas. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Why was the Stratocruiser Boeing's last propeller plane? Use evidence from the text to support your answer. 
The selected text is an example of the cause and effect text structure. The author will provide evidence for the cause and effect of an event or present a problem and a solution. The selected example explains how the open cowl flaps (cause) resulted in the number of in-flight failures (effect) experienced by the C-97. 

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is compressibility and what effect does it have on an aircraft? 
Orville and Wilbur Wright are two brothers who are recognized as completing the first powered and sustained flight in a heavier- than-air aircraft. The image below shows the Wright brothers. (This annotation contains an image)
The Bell X-1 (shown below) can travel at speeds between 1,000 and 1,600 miles per hour. (This annotation contains an image)
Along with Charles Lindberg and Amelia Earhart, Charles "Chuck" Yeager is one of the most recognized American pilots. General Yeager is a test pilot who is best known for being the first to break the sound barrier. They mage below shows Yeager. (This annotation contains an image)
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According to the text, what is one important difference between the Stratofortress and the Stratocruiser? 
William McPherson Allen, Jr. is president of Boeing from 1945 to 1968. The Montana native is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
The de Havilland DH-106 Comet (shown below) was designed and manufactured in the United Kingdom. It was the first commercial jetliner. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the choices below is NOT a concern that aircraft engineers have during the transition from propeller aircraft to jet aircraft? 
The use of fuse pins to mount aircraft engines has become controversial. Some fuse pins are poorly made and prone to suddenly snapping in flight. The image below shows a fuse pin. (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows William (Bill) Boeing. (This annotation contains an image)
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What does Sutter mean when he says, "For all their capabilities, those airliners were in the Stone Age compared with our Dash 80"? How does this comment show the author is proud of the Dash 180? 
The term "twinjet" refers to an aircraft that is powered by two engines. The twinjet is efficient and provides safety in the event an engine shuts down. The image below shows a twinjet. Many commercial airlines still use twinjets today.  (This annotation contains an image)
"R&D" refers to research and development.  
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According to the text, which of the choices below is NOT a reason for Boeing's success at the beginning of the jet age? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
What reasons does Sutter give for disagreeing with industry self-regulation? Has the author used sufficient relevant evidence and sound reasoning to support his claim? Explain your answer. 
"Straight turbojet" engines allow air to enter the from of the engine and mix with fuel before being ejected from the back of the engine. The result of adding the fan is a quieter and more efficient engine. The animation below shows the movement of air through a low-bypass-ration turbofan.  (This annotation contains an image)
Have you ever wondered why aircraft are named using numbers? The link below is a very brief explanation of why Boeing uses numbers to identify their planes. (This annotation contains a link)
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Which of the choices below helps the reader to understand the purpose of "reverse thrust" as it is used in the text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
The selected text contains a commonly used type of figurative language. Which type of figurative language is included in the text? 
The image below shows the Douglas DC-9. The image provides a size reference for other small jets. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition for aft as it is used in the text. Which of the words below means about the same as aft as it is used in the text? 
The estimated cost for the research and development of Boeing's 787 Dreamliner is $12 billion. Each aircraft is sold to airlines for $116 million dollars. The 787 is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Use your own words to briefly summarize the design of the test used by Sutter to test the new engine configuration. 

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Based on Sutter's information about oysters, write your own definition for the word estuarial. 
You learned in earlier chapters that biographies are usually written in chronological, or time order. The book "747" is unique in that the author is not only telling the story of his life but also the story of the 747. Notice how the structure of the chapters begins with information about Sutter's personal life and ends with information about aircraft. Why do you think the author chose to structure the book in this way? 
The image below shows Hood Canal. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
The selected text is an example of text structure. The options below are the different types of text structure that are common in informational text. Choose the text structure that is exemplified by the selected text. 
The Boeing 2707 was the first American aircraft of its kind. The jet could fly at speeds up to Mach 3, or three times the speed of sound. The plane (pictured below) was never built because of the enormous cost and for lack of a market.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
"Pie-in-the-sky" is an example of an idiom. An idiom is a type of figurative language that can have both a figurative and a literal meaning that are not the same. Choose the meaning of "pie-in-the-sky" as it is used in the passage. 
Clipper ships are large boats that move very quickly. Can you imagine an airplane that resembles the clipper ship in the image below? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Sutter faces many setbacks during the building of the 747.  According to the text, which of the options below is NOT a problem that he encountered? 
The Saturn V moon rocket was actually a collaborative effort of the major aircraft builders. Boeing, Douglas, and North American each built a stage of the rocket. The rocket was, as of 2007, the most powerful vehicle built by man. The image below shows the Saturn V during launch. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition for heretical as it is used in the passage of text. Which of the words below is an antonym (opposite in meaning) for heretical as it is used in the text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
What is the central idea of the selected passage? 
The image below shows the internal layout of the 747. Note the two aisles described by Sutter in the text. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Why does Lockheed choose to opt out of competing for Pan Am's business? 
Manufacturing drawings are also known as production drawings or work drawings. The purpose of a manufacturing drawing is to graphically explain how a product is to be manufactures and assembled. The image below is an example of a manufacturing drawing for the 747. The drawing provides data about the overall size of the aircraft. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
What type of text structure is exemplified by the two selected paragraphs? 
Have you ever stood in line at Walmart or Best Buy the day after Thanksgiving for a sale item the store does not have or has a limited number in stock? The experience can be frustrating. This is an example of a "bait and switch" tactic. A store or company advertises a product at a low price to entice customers to visit the store. The customer arrives at the store to find the product out of stock. Customers are often offered more expensive alternatives in place of the original item. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
List two items of evidence from the text that support the idea that Juan Trippe and Bill Allen are dissatisfied with the outcome of the double-decker design of the 747. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
PART A:How does the author support the idea that Sutter's actions during the design of the 747 altered how Boeing administrators view his abilities? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
PART B:List two sentences that support the answer to the question in Part A. 
"Dry behind the ears" is an example of an idiom. An idiom is a word or phrase that has both a figurative meaning different from its literal meaning. The video below provides more information about idioms. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
Explain the author's purpose for including the selected sentence in the text at this point. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
To whom does "our stubborn Dutchman" refer to? 
The 747 Combi includes space for both travelers and cargo. The image below shows the floor plan of the 747 Combi with passengers at the front and freight at the rear. (This annotation contains an image)
A convertible has removable seats and is easily cleared to accommodate freight or cargo. The image below shows the interior of a 747 with the cabin furniture removed to accommodate cargo. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which sentence from the text explains why non-Boeing experts work closely with Boeing employees during the design of an aircraft? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
"Played fourth fiddle" is an example of _______. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Which of the sentences below tells the central idea of the selected text? 
McChord Air Force Base is home to the 62nd Airlift Wing. An image of the base appears below. Compare the image to the photo of Paine Field. Which do you think would make the better site for building the 747 assembly plant? (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows an aerial view of Paine Field. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Use your own words to explain why supersonic aircraft are not common. 
The brief video below takes you inside Boeing's assembly plant. The facility is still the world's largest building by volume. (This annotation contains a video)
Quiz #1 

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the text what determined the size of the shipping containers aboard the 747? 
They image below shows the hinged nose of a 747 in the open position.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the define feature to read the definition for camber as it is used in the passage. Which of the choices below is an antonym (meaning the opposite) of camber as it is used in the text? 
The Krueger flap assists the plan with lift during take off and landing. The image below shows a deployed Krueger flap. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the text, which of the choices below is NOT a concern when designing and building the landing gear for large aircraft? 
The image below shows the position of the landing gear aboard the Boeing 747. Notice the size of the landing gear when compared to the man standing beneath the plane.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
The two selected paragraphs share a similar topic. What is the topic of the two paragraphs? 
The GE C-5 was originally created for the United States Air Force. The image below shows the C-5. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Which of the sentences from the selected paragraph identifies the central idea? 
The center of gravity is the location on an object where most of the weight is concentrated. The image below shows the center of gravity for a small plane. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What inspires Sutter to add additional safety measures to the 747? 
The L-1011 is a smaller plane than the Boeing 747. The Lockheed model, also know as the Tristar, billed itself as the most technologically advanced plane in the air. The L-1011 is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What country's aviation industry does Boeing continue to have a partnership with? 
Learning about successful people and how they became the transformational leaders they are is always a worthwhile task. Do you think that if Sutter had not experienced World War II, he would be the award-winning designer and engineer he became? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
What is the central idea of the selected passage? 
The image below shows how Lindbergh looked at the time of his meeting with Joe Sutter. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
List two items of textual evidence that show how the U.S. Department of State's request for an open exchange of information with Russia is odd. 
Titanium is the ninth most abundant element on earth and makes up over half the Earth's crust. It is often used to make white paint, create artificial body parts, and in boat propellers. The high cost of titanium prevents it from being used more widely. The image below shows titanium. (This annotation contains an image)
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What does the selected text reveal about the meeting between the American and Russian engineers? 
The IL-86, or Illyushin IL-86, is shown below. Contrary to Sutter's criticism of the jetliner the aircraft was until 2011 considered one of the most reliable in the world with only one crash reported. Are Sutter's claims clouded by his own dedication to Boeing or are his remarks justified? (This annotation contains an image)

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
The selected text includes an idiom. An idiom is a phrase that has a figurative meaning that is different from the literal meaning. Use your own words to explain the meaning of the idiom used in the selected sentence. 
Engineers are very important to the successful completion of many technical and mechanical innovations. They are professionals who solve problems using science, math, and creative thinking. What kind of impact do you predict cutting 1,000 engineers from Sutter's team will have on the 747 project? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Based on the information in the text about Mal Stamper, which of the options below describes Stamper's leadership ability? 
Why do think Sutter refers to the corporate board room as a "war room"? 
"Viewfoils" are clear plastic sheets with information written on them. The sheets are used with overhead projector. The image below is an example of an overhead projector.  (This annotation contains an image)
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Do you agree with Nancy's assessment of Sutter's job situation? Explain your answer in the space provided. 
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What is the purpose of the Boeing Technical Integration and Evaluation program. What events lead to its creation? 
The supporting details make up the body of the paragraph. The job of the details is to support and develop the central idea. Supporting details include facts, details, and examples. Follow the link below and watch the video further explaining supporting details. (This annotation contains a video)

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Use the clues in the passage to write your own definition for engineering audit. 
The image below shows the nacelle of an aircraft. Nacelles are separate from the fuselage and are used to house the engines, fuel, or other equipment. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definitions for uprated. Which of the choices below is a synonym (similar in meaning) to uprated as it is used in the text. 
The selected paragraph includes an example of a cause and effect text structure based on. Sutter presents the cause: increase fuel load. The cause is closely followed by the effects of increasing the fuel load: increased airplane weight and drag. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definitions for autonomy. Which of the scenarios below is an example of autonomy? 
A linear increase occurs when an outcome is consistent across time. Sutter is saying that braking distance increases as speed increases, but the distance needed to stop does not increase at the same rate as speed increases. 

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CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is the primary purpose of the September 30, 1968 rollout of the 747? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Which of the sentences below tells the central idea of the selected passage? 
Human-centered design, also known as user-centered design, is concerned with the needs of the people who will be using the product rather than expecting human beings to change their behavior in order to use a product. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the evidence in the text, why does Sutter order the cove lighting removed from the 747? 
Paul Bunyan is a character from American folklore. Paul's gigantic height and enormous strength allowed him to create such landmarks as the Grand Canyon. The image below shows Paul Bunyan and his equally large companion, Babe the Blue Ox. (This annotation contains an image)
The image below shows the interior of the original class 3 mock-up built by Sutter's team. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
Compare and contrast the use of computer-aided design to the drawing method of design used by Sutter and his team. Which method would you choose? Explain your answer.  
"MIT" is a reference to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, Massachusetts. MIT is one of the foremost universities in the United States for the teaching of mathematics and science. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is the significance of December 17, 1968? 
The selected passage is an example of the compare and contrast text structure. The similarities and differences between the manufacturing and rollout of military aircraft versus commercial aircraft are discussed. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
"Champing at the bit" is an example of a(n) __________? 
Rohr, Inc. - now owned by Goodrich Aerostructures Group - was founded by Fred Rohr. Fred created the fuel tanks for Charles Lindberg's Spirit of St. Louis. Mr. Rohr is shown in the photo below. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
Use your own words to summarize why Chick Pitts is angry at Joe Sutter. Is Chick's anger justified? Briefly explain your position. 

10

Originally from Dayton, Ohio the Wright brothers owned a bicycle repair shop and spent their spare time working towards a dream of creating a powered and controlled flying machine. That dream became a reality on December 17, 1903, and modern aviation was born. This helped open the door for travel, international commerce, and global communication.  (This annotation contains an image)
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According to the text, Jess Wallick followed whom into the piloting occupation?  
The video below explains and demonstrates the concept of speed of sound.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the choices below helps the reader understand the meaning of pulse as it is used in the passage? 
The video below is of the 1969 Paris Air Show.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the text, inertial navigation refers to 
What do you think Schmickrath meant by saying the pilots were not bellyaching?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the text, what does the term ovalization mean? 
Below is a picture of the Cascade Mountains.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Which of the details below support the central idea of the company's confidence in the airworthiness of the 747?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Asymmetrical thrust refers to 
Below is a picture of the Flight Test Center on Boeing Field.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of Seattle's Museum of Flight. It is the largest aviation museum on the West Coast.  (This annotation contains an image)
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Which of the following details below support the central idea that all of the children are different?  
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How does the image of Nancy Sutter contribute to your understanding of the text? 
Quiz #2 

11

Below is a picture of Pan Am's boardroom where company decisions, airline schedules, and seat sales are discussed.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
According to the text, which airline was the undisputed powerhouse of international air travel in the seventies? 
Below is a picture of the cast of The Honeymooners, including Audrey Meadows. The show ran from 1955-1956, but the thirty nine original episodes continue to play in syndication today.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
How did engineers get more range and better use of space out of the 747? 
The scimitar, or curved sword, was popular in the Middle East during the 15th century.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Identify the central idea in the selected text.  
The Everett Factory is located in Everett, Washington and is an airline assembly building owned by Boeing. Plans for the factory were first created in 1966, and in 1968, factory tours were permitted with the first rollout of the 747.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Why did Clancy not want the Combi model in sight during the meeting?  
The "red eye" flight term, popular in North America, derives from the fatigue symptom of having red eyes. It is a flight departing late at night and arriving early the next morning.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.2
Which of the details below support the central idea that if Boeing received enough orders, the program would move forward?  
Created in 1984, the 747-400 is the best selling model of the Boeing 747 family. This new design included new technology, an enhanced interior, 1,000 nautical mile range increase, a more efficient engine, and a 10% reduction in operating costs.  (This annotation contains an image)

12

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Using your context clues, the word lull means  
The Robert J. Collier Trophy is awarded annually for the greatest achievement in aeronautics or astronautics in America. It is given with respect to improving the performance, efficiency, and safety of air or space vehicles.  (This annotation contains an image)
Stamper selected Bermuda as a place to gather for the meeting between the Boeing company and Pratt & Whitney. This meeting was scheduled to resolve the issue of the engines burning too much fuel.  (This annotation contains an image)
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Which of the details below support the central idea of why the chronic engine problems were finally resolved?   
The Soviet Union Ministry of Aviation oversees production of the aviation industry in the USSR. Their job is to supervise the production of aircrafts, aircraft engines, and all other equipment related to the aviation business.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the following details does not support the central idea of Boeing being upset that the Russians were aware of the DO&C document?   
The RA001, also known as "The City of Everett," took her inaugural flight on February 9, 1969. The Boeing 747 "Jumbo Jet" changed the world by bringing air travel to the masses.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the following details support the central idea of how memorable the trip to Baghdad was for the Boeing representatives?   
Lake Washington is located in Seattle's backyard. It is over 15 miles long and offers a vast array of recreational opportunities for visitors.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Based on evidence from the text, which company did not have a need for a different size jetliner in the 1970s? 
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What detail supports the central idea on why airlines quit giving their business to Pan Am, TWA, or European airlines?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.6
How does the image of the Boeing 767 contribute to your understanding of the text?  
Asia Pacific is in or near the Western Pacific Ocean. The region varies in size, but typically includes most of Eastern Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and Oceania.  (This annotation contains an image)
The National Medal of Technology is granted by the President of the United States to an American inventor and/or innovator who has made a signigicant contribution to technology. It can be granted to an individual, group of people, or an entire organization or corporation.  (This annotation contains an image)

13

The space shuttle Challenger - shown below - exploded 73 seconds into its tenth mission. The Challenger mission carried the first American civilian and teacher Christa McCauliffe. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is significant about the Challenger disaster? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition for unstinting. Which of the choices below is a synonym for unstinting as it is used in the passage? 
The image below shows the two solid rocket boosters used to provide the main thrust for lifting the shuttle from the launch pad. The solid rocket boosters are jettisoned from the shuttle after the fuel is used up and later reused for future flights. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
Which of the reasons below is NOT a cause of the Challenger disaster in Sutter's opinion? 
"Red-eye" refers to flights that are scheduled to depart late in the evening and arrive early in the morning. The term is so called because of the redness of the eyes caused by excessive fatigue. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.3
Create a list of contributions that Sutter makes to the Challenger commission. What does Sutter learn from his experience serving on the commission? 

14

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.5
What does the title of Chapter 14 suggest about Joe Sutter's future with Boeing? 
The 747-400 included many improvements over other iterations of the plane. The image below shows the 747-400 during takeoff. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What is one of the main concerns of airlines with regard to Boeing's progress in improving the 747? 
Boeing's reaction to Abraham's article is an example of how the customer can influence the product development cycle in manufacturing. 
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Read the article at the link below. http://www.airbus.com/presscentre/pressreleases/press-release-detail/detail/asia-pacific-needs-11000...Does the article support or refute Sutter's claim that the region has the greatest need for larger aircraft?List items of textual evidence from the article to support your response. 
The 747-8 is the largest jetliner made in the United States and the longest in the world. The 747-8 (shown below) made its first flight in 2010. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.1
What does the selected passage reveal about the Boeing 747? 

Postscript

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.9-10.8
Review back over the book. List two items of textual evidence that disprove Sutter's claim that he was happiest during the development of the 747. 
Quiz #3