Disasters are inherently frightening, riveting, and involving. Grabbed straight from the headlines, these disasters leave tragedy, destruction, and years of anguish: Vesuvius, Krakatoa, Mount Pelee, Mount St. Helens, Mount Pinatubo, Hawaii’s Gentle Giants, The World’s Most Active Volcanoes, and more.
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Chapter 1: Introduction
The Ring of Fire is an area where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur in the basin of the Pacific Ocean. (This annotation contains an image)
What can happen to a town that is in the path of hot lava?
When is a volcano the deadliest?
Iceland can be seen below. Can you imagine it being formed by volcanic rock? (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 2: Mount Vesuvius, 79 CE
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up?
If someone is suffocating, they __________.
Follow the link to watch the short video and then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a link)
List one similarity between the information in the video and what you read in the text.
St. Elmo's Fire looks like lightning. This lightning is caused by _______________.
Chapter 3: Krakatoa, 1883
Can you identify Krakatoa on the map? (This annotation contains an image)
Use the DEFINE feature to read the definition of dormant. Which of the following is a synonym (word with similar meaning) for dormant?
Watch the video below to learn how tsunamis work. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the most likely reason the Japanese named tsunami "harbor waves"?
Chapter 4: Mt. Pelée, 1902
What warning signs does Mt. Pelee show before it erupts on May 8?
Here is a photo of Mount Pelee's eruption. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 5: Mount St. Helens, 1980
Watch the video of Mount St. Helens' eruption below. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the difference between a landslide and a mudslide?
Use the DEFINE feature to read the definition of recovers. What is meant by "land recovers quickly"?
What do these facts reveal about Mount St. Helens?
Chapter 6: Mount Pinatubo, 1991
Below is a diagram of a caldera. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the information in the highlighted text, what can you infer about Mount Pinatubo?
Lahar is like _____________.
Lahars are mudflows that travel faster than lava. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 7: Hawaii’s Gentle Giants
Watch the video to learn more about shield volcanoes. (This annotation contains a video)
How does tourism effect a region?
Chapter 8: The World’s Most Active Volcanoes
Look at the dates of these two eruptions. What can you infer about Mount Nyamuragira?
Can you find Mount Nyamuragira on the map? (This annotation contains an image)
What is a volcano? Watch the video and then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a video)
List one fact you learned from watching the video What is a Volcano?
What is meant by "the mountain went silent"?
Why does the lava explode into thick clouds of steam when it hits the water?
Chapter 9: The World’s Most Dangerous Volcanoes
What are densely populated areas?
Mount Merapi can be seen below. (This annotation contains an image)
Look at the map of Mount Rainier's hazard zones. Would you feel comfortable living in a volcano's hazard zone? (This annotation contains an image)
Study the hazard zones above. Why would a volcanic eruption of Mount Rainier have a devastating effect on the surrounding area?
Chapter 10: Surprise Volcanic Eruptions
Here is a picture of Luzon Island. (This annotation contains an image)
What is the difference between a lava bomb and a lava dome? Use evidence from the text to support your answer.
Do you think the residents who chose to stay behind should have evacuated with everyone else? Why or why not?
A journalist is a reporter. What is the most likely reason journalists were in the region?