The Jungle Book

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The Jungle Book (1894) is a collection of stories written by Rudyard Kipling.The tales in the book (and also those in The Second Jungle Book which followed in 1895, and which includes five further stories about Mowgli) are fables, using animals in an anthropomorphic manner to give moral lessons. The verses of The Law of the Jungle, for example, lay down rules for the safety of individuals, families and communities. Kipling put in them nearly everything he knew or "heard or dreamed about the Indian jungle." (From feedbooks.com)
Curriculet Details
39 Questions
57 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for middle school students contains interactive videos exploring tone and mood and film adaptations of the short stories included in The Jungle Book, as well as annotations describing various types of figurative language, pictures of animals featured in the stories, and William Blake’s poem “The Tiger.” Students will explore the themes of courage and obedience. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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Chapter 1 - Mowgli's Brothers

Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... try using it right now to look up the highlighted word, "byre." 
Here, we see that the animals fear the jackals because they are prone to hydrophobia or rabies.  
Below is a picture of a Jackal like Tabaqui.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Which is not a reason cited in the text for why the jungle animals dislike the jackal? 
Onomatopoeia is defined in the picture below as "a word or grouping of words that imitate the sound they describe." Check out the examples included below. In the highlighted text, "humming purr" is an example of this type of figurative language.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Why is the animals' position or point of view regarding humans unusual?  
Watch the video below on simile and metaphor. In the highlighted text, we see that Kipling uses a simile to compare Mother Wolf's eyes to "two green moons" using "like." This comparison helps us to picture the luminescent, emerald eyes of the wolf as they stare out in the darkness at Shere Khan.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text to describe Bagheera? 
Below is a picture of a panther to help you visualize Bagheera. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video on foreshadowing. In the highlighted text, Bagheera, like Mother Wolf earlier in the text, foreshadows or hints that Mowgli will one day hunt Shere Khan.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What caused the "little bald spot" under Bagheera's chin? 
Here we see Bagheera call fire the "Red Flower." The use of this metaphor and the explanation in the highlighted text help us to understand that the animals fear fire. However, Bagheera capitalizes on this fear as a way to help save Mowgli.  
Watch the short video on the genre fantasy. Which characteristics of fantasy are included in "The Jungle Book"? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
The fire that Mowgli weilds here is seen as a sign of what? 

Chapter 2 - Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack

A Sambhur is a type of deer found in parts of Asia including India. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video on text-based evidence. Chapter Two is called the "Hunting-Song of the Seeonee Pack." We know that this refers to wolf pack. What can you infer from the text about what the wolves value or how they function? What evidence supports your inferences? (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 3 - Kaa's Hunting

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
How is Mowgli different from Baloo's other students? Give at least two different pieces of textual evidence to support your answer.  
Below is a picture of a tiger like Shere Khan. The English author, Rudyard Kipling, was born in India. He spent years as a journalist there as an adult taking notes on life that was later included in his poems and stories for children.  (This annotation contains an image)
What does the highlighted text reveal about the Laws of the Jungle? How do the animals view life?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
Watch the short video on hyperbole. In the highlighted text, we see the use of hyperbole because Mowgli's heart doesn't really change location. Kipling's use of hyperbole here helps us to understand Mowgli's terror. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Choose one word that best describes Mowgli based on his actions in the highlighted text. Be sure to explain why you chose this character trait. 
Watch the scene where Mowgli is abducted by the monkeys from the animated version of "The Jungle Book." Look for key differences between the film and the text. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
Identify one major difference between how Mowgli's abduction is portrayed in the film (last annotation) versus the text.  
Below is a picture of an elephant to help you visualize Hathi.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of a Rock Python like Kaa. This species is found in India and usually grows to be on average nine feet and eight inches.  (This annotation contains an image)
Here, we see that Kaa is much larger than the average Rock Python. This exaggeration makes him seem more sinister. 
Below is a picture of an Indian Crested Porcupine like Ikki. This species is found throughout Asia. Its quills can be as long as twenty inches.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Why does Bagheera continuously reveal to Kaa the hurtful and insulting names the Bandar-log have called Kaa? 
Below is a piece of artwork depicting the animals in pursuit of Mowgli. What can you infer about these characters? (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of monkeys in front of a shrine in the Prang Sam Yot, the Monkey Temple in Thailand. This picture is meant to help you visualize what is going on in the text.  (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video on imagery. Then look at the details in the highlighted passage. Can you see how these details bring the ruined city to life in our imaginations? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which piece of textual evidence does not use imagery? 
Below is a picture of an Indian cobra snake. This type of snake is poisonous.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
Notice that Kaa is able to put a spell or hypnotize the monkeys, Baloo, and Bagheera. However, his power is useless over Mowgli. What conclusion can you draw about humans and animals?  
The way the second sentence is worded makes us, as readers, see the contrast between animals and humans. We can infer that we as humans nag afterwards, or in other words, humans tend to not completely forgive and forget once justice is served.  

Chapter 4 - Road-Song of the Bandar-Log

Read the definition of alliteration below. This type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text with the repeating of the "l" consonant.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Which word best describes the "Monkey-kind"? 

Chapter 5 - "Tiger! Tiger!"

Read an excerpt from William Blake's poem, "The Tiger" included below. What similarities and differences exist between Blake's poem and the highlighted text?  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
Which would not be considered a similarity between the William Blake's poem "The Tiger" and the first eight lines of Chapter Five of The Jungle Book? 
The children make fun of Mowgli because they view him as uncivilized. However, he keeps his temper and shows himself to be more civilized and mature because of his time in the jungle. This makes us question just how civilized, compassionate, and fair we as humans are to each other? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Mowgli is not jaded or tainted by society's caste system. Give a supporting detail from the text to support this claim.  
For centuries in India, the society has divided people into the groups you see in the diagram below. Since Mowgli has grown up in the jungle, he does not discriminate or judge people based on the caste system.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of an Indian Water Buffalo. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
The setting changes from the village to the "Indian grazing ground." How does the setting primarily impact the plot in the highlighted text? 
Below is a picture of a kite. This is a common type of bird in India; it does not refer to the fabric or paper kites that people fly on windy days. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the video below on personification. This type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text when Kipling describes the rocks as dancing, an action that is performed by humans.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Using the context of the highlighted sentence, what does the "Waingunga" refer to? 
It is interesting that a peacock, often a symbol of vanity and pride, flies out of the ravine at Shere Khan's reply. What message might Kipling be sending about pride here? 
Watch the stampede scene from Disney's "The Lion King" to help you visualize this scene from "The Jungle Book." Pay attention to the techniques unique to each medium (film versus print). (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
Which stampede scene is most effective, the film version of The Lion King or the written description in The Jungle Book? Why? 
By Mowgli's comment we can tell that he feels imprisoned or trapped by the village's narrow-mindedness, foreign customs, and intolerance.  
Quiz One 

Chapter 6 - Mowgli's Song

Mowgli points out that he is not accepted completely by either the human or animal world. This would lead us to believe that he struggles with his identity and fitting in.  

Chapter 7 - The White Seal

Novastoshnah is very small; it is located where the arrow is pointing in the map below.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of Sea Catch, the seal.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
Below is a picture of a phosphorescent sea. This picture will help you to understand that as Kotick and his friends swim through the water, it creates a glow. This is probably why they refer to it as the "Fire-dance." (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What can you infer about how Kerick Booterin feels when he sees Kotick? 
Watch the short video on tone and mood. In the highlighted text, the mood is one of sympathy and compassion for Kotick's plight. How would you describe the tone? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
What is the tone of the highlighted passage? 
Below is a picture of a sea cow. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Kotick deems the sea cows' hidden location perfect for seals. Give at least two different pieces of textual evidence to support this claim.  
Below is a picture of the Northern Lights glowing green across the night sky. (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 8 - Lukannon

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Why is the seals' song sad? 

Chapter 9 - "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi"

Watch the short video below on protagonists and antagonists. Because this book is a series of short stories, each story has its own protagonist and antagonist(s). In the highlighted text, we can infer that "The hooded Death" refers to a cobra. Read on to discover whether this character is the protagonist or antagonist.  (This annotation contains a video)
Below is a picture of a mongoose, like Rikki-tikki. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.9
Which piece of textual evidence from the highlighted passage would best support the claim that this story takes place in India? 
Watch the highlighted scene in the animated film adaption below. How is the film version similar and different to the text? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
Which detail is emphasized in the film version of the scene between Rikki-tikki and Karait that is not as evident in the text? 
Below is a picture of a musk-rat like "Chuchundra." (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
Below is a picture of King Cobra snake eggs that have already hatched.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What is Rikki-tikki doing when he hears Darzee's wife's warning? 

Chapter 10 - Darzee's Chant

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Why does Darzee describe Rikki-tikki as having "eyeballs of flame"? 
Quiz Two 

Chapter 11 - Toomai of the Elephants

Below is a picture of an elephant from this time period being hoisted onto a ship like in our story.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text? 
Watch the short video on summarizing. How would you summarize the scene between Little Toomai and Petersen Sahib?  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which literary device is used in the highlighted text? 
Below is a picture of the setting of this scene. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Summarize what happens between the time when Kala Nag breaks out of camp and dawn. 
Below is an illustration of this last scene from this story. Did you enjoy the resolution? Why or why not? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 12 - Shiv and the Grasshopper

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which literary device is used in the highlighted text? 

Chapter 13 - Her Majesty's Servants

Locate Rawal Pindi on the map below. This city is located in the country of Pakistan.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Which word best describes the atmosphere in the camp? 
Watch the short video about how themes emerge in literature. Notice that in "Her Majesty's Servants" the conversation centers around how to deal with fear. As you continue to read, look for evidence that courage or cowardliness may be emerging as themes in this short story. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Compare and contrast the troop-horse and the mule. Be sure to give at least one similarity between the two and give two differences.  
Below is a picture of the god Shiva riding his sacred mount. This is a reference to the Hindu religion that is practiced in this area of the world. It also tells us that Two Tails is not British or Australian like the troop-horse and other animals.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
What can the bullocks not do according to Two Tails? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What makes Two Tails stop trumpeting? 
All of the characters are from different locations ruled by the British monarchy. Here, we see a shift in the conversation between "her majesty's servants." The young mule questions why they must obey at all. What do you think? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
What is the purpose of the highlighted simile? 
This reference to Noah's Ark in the highlighted text is called an allusion.  
Reread this highlighted exchange. What is the implied message about humans and animals? What conclusion can you draw about obedience and authority? 

Chapter 14 - Parade Song of the Camp Animals

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
What is the central idea or theme of the highlighted text? As you respond, consider what Kipling's message is about obedience? 
Quiz Three