A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court
This is the tale of a 19th-century citizen of Hartford, Connecticut who awakens to find himself inexplicably transported back in time to early medieval England at the time of the legendary King Arthur in AD 528. (From feedbooks.com)
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What does the narrator of this story not realize that should be obvious to the reader?
Watch the following video on dramatic irony. Consider the ways in which the narrator of the story is oblivious to the circumstances he is in. He suspects that everyone else has a false view of reality, when, in fact, it seems he is the one who has this problem. At what point do you think he will realize his misperception? (This annotation contains a video)
Define the word highlighted here, cavalcade. Based on how this word is used in the text, which of the following would be an example of this word in the present day?
A drawbridge is pictured below. These were commonly attached to castles, especially those surrounded by moats (a man-made river around the perimeter of the castle). Drawbridges served as an additional layer of protection against invaders. (This annotation contains an image)
Mark Twain's sense of humor is a hallmark of his writing. His wit, sarcasm, and ability to phrase things in a humorous way, make his writing enjoyable to read. Here is an example of a pun--a literary device in which a word with multiple meanings is intentionally used (or in this case misunderstood). The two characters are obviously on a different page (no pun intended) in terms of the language they are speaking.
What is the narrator's most distressing conflict at this point in the story?
In what way does the narrator intend to determine whether or not he is really in the year 528? Explain using evidence from the text.
The narrator has decided that if he really is in the 6th century, he's going to take advantage of his knowledge and skills and "boss" or become an influential person.
The analogy here refers to the Native Americans that were subjugated by the Colonists. The narrator has an obvious prejudice towards this race. Many colonists during his time did. This does not necessarily reflect the view of the author, Twain, who progressively acknowledged the abuse Native Americans faced at the hands of white settlers.
What character trait do these knights possess that seems to most surprise the narrator?
Queen Guinevere is flirting with Sir Launcelot. She is married to King Arthur, but there seems to be something obvious going on between them.
Based on the narrator's description of Merlin, what can we infer about him?
Although Arthur is unaware of the gift that he will have to give someday, we suspect that he might have to give something of value or give something at an inopportune time. This technique foreshadows what could be a climactic moment in King Arthur's life.
Watch the following video on character development. The narrator is surrounded by characters who seem to be very comfortable with who they are. In other words, they appear to be static. One of the themes that ties in with character development in this novel is that customs and traditions should be occasionally challenged. Some characters will be influenced to change; others will remain static or stuck in their ways. Pay attention to how these characters develop and what causes them to change and go against traditional and customary ways of thinking. (This annotation contains a video)
Similar to the other knights, Sir Kay tells extravagant lies and no one seems to not believe him. The narrator can discern the lies told on both sides rather obviously, but the knights do not seem to care (or know) that most of what they are told is not the truth. Think about the context in which Twain wrote this story. What people during his time might appear to be as naive as these knights?
In what way do the characters in this chapter appear to be static as opposed to the narrator? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
The narrator is still in denial. He believes that he is dreaming, and can't bring himself to terms with the reality that he has been transported back in time.
What does the narrator know about Merlin that Clarence does not?
Twain's novel, as you will see, attacks the romantic way in which medieval characters, like Merlin and Sir Lancelot, were portrayed. One of the sharpest criticisms of this time was the lack of reason that people had. In other words, medieval people did not use critical thinking skills or their intellect as much as they did their emotions. Other literature during the time idealized the medieval knights, but Twain and many other American authors thought this view of history was inaccurate and exaggerated.
What event is going to help Hank escape from his prison cell?
This is a very old curse word, not used today, that is similar to taking God's name in vain. (For example, like "god-dang-it!")
Which of the following is not a term that Hank gave to the King?
In what ways does Hank use the skill of improvisation to outsmart his peers? Use textual evidence to support your response.
What can we infer about Hank based on his comments in the opening section of this chapter?
Chromo is short for chromolithography, or the art or imprinting paintings and artwork in color. Below is an example of a lithography. (This annotation contains an image)
As we think about static versus dynamic characters, note the cognitive flexibility that Hank displays. He knows he doesn't have many modern conveniences he is used to, but instead of feeling helpless, he resolves to reinvent them himself.
What is the main reason that Hank blows up Merlin's tower?
In what way does Twain best attack the romanticized view of the medieval figures?
Saying that someone's stock is flat means that they have lost value or lost popularity. In this case, Merlin is losing his highly esteemed public opinion. Hank is replacing him as a greater magician.
This is an allusion to Joseph from the Old Testament, who was sold by his brothers into slavery, imprisoned in Egypt, and then elevated as a right-hand man to the Pharaoh after it was discovered that he had a penchant for interpreting dreams and stimulating the economy. He enjoyed success because his thinking was progressive and advanced to his peers.
This refers to the Catholic Church, which exhibit widespread power throughout Europe. The Church at this point in time even had its own army that could be used to impose the Church's will upon the world.
The attitude that the narrator, Hank, who is an outsider, possesses towards his surroundings can be best summarized by which of the following words?
Watch the following video on point of view and cultural perspective. Think about the point of view that is used in this story. Also, think about the perspective that the narrator has towards the culture he is in. Questions about these topics will appear at various points in this text. (This annotation contains a video)
Twain is taking an opportunity to be philosophical here by expounding on a major theme in this novel: people should challenge traditions and habits. Notice the language he uses to describe the people of Britain and the habits they have not challenged.
The narrator again brings up a major theme that is relevant both to the medieval times and to his present day. The Roman Catholic Church had become a political and social force that created a schism in society--power to a few and poverty and ignorance to the masses. The subjugation, or oppression, of a people by a religious institution has occurred often throughout history. Twain's treatment of this subject tells us his strong feelings against abusive power.
Analyze the word choice that Hank uses to describe the King. What does his word choice reveal about his attitude towards this monarchy? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
A patent on something that is invented makes it copyrighted, per se, and not allowed to be used by someone else without permission. This means that no one else can claim that they invented it or use it without paying a fee to the inventor (in most cases). Hank's use of patents is one attempt to "modernize" this new world he lives in.
Watch the following video that depicts tournament scenes from the movie A Knight's Tale. Compare the scene you see here (the crowd, the noise, the costumes, etc.) with the description that Hank provides in this chapter. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the main reason a newspaper might be unsuccessful at this point in the story with the people of Britain?
The Holy Grail is an ancient relic that medieval knights sought as the most valued of all treasures. The legends vary as to what it was and where it came from, but the most prevalent stories pointed to a chalice, or cup, that belonged to or came from Jesus of Nazareth. A possible example of it is seen below. (This annotation contains an image)
Why, most likely, does the Church pose a threat to Hank's factories?
Hank founded many new churches, letting people decide how they wanted to worship. Sound familiar? This is religious freedom, which is, no doubt, a popular theme during Twain's time. Hank also expresses his fear of a centralized, united church that could easily become an oppressive force if it ended up in an evil and selfish person's hands.
Define this highlighted word. Use it in a sentence to describe the position that Hank believes he occupies within the land of medieval times.
Hank is talking about bringing enlightenment to the world. This world he occupies now is referred to as the Dark Ages, because very few people were educated or informed about the world around them. They still believed in superstitions and had not obtained enough freedom to make large progress in social, political, and academic ways.
Why does the King ask Hank to set out and seek adventures?
Why does Hank interrogate this young lady so forcefully?
This word means 'one who can bring someone back from the dead.' But here it is used in a more general sense to mean a very dark and powerful wizard.
Below is a breakdown of the various parts of medieval armor. Imagine having to put this on piece by piece. In what ways do you think this armor is superior or inferior to today's military protection? (This annotation contains an image)
What medieval customs and traditions does Hank most strongly oppose in this chapter? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Define this highlighted word. Which word most closely matches the word "reticule" as it is used in this sentence?
Hank is certainly not mincing any words here. He lets the reader know just how annoyed he is by Sandy. Although he is justified in his criticisms, his attitude expresses his arrogance and superior attitude. Do you think at some point this attitude will catch up with him?
Why is this phrase "freemen" considered sarcastic?
Hank elaborates here upon the Feudal system of the medieval times. Below is a picture that shows the various levels, or hierarchy, of social classes. The church is on the same level as the King. Everyone else answers to the man above him. The Pope/Church supposedly answered to God, but their practice and laws seemed to benefit them--not the rest of humanity. (This annotation contains an image)
Although Hank is critical about injustice around him, his prevailing attitude about the people he is around makes him seem
What kind of political concept is Hank trying to convey to these freemen?
What is the phrase "conversation mill" a metaphor for?
The knights are not attacking Hank because they believe that he is a dragon. He used his pipe to blow smoke through his helmet and face-mask. Sandy claims that only a few of the bravest knights would dare challenge a dragon.
What is the most important consequence of this first battle that Hank has with other knights?
Sandy is learning a new idiom--hang out. To her this phrase is peculiar, but she at least recognizes that Hank is using it in a different way than she might understand. Her willingness to learn Hank's phrases shows that he is having a wide influence on the people around him.
The humor in the retelling of this tale is Hank's reaction. He focuses on the death of the horses more than the people--a response which obviously would make anyone like Sandy or from her time very uncomfortable and confused.
What does Hank criticize here about the way in which Sandy tells her stories?
Take a moment to realize what's going on. If you're having a hard time being interested in the story being told about these knights, then you're in good company. Even the narrator, Hank, cannot follow. The point of doing this is to impose on the reader the same feelings Hank must have had--boredom and frustration. Twain uses this as an opportunity to point out a common criticism he leveled on others' writing: lack of creativity and limited diction. When writers don't use imagination or say things in a boring way, people don't want to read them. Twain thought many of his contemporaries wrote this way.
In what ways does Mark Twain use Hank as his mouthpiece to convey his criticism of medieval culture? Use evidence from this chapter to respond.
A tabard was a type of coat worn for centuries in European countries. Notice, in the picture below, the intricate designs and colors used. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Hank making that he thinks will undermine the Church and advance society?
Watch the following video on the Catholic Church of Medieval Europe and compare it to the criticisms that Hank makes about the Church. (This annotation contains a video)
How did Morgan kill the young page boy?
Part I Quiz
The description of the people in the banquet hall indicates that they lack
Although Hank has been reasonably just throughout the story, he hangs the entire band even though he had a chance to set them free. Why do you think he did this?
Torture was a common practice during much of human history, especially in Europe during the dark ages. This video clip from The Princess Bride shows a torture rack that was used to inflict pain on people. Today, we might torture someone to get information out of them; back then, torture was meant to exact revenge, punish, and force people into confessing crimes. Even after a confession, the tortured would be tortured more and killed. (This annotation contains a video)
Explain why Hugo, the tortured man, did not confess that he killed the stag. Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Although the "Nobles" of the day present themselves as the ones with all the virtue and manners, it's actually the poor peasants who possess more character. What theme might this communicate?
Throughout American history, the freedom of religion clause in the Constitution has made room for a variety of denominations, or religious groups. Lutherans, Calvinists, Catholics, Orthodox believers, and many more religions have established churches throughout America. In Hank's mind, having so many churches is an obvious sign of religious freedom and decentralization of religious power from politics. Can you think of any modern states where one religion rules through political force?
Many of these laws are extremely similar to the slave laws that governed America, especially the South during Twain's time. Slave owners could do anything they wanted to their slaves because their slaves were considered their property.
Why does Hank refer to the prisoners as human bats?
In thinking about static and dynamic characters, where would you place Morgan Le Fay? Twain's characterization of stereotypes is one of his strengths. He brings to life the worst of people and the best of people. Morgan is one of his most atrocious characters. Think about what she might represent during Twain's time. Who had that much power without anyone to stop them?
In common language we might call these missions.
What do the oppressed people of the medieval system need in order to bring justice to their land?
Although Hank was not actually expecting to see a castle and an ogre, he is surprised that Sandy tells him a magic spell (an enchantment) has been cast over it to make it appear as a mere, rundown house.
Hank plays along with Sandy and convinces her that only he cannot see what the castle, ogres, and ladies really are. Even though she can't see these things either, she believes that he is really enchanted.
Why do you think Hank plays along so well with Sandy? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
The Catholic Church had a particular view of the universe, God, humanity that they believed represented the most accurate view of reality. If anyone challenged this view, he or she could have been killed. Galileo is such an example. He claimed that the Earth revolved around the sun. The Church claimed it was heretical to think this because the Earth was more important than the sun and the sun must revolve around it. Galileo was imprisoned in a tower by the Church for heresy. Hank could be imprisoned for the things he knows to be true, too.
Even the owner of where they are staying believes that the swine are nobility. That everyone does not challenge traditions and thinks so superstitiously annoys Hank.
What does Sandy think is going to happen to her noble relatives?
One of the central conflicts in this story is mentioned here: people are afraid of changing the way they think. Do you know people who are afraid to think differently?
What is the moral of Sandy's story?
This could be a reference to the Trail of Tears--the long exile that the American government forced thousands of Native Americans to take to relocate to different lands. See the image below and notice how far away they were sent. (This annotation contains an image)
The two groups--slaves and pilgrims--who cross paths in this chapter are meant to expose what?
For someone reading this during Twain's time, it must have struck very close to home. There were many Americans from the North wanted to end slavery like Hank, but really did nothing but look on. There were also many Americans from the North and South who just looked on and had empathy for the African Americans who were beaten, abused, and enslaved.
What does Hank send for? Why do you think he needs these things? Make an inference using evidence from the text.
Why does Hank really refrain from assisting the abbot with the problem of the fountain?
The well probably looked like the image below. The windlass is the pulley system you see here that drops a bucket down into the aquifer to draw out the water. It is then hoisted up and distributed. (This annotation contains an image)
Today, we refer to this in many ways. A couple popular phrases in psychology are fixed mindset and static paradigms. Both refer to people who do not know how to think differently about important concepts and ideas. Hank has brought up this criticism of these people many times throughout this book.
Why is Hank so often misunderstood?
This is a nice way of saying that Sandy has the tendency to speak in very, very long run-on sentences. We also get a history lesson here on the origin of the English language which came in large part from the Germanic tribes of Europe.
A hermit lived in destitute conditions, kept away from society, and usually had some kind of religious task, like memorizing the entire Biblical scripture or transcribing it. (This annotation contains an image)
This story is a great example of the satirical method. Twain pokes fun of a subject that others during this time took seriously. Most satire makes religious, social, and political ideas and behaviors look foolish and cause the readers to question their truth and value. In this instance, Hank believes the prayers are pointless but the motion can at least be utilized.
William Lecky (see image below) was an Irish political theorist and historian. He wrote a book that greatly influenced Mark Twain. His notions about capitalism - his belief that it was only way to bring a society out of the dark ages - greatly influenced Twain's books, especially this one. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Hank want a half-mile space of privacy around this well?
Again we hear that Hank's goal with Merlin is to undermine his authority so that he can establish himself and his own reputation.
A hogshead is a barrel used for whiskey, wine, food, etc. See the image below. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the following video about another famous "Wizard." Compare the way Oz cleverly tricks his audience with the way Hank tricks his. (This annotation contains a video)
What techniques does Hank use to cleverly build his reputation in this chapter? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Recall that one of Hank's primary objectives with these people is to disprove their superstitions. He does so by telling the abbot that taking baths had nothing to do with the well ceasing to provide water. Why do you think the abbot believed Hank so readily?
Which person does Hank most closely resemble in his approach towards getting to know the peasants?
Hank had intended the army he ordered to be of soldiers that he could command. The King created an army, but with nobles, who Hank knows are neither noble nor intelligent enough to perform his military duties. This event will become another major conflict in this story.
What most shocks Hank about the people of the Valley of Holiness in this chapter?
Twain often offers sagely advice through his characters. He is also known for words of wisdom in his other non-fiction writings. This echoes one of his more popular sentiments that people must work hard to be successful. Think about how this conflicts with today's cultural perspective that it takes innate talent to be a success.
Based on Twain's cultural and social milieu the "aristocracy" could be a reference to which of the following groups of people?
It's worth breaking down this story. The Anglican Church did not want people who left the church to become police officers. A law was passed to forbid them to run or be elected. The church then made another law that fined these people if they refused to run or serve. The church then elected these people for law enforcement positions. Consequently, they were fined by no choice of their own. Today we might use the phrase, "Damned if you do; damned if you don't!" to summarize this legal trap.
Any government is a good government, no matter what kind it is, as long as people have freedom and the rulers make choices that benefit all.
Why does the King and his panel so quickly dismiss Hank's West Pointer?
In satirical fashion, Twain mocks the nobility of medieval times by showing that, although they are the first to be appointed to important positions, they lack general intelligence and savvy. Can you think of people today who are appointed to positions of power but are not qualified?
Any descendants of King Arthur would be given a monetary gift by the nation, which was raised by collecting more taxes.
Hank is eliminating the heavy tax burden that comes from the Royal Grant, by creating a small unit in the army that enlists Arthur's descendants. The one condition for joining is to not accept the Royal Grant.
What does this anecdote suggest about the Queen?
Hank, who is in control of the treasury department and making money, "watered-down" his currency by adding more of it all at once and giving it to people who could be cured by medical doctors. Most of these people were miraculously "cured." This created a state of inflation in which more money was required for a purchase and the value of money went down.
In his evaluation of the newspaper, Hank is being used by Twain as a mouthpiece to point out what?
The media of the medieval times was carried by oral tradition and full of superstitions. Hank's newspaper, however, changes the face of the media and provides another spin on current events--one more modern aimed at investigative journalism, but not without media bias. Think about all the ways we get media today: Newspapers, YouTube, blogs, newscasts, talk shows, radio shows.
This question reveals more about King Arthur than anything else we learned in the first half of this novel. It shows the human side of him. He is obviously very fond of Hank, and feels insecure that his most trusted servant does not speak frankly to him about things. He can sense Hank withholds his thoughts. Any successful relationship requires open communication. Do Hank and the King have this?
Why does Hank save the King's life? Letting him die would mean that he would possibly be in charge. Use evidence from the text to support your response.
In other words, King Arthur looks the part, but he doesn't know how to play the part of a peasant.
Unlike the other nobles, King Arthur is directly confronted (willingly) with his aristocratic sense of superiority by his friendship with Hank. He is learning to understand his prejudices. Although not exactly the same, this should sound similar to another one of Twain's famous friendships that was forged on the Mississippi--Huck and Jim. Huck had quite a few prejudices he had to overcome, too, along the way.
Which profession today is probably a job that this highlighted passage refers to?
The King reveals his character in this scene by assisting the woman with smallpox even though he jeopardizes his own health. As Twain takes the King from a static character to a dynamic one, the reader begins to develop a stronger emotional connection with him. As in most novels, good writers will not reveal a character's true self until later in the novel. This keeps us guessing as to what a person would do in the points of conflict in the story. Would you have guessed King Arthur would be so selfless here?
As we read this chapter, which aspect of this era seems to present itself as the greatest threat to humanity?
In what ways does Twain challenge the religious institutions of King Arthur's times? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
What appears to be King Arthur's greatest conflict?
This highlighted phrase is a derogatory term for someone whose face has been scarred by smallpox. Below is an example of how devastating this disease can be. (This annotation contains an image)
Unlike today's legal system, the medieval people did not presume a person was innocent until proven guilty. Back then a person was considered guilty until proven innocent, and in many situations no amount of evidence was even considered after a person was thought to commit a crime. In the South, many African Americans were presumed to be in the wrong in every context of a crime. Hank, again, is echoing Twain's sentiments.
Remember that Hank has been working to build "revolution" into the blood of these oppressed people. One of the first places a revolution begins, is with people being brave enough to speak out against the evils of their day. This man is such a person. In speaking out, people already feel a sense of freedom.
Part II Quiz
Twain wants the reader to feel _____ when the Marcos are rewarded for their generosity.
Recall that Hank believes violence can win a revolution. He is arming the uprisers with ammunition and firearms.
Twain was somewhat of a self-made man, and prized hard-work and shrewdness above many other character traits.
Why does Hank go to great lengths to host this feast and pay for all the Marcos' dinner guests? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Based on the information that you just considered, describe two or three ways in which Hank and Sir Richard Arkwright are similar.
Read the following biography on Richard Arkwright. As you read, think carefully about how he is similar to Hank. You will use this information in the next question. (This annotation contains a link)
Hank is trying to teach Dowley about the value of money. His lesson is lost on this man and his friends, but it is another opportunity for Hank to express what he is trying to do within his surroundings--create an open-market economy in which people control the value of money and objects. This is one way to destabilize economic control.
What economic principle is Hank speaking of here?
To contradict the spirit of the times and stir revolution, Hanks is carefully weaving economic principles of increased wages and market demands on these men. His hope for all of medieval society is that the economy will value the work of its laborers. In the caste system in this time period, people only earned what their lords and rulers wanted them to. Sometimes they made nothing. There were no labor laws protecting them.
Watch the following video on labor unions to learn why this phenomenon must have been so important to Twain and Hank. (This annotation contains a video)
What does Hank most hope to accomplish with these men?
Why do the Marcos betray King Arthur and Hank?
The problem with most aristocracy is that the rules they make for others never apply to them. Now that Arthur experiences his own laws, he is quite frustrated by how foolish they are.
What does this experience tell us about Hank?
This is one of Twain's most impactful lines in this story. It sums up the foolish way that people exult kings, heroes, saints, and other magnanimous people. People don't inherit character and quality by virtue of their title or rank. People earn a reputation by who they are and what they do. Hank thinks admirably of King Arthur who has shown how compassionate and brave he can be in spite of his obvious fixed mindset and steadfast prejudices.
The King is very irked that he is purchased as a slave for only seven dollars. No matter what direction the conversation goes, he redirects it back to his anger towards this fact. Any person would likely feel the same way if he or she was undervalued.
How did the slave driver attempt to break down the King's "style"?
Hank could have helped him and the King get free sooner; however, he knows that the King has now decided he despises slavery. Hank was waiting for this change to occur before he attempted a breakout.
Although the plot often deviates from the tale of our protagonists--the King and Hank--we are given many sad tales like the one we just heard. What do you suppose is the purpose of these tales?
It seems odd that the King is still enslaved. We know his master won't send for anyone to verify who he is, but one gets the distinct feeling that the King is content being a slave for the moment. Why do you think the King is content remaining this way? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Not only is the King sold for a lower price than before, he is offered for free! This offends his pride even more. In some way, though, this humbling reality is like catharsis for King Arthur--it heals his pretentious pride and grand sense of self-importance.
What does this highlighted figure of speech most likely mean?
What appears to be Hank's self-admitted fault?
It is often said that no man knows his true worth until he has lost everything he thinks is worthy. Think about how this might apply to King Arthur.
Read the following poem and respond to the question that follows: “Lancelot with Bicycle” by Phyllis McGinley ~ Her window looks upon the land. From, anonymous and shy, Twice daily she can see him plain, Wheeling heroic by. She droops her cheek against the pane And gives a little sigh. Above him maples at their bloom Shake April pollen down like stars While he goes whistling past her room Toward unimagined wars, A tennis visor for his plume, Scornful of handlebars. And, counting over in her mind His favours, gleaned like windfall fruit (A morning when he spoke her kind, an afternoon salute, a number that she helped him find, Once, for his paper route.) Sadly she twists a stubby braid And closer to the casement leans – A wistful and a lily maid In moccasins and jeans, Despairing from the seventh grade To match his lordly teens. And so she grieves in Astolat (Where other girls have grieved the same) For being young and therefore not Sufficient to his fame – Who will by summer have forgot
How does this poem best relate to A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court?
Although it has been a while since its mention, Hank still is due to fight Sir Sargramor. This battle is about to happen and has been announced in Hank's own newspaper.
In what very important way is this tournament different from others according to the newspaper article?
Why do the Knights not like Hank?
Below is a picture of a modern day knight fight. These festivals are held all around the world. People dress with just as much pomp and circumstance as they did during medieval times. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is an original image of a knight being pulled from his saddle by Hank and his lasso. (This annotation contains an image)
Hank proclaims that chivalry is dead. In what ways did he end this institution? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
This novel has been classified as science fiction by some. Why is this so?
Hank has two goals: 1. To bring freedom of religion to these people and 2. To give every person the right to vote as a democratic citizen. Both of these rights eventually end up in the United States Constitution, but also find their way in some form into British documents like the Magna Carta. Do you now of countries that still don't offer these rights to individuals?
Why does Twain include this story about Lancelot?
Watch the following trailer from a Disney version of this novel. Although not an exact version of this story, the film was adapted for a younger crowd. Many of the same themes, especially the theme of a person needing to prove himself a true hero, can be found in both works. (This annotation contains a video)
This is an act of the Roman Catholic Church in which it banned or excluded certain people from doing things, such as getting married or being part of church.
This video is an interesting flashback to another account of how Lancelot and King Arthur first met. Although friends for much of their lives, Lancelot is the epitome of ultimate betrayal in many Arthurian legends because he slept with the King's wife. (This annotation contains a video)
Why is this war a threat to Hank's dream of a democracy?
What makes the people of Britain so easily leave the civilized training that Hank has offered them?
Over the years, Hank has been stockpiling weapons and supplies in case he ever needed to go to war. Now is his time. He has ground mines, an electric fence, and even guns. Do you think these weapons will help him win a war against the Church and the Knights?
In what ways has Clarence served Hank well throughout this novel? Use examples from the text to support your response.
One of the lessons we can learn from this story is that these people could not be persuaded to form a republic or a democracy or get rid of the monarchy. Their fear of the church and their paradigms that formed around superstition were too ingrained in them to let this idea of freedom really take hold.
What is the problem with Hank's terms to the Knights?
What does Hank not tell us here? Make a bold prediction using evidence from the text to support your response.
Part III Quiz