Brain Jack

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Another terrifying sci-fi page-turner from the author of The Tomorrow Code! Las Vegas is gone-destroyed in a terrorist attack. Black Hawk helicopters patrol the skies over New York City. And immersive online gaming is the most dangerous street drug around. In this dystopic near-future, technology has leapt forward once again, and neuro-headsets have replaced computer keyboards. Just slip on a headset, and it's the Internet at the speed of thought. For teen hacker Sam Wilson, a headset is a must. But as he becomes familiar with the new technology, he has a terrifying realization. If anything on his computer is vulnerable to a hack, what happens when his mind is linked to the system? Could consciousness itself be hijacked? Before he realizes what's happened, Sam's incursion against the world's largest telecommunications company leads him to the heart of the nation's cyberdefense network and brings him face to face with a terrifying and unforeseen threat. Brian Falkner, author of The Tomorrow Code, has created an action-packed and thought-provoking science fiction adventure in which a brilliant young computer hacker fights to prevent the human race from being deleted. Fans of Cory Doctorow's Little Brotherand M. T. Anderson's Feedwill love this high-octane techno thriller.
Curriculet Details
98 Questions
115 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 8th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining computer terminology, story structure and methods for creating suspense and tension. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about textual evidence and conflict. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of story structure, conflict, and figurative language. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Prologue

At times during your reading you will be asked to support your answers by citing textual evidence. Textual evidence is the core of argument and analysis. Textual evidence is support lifted directly from text to support inferences, claims, and assertions. The video explains more about the use of textual evidence.  (This annotation contains a video)
Do you know what "malicious" means? Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Therefore, what does "malicious" mean? 

Homework #9

"Brain Jack" is a science fiction novel that includes themes or central ideas related to technology. Themes are the dominant ideas presented in a piece of writing. The video below explains more about themes and how to identify them. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What does the selected text reveal about Sam's character? 
"Brain Jack" is a science thriller. It includes plot elements from both computer science and the edge-of-your-seat excitement of a thriller. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
The selected text helps to develop one of the novel's themes or central ideas. Which of the central ideas or themes below is supported by the selected text? 
"Cyber-" is a very common prefix (added to the beginning of a base or root word) that is used to form words relating to the Internet. Cyberspace, cybercitizen, and cyberculture are just three of many other words beginning with the prefix. 

Homework #10

The image below shows a ghillie suit. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Use your own words to explain why the security program is called a "spider." 
A MAC address is built into the hardware of a computer and identifies a specific computer on a network. MAC works with the IP address to ensure you receive information (e.g. email) that is meant for you. 
Companies such as EMOTIV have made controlling your computer using brainwaves a reality. The image below shows the EMOTIV EPOC headset. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What are the Russian Black Flu and the Japanese Kamikaze? 
"Brain Jack" is an excellent novel for studying the elements of plot. The elements of plot include exposition, the rising action, climax, falling action, and the denoument or resolution. The video below explains the purpose for each element.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Use your own words to create a summary of Chapter One in the space provided. Include only the most important details. 

Homework #11

Do you know what "fatalities" means? Use the 'Define' feature to look it up.  

Homework #12

The exposition of a story includes important information the reader needs to understand the narrative - the setting, background information about the characters, character descriptions, and events that happen before the main story begins. What do your learn about Sam's talents and background in the first few chapters of the story? What do you learn about the setting? What has happened in the United States prior to the story's beginning? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does the selected text reveal about Sam's character? 
A "neuro-connection" implies a connection between the brain and the computer. Neuro is a prefix (added to the beginning of a base or root word) used to form words related to the brain and the nervous system. Other words that use the prefix are neurology, neuroscience, and neurotic. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Which statement about beta waves is NOT true? 
Virtual reality is an environment created by a computer that resembles a real or imagined place. The five senses can be stimulated to make the environment more realistic to the viewer. The image below shows the Oculus Rift, a popular virtual reality headset. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #13

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition for tarmac. Which of the words below is a synonym (the same or similar in meaning) for tarmac as it is used in the passage? 
The author includes references to popular culture icons to add realism to the story. C-3PO is the small robot from the Star Wars films. Tonto is the Native American friend of the Lone Ranger. 
IPSec secures information being sent between computers by encoding it. The message is decoded by the computer that receives the communication. The image below provides a basic explanation of IPSec. (This annotation contains an image)
"Online" generally refers to using the Internet. It can have other meanings as well. Online can also mean that a machine is functioning and ready for use. How is "online" used in the text? 

Homework #14

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Based on what you have already learned about the prefix "neuro," what does the term "neuro-games" mean as it is used in the selected text? 
The Defense Information Systems Agency, or DISA, is a real entity. DISA supports military operations by ensuring that information-sharing is under the control and command of the military and its leaders. The image below shows a DISA officer at work. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #15

"Spiders" are computer programs that are designed to locate and retrieve information from the Internet. They are called spiders because they crawl through the web of data available online. What are the spiders hunting for in the text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Use your own words to explain how the neuroheadset works. 
The image below shows Leonardo Da Vinci's painting of "Mona Lisa." (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why do Skullface and the other hackers hold the convention in the White House? 

Homework #16

The rising action of a novel is a series of events that lead to the most interesting part of the novel (the climax). The image below is a simplified form of Freytag's Pyramid. Notice the rising action on the left side of the image. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Based on what you have read so far, what is one reason Sam is in prison? 
The rising action of a story includes conflicts that must be overcome by the characters. There are two types of conflict: internal and external. Internal conflict can take the form of person vs. self. External obstacles include person vs. person, person vs. society, person vs. nature, or person vs. technology. Can you identify the conflicts that have occurred so far in the novel? The video below explains narrative conflict. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
How does the description of the weather in the selected text mirror what Sam is feeling inside? 
"Air-gapping" is used to ensure the maximum security of a network by completely isolating a computer or computer system from other networks.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Which of the excerpts from the text helps to understand the meaning of repatriated as it is used in the passage? 

Homework #17

Sam finds himself in conflict with technology, society, and other people at this point in the story. Each of these conflicts should be resolved before the end of the story. Some resolutions may occur before the climax while others will not be wrapped up until much later in the text. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
The selected text is an example of which type of figurative language? 

Homework #18

The image below shows an aerial view of the CIA's headquarters in Langley, Virginia. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why do you think it is important that the author tells us what type of criminals are housed at Recton Hall? 
Kiwis are found in New Zealand and are flightless birds. They also lay extremely large eggs.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why is Jase called Kiwi by the other prisoners?  

Homework #19

One way an author creates suspense in writing is to use short paragraphs with words that evoke certain feelings in the reader. The selected text shows how this specific structure can be used effectively. The paragraph is two sentences long and includes words such as "flying," "frightened," and "confused" to increase the feeling of excitement and suspense. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Read the selected text carefully. Which method for creating suspense does the author use in the selected text? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Which type of literary conflict is exemplified by the selected text? 
Authors also create suspense and excitement by placing characters in life- threatening situations. Sam must decide whether to run and risk being shot or to stay and miss his opportunity to escape. The reader is encouraged to continue reading the story to find out which decision Sam makes and how it affects the remainder of the story. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Use your own words to write a paragraph summarizing Sam's escape from Recton Hall up to this point. 
A race against time is also an effective way to create suspense. Will Sam catch the firetruck or miss it? The reader keeps reading to answer the question. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Use the define feature to read the meaning of macabre. Which of the choices below is an antonym (the opposite in meaning) of macabre as it is used in the text. 
Beginnings Quiz 

Homework #21

Cyber defense is a fascinating topic. The United States has a Comprehensive National Cybersecurity Initiative (CNCI) that is similar to the group you will be reading about in the next chapters of the story.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
List two items of textual evidence that support the conclusion that Sam is shocked by Jaggard's job offer. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why Sam is not able to contact his mother or anyone else for three month? 
Silicon Valley is the nickname of an area of Northern California in which a large number of technology companies are located. The image below is an areal view of Silicon Valley. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #22

The purpose of ergonomics is to increase comfort while decreasing the amount of stress or damage a person experiences when using a tool. The image below shows an ergonomic keyboard. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Based on what you know about the euro-headset, what do you think might be a problem with Sam using it to control the CDD computer? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Which of the following describes the metaphor in the highlighted text? 
"Men in Black" is a science fiction comedy film about two secret agents who protect the world against aliens. The image below shows a clip from the film. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #23

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Read the two selected passages carefully. What can you infer from the passages? What helps you make this inference? 
The author includes nods to several pop culture references in the novel. The image below shows the characters of Mr. Spock and James (Jim) Kirk of Star Trek mentioned in the text. What do you think the author's purpose is for including references to real world people, places, and things? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Who are the "barbarians" that Kiwi mentions in the selected text? 
The imagery used in the selected text is amazing! Can you imagine a pool with a digital bottom? Imagery is the use of precise words to build an image in the mind of the reader. The video below explains more about imagery. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Science fiction is characterized by futuristic settings, technology, travel, and so on. List one item of textual evidence from the current chapter that is futuristic. 
The author uses different types of words throughout the story to suggest a character's accent or country of birth. This is part of developing a character so that readers will notice how one is different from the next. "Ain't" isn't a word we would typically use in our writing but it does pop up a lot in conversation. What does the use of "ain't" suggest about Dodge? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Which of the following best defines "hacking" as it is used in Brain Jack? 
"JFK" is a reference to John Fitzgerald Kennedy. Kennedy was the 35th President of the United States. He was assassinated in Dallas, TX in November of 1962. The image below shows Kennedy. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What do you think Sam's dream says about his state of mind at this point in the novel?  

Homework #24

A firewall is a network security option that forms a barrier between your computer and other computers on the network. The image below shows how a firewall works. LAN refers to a local area network and WAN refers to a wide area network. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What or who does "rogue trader" refer to? Use items of evidence from the text to explain how you know. 
Peach Bottom Atomic Power Station is located in Delta, Pennsylvania. The plant provides electricity to over 2 million homes in Lancaster and York Counties. The image below shows Peach Bottom. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Which of the novel's themes or central ideas is supported by the selected text? 

Homework #25

A metaphor is a literary device that compares two things that are unrelated. The selected text compares Sam's job is cybersecurity to protecting a castles. Unlike similes, metaphors do not use "like" or "as" to make the comparison. The video below explains simile and metaphor. (This annotation contains a video)

Homework #26

Yum! Which is your favorite Hershey's Miniature? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Why do you think Sam "neglects" to tell Fargus he flew in on a Learjet? 
San Jose, California is the third largest city in California and the largest city in Silicon Valley. The image below shows downtown San Jose. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
The selected text helps support which of the text's themes or central ideas? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Why does Sam feel like Fargus will never come to see him?  

Homework #27

The San Jose Sharks and the Anaheim Ducks are two of California's professional hockey teams. The image below shows a match between the two teams. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
You can often find the meaning of unfamiliar words in the text surrounding them. Which of the excerpts from the text surrounding it helps you to understand what "bluesnarfing" means? 
The purpose of an oversight committee is to ensure the proper and efficient use of resources. The committees are especially important in government because they protect against corruption and abuse. 

Homework #28

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
Which form of conflict is exemplified by the selected text? 
You will notice that "Brain Jack" includes a lot of technical jargon that you may not be familiar with. Jargon is similar to a foreign language in that only a select group of people use it and it can be difficult to understand.  
The selected text is an example of an idiom. An idiom reflects the way we talk. Idioms are expressions that are not literal in meaning. Other examples include "put a cork in it", "keep an eye out for", and "raining cats and dogs". The video below contains more idioms. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Imagery is the use of figurative language (simile, metaphor, idiom, personification, etc) to appeal to our physical senses (taste, smell, sight, touch, and sound). Read each of the excerpts from the text below. Which excerpt does NOT use imagery? 
"UPS" refers to an uninterrupted power supply. As the story suggests, a UPS provides instantaneous power to computers when the main power supply is lost. Most UPS relief on batteries to operate. The image below shows a UPS. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Which of the statements below identifies how the selected text adds to the structure of the text? 

Homework #29

LAX refers to the Los Angeles International Airport. The airport is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Which word of the highlighted textual evidence tells the reader that Victoria is very good at her job as air traffic controller and has been doing it for awhile? 
The "blue screen of death" is an error message similar to the one in the image below. The screen usually appears when the computer is malfunctioning. (This annotation contains an image)
Cheyenne Mountain is located near the Cheyenne Mountain Air Force Base near Colorado Springs, Colorado. Today it is used infrequently as an alternate command base for the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) and as a crew training facility. The image below shows the entrance to the complex.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Use your own words and textual evidence to explain why Jaggard believes the CDD is the target of the rogue Southwest flight. 

Homework #30

The Department of Homeland Security is a government entity tasked with keeping America safe from threats both at home and internationally. Cybersecurity is one division of the department. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does the selected text reveal about Vienna?  
The selected text includes an example of a simile. A simile is a word that compares two objects that are unrelated using "like" or "as". The video below explains similes and how they differ from metaphors. (This annotation contains a video)

Homework #31

The "China Syndrome" refers to a severe nuclear reactor meltdown that results from overheating.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Based on the context of the text, the word absolute most nearly means 
Was it difficult to stop reading during the last three chapters of the story? The tension created by the rogue plane and the last minute resolution illustrate the continual up and down pattern of the rising action as seen in the Freytag's Pyramid below.  (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #32

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
"Ping" is an example of which type of figurative language? 
"The Hound of the Baskervilles" is a reference to a crime novel by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle that features Sherlock Holmes as he unravels a mystery involving a murderous and supernatural dog. The image below shows the book's original cover. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
How does Dodge support his comment that Swamp Witch is a freak? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
The author's description of the view from the plane is an example of  
Authors can also create suspense by withholding information from the reader. We know something devastating has happened to Las Vegas, but we are not sure what it is.  

Homework #33

Thermal imaging refers to the ability of some cameras to detect thermal radiation. The image below shows a house as seen through a thermal imaging camera. Differing amounts of radiation appear as different colors. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
What do Sam's thoughts regarding Tyler's request for questions reveal about Sam's self-image? 
The term "Thumbnail videos" has more than one meaning. Some thumbnail videos allow the user to see a snapshot of a longer film. As it is used in the text, thumbnail videos refer to the small size of the videos as they appear to the viewer. 

Homework #34

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Identify the literary device exemplified by "zizzing". Explain why "zizzing" is an example of the chosen literary device? 
Plasticuffs are an alternative to handcuffs. As the name suggests, they are made of plastic making them light, easy to carry, and disposable. The image below shows a pair of plasticuffs. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
The "insider" is allegedly someone in the CDD who is manipulating the network without the knowledge of the other hackers. The inclusion of the "insider" builds suspense as the story moves towards the climax. The author is using what technique to create suspense and tension? 

Homework #35

"USB3" refers to the third version of the Universal Serial Bus cables and connections that allow users to transfer digital data from one place to another. The image below shows a standard USB3 cable. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does the selected text reveal about Jaggard? 
Spam messages are messages or advertisements sent to a large group of people through email or social media. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Use your own words to summarize Jaggard's justification for seeing a connection to the terrorists in Chicago. 
The selected text contains another example of metaphor. All of the spam and other annoying aspects of the Internet are compared to barnacles. Barnacles are sea creatures that attach themselves to manmade structures such as ships and piers. Barnacles on ships cause drag which increases fuel consumption. The image below shows barnacles on a ship's propeller. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
How does Sam's time spent at Recton Hall impact the decisions he makes? 

Homework #36

Hacking a brain may sound like science fiction, but the technology already exists that could make brain hacking a reality. Scientists can already read peoples' thoughts or plant new ones using technology. Is brain hacking ethical or not? What do you think? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
The author mentions Dodge's biohazard tattoo on more than one occasion. How does the tattoo help define Dodge's character? 
Did you know that China has a gigantic firewall in its Internet? People in China cannot access common sites such as Facebook or Instagram. Read this article to learn more about how it impacts access to information.  (This annotation contains a link)
Person versus technology is a form of literary conflict. Films such as 2001: A Space Odyssey and the Terminator films have explored the conflict. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Use the Define feature to read the definition of phantom. Why is "phantom" an appropriate name for the entity manipulating the network? 
Revelations Quiz 

Homework #38

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
"A full team scramble" is a metaphor. Use your own words to explain the comparison. How does the metaphor help the reader to understand what is happening?  
Do you want to know what Sam hears inside his head? Hear the buzz of a blowfly in the video below. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
"Buzzing" is an example of which literary device? 

Homework #40

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What can the reader infer from the selected text? 
Person versus technology can also be called man versus machine. Person versus technology is a common form of conflict in science fiction literature. Think of an example of a book, movie, or t.v. show that you have seen with this theme in it. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
How does the author create suspense and tension in the selected text? 
A keycard is a plastic card, similar to a credit card, that can electronically unlock a door or activate a machine. The image below shows a keycard. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #41

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Sam does not know who is manipulating the network and hacking into the brains of his friends. Which excerpt from the text supports this conclusion? 
The LoJack Stolen Vehicle Recovery System is a small radio transmitter that can be attached to an automobile and tracked by the police in the event the auto is stolen. The image below shows the LoJack transmitter. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Use the Define feature to read the definition for abscond. Which of the following is the best synonym for the word as it is used? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does the selected text reveal about Tyler? 
The correct word choice is critical to creating the imagery necessary for suspense. "The wind was cold, sliding around the sides of the building..." doesn't create the same mood or feeling as using "bitter, scything" to describe the wind. Learn more about mood in literature by watching the video below.  (This annotation contains a video)

Homework #42

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Is Vienna being sincere or using sarcasm?  Explain your reasoning.   
Person versus person is a common form of conflict that appears in literature. The protagonist tries to accomplish some goal but the antagonist wants to keep him from achieving that goal. The selected text reveals this conflict in "Brain Jack". The storyboard below explains person versus person. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Which of the words would best be considered an antonym for besotted? 

Homework #43

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
"These kids know every trick in the book" is an example of a(n) 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why is Tyler concerned about the call to Gordon? 
Most everyone will recognize "Walmart." Why do you think the author chose to include it at this point in the novel? 

Homework #44

Liver disease is caused by a disorder or substance that damages the liver. Alcohol is one of the most common dangers to liver.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
The manhunt for Sam and his friends is an example of what type of conflict? 

Homework #45

A meta-system is a single controlling system that is made up of a large group of other systems. In the text, Ursula is not herself a computer but is a combination of all the computers on the Internet.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Which type of literary device is used in the selected text? How do you know your choice is correct? 

Homework #46

A crypto-virus encrypts the files on a user's computer so that the files are unreadable to any but the virus's creator. Only the creator knows the key to opening the files.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
Which of the novel's themes or central ideas is supported by the selected passages? Explain how the passages help to develop the theme. 
The selected text is evidence for theme or central idea of humankind's dependence on technology in modern society. Unsure about theme or central idea? The video at the site below explains more about the topic. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
How do you think Sam is feeling at looking at the eyes and gun of Agent Tyler? 

Homework #47

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What is a media retraction? 
The Pentagon is the headquarters for the United States Department of Defense. The image below is an aerial view of the office complex. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #48

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
Is Vienna's character likable or not? Explain your reasoning. 

Homework #49

"Borrowed" is another way of saying "stolen". 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Long watery icicles exploding is an example of which literary device? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Why do you think the author referred to the floodlight as the "night sun?" 
Simile or metaphor? One uses the cue words "like" or "as" while the other is a direct comparison. The selected text does not use either of the cue words, so it must be a metaphor. 

Homework #50

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
The phrase, "The darkness was overwhelming," creates which mood? 
GPS navigation units are a common feature of many automobiles. GPS, or Global Positioning System, uses four satellites to determine your position anywhere on Earth. The image below shows a GPS satellite. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
All of the following are synonyms for "staggering" except 
Death Valley is the lowest, driest, and hottest place in North America. It is located near the border between Nevada and California. The image below shows sand dunes located in the valley. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #51

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Why do you think Sam had a shudder run up his spine? 
A Geiger counter measures the amount of radiation in the environment around the device. The image below shows a Geiger counter. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Why do you think Vienna snatched her arm away from Sam after clutching his arm for comfort when she saw the overturned bus? 
Las Vegas is the largest city in Nevada and is famous for its large gambling industry, fine restaurants, and night life. The image below shows the Las Vegas skyline. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
What does Tyler mean by saying, "The hole's getting deeper by the second, but you guys just keep digging?" 
It is not uncommon for different conflicts to be layered on top of one another. Multiple conflicts that unfold at the same time as the main story are called subplots. The main conflict continues to be person versus technology. The person against person conflict between Tyler and the fugitives is a subplot of the story. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Sam feels guilty when thinking of his friend  Fargas.  What does that say about his personal character? 

Homework #52

Authors include similes and metaphors to help readers to understand an object, character, or point of view by comparing it to something more familiar. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Note the use of italics type in the selected text. Why does the author uses italics in this section of the text? 

Homework #53

"Off-line" refers to not being connected to a computer. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Based on what you know about the prefix "neuro," what is the literal meaning of "neuro-phobic?" 

Homework #54

Great characters usually have many layers to their lives. Watch the video below and then decide for yourself if "Brain Jack" has well-developed characters. (This annotation contains a video)
Why does the author call the meta-system Ursula? In the Disney movie, Little Mermaid, Ursula is a combination of human and octopus. She is very manipulative. The image below shows Ursula from the film. Is there any connection between the film and this book? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
Vienna's feelings for Sam have changed since he began working with the CDD. What do you think is the reason for this change of heart? 

Homework #55

A time limiter controls the amount of time a virus will be active inside a system. Some viruses are only active for a short period of time before returning a computer system to normal activity. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Why does Sam question Dodge about Vienna? 

Homework #56

An EMP, or electromagnetic pulse, is a burst of electromagnetic energy that can destroy, damage, or disable electronic equipment over a large area. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Tyler's attitude towards Sam and his friends changes. List at least two examples from the text that tell the reader that Tyler is no longer under Ursula's influence? 

Homework #57

A contamination zone is the area with actual contamination and the highest potential for exposure. 

Homework #58

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Use the define feature to read the definition of omnipresent. Which of the sentences below includes a synonym for omnipresent? 
The image below shows a radiation suit with a full mask. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #59

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
The author employs two methods for creating suspense in the selected text. What are the two methods? 
Why does Ursula want Sam alive? The author uses questions similar to this to keep readers involved in the story and create suspense.  

Homework #60

The hazmat (hazardous materials) suit shown below is similar to the radiation suit worn by the tactical team. Radiation suits usually have a radiation shielding in the lining of the suit while hazmat suits protect the wearer from exposure to harmful particles or gases. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
If he is able to shut off the LoJack, Sam will disable 
The Hoover Dam (shown below) generates electricity using the flow of water through turbines. Lake Mead is formed by the damming of the Colorado River at the Hoover Dam. (This annotation contains an image)
Point-to-Point Tunneling Protocol, or PPTP, is a means of creating a private and secure network between a series of computers using the Internet. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
How does Sam plan to deal with the pursuing vans? 
Word choice in suspense novels is critical to successfully building imagery and tension. How does the word choice in the highlighted excerpt help to develop suspense for the reader? 

Homework #61

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
What mood does the description of Vienna's condition seek to convey?  
Sam should be worried for his friend. Vienna is experiencing radiation sickness from being exposed to the fallout in Vegas. The symptoms of radiation sickness include nausea and vomiting followed by hair loss and death. What do you think will happen to Vienna by the end of the story? 
The image below shows the "interlocking wooden triangles" supporting the roof of the J. Lawrence Walkup Stadium in Flagstaff, Arizona. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
What do you think the purpose is for including Brenda, Olivia, and the other families at this point in the text? What effect do you think meeting Brenda and the others will have on Sam and his friends? 
The theme or central idea of technology addiction in the novel reflects a real phenomena. Technology becomes an addiction when it begins to take away time you would normally spend with friends or family. Getting overly anxious because you cannot check your email or messages is another sign of a technology addiction. 

Homework #62

The image below shows a Ford Shelby GT500 as described in the novel. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
In the highlighted sentence, the author uses short, impactful sentences in order to 
The Stone Age was a 3.4 million year period of time when stone was the primary tool used to make knives, arrowheads, and spears as well as pottery and art. The image below shows an example of a stone tool from the period. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
You have read enough that you should be able to identify the main conflict in the novel. What type of conflict (person versus...) makes up the main plot line of the rising action? Describe the main conflict in this story. 
Do you think Vienna is a good choice to drive the Shelby toward Kansas? Why do you think it is a good idea or not? 

Homework #63

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
The simile in the selected sentence compares ___________ to ___________. 
The selected text includes an example of personification. Personification is a literary device that assigns human qualities and behaviors to non-human objects. A road cannot "moan" but the use of personification allows us to see the congested road in our minds. The short video below explains more about personification. (This annotation contains a video)
The Apache helicopter is the primary attack helicopter of several nations. The image below shows an Apache helicopter. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What is Ursula's justification for attacking areas with a high concentration of the uninfected?  

Homework #64

This is a reference to Whiteman Air Force Base innear Knob Noster, Missouri. The base is the only permanent base for the B-2 Spirit Stealth bomber. The image below shows the B-2 and Whitman. (This annotation contains an image)
The High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or Humvee, is used by the military to transport cargo and personnel. The image below shows a Humvee used during the war in the Persian Gulf. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #65

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What is the "antidote" that Dodge has injected? 
The climax of the story is the point of greatest interest. Sam and his friends have encountered many obstacles along the way including the rogue plane, cyber attacks, military action, and radiation poisoning. All of these minor conflicts have prepared the characters for this final, larger conflict with Ursula and her minions. 
An abbreviated form of the word "modifications". 

Homework #66

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What does Dodge mean when he says, "If it works, you'll know about it. If it don't ... well, you'll know about that too." 
The biohazard symbol that is tattooed on Dodge's forehead. (This annotation contains an image)

Homework #67

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
The selected text contains a simile. Which literary technique does this simile enhance? 
Why does the author title this chapter "Birth"? 

Homework #68

The author has written this chapter in italics. He also use italics in the Prologue and in a few other chapters. He will use the style again in the Epilogue. Why do you think the author chose to present these chapters in a different style than the others? 
Why would the author title this chapter "Death"? 

Homework #69

The rest of the story is considered falling action. The climax has passed and the rest is about wrapping up the loose ends of the tale.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
You probably noticed this chapter is written entirely in italics type. Based on what you have read throughout the novel so far, why is this text written in Italics type? What evidence from the text leads you to this conclusion? 
Sam's consciousness is now part of the Internet in the same way that Ursula was. Sam is different in that he experiences life as a human as well. How does Sam's humanity influence his Internet self? 

Epilogue

The loss of privacy is a very real concern as technology continues to become more sophisticated and advanced. Always consider what you are posting to social media or saying to others when you are on the Internet. You never know who may be watching. 
Wisdom Quiz