Anne of Green Gables
Marilla Cuthbert and Matthew Cuthbert, middle-aged siblings who live together at Green Gables, a farm in Avonlea, on Prince Edward Island, decide to adopt a boy from an orphan asylum in Nova Scotia as a helper on their farm. Through a series of mishaps, the person who ends up under their roof is a precocious girl of eleven named Anne Shirley. Anne is bright and quick, eager to please but dissatisfied with her name, her pale countenance dotted with freckles, and with her long braids of red hair. Being a child of imagination, however, Anne takes much joy in life, and adapts quickly, thriving in the environment of Prince Edward Island. (From feedbooks.com)
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Chapter 1 - Mrs. Rachel Lynde is Surprised
The setting of this book in Avonlea on Prince Edward Island, Canada. Avonlea is a fictional setting based on Lucy Montgomery's childhood home in Cavendish. View the map below of Prince Edward Island. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Mrs. Rachel call the Cuthbert house "not living at all"?
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it’s so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. In this book, some words are unique to culture of the time and will not be defined in the dictionary. You will have to rely on the words and sentences around the unfamiliar word to figure out the meaning. Try it right now to look up the word earnest.
Rachel objects to the Cuthbert's adopting a child for all of these reasons EXCEPT
Authors use foreshadowing to give an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. It may appear in the form of dialogue between characters, an event in the story which hints at a later event, or even the title may give clues about what is to come. Foreshadowing creates suspense to keep the reader wanting to know more about what will happen. The last paragraph hints that something is wrong with the child the Cuthberts will adopt.
Chapter 2 - Matthew Cuthbert is surprised
Matthew Cuthbert can be described as
Point of view is the type of narration which shows us the opinion, or feelings of the individuals involved in a situation. In literature, the author uses a specific point of view to let the readers “hear” and “see” what takes place in a story. First-person point of view involves the use of either of the two pronouns “I” and “we” and lets the reader know only the thoughts of the character telling the story. Third-person point of view uses pronouns like “he,” “she,” “it,” “they,” or a character’s name. Third-person narration allows the author to understand all the characters by revealing all their thoughts and opinions. From which point of view is this story told?
Anne can be described as all of these EXCEPT
Growing up on Prince Edward Island, Lucy Montgomery loved the beautiful countryside. She adds this passion to Anne's character in this book. Montgomery also loved reading books and poetry as you can tell from her descriptive writing. Can you picture the setting with all the cherry trees and birds singing?
Which dictionary definition of the word dumb is appropriate for the context of the sentence?
Good readers use details in the story in order to fully understand the meaning. This is called making an inference. Watch the video below to learn more about making inferences. Why do you think Anne's experience has been that better things don't come after something pleasant has ended? (This annotation contains a video)
What can you infer Anne means by the highlighted comment?
Good readers focus on important ideas, ask questions as they read, and predict what will happen next. In this chapter, Anne expresses how thrilled she is to finally have a home with beautiful landscape and people who want her. Matthew is worried about crushing Anne's spirit when she finds out they really wanted a boy. Why doesn't Matthew leave Anne at the station when he realized Mrs. Spencer brought the wrong child? Will Marilla send Anne back to the orphanage?
Chapter 3 - Marilla Cuthbert is Surprised
Marilla can be describe as all of these EXCEPT
Good readers make connections to the text. Anne describes what it is like to be in the "depths of despair" knowing that she is not wanted by the Cuthberts. Have you ever known anyone who was adopted? Can you image the despair they would feel if that family did not want them? Have you ever felt such despair that you could not eat?
Which type of figurative language does the author use in this sentence?
A good reader can summarize main points in a story. In this chapter Marilla devastates Anne by telling her that she cannot stay at Green Gables because she is a girl, but Matthew unexpectedly reveals that he would like to keep her. View the following video to learn more about summarizing. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 4 - Morning at Green Gables
Which statement from the text is evidence that Anne is optimistic even though she knows the Cuthberts will not keep her?
Sometimes the dictionary will give several definitions of a word and you must use context clues to figure out which meaning fits the sentence. Which dictionary definition of the word haunted is correct for this sentence?
How does the point of view impact the overall meaning of the story?
The dictionary does not give the meaning of the word handles as it is used in this sentence. Some words have more than one meaning. Learn more about words with multiple meanings in the following video. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 5 - Anne's History
Anne takes pleasure in renaming things she sees in Avonlea. Barry’s Pond, for example, becomes “The Lake of Shining Waters” and Marilla’s geranium becomes “Bonny.” Based on what you know about Anne's character and background, why do you think she does this?
Theme is a main idea of a book that is repeatedly addressed as the plot progresses. In this book, the theme of belonging is developing the plot of the book. Anne has repeated many times already how she feels nobody wants her. Pay attention to how this theme is developed throughout the rest of the book. View this video to learn more about identifying theme. (This annotation contains a video)
Using evidence from the text, explain how the theme of belonging is developed from the details of Anne's background.
The picture below of Prince Edward Island could be similar to that which Anne describes along the drive to Mrs. Spencer's house. Can you see why she is so in awe of it's beauty? (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 6 - Marilla Makes Up Her Mind
What does the narrator indicate in this sentence about Marilla's feelings at the thought of giving Anne to Mrs. Blewett?
Authors work hard to choose just the right word to give the reader a clear understanding of exactly what they mean. In this scene the words "darted" and "demanded" contribute to the description of the personality of Mrs. Blewett. If the author had used "moved" instead of "darted" and "asked" instead of "demanded" the reader would not have the clear impression of Mrs. Blewett's harsh personality.
What is the figurative meaning of the oar in this sentence?
Chapter 7 - Anne Says Her Prayers
Writers use different structures to build the ideas of story. Chronological order is used to explain how things happen in time order. Some key words that help you recognize chronological order are first, after, later, next, and finally. The structure of this story is chronological order. View this video to learn more about the sequence of events in a book. (This annotation contains a video)
Why is Marilla embarrassed to teach Anne a prayer?
Chapter 8 - Anne's Bringing-up Is Begun
What conditions does Marilla impose on Anne so she can stay at Green Gables?
Character traits are all the elements of a person’s behavior and attitudes that make up that person’s personality. Everyone, even a character in a book, has both good and bad character traits. We use descriptive adjectives like jealous, elegant, or nervous to describe character traits. In order to discern a person or character’s traits, we look at what they say, what they do, and what other people say about them. In this scene Marilla tells Anne she never imagines things different than they are, so she could be described as a realist. What other character traits can we use to describe Marilla? View this video to learn more about character traits. (This annotation contains a video)
Which word is a synonym for the word discourse?
How could the moral of the fable above apply to Anne?
Another theme in the book is Anne's discomfort with her appearance. Follow the link to one of Aesop's Fables about beauty. Read it and then answer the following question. (This annotation contains a link)
Anne's imaginings in this passage are examples of
Plot is the pattern of events as they are told in a story. Learn about the five major parts of the plot in the following video. What have we learned about Anne from the exposition of this story? (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 9 - Mrs. Rachel Lynde Is Properly Horrified
You know from the beginning of the story that Mrs. Rachel is a nosey woman who gives her opinions whether they are asked for or not. How do you think the meeting between Anne and Mrs. Rachel will go?
How does Marilla react to the scene between Anne and Rachel?
What does Rachel suggest for Anne's punishment?
Good readers make connections to the text. Anne's comments bring back Marilla's memory of an aunt who insulted her when she was little and the amount of time it took for her feelings to recover. Have you ever experienced this type of deep hurt?
Chapter 10 - Anne's Apology
Marilla must tell Matthew that Anne's behavior was extremely bad so he will agree that she must be punished.
How has Anne's mood changed on the walk to Mrs. Lynde's house?
From Anne's apology, you can infer that she would make a great ______ when she grows up.
The setting of this story is important to the plot. Prince Edward Island has a beautiful landscape that touches Anne. What can you tell about the time period of the story and how it influences the values and beliefs of the characters? Learn more about setting in this video. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 11 - Anne's Impressions of Sunday-School
All of the statements are evidence that Anne is disappointed with the dresses EXCEPT for the following quote:
Genre is the category that a writing falls into, such as mystery or science fiction. This book is in the category of realistic fiction. Learn about the characteristics of this genre in the following video. What problems does Anne face that are typical of a normal teenager? (This annotation contains a video)
Which type of figurative language is contained in the highlighted sentence?
Marilla's feelings toward Anne are changing as the rising action of the book continues. Originally, she does not care for Anne's outspoken personality, but comes to realize she has some of the same feelings about religion and proper behavior. Do you think Marilla will ever admit that Anne could be right?
Chapter 12 - A Solemn Vow and Promise
Why does Anne respond by saying the colors of the flowers are not pretty on her?
Good readers make a picture in their mind of what is described in the text. Can you see the clamshells and flowers in the Barry's garden?
Diana can be described as
Sarcasm is a cutting remark that is opposite what the speaker actually means. Marilla's comment about Diana being a kindred spirit is meant as deadpan sarcasm, expressed without emotion or laughter making it difficult for the listener to judge whether the speaker is poking fun.
Chapter 13 - The Delights of Anticipation
Marilla continues to struggle with her feelings for Anne and her need to teach her proper behavior. This is called internal conflict. This video will tell you more about the different kinds of conflict. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on what you know about Anne's background and character, explain what Anne means by her statement about expectations. Do you agree with her statement?
Marilla has shown that she is more concerned with proper behavior than fancy clothes. However, this paragraph describes one object that is not only beautiful, but also is treasured for it's sentimental value. Is there anything you have that is valuable to you because of what it means to you?
Quiz Chapters 1-13
Chapter 14 - Anne's Confession
Why does Marilla think Anne stole the brooch?
Why couldn't Marilla go to Mrs. Rachel Lynde for advice?
An idiom is an expression having a special meaning different from the usual meanings of the words. For example, “up a creek without a paddle” means a situation involving trouble without any help. Marilla's statement is an idiom meaning that she has committed to raising Anne to behave properly and teach her right from wrong and she won't give up now.
Good readers use clues from the text to figure out the meaning of unfamiliar words. These clues may appear in the sentences before or after the unknown word. View this video to learn more about context clues. What clues from the text help you decipher the meaning of the word rent? (This annotation contains a video)
Compare Anne's apology to Mrs. Rachel Lynde to her confession. How are they similar and different?
Chapter 15 - A Tempest in the School Teapot
Authors use foreshadowing to give an advance hint of what is to come later in the story. It may appear in the form of dialogue between characters, an event in the story which hints at a later event, or even the title may give clues about what is to come. Foreshadowing creates suspense to keep the reader wanting to know more about what will happen. Use the Define function to figure out the meaning of the word tempest and predict what type of event may happen at school.
What does Anne notice at school?
This sentence is an example of
You can use textual evidence to figure out whether Gilbert Blythe is really mean or just a practical joker. Learn about text-based evidence in this video. (This annotation contains a video)
Which word is a synonym for reproachfully?
Spruce gum is a chewing material made from the resin of spruce trees. Would you like to try some? (This annotation contains an image)
What textual evidence shows that Anne has not forgiven Gilbert?
Having had 10 children herself, Mrs. Lynde is experienced in how to deal with them and she knows about Mr. Phillips. Do you think her advice will work with Anne?
Anne has such a vivid imagination that she acts as though her thoughts have already happened. Why do you think this makes Marilla laugh?
Chapter 16 - Diana Is Invited to Tea with Tragic Results
What makes Anne feel grown?
The girls are so excited to have a grown-up tea party that they act exactly like adults would, asking questions about the family and daily happenings even though they already know the answers.
Which word is a synonym for entreated?
Diana was feeling fine until she drank the raspberry cordial. Predict what you think is wrong with Diana.
How does Diana become drunk?
How does the narrator's point of view impact the meaning of the text in this paragraph?
As characters experience the events of the rising action, they can be affected by them so much that their character changes. Marilla is so touched by Anne's flair for drama and her extreme feelings that her character is changing from the strict, stern woman you met at the beginning of the book to a kind, compassionate mother figure.
Chapter 17 - A New Interest in Life
This paragraph supports the theme of
Anne's hopes for belonging and real friends come true as she returns to school, as the girls and boys welcome her back with gifts.
An allusion is a literary device that that helps the author to explain or describe and the reader to visualize or imagine. But the reader must already know about the reference in order to understand what it means in the current story. Allusions are commonly made to the Bible, nursery rhymes, myths, famous fictional or historical characters or events. The battle of Waterloo marked the defeat of Napolean, one of the greatest military leaders in history. This allusion means that Anne will not do well in geometry class. Learn more about allusions in the following video. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 18 - Anne to the Rescue
How does the foreshadowing in this paragraph add meaning to the plot?
Russets are a kind of potato. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Diana come to get Anne for help?
Use the context clues to decipher the meaning of the word ipecac.
Anne forgives Mrs. Barry for blaming her for Diana's drunkenness and uses the idiom "heaping coals of fire" to mean that Mrs. Barry felt worse to be forgiven.
Anne is thinking about her future and uses her past experiences to ensure she will speak to young girls with respect so she won't hurt them as she has been hurt.
Chapter 19 - A Concert a Catastrophe and a Confession
Anne uses all of these reasonings to persuade Marilla to let her go to the concert and spend the night at Diana's EXCEPT
Matthew has let Marilla raise Anne as she thinks best, but does speak up when he feels strongly that Marilla is making a mistake. How is this different from Matthew's character in the beginning of the book?
How long is a fortnight?
View the image of a pung sleigh. (This annotation contains an image)
Good readers adjust the pace of their reading to match the emotion of the text. Did you find yourself reading faster as the girls jumped into bed and felt something move?
Anne's insistence to tell Aunt Josephine it was her fault shows Anne is
Explain how this confession is different from Anne's previous confession.
Anne's personality usually makes adults think she is trouble and irritating, but Aunt Josephine sees her as amusing. Have you ever changed someone's opinion of you through heartfelt conversation?
Chapter 20 - A Good Imagination Gone Wrong
Anne often reflects on her personality and the trouble she seems to cause because of it. She values her imagination and her love of learning. Take a moment to reflect on your personality. What parts of your character do you value?
Why doesn't Anne want to go through the woods to Diana's house?
How does Anne feel about her imagination in this scene?
Notice the punctuation the author uses in Anne's comment. Hyphens are used to indicate a stutter because of a chill or, as in Anne's case, extreme fright. Did you read the words with a stutter?
Chapter 21 - A New Departure in Flavorings
Authors choose words carefully to set the mood so the reader will feel a specific emotion. Mood can be developed through setting, tone, word choice, or theme. Learn more about tone and mood in the video below. The words "heartrending," "sorry," and "remorseful" indicate a regretful mood. (This annotation contains a video)
Which statement best compares the teaching styles of Mr. Phillips to Mrs. Allan?
Sometimes the dictionary definition of a word does not quite make sense with the context of the sentence. The word "eclipsed" refers to the alignment of the sun and moon that creates a shadow on the earth. In this context Marilla does not want the women of the town to outdo, or overshadow, her tea party with the minister and his wife.
Explain how Anne persuades Marilla to let her decorate the table.
Several times in the book Anne has begun to say Gilbert's name and then changed to say all the boys. Why doesn't she say Gilbert's name? Do you think she still hates Gilbert as much as she claims?
From this statement, you can characterize Anne as
Chapter 22 - Anne is Invited Out to Tea
The narrator sums up Anne's personality, full of extreme highs and lows, and Marilla's thoughts about her job to make Anne's emotions less extreme. What does the narrator reveal about Marilla that she doesn't know herself?
Summarize the events of Anne's tea with Mrs. Allan.
Chapter 23 - Anne Comes to Grief in an Affair of Honor
The word "albeit" is pronounced /alˈbēit/ and means even though or although.
What does the narrator mean by "clearly only one thing to be done"?
What is Anne's wish?
Anne uses an idiom in this sentence to mean that Josie would have boasted to Anne that she won the dare.
Chapter 24 - Miss Stacy and Her Pupils Get Up a Concert
Which word is an antonym for vain?
Marilla feels the concert is not a good experience for learning. Have you ever participated in a concert or performance? What did you learn from it?
Chapter 25 - Matthew Insists on Puffed Sleeves
Matthew notices a difference between Anne and her friends. Can you predict what that difference might be?
Why does Matthew decide to go to Samuel Lawson's store instead of William Blair's store?
Anne says that she and Matthew are kindred spirits, which is proven by his understanding that she would love to have a fancy dress with puffed sleeves. Do you think Marilla and Anne will react the same way to the gift?
From Marilla's thoughts about Anne's new dress you can infer that she is
Anne continues to refer to herself as "not a model little girl." Why do you think she feels this way? Do you think she is bad?
The figurative language in this sentence is an example of
Chapter 26 - The Story Club Is Formed
The concert was such a exciting production for the students, it is hard for them to enjoy the regular school days after it is over. Do you ever feel that way after something exciting is over: January after the winter holiday, the week after a Disneyland vacation? How does Anne comfort herself through the disappointment?
What is Anne's "besetting sin"?
Marilla dismisses Anne's story writing as nonsense, but Matthew encourages her writing. Why do you think Anne is not deterred with Marilla's critical comments? Is there someone in your life that encourages you?
How do Anne and the girls learn how to increase their imagination?
Anne feels that mistakes someone makes as a child should not follow them the rest of their life. Why do you think Anne is encouraged to know that mischievous children can grow to be good people?
Quiz Chapters 14-26
Chapter 27 - Vanity and Vexation of Spirit
Use the define function to look up the word gadding. Which definition is appropriate for the context of this sentence?
The words moaned, worse, and wretched create a _____ mood.
This book was published in 1908 during a period of immigration of Italians into Canada. They took the dirtiest jobs such as working in mines and railroads and were racially discriminated against. Negative stereotypes, such as belonging to the mafia and as ignorant peasants, were often attributed to them. You can tell from Marilla’s comment that she has a negative view of Italians.
Explain what Anne means by this comment.
Chapter 28 - An Unfortunate Lily Maid
The narrator is referring to Alfred Lord Tennyson's poem "Lancelot and Elaine," in which Elaine is in love with Lancelot, who was in love with Guinevere, wife of King Arthur. When Elaine reveals that she loves him, Lancelot tells her he only thinks of her as a sister, and, with her heart broken, she becomes seriously ill. Upon visiting Elaine, King Arthur finds a letter she has written about Lancelot and reads it aloud after her death. Guinevere becomes angry and Lancelot ends up alone and unhappy about all the problems he has caused. The excerpt below is the description of the scene that Anne and the girls are performing. "In her right hand the lily, in her left/ The letter--all her bright hair streaming down--/ And all the coverlid was cloth of gold/ Drawn to her waist, and she herself in white/ All but her face, and that clear-featured face/ Was lovely, for she did not seem as dead,/ But fast asleep, and lay as though she smiled."
The author's description of Anne's predicament in the sinking boat creates a ____ mood.
The rescue is just the type of romance Anne loves, but Anne feels irritated and angry because it is Gilbert who is her rescuer. Anne rejects his heartfelt apology even though the apology does touch her heart a little. Why do you think Anne does not forgive Gilbert when she is believes people who do mean things can change and become better?
List the lessons Anne has learned since arriving at Avonlea.
Chapter 29 - An Epoch in Anne's Life
The author uses personification in this sentence. What is dancing?
The author's tone in these sentences reveals an admiration for nature.
What can you infer about Diana's relationship with Aunt Josephine from this paragraph?
Use the define function to find the meaning of prosaic as used in this sentence. Explain why Anne thinks eating ice cream in this situation is prosaic.
What does the narrator reveal about the change in Miss Barry's character?
Chapter 30 - The Queens Class Is Organized
Summarize what the author reveals in this paragraph regarding Marilla and Anne's differing thoughts about showing affection.
Anne is showing signs of maturity, but still has the playful, imaginative side to her. In this chapter, Anne views thinking about boys as childish and is concerned about forming good character traits. Notice as the chapter continues how Anne can quickly revert back to childish behavior.
Why does Anne confess that she was reading a novel when she should have been learning history?
In the early 1900s female teachers earned about $246 per year and male teachers earned about $487 per year. This salary ranks above those who were servants or in manufacturing, and ranks about the same as those who were government clerks or bookkeepers.
Which quote best summarizes how Anne has come to forgive Gilbert?
The author increases the pace of the book in this chapter. Previously, Anne spends a lot of time describing all her mistakes and imaginings. In this chapter the author summarizes the school year and shows Anne is focused on her goal of studying for the teacher exam. This shows how Anne is maturing.
How long has Anne been in Avonlea?
Chapter 31 - Where the Brook and River Meet
Anne has spent so much time inside studying during the school year that the doctor notices how pale and tired she appears. Notice how Marilla reacts to this comment by the doctor.
The students are all refreshed and eager to continue their studying after vacation. Do you feel this way when school begins again after summer? Do the end of the year tests worry you as much as they worry Anne?
What changes in Anne do you note in this chapter?
Chapter 32 - The Pass List Is Out
Chapter titles give a brief summary of the events that will happen in the chapter. This title adds to the __________ of the chapter.
The definitions of "haunted" found using the define function are all adjectives, but the author uses the word as a verb in this sentence. What do you think haunted means as used in this sentence?
Why does Anne want to do well on the exam?
Anne has tied for first place with Gilbert. How do you think this will affect their relationship?
Anne says she is thankful, not vain. What do you think is the difference?
Chapter 33 - The Hotel Concert
Noon, hiving sweets of sun and flower,Has fallen on dreams in wayside bower,Where bees hold honeyed fellowshipWith the ripe blossom of her lip;All silent are her poppied valesAnd all her long Arcadian dales,Where idleness is gathered upA magic draught in summer's cup.Come, let us give ourselves to dreamsBy lisping margins of her streams.This excerpt is from "A Summer Day" by Lucy Maude Montgomery. How is it similar to the style with which she writes this book?
An elocutionist is one who reads aloud well.
How does Anne feel upon entering the concert hall?
How does Anne overcome her fear and give a successful performance?
Anne shows great maturity in her analysis of the wealth the city girls have. She values her personality and the love she has from her adopted family and realizes that is more important than money and jewels.
Chapter 34 - A Queen's Girl
Explain the meaning of the metaphor in this line.
Matthew and Marilla both realize that their original reservations about adopting Anne were unfounded and that they needed her as much as she needed them.
What relieves Anne's homesickness?
The narrator's comment means that Anne excels in English and she feels confident that she has a chance at winning the Avery scholarship.
Chapter 35 - The Winter at Queen's
Why doesn't Anne think Ruby Gillis is a good match for Gilbert?
In this chapter, Anne realizes that her perception of Gilbert has changed from hatred to admiration. She notices that they share many of the same qualities and would most likely enjoy being good friends, but she does not take steps to forge a friendship.
The narrator's statement means Anne has high hopes for the
Chapter 36 - The Glory and the Dream
The events of this chapter are included the falling action of the plot. The major conflicts are resolved and the story is about to end.
Oxymoron is a figure of speech used to create an effect by joining two opposite ideas. An adjective is usually preceded by a noun to create the oxymoron. Look at these examples: jumbo shrimp, seriously funny, awfully pretty. Sometimes the opposing words or phrases are not always right beside each other, as in, in order to lead, you must walk behind. How is the phrase "friend the enemy" an oxymoron?
The description of the way Matthew is walking and previous knowledge about the trouble with his heart is an example of
Chapter 37 - The Reaper Whose Name Is Death
The Great Presence is death.
How do Marilla and Anne differ in their reactions to Matthew's death?
How does Anne feel when she can laugh after Matthew's death?
Marilla trusts Anne enough to open up about her regret over not forgiving John Blythe. How do you think this information will affect Anne?
Chapter 38 - The Bend in the road
This passage indicates that Anne has made a decision. Predict what she will do.
Summarize how Anne's plans differ from Marilla's.
Anne's comparison of her life to a bend in the road is an example of
Gilbert has made a significant sacrifice for Anne. Do you think she has matured enough to acknowledge this and forgive him at last?
Quiz Chapters 27-38
The final part of the plot is the resolution. Anne has matured and her problems have been solved. If you enjoyed this book and would like to know what happens to Anne and Gilbert, you may want to read the sequel ANNE OF AVONLEA.