A Christmas Carol
In his "Ghostly little book," Charles Dickens invents the modern concept of Christmas Spirit and offers one of the world’s most adapted and imitated stories. We know Ebenezer Scrooge, Tiny Tim, and the Ghosts of Christmas Past, Present, and Future, not only as fictional characters, but also as icons of the true meaning of Christmas in a world still plagued with avarice and cynicism. (From feedbooks.com)
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Chapter 1 - Marley’s Ghost
The highlighted sentence contains an example of
Charles Dickens was one of the most famous writers of the Victorian Age. Novels such as "Great Expectations" and "A Tale of Two Cities" are cited as classic, important novels. Below is a video with a short biography about Dickens. (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following phrases from this paragraph best captures Scrooge's attitude toward Christmas?
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up?
The two men visiting Scrooge most likely come from a
In England and Wales a workhouse, colloquially known as a spike, was a place where those unable to support themselves were offered accommodation and employment. Life in a workhouse was intended to be harsh, to deter the able-bodied poor and to ensure that only the truly destitute would apply. Below is an image of former workhouse Nantwich, England. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the video below about setting. Consider how setting is important to this chapter. (This annotation contains a video)
Reread the highlighted paragraph, paying close attention to the description of the setting. What does the description of the setting tell you about Scrooge?
Below is a scene from the 1984 film version of "A Christmas Carol" where Marley's ghost appears. (This annotation contains a video)
Use the Define feature and look up the definition of incredulous. Which of the following words is the best antonym for incredulous?
This is a reference to the Three Wise Men who went to see Jesus after he was born. This literary technique is known as an allusion, where the text makes an either direct or indirect reference to another work, such as the Bible. (This annotation contains an image)
The reader can conclude that the ghost of Marley is punished for his
Chapter 2 - The First Of The Three Spirits
Which detail in these highlighted paragraphs is used to convey a negative character trait about Scrooge?
Watch the video below about character traits. Consider what traits you already know about Scrooge, and pay attention to what you learn about him as the story continues. (This annotation contains a video)
Below is one artistic depiction of the Ghost of Christmas Past. (This annotation contains an image)
Which word best describes the ghost?
Robin Crusoe's name is similar to Robinson Crusoe the title character of a novel written by Daniel Dafoe. The book is a fictional autobiography of the title character—a castaway who spends years on a remote tropical island near Trinidad, encountering cannibals, captives, and mutineers before being rescued. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Scrooge's behavior so different than in Chapter One? How is he changing as a character?
Below is a video of theater production of The Christmas Carol that shows Fessiwig's Christmas ball. (This annotation contains a video)
How well does theater production do in capturing the mood of Fezziwig's ball?
Have you noticed how the narrator's voice changes in this book? Most times it is third-person omniscient, which means it is an outside narrator who knows what the characters are thinking and feeling. However, at times such as these it changes to first-person. This makes the narrator much more personal for the reader.
The phrase "the haggard winter of his life" is a
Chapter 3 - The Second Of The Three Spirits
Below is an image of the Ghost of Christmas Present. (This annotation contains an image)
The highlighted paragraph mainly establishes
Dickens often wrote about the lower/working class citizens of England. During his time, the Victorian Age, the workers were subjected to harsh treatment from the upper classes. This is due to the lack of laws protecting their rights. Pay attention to this next section and how the narrator tone reflects a positive attitude toward the working class.
The description of Mrs. Cratchit makes her clothing appear
The image of Tiny Tim on Bob Cratchit's shoulder is one of the most iconic images from the book. (This annotation contains an image)
While there are many elements of fantasy in this book, A Christmas Carol also has elements of historical fiction. You're able to see what life in the Victorian Era was like. Watch the video below to learn more about historical fiction. (This annotation contains a video)
The narrator uses a metaphor in one these highlighted paragraphs to describe
What is the Ghost of Christmas Present's reason for taking Scrooge to the various dwellings? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.
Below is an image of a lace tucker. (This annotation contains an image)
The highlighted phrase is an example of
Below is a video of this final scene with the Ghost of Christmas Present and Scrooge. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 4 - The Last Of The Spirits
Below is an image of the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. (This annotation contains an image)
Which detail lets the reader know that the characters are indifferent about the person's death?
Watch the video below about textual evidence and making inferences. Use these skills as you read this scene in the book. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on the clues in the text, who do you think the characters are referring to when talking about a person being dead? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.
Notice how the issue of money and debt is a conversation in this chapter. Families and individuals who struggle with their finances are a reoccurring motif in Dickens' works.
The mood of this highlighted paragraph is
Below is an film adaption of this scene of Scrooge with the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. (This annotation contains a video)
Why does Dickens decide to use the image of Death to represent the Ghost of Christmas Yes to Come? What is the significance?
Chapter 5 - The End Of It
Why does Dickens use the allusion of Laocoon to describe Scrooge at this moment?
Laocoön was a Trojan priest of the Greek god Poseidon , whose rules he defied, either by marrying and having sons, or by committing an impiety by making love with his wife in the presence of a cult image in a sanctuary. He was subsequently subject to divine execution by two serpents sent to Troy across the sea from the island of Tenedos, where the Greeks had temporarily camped. The image below is a statue that depicts his execution. (This annotation contains an image)
This detail shows that Scrooge worries how his nephew and company will receive him. He wonders if he will be welcomed and forgiven for his past behavior.
Use the Define feature and look up the definition of sidled. What word is best synonym for sidled?