The Ottoman Empire is the former name of Turkey. The map below shows the area controlled by the Ottoman Empire in 1912. Note that this area of the world is between Africa and Europe. (This annotation contains an image)
The Young Turks wanted to eliminate which group of people from the Ottoman Empire?
This book tells a non-fiction, or true, story. The author, David Kherdian, wrote this story about his own mother, in order to tell her tale. The author is pictured below. (This annotation contains an image)
A poppy is a type of flower. You may have seen these flowers before, or you may have seen poppy seeds before in a muffin or on a bagel. Poppy seeds are often added to breads to give the food a crunchy texture. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following best describes how Aunt Lousapere feels about Veron?
The video below shows a man playing the saz. Listen to the instrument being played. This should help you imagine the music that Veron hears at home. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the purpose of the highlighted paragraph in this story?
Did you know that you can easily look up the definition of any word while you are reading this story? Select the word that you need some help with and choose Define. Is there a word on this page, such as "crocks", that you need to look up the definition for?
Which of the following is a synonym (word meaning the same as) for the word "hysterically"? You can use the Define feature if you need some help.
Sometimes, the reader must make an inference about something which is not stated in the text directly. Watch the video below about making inferences. Then read the highlighted text. After reading the highlighted text, you should be able to infer that the girls are not allowed to wear their hair in bangs because they are Armenian. (This annotation contains a video)
Use the details in the text to make an inference. What religion is Veron's family? How did you decide on this answer?
Halva, shown below, is a type of sweet treat served in the Middle East. (This annotation contains an image)
A muezzin calls Islamic worshippers to a mosque. This detail tells the reader that the main character must have Muslim neighbors.
Which of the following is NOT a central idea in the highlighted text?
An idiom is a phrase that means something different than what it literally states. An example would be "it's raining cats and dogs." The image below shows two more common idioms. "No one can read what has been written on another's forehead" must be an idiom used in Veron's culture. What do you think this idiom means? (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following is an inference you can make from the highlighted text?
Which of the following is an antonym (word with the opposite meaning) for "torturous"? You can use the Define feature if you need help.
A loofah is a rough scrubbing sponge made from the fibers of a plant similar to a cucumber. (This annotation contains an image)
To "put on a long face" is another idiom. It means to look sad.
How do the two paragraphs at the beginning of Chapter Three provide a turning point in the story? Explain your answer.
Watch the video below about tone and mood. How do words like "massacred" affect the tone used by the narrator? Keep paying attention to the narrator's tone as you read the story. (This annotation contains a video)
In this case, "World War" refers to the first world war. World War I occurred from 1914 to 1918.
Someone who is deported from a country is being forced to leave. Why are Veron and her family being deported?
Explain how and why Veron's family members are being separated.
The Sultan Dagh, also known as the Sultan Mountains, is a short mountain range in Turkey. You can see it pictured below. (This annotation contains an image)
"Gendarmes" most closely matches which of the following terms? You can use the Define feature if you need help.
The picture below shows Armenian people being marched into exile by Turkish soldiers during the Armenian Genocide. (This annotation contains an image)
You can see a group of Whirling Dervishes spinning below. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following is NOT a religious group in the book?
The photo below shows real deportees marching during the Armenian Genocide. What kind of mood or feeling does this photograph give you? (This annotation contains an image)
Think back to the video you watched about tone and mood. Which of the following words best describes the mood the narrator's language creates after her family is forced to leave their home?
The Arabian Desert is an enormous wilderness. Why does the man feel that they will "surely perish" there? (This annotation contains an image)
The Kurds are an ethnic group in the Middle East. The map below will give you a general idea of where this group is located. Notice that this group is not specific to just one country. (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following groups is NOT viewed as a threat to the Armenians?
Of the following words from this section of the text, which word does NOT contribute to the fearful, worried tone used by the narrator?
"Insallah" means "Allah (God) willing".
Which of the following options best summarizes the family's exile so far?
The Sublime Porte refers to the central government of the Ottoman Empire.
Watch the video below to learn more about imagery. Does the author of this book do a good job of using imagery to help you picture the scenes in your mind? (This annotation contains a video)
Think about the highlighted sentence. This small detail illustrates a larger idea in the text. Which characters are like these camels? Explain.
Why does the author most likely include the two highlighted sentences?
Papa is afraid that the Kurds will come to rob and otherwise harm the Armenians as they are marched to the Mesopotamian desert. Remember that the Kurds are another ethnic group in this area of the world.
Watch the video below about point of view. It will help you answer the question on the following page. (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following describes the point of view in this book?
Watch the video below about simile and metaphor. Is the highlighted statement a simile, or is it a metaphor? (This annotation contains a video)
Think about how descriptive the author's language is on this page. The highlighted text is an example of
The photograph below shows a cotton field in the Adana province of Turkey. (This annotation contains an image)
The details in the highlighted text suggest all of the following EXCEPT that
In 1909, many Armenian Christians were killed in Adana, the region of the Ottoman Empire which the narrator's family is currently in. Is this a safe location for Veron?
Look carefully at the highlighted text. Words like "vengeance," "regrettable," "atrocities," "butchered," and "desecration" affect the mood. How would you describe the mood on this page? Explain your answer.
Reflect on what the mullah says. Does he seem to care only about one group of people? Does the author portray him as someone foolish and cruel or wise and sympathetic?
The author would most likely argue that 1915-1916 was a(n) __________ time for Armenians in the Ottoman Empire.
The image below shows a caravan, or group of travelers, during the Armenian Genocide. Do you believe that the living conditions are very comfortable for these people? (This annotation contains an image)
Does the narrator give evidence that some of the Turks are kinder than others? Explain.
The Bedouins are a group of people who live in the Arabian desert. Look at the image below to get an idea of traditional Bedouin dress. (This annotation contains an image)
This detail indicates to the reader that some of the Arabs in this region are _________.
The highlighted text contains an example of personification, which can make a text more interesting. Watch the video below to learn more about personification. (This annotation contains a video)
Cholera is a serious infection of the small intestine. People who get cholera are extremely sick and often lose a lot of weight. You can see an illustration of a patient suffering from cholera below.
(This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following is a concern for the Armenian people in the camp?
This is another example of personification because the rain, mud, and sickness are being called executioners.
How do the Armenians feel about moving to the next camp?
As a reader, you can make an inference from Papa's news that he will have to split up from the family to do what he is told by the army.
Which of the following options provides the best explanation of the highlighted phrase?
Find the Euphrates on the map below to get an idea of where the family is. (This annotation contains an image)
What inference can you make from the highlighted text?
What do the three large stones signify? Explain your answer.
What does the author seem to think about the camps that the Armenians are forced to stay in? What evidence or details does the author give to support his opinion of the camps?
During the Armenian Genocide, a concentration camp called Deir el-Zor camps was set up in the desert. The photograph below shows Armenians imprisoned at the camp. How does this photograph make you feel? (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following options best describes how the highlighted sentence contributes to the story?
Make some inferences and think about why these women would be like aunts to the narrator. What has the narrator been through with these women? What, or who, has the narrator lost during the story?
Which of the following is NOT a way in which Birijik is a better place than the camps?
The highlighted sentence is important. It signifies that Veron no longer has adult family members to provide for her and make decisions. She must now fully rely on family friends (her "aunties") and herself for survival. In what way does she immediately suffer after the death of her father?
In this context, "converted" means to become a member of the Islamic faith. Many Christian Armenians converted during the Armenian Genocide in order to save themselves from horrible fates.
Which of the following do Veron and Narkes have in common?
The author portrays some Turks differently than others. What is the author's opinion of the Turkish women in this city? What details does he give about the women that tell you this?
Remember that in the narrator's culture, extended families often live together.
Aleppo, pictured below, is a large city in Syria. (This annotation contains an image)
How does the narrator support the idea that Sonia is treated better than she is?
Remember the video that you watched about tone and mood. How do the words in this paragraph contribute to the mood of the scene? The words "open," "friendly," and "happy" are some examples to think about.
This detail tells the reader that the English and the Americans are allies of the Armenian people.
The details in the text show that the narrator feels ___________ "the English."
The photograph below will give you an idea of what these tattoos looked like. (This annotation contains an image)
Think about this detail. Is a mother giving up her child a huge sacrifice? Who would a mother make this sacrifice for?
What evidence does the narrator give to support the idea that the British are kind?
Filberts, or hazelnuts, are pictured below. You may have seen these nuts before in trail mix or as part of a dessert. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is the narrator crying in this scene?
The starvation endured by the narrator has made her small and unhealthy for her age. Notice how often the narrator mentions food in the text. Her basic needs, such as nutrition, are often her main focus.
When the narrator returned home, was everything as she expected? How has the change in this setting affected how she feels? Watch the video below about setting as you think this over.
(This annotation contains a video)
How does the change in setting affect how the narrator is feeling?
"Yavroos" means "darling" in Armenian. Does the use of Armenian words help bring this true story to life for you?
The photograph below will give you an idea of what pahklava, a type of sweet pastry, looks like. Why would Veron be even more excited about treats to eat than an ordinary child? (This annotation contains an image)
Which of the following descriptive words most accurately matches the tone that the narrator uses when describing this scene?
Elefthérios Venizélos was the prime minister in Greece during this time period. He is pictured below. Greece and Turkey are both located in the same general region of the world. (This annotation contains an image)
Smyrna has been mentioned earlier in the text. Though it has now been given in Greece, it is important to know that this city is located in Turkey.
Watch the video below about tension. When the soldiers march into town and give orders, a very tense scene is created. (This annotation contains a video)
Why were the Armenian families made to switch locations with the Turkish families? Explain your answer.
Which of the following adds to the tension that the narrator feels in this setting?
What does this detail tell you about Aunt Arousiag? You should be able to make inferences about who she is as a person from watching how she treats Veron.
Which of the following is part of the evidence at the narrator gives to support the idea that her aunt is not a kind person?
The speaker does not mean the highlighted text literally. It is a metaphor meaning that although bad events happen, do not lose hope that there is good in the future.
The narrator makes an important distinction here, between being grateful and being happy. Although she appreciates what has been done for her, why might she not feel completely happy with her life?
Athens (see map below) is the capital city of Greece. Why would Greece be a safer place for Veron?
(This annotation contains an image)
What plan does the narrator make after talking with the archbishop and why does she make this decision?
The photograph below shows a view of the Mediterranean Sea from a Greek island. Can you see why the man thinks that it is so magnificent? The water is very blue and clear. (This annotation contains an image)
Make an inference from the text. Why does Aunt Lousapere not recognize Veron at first?
"Maireig" is the Armenian word for "mother." Why do these unrelated women feel so close to one another?
The highlighted text supports what central idea?
Which of the following words does not contribute to the narrator's tone of distressed shock in the highlighted text?
Is Aunt Lousapere someone who can be trusted to keep a promise that she makes?
Which of the following is most important from the narrator's point of view?
Watch the video below about character traits. What are some traits that the narrator of the story has? (This annotation contains a video)
Afyon Karahissar is a city in Turkey. It was captured from the Turkish during the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922). However, the Turks reclaimed it in 1922. (This annotation contains an image)
Mustafa Kemal was the founder of Turkey, formerly the Ottoman Empire.
The wall to the church was said to be "impregnable." Which option is a synonym for this term? Use the Define option if you need help.
This is an alternate spelling of "Muslim."
The Young Women's Christian Association still exists today. You can visit and browse the the associations site, linked below, to learn more.
http://www.worldywca.org/ (This annotation contains a link)
Who is willing to take the Armenians aboard at the quay?
The narrator uses imagery in the highlighted text. The descriptive language helps to paint a picture in the reader's mind of the horrific scene.
What theme is addressed by the highlighted text?
Remember that Venizelos is the leader of Greece at the time of these events.
What tone is created by the language in the highlighted text? How does the captain want to make the mayor feel?
Piraeus is a Mediterranean Sea port in Greece.
What is the meaning of the highlighted statement?
The narrator makes it clear that she does not like the English and the French. Think back about the events of her life which she has described in the text. What reasoning does she have for disliking the English and the French?
Even after escaping to allied territory, the narrator still experiences prejudice. Although her religion is acceptable in Greece, she continues to be treated differently because she is an Armenian.
In some cultures, marriages are arranged by the family members of the bride and groom. The bride and groom may only have a limited amount of input about the marriage.
The details that the author uses when introducing Takvor suggest that he is ________.
"Turkish coffee" refers to the method by which the beverage is prepared. Instead of being filtered out, the coffee is ground finely and is left to settle at the bottom of the container it is in. The image below shows a Turkish coffee set. (This annotation contains an image)
What deal supports the idea that Takvor is excited about his marriage to Veron?
Can you think of some reasons why Veron feels relieved about the decision not to have the wedding?
The author is using some foreshadowing on this page. Watch the video below to learn more about foreshadowing. What do you think will happen next? (This annotation contains a video)
The highlighted text means something different than what it literally states. It is an example of
This is the author's last name. What inference can you make at this point in the story?
By "bad aunt," Geulia means the aunt that used Veron like a servant and acted bitterly towards her, especially after the death of her own children.
How does the narrator feel about Arousiag Dumehjian? Why does she feel this way and how do you know this?
Who has Aunt Lousapere sacrificed being with her own child for?
Why does Veron decide that she will marry Melkon?
Raki is a traditional, unsweetened drink which has alcohol in it. (This annotation contains an image)