Around the World in Eighty Days
Shocking his stodgy colleagues at the exclusive Reform Club, enigmatic Englishman Phileas Fogg wagers his fortune, undertaking an extraordinary and daring enterprise: to circumnavigate the globe in eighty days. With his French valet Passepartout in tow, Verne’s hero traverses the far reaches of the earth, all the while tracked by the intrepid Detective Fix, a bounty hunter certain he is on the trail of a notorious bank robber. (From feedbooks.com)
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Around the World in Eighty Days is an adventure novel written by Jules Verne and published in 1873. Verne was a French writer who is known as the "Father of Science Fiction" and remains the second most translated writer in the world, after Shakespeare. (This annotation contains an image)
What have we learned thus far about Phileas Fogg?
Fogg and Passepartout synchronize their watches here. This is significant because time is a major theme of the novel and clocks and watches become highly symbolic.
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up?
"Passepartout had been a sort of vagrant in his early years, and now yearned for repose..." Verne is saying that Passepartout
The Reform Club in London is a real establishment. It has been in operation since 1836 as a private club for wealthy men. (This annotation contains an image)
Stuart remarks on how the world is big enough for the bank robber to hide and Fogg counters by saying, "It was once." What does Fogg mean by this and how do you think this statement relates to one of the central ideas, or themes, of the novel?
Fogg seems to think of this journey the same way he thinks of betting at cards. As the story progresses, you will see this attitude continue. This is one of his character traits. Watch the video on character traits below to learn more. (This annotation contains a video)
What does Fogg bet the men that he can make the journey in eighty days?
Do you remember how Passepartout is done "vagabonding" and now wants to lead a quiet life? This is an example of situational irony. Watch the video below to learn more about irony and look for other examples as you read. (This annotation contains a video)
Passepartout is touched when Fogg gives the beggar woman the money he had won that night at cards. This action shows that Fogg is
This sentence spells out clearly that the conflicts in this novel will be both man vs. man and man vs. nature.
Given what we know about Fogg's character, do you think he could be the bank robber? Why or why not?
Fix's quest to apprehend Fogg for the robbery is part of the rising action of the story. See the diagram on plot structure below. (This annotation contains an image)
Use the Define feature to look up the word "rogue." Which of the following is an antonym for rogue as it appears in this sentence?
With an itinerary like Fogg's, can you see why Fix thinks he is on the run?
Passepartout's comment to Fix about his watch reflect the theme of ___________ in the novel.
Fix has made his mind up that Fogg is guilty. What do you think?
Verne often includes passages on the geography and landscape over which the characters are traversing. What effect does this have on the novel?
Below is a picture of Bombay in the 1870s. India was under British rule at this time. (This annotation contains an image)
This novel is an example of _________________ narration because we can see the thoughts of more than one character.
You have seen Fogg playing whist a few times now in the novel. Whist was a popular card game among the upper classes during the Victorian era. (This annotation contains an image)
What was Passepartout's crime?
Verne is foreshadowing here that the incident with Passepartout and his shoes is not over. Watch the video below to learn more about foreshadowing and look for examples as you read. (This annotation contains a video)
How is Passepartout's character changing here? How do you think this change will affect the story's outcome?
"The papers were like some watches, which have a way of getting too fast" is an example of a simile. Watch the video below to learn more about similes and metaphors. Which of the novel's themes does this simile touch upon? (This annotation contains a video)
What does Fogg pay two thousand pounds for?
Fogg and Passepartout are foils of each other. A foil is a character who contrasts another character, which highlights those opposing qualities in both characters. As you read, notice how Fogg is always carefree and confident while Passepartout hardly ever stops worrying about their journey.
Use the Define feature to look up the word suttee. This lets us know that the group is watching
A rajah is an Indian prince. The funeral procession is for a prince who died, and his widow is expected to sacrifice her life now. (This annotation contains an image)
What have we learned about Aouda? Does she want to sacrifice her life for her deceased husband?
Mood is the atmosphere that an author creates through their writing. Notice how the imagery Verne is using contributes to the mood of this tense scene here.
Which of the following phrases from the highlighted paragraph contributes to the tense and suspenseful mood?
By now you have likely noticed that the chapter titles relay one of the main ideas of that chapter. This chapter title lets the reader know that the group is still traveling in India, but also highlights a character trait of Fogg's: that he really doesn't care about his journey or where he is traveling beyond the fun of winning the bet. This whole journey is a game to him-- similar to the games of whist he enjoys.
This paragraph tells the reader that Aouda is known to be
The Ganges River runs through India and Bangladesh. It is celebrated as holy by Hindus, but it is also one of the most polluted rivers in the world due to governmental corruption and poor environmental planning. (This annotation contains an image)
The policeman could want to detain the group for a number of reasons. This could be about the bank robbery, Passepartout's indiscretion, or the rescue of Aouda. Why do you think Verne is putting up so many obstacles for the characters to overcome? How do these incidents move the plot along?
The Brahmin are traditional Hindu societies. Below is a picture of a Brahmin priest. (This annotation contains an image)
Passepartout's tone in the highlighted passage could best be described as
Below is a sketch of a steamer owned by the Peninsular and Oriental Company like the one which the group sets sail on. (This annotation contains an image)
Fix's main goal is
Passepartout seems to be lacking in common sense. Anyone who has been paying attention would have grown suspicious that Fix was following them by now. How do you think that Passepartout's obliviousness will affect the travelers?
How is Passepartout's hypothesis about who Fix is wrong? Why do you think Passepartout comes to this conclusion?
Yet again, we see an example of how Fogg and Passepartout are foils of each other. The threat of delay caused by bad weather is driving Passepartout mad, but Fogg remains unworried.
When Passepartout says he is sure that Fix does not travel on his own expense, who does Passepartout assume is paying for Fix's travel?
Verne calling the wind obstinate is an example of personification. Watch the video below to learn more about personification and look for examples as you read. (This annotation contains a video)
"Passepartout cleared up with the weather" is Verne's way of saying that
In this highlighted selection, there are seven mentions of the time! Time is obviously the novel's most dominant theme.
Along with time, another theme of the novel is British Imperialism. How does the highlighted sentence reflect this theme?
While trying to find a tavern, Fix accidentally leads Passepartout to an opium den. Opium is now an illegal drug, but in the nineteenth century opium dens were popular in Asia. (This annotation contains an image)
Passepartout being certain that Fix has been sent by the Reform Club while readers know otherwise is an example of
Whom do you agree with here: Fix or Passepartout?
"He acquitted his task with characteristic serenity" is another way of saying that Fogg
When confronted with an obstacle, Fogg remains calm and looks for a solution. We have seen this character trait of his time and time again.
We have seen Fix be upset by Fogg spending what he believes to be the bank's money. Now Fogg is offering to pay Fix's way and Fix accepts. What does this say about both Fogg's and Fix's characters?
Below is a view of Hong Kong's harbor from the 1870s. Can you imagine the group making their way through this landscape? (This annotation contains an image)
Fogg does not know that Passepartout is missing because he
A typhoon is like a hurricane that occurs at sea. Watch the video then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a video)
How does watching the video of a typhoon help your understanding of what the group is going through? Did seeing the video add to your experience while reading the text?
Pay attention to the imagery Verne uses to describe the storm. Phrases such as "the violence of the waves," "raged with undiminished fury," and "would have crushed a craft" paint a vivid picture of the danger the group is in.
This paragraph describes Passepartout as
Passepartout now understands what happened to him and is very angry with Fix.
What is the purpose of this paragraph?
Below is a picture of two Japanese cranes. (This annotation contains an image)
This chapter title is an allusion to the story of Pinocchio. An allusion is when an author calls something (usually another work of literature, a play, or a piece of art) to mind without mentioning it directly. Knowing what you do about the story of Pinocchio, what do you think the connection might be?
Before movies and television, the circus was one of the most popular forms of entertainment. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Passepartout join the circus?
How fortunate for Passepartout that Fogg happens to be in the audience at the circus! It was not fortunate for the other clowns making the human pyramid, though!
Passepartout decides to tell Fogg the truth about Fix's mission and what delayed him.
Again, we see the theme of time and the symbolism of watches and timepieces.
What does Fix tell Passepartout that his plan is in regards to arresting Fogg?
This postcard shows San Francisco in the year 1849. You can tell from the tents and the buildings that everything was hastily set up to accommodate the Gold Rush crowds. (This annotation contains an image)
In the early part of the novel, Verne had much commentary on British Imperialism. In this section, you will discover what Verne thinks of America. By the tone of this political meeting, Verne is trying to convey that he believes that America is
It is ironic that a riot broke out for the election of a justice of the peace!
"New York and San Francisco are thus united by an uninterrupted metal ribbon..." Verne is using ______________ comparing the railroad to a ribbon.
While trains were the most efficient way to cross America in 1870, it still was not speedy. These trains only averaged twenty miles per hour! (This annotation contains an image)
How does the highlighted passage show that Fogg and Passepartout are foils of each other?
Polygamy is the practice of a husband having more than one wife. In the nineteenth century, Mormons practiced polygamy. The church has since outlawed polygamy, but some families and communities practice it secretly to this day. (This annotation contains an image)
From the tone of this passage, we can infer that the narrator
The transcontinental railroad was one of the greatest engineering feats of the nineteenth century. Verne describes it to highlight the novel's theme of scientific progress making the world seem smaller and more connected. (This annotation contains an image)
The highlighted quote of Fogg's shows his unending
Below is a postcard of Laramie Peak, the highest peak in Wyoming. (This annotation contains an image)
While the other passengers on the train are upset about the delay, Fogg remains engaged in his game of cards. Is this characteristic behavior of Fogg's? When else have we seen him unconcerned with delays in this story?
The plains will be far easier to cross than the mountains the group has been journeying through. (This annotation contains an image)
"Aouda remained in the car, as pale as death" is an example of
This portrayal of the Sioux Indians attacking the train continues the narrative about the wildness of America. It is also, unfortunately, a very stereotypical portrayal of Indians. (This annotation contains an image)
Yet again, Fogg has come through a dangerous situation
Are you beginning to sense that Aouda is developing feelings for Fogg? How do you think Fogg feels about her? Are these feelings requited?
"Was which was whistling" is an example of
Fogg has come through another danger completely unharmed! Do you think this is realistic?
Why is Fix interested in Fogg making it back to England on time? Do you think he has changed his perspective?
No one, not even the narrator, is sure what Fix is thinking about at this point in the novel.
The picture below shows the group's sledge ride. (This annotation contains an image)
The group's travel by way of the innovative sledge highlights the theme of __________________ in the novel.
The Bradshaw Guide gave all of the railway and steamer travel schedules. (This annotation contains an image)
This is an example of
This journey would have been much different without Fogg's bag of money! The extra money has come in handy nearly every step of the way-- from hiring this boat, to the innovative sledge, even for buying an elephant!
"If, then - for there were 'ifs' still..." Give three examples from the novel that show how this entire journey has been full of "ifs."
"It was as if the honest fellow had been commanded to unchain a tiger" is a great simile that foreshadows how angry Captain Speedy will be.
How does Fogg compensate for running out of fuel?
Fix had not undergone a change after all-- he was planning on arresting Fogg as soon as they set foot on British soil. Do you blame Passepartout for not warning Fogg of Fix's real motivation?
Thanks to Fix's arrest (and Passepartout not warning Fogg that it was likely coming), it looks as if Fogg will not make it in time. According to the narrator, Fogg is feeling
Fogg lost the bet by just five minutes! Do you really think that the story is over, or will Fogg find some way to triumph?
Now that the group is safely in England, watch the trailer below for the 1956 movie version of this novel which won the Academy Award for Best Picture. (This annotation contains a video)
After watching the trailer for the movie version above, how do you think the movie compares to the novel? Did it match how you pictured the scenery and the characters as you were reading the book?
One surprise from watching the trailer might have been seeing the fair redhead actress Shirley Maclaine wearing dark makeup to play the Indian princess. Do you think that this was a sign of the times in 1956? (This annotation contains an image)
What has made Fogg so happy in the highlighted passage?
Pall Mall is a major street in London. The postcard below shows how the street looked in 1907. (This annotation contains an image)
How does Fogg pull this off? What is your hypothesis?
How did Fogg win the bet? Study the map below of the world divided into time zones. Because Fogg travelled from east to west, he slowly went back in time each step along the way. By the time he had circumnavigated the globe, the group had lost a full day. (This annotation contains an image)