Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

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Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (French: Vingt mille lieues sous les mers) is a classic science fiction novel by French writer Jules Verne, published in 1870. It is about the fictional Captain Nemo and his submarine, Nautilus, as seen by one of his passengers, Professor Pierre Aronnax. (From feedbooks.com)
Curriculet Details
109 Questions
123 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in sixth grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining historical and geographic references. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about figurative language and conflict. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of plot, word choice, and theme. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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CHAPTER I - A SHIFTING REEF | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Make note of the time period at the start of this story. Many important events happened during 1866--the end of the U. S. Civil War and the passing of the Civil Rights Act, the laying of the first transatlantic telephone cable enabling the U. S. president to speak to the queen of England, the invention of root beer, and the first yacht race across the Atlantic. 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a "define" option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently, especially since this book is full of old-fashioned vocabulary and nautical terms. Is there a word on this page you need to look up?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
In the context of this sentence, a steamer is a(n) 
These coordinates are given using measurements of latitude and longitude. North latitude means the line above the equator, and west longitude means the line to the left of the Prime Meridian. Can you locate the spot indicated in the text on this map? (This annotation contains an image)
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea was published in 1870 by French author Jules Verne. Verne is renown for being a pioneer of the science fiction genre.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why is Captain Anderson not worried about the boat sinking from a leak? 
This is a reference to the insurance firm Lloyd's of London. Edward Lloyd ran a London coffee house in the late 1600's and first started insuring ships from that location. Today, Lloyd's insures everything from satellites to sports stars, and is headquartered in the building pictured below. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER II - PRO AND CON | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Nebraska won't become a state until 1867. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why are the theories of the floating island or sunken wreck given up? 
Do you agree with the narrator that the narwhal, pictured below, could have caused the damage to the Scotia? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
In this context, the "slender fly" is referring to 

CHAPTER III - I FORM MY RESOLUTION | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Watch the video below to learn about point of view. Can you tell if this story is being told in first person or third person?  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.6
Which pronoun from this highlighted paragraph does not indicate first person point of view? 
A poop deck is a deck that forms the roof of a cabin built in the rear, or "aft," part of a ship. The name comes from the French word for stern, "la poupe." Thus the poop deck is technically a stern deck, which in sailing ships was usually elevated as the roof of the stern cabin, also known as the "poop cabin." 

CHAPTER IV - NED LAND | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
In your own words, explain why the narrator says "the frigate might have been called the Argus." 
Homer, pictured in the bust below, was a famous Greek poet. His epic poems, like the Iliad, were the foundations of Western literature, and his speeches were models of persuasion copied throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Explain the disagreement between Ned Land and Aronnax. 
Have you ever heard people say that they opened windows during a storm so the air pressure outside the house and inside the house would be equal? This explanation by Aronnax can be confusing, but it's the same principal. Basically he is saying that humans can withstand great air pressure because our skin and organs are porous, so the air can pass through our bodies and make the pressure inside equal the pressure outside. We cannot withstand great water pressure because the water does not enter our bodies; it stays only on the outside. It continually pushes against us, trying to get in, and that is the pressure that would crush us. 

CHAPTER V - AT A VENTURE | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
How does Ned Land prove that he will be useful in fighting the monster? 
The highlighted phrase is an example of a type of figurative language called metaphor. There is no real storm, but the crew is angry about not sighting the monster. Watch the video below to learn more about metaphors and their cousins, similes. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
The highlighted phrase shows what kind of change in the crew? 
The highlighted phrase is another example of figurative language, this time personification. Watch the video below to learn more. Can you identify two examples of personification within this phrase? (This annotation contains a video)
Notice how the chapter ends on an exciting note. This is a technique called a cliffhanger that authors use to keep readers engaged and wanting to know what happens in the next chapter. 

CHAPTER VI - AT FULL STEAM | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
List four words or phrases from the highlighted section that the author uses to describe the appearance of the mysterious object. 
Notice how this first engagement with the glowing monster is an example of a conflict within the story. Watch the video below to learn more about the types of conflict. (This annotation contains a video)
Note how the narrator often compares the sea creature to a machine. Why do you think this is? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why does the crew "hurrah" the order to "put on all steam"? 
Notice how the sea creature seems to be taunting the crew of the Abraham Lincoln. How would an animal know what would frustrate a group of people? 
Yet again, we see the narrator compare the sea creature to a machine. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
The narrator being thrown into the sea by water spewed from the sea monster is an example of 

CHAPTER VII - AN UNKNOWN SPECIES OF WHALE | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Watch the video below to see a definition and example of theme. The highlighted passage is an example of the theme of loyalty that runs throughout the book. Keep an eye out for further examples as you continue reading. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of which type of figurative language? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
The highlighted passage is an example of  
This is a reference to the Biblical story of Jonah who was swallowed by a whale during a storm at sea. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
Explain how the narrator's opinion of the sea creature has changed since he wrote his article claiming it was a giant narwhal. 
Did you expect to see people on board this creature? What do you think will happen next? 

CHAPTER VIII - MOBILIS IN MOBILI | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase refers to  
Remember that even though you're reading this text in English, it was originally written in French, and the character of Professor Aronnax is French. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
From his reactions to being captured, you can tell that Ned Land is 
This is a Latin phrase meaning something like "moving in a constantly changing environment." 

CHAPTER IX - NED LAND'S TEMPERS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice how Aronnax uses his training as a scientist to observe and classify his environment. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of which type of figurative language? 

CHAPTER X - THE MAN OF THE SEAS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

The French word "conseil" means "council" in English. Why do you think the author chose this name for Aronnax's servant? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why did it take so long for the commander to speak with his captives? 
Notice how the narrator refers to the commander, whose name he does not know, as "the Unknown." 
Here we see an example of the theme of exploration. Aronnax is tempted by the possibility of studying new worlds, even if it means giving up his freedom. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why does Captain Nemo dine with Aronnax but not Ned or Conseil? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
What reasons does Nemo give for loving the sea? 
Political economy most commonly refers to studies that use economics, law, and political science to explain how political institutions, the political environment, and the economic system influence each other. Why would Nemo ignore this area of study in his library? What happened in his past to make him ignore government, law and economics? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why would Aronnax be surprised at smoking on a submarine? 
Notice what we learn about Nemo as he explains the items in his museum. Since he has completely separated himself from the world, time has no meaning for him. All the objects he's collected were created by those now dead, as he himself feels dead to the world. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Where did Captain Nemo get the specimens that Aronnax estimates to be worth millions? 

CHAPTER XI - ALL BY ELECTRICITY | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Keep in mind that it is only 1866. Electricity has been used mainly to send telegraphs. The light bulb has not even been invented yet. 
Here is one artist's vision of what the Nautilus would have looked like from the outside. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
All the questions Aronnax is asking about the Nautilus are an example of the theme of 

CHAPTER XII - SOME FIGURES | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Here is one Jules Verne scholar's imagining of the construction of the layers of the hull. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What enables the Nautilus to overcome the immense pressure required to rise to the surface of the ocean? 
Imagine these "inclined planes" as similar to very short wings on an airplane, and which are able to be tilted at any angle to allow the ship to move up and down as it is propelled forward. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
Why would the author spend an entire chapter going over the construction and functioning of the ship in such detail? 

CHAPTER XIII - THE BLACK RIVER | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Below is a map of the Pacific Ocean. Can you identify the U. S. and Canada to the right and China and Australia to the left? (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a basic map of the ocean currents in the Pacific Ocean. A gyre is any large system of rotating ocean currents, particularly those involved with large wind movements.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What makes Aronnax tremble? 
Below is an image of a spider lamprey. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XIV - A NOTE OF INVITATION | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Note the passage of time. Aronnax first sailed with the Abraham Lincoln at the beginning of July. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
What does the highlighted phrase mean? 
What could the phrase mean? Notice how it increases the mystery surrounding the Nautilus' crew. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Where does Nemo plan to hunt? 
Below is an image from the Disney version of the story showing this hunting outfit. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XV - A WALK ON THE BOTTOM OF THE SEA | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Conseil's statement is an example of 
Below is a cartoon version of what you have read thus far. Watch it and then answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7
Which important scenes from the novel were left out of the movie? What else would you have included? 
This image shows a sea anemone tucked in among coral. Notice the variety of color among these ocean creatures. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XVI - A SUBMARINE FOREST | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of 
Below is an image of a real sea spider. They can vary in size from one millimeter to 25 inches. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why does the group stop here and turn around? 
Below is an image of the type of shark encountered by the group. (This annotation contains an image)
Part One Quiz 

CHAPTER XVII - FOUR THOUSAND LEAGUES UNDER THE PACIFIC | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted paragraph is an example of 
This short outburst gives the reader some insight into why Nemo might have left society. Was there a government or power who attempted to take away his freedom? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
The wreck Conseil and Aronnax are observing is _________ old. 

CHAPTER XVIII - VANIKORO | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

These islands are part of French Polynesia, a cluster of small islands in the center of the Pacific Ocean. As you can see from the map below, where the island group is outlined in red, there is no other land around for hundreds of miles. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
What might Nemo mean in the highlighted phrase? 
French explorer Jean-François de La Pérouse, pictured below, was stranded on Vanikoro after both his vessels, La Boussole and the Astrolabe, struck the then unknown reefs of the island in 1788. Some of the men may have been killed by the local inhabitants, while the surviving sailors built a smaller boat and left the island, but were never seen again. Those that remained on the island died before search parties arrived in 1826. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What does the French Government do six years after the Boussole and Astrolabe embarked on a voyage? 
Pig iron is made from iron that has been melted and hardened. It is called "pig iron" because of the shape in which the pellets were made. The traditional shape of the molds used for pig iron pellets was a branching structure formed in sand, with many individual pellets at right angles to a central channel or runner. Such a configuration is similar in appearance to a litter of piglets being suckled by a sow. When the metal had cooled and hardened, the smaller pellets (the pigs) were simply broken from the much thinner runner (the sow), hence the name pig iron. These pellets were used as ballast or extra weight in ships.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
How does Captain Nemo know the route that La Perouse took? 

CHAPTER XIX - TORRES STRAITS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice that the use of the word "leagues" refers to the distance traveled horizontally in the water. Many people think the title "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" refers to a ship that dives down to a depth of 20,000 leagues. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Explain in your own words what the highlighted phrase means. 
Below you can see the difference in water levels between a high tide and a low tide. It seems logical for Captain Nemo to assume that his ship will be freed once the tide rises. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.6
Because the story is told in first person point of view, we do not know 

CHAPTER XX - A FEW DAYS ON LAND | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Below is a photo of one of the islands in the Torres Straight, the stretch of ocean between Australia and New Guinea. If you look closely, you can see the small town on the left side of this island. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Which of the following words or phrases is the best synonym for the highlighted word? 
Below is a cross-section of a ripe breadfruit. A mature breadfruit would be about the size of a grapefruit. Its name is comes from the texture of the cooked moderately ripe fruit, which has a potato-like flavor, similar to freshly baked bread. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
In the highlighted phrase, the author compares red lories to 
Below is the type of bird Conseil was able to capture. There are many fantastic varieties of bird-of-paradise. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
How do Ned and Conseil react to the brief time they've spent on land? 

CHAPTER XXI - CAPTAIN NEMO'S THUNDERBOLT | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Why do you think the natives did not immediately attack Aronnax and his men? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why is Ned Land upset? 
Below is an olive porphyry shell. Aronnax found one that is spun the opposite way around. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
In this context, which of the following words or phrases is the best synonym for grave? 
Could you tell that Aronnax was only pretending to be afraid of the natives? Why would he do so? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Why is this chapter titled "Captain Nemo's Thunderbolt"? 

CHAPTER XXII - AEGRI SOMNIA | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

What would it be like to wander around constantly instead of having one place to live? Would you enjoy it? Where would you go? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
How have Aronnax and his men changed since coming aboard the Nautilus? 
This is the first time we've seen Captain Nemo in such a violent fit of emotion. What do you think is causing it? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why is Aronnax unable to avoid falling asleep? 

CHAPTER XXIII - THE CORAL KINGDOM | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Could Nemo's unease be related to what he saw on the horizon last night? What could it have been? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What details tell Aronnax that the injured man will die soon? 
Fifteen fathoms is about 90 feet, so they've walked downhill about 60 feet further under the water from where the boat is resting. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7
How does the image you just saw differ from the scene as described in the story? 
Below is an artist's imagining of this burial scene.  (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER I - THE INDIAN OCEAN | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Which phrase from this paragraph best highlights the theme of loyalty? 
Below you can see how an albatross' wingspan compares in size to humans. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What do we learn about Conseil through his notes? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
To what does Aronnax compare the school of octopi? 
There have been 235 documented sightings of milky seas since 1915, but up until recently there has been no real photographic evidence of bioluminescence on such a large scale. However, The Defense Meteorological Satellite Program has captured an image of a "milk sea" the size of Connecticut in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Somalia. The image below shows a large aerial view of the Indian Ocean (darker blue), and the inset on the right shows the magnified area within the small white rectangle. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER II - A NOVEL PROPOSAL OF CAPTAIN NEMO'S | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice how the author uses the technique of an "aside" to develop the first person point of view. An aside is where the narrator speaks directly to the reader, as Aronnax is doing here. The first part of the video below explains how asides are used in the dramatic genre as well. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why has Ned decided to pay attention to the lecture on pearls? 
Can you see the pearls formed between the muscle and the shell of this oyster? (This annotation contains an image)
Notice how Aronnax is so disturbed by the prospect of meeting a shark that he mixes up his words. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
What evidence of the theme of loyalty can you find in this chapter? 

CHAPTER III - A PEARL OF TEN MILLIONS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Below is an image of actual pearl fishers in the Gulf of Mannar in the 1920's. Notice how the divers work in pairs, with one person on the boat holding a rope to signal to the underwater partner that it is time to return to the surface. After a half dozen dives, the workers will swap roles to let their bodies recover from the stress of holding their breath and water pressure. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Which of the following phrases from this paragraph is a metaphor? 
Why does the author have the narrator go into such scientific detail about the animals and plants he sees? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Based on context clues, which of the following words is not a synonym for the others? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
In your own words, explain the process this lone man uses to hunt for pearls 
Here we see the beginnings of another theme: revenge. How might that interact with the other themes of loyalty and exploration? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
How does Nemo explain his decision to help the Indian? 

CHAPTER IV - THE RED SEA | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Remember that Aronnax, Ned and Conseil joined the Nautilus at the beginning of November. They have traveled 7,500 leagues in three months. 
Below is a map of the Red Sea. Notice how close the Mediterranean Sea is; the two bodies of water are only separated by a thin strip of land near Suez, where the canal was built. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of which type of figurative language? 
This is an allusion to the story of Moses leading the Israelites out of bondage in Egypt where they had been slaves of the pharaohs for hundreds of years. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why would a canal be useless to a vessel like the Nautilus? 
Below is an image of the continent of Africa. Right now, the Nautilus is in the Red Sea, the small sliver of water in the upper right of the continent. In order to get to the Mediterranean Sea between Africa and Europe, a ship would have to sail all the way around the bottom of Africa and back up around. The Suez Canal was built through the small strip of land between the two seas to eliminate the need for that trip. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
How did Nemo figure out that there must be an underwater tunnel between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea? 

CHAPTER V - THE ARABIAN TUNNEL | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

The dugong, pictured below, is related to the manatee. They can live up to 70 years. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
By pursuing the dugong in this manner, Ned Land shows 
Mount Horeb is commonly known nowadays as Mount Sinai. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of 

CHAPTER VI - THE GRECIAN ARCHIPELAGO | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Remember that Nemo wants to keep Ned, Conseil, and Aronnax on board so no one learns of the existence of the Nautilus. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
Explain Aronnax's response to Ned's proposition that they try to escape. 
The highlighted sentence is an example of foreshadowing. Watch the video below to learn more about this literary technique. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why would Aronnax assume this man is shipwrecked? 
What could they possibly be doing with the heavy chest? How is it related to the diving man? 
Note that 42 degrees Celsius is equal to 107 degrees Fahrenheit! 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why does Captain Nemo show no emotion at sailing through boiling water? 

CHAPTER VII - THE MEDITERRANEAN IN FORTY–EIGHT HOURS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice that we are given a clue as to Captain Nemo's past and what may have driven him to renounce life on land. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Which of the following phrases is a metphor? 

CHAPTER VIII - VIGO BAY | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice that the Nautilus has travelled about half of the total distance indicated in the title of the novel. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
What is Aronnax's reaction to Ned's declaration that their escape attempt would be that night? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
List three details that tell you how Aronnax is feeling about his impending departure. 
Why does Nemo not comment on Aronnax's dress? He's obviously wearing an outdoors outfit. 
Now we see where Captain Nemo acquires his riches from. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
What was the purpose of Captain Nemo's lecture on Spanish history? 
Part Two Quiz 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Explain what Aronnax finally realizes about Captain Nemo. 

CHAPTER IX - A VANISHED CONTINENT | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Do you think the men will ever be able to escape the Nautilus? 
It is interesting to see how much Captain Nemo seems to enjoy showing another human being the wonders of his ocean, even though he almost left them to drown in the first place. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of 
Notice how the feeling that he's in an underwater forest causes the narrator to describe the fish as "flying" from branch to branch instead of "swimming." 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
List three details about the setting of this expedition. 
Atlantis is the name of a fictional island mentioned in a story by Plato. At the end of the story, Atlantis sinks into the Atlantic Ocean. The map below shows this "lost city" as the large island off the northwest coast of Africa. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER X - THE SUBMARINE COAL–MINES | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Using context clues, which definition of render best fits the sentence? 
Have you ever been in a totally dark situation, like a cave where there is no light at all? You can almost feel the darkness pressing on you with a physical sensation. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What does the Nautilus need to produce its electricity? 
Neptune was the Roman god of freshwater and the sea. He is the counterpart of the Greek god Poseidon. He is usually pictured with his trident, the three-pronged staff, in his hand. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
How does Ned get the bees to leave their hive? 

CHAPTER XI - THE SARGASSO SEA | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

The map below shows the location of the Sargasso Sea.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What are the "projects" to which Aronnax refers in his questioning? 
Why do you think the Captain never offered to take photographs of other locations before? 

CHAPTER XII - CACHALOTS AND WHALES | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
What changes has Aronnax seen in Ned during their time on the Nautilus? 
What does Conseil mean by this? Which three men? 
This looks like an error in this edition. The author just mentioned the month of March at the start of the chapter, so it can't be October. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Which kind of whale has Ned never hunted? 
The picture below is of a cachalot, or sperm whale. They can grow up to 67 feet long and live over 60 years. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
Explain in your own words why Captain Nemo won't let Ned chase the whales. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What behavior do the cachalots show which indicates intelligence? 
Below is an image of a sperm whale tooth, measured in centimeters. (This annotation contains an image)
People actually do collect whale milk and use it to make ice cream, cheese, and butter. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XIII - THE ICEBERG | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of 
Here you can see why the Nautilus cannot easily dive under the icebergs to free itself; most of an iceberg's mass is underwater. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
List three actions Nemo has taken so far that show he is bold. 
The South Pole was first reached on December 14, 1911, by a Norwegian party of five men led by Captain Roald Amundsen (Norway, 1872-1928), after a 53-day march with dog sledges from the Bay of Whales. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What is Captain Nemo's hesitation at looking for the South Pole under water? 
Make note of how 26 miles an hour was considered "express" speed back then. What would Jules Verne make of today's magnetic levitation trains that can go 300 miles an hour? 

CHAPTER XIV - THE SOUTH POLE | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
What detail shows that Ned Land is still unhappy? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
List three details from this page which show that Aronnax enjoys exploring these new places. 
Below you can see how seals cover most of the land. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why is tomorrow their last chance to figure out if they're at the South Pole? 
Notice all the details the author includes to help the reader imagine the setting. This is called imagery.  

CHAPTER XV - ACCIDENT OR INCIDENT? | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The phrase "the wind was biting" is an example of 
It must be something serious for the captain to call it an accident. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase is an example of which type of figurative language? 
Why does Aronnax try to convince himself that the way out can't be blocked? 

CHAPTER XVI - WANT OF AIR | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Notice how the captain deals with this frightening situation. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
The current situation of the Nautilus and her crew would be an example of the conflict of 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Besides running out of air, what new danger is faced by the Nautilus and her crew? 
Remember that these readings are below zero, so four degrees below is warmer than six degrees below. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.5
List three details from this chapter that show how the tension of the story is increasing. 
Whew! Did you think they would make it? 

CHAPTER XVII - FROM CAPE HORN TO THE AMAZON | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Why does Ned use the word "infernal" to describe the Nautilus? 
"Tierra del Fuego" means "land of fire" in Spanish. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
Why is Ned displeased? 
This fish is also known as a torpedo. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XVIII - THE POULPS | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
The ongoing conflict in the story is  
The discussion of this giant creature is a good example of foreshadowing. Will the Nautilus encounter such a creature? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Using the word monster to describe the poulp shows that 
Below is a photograph of a giant squid from National Geographic.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
Why can the men not use the electric bullets on the poulp? 
Below is an illustration of this scene from a print version of the novel. (This annotation contains an image)

CHAPTER XIX - THE GULF STREAM | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
How are the Nautilus and a corpse similar? 
When have you felt homesick? What did you do about it? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.3
Why is Aronnax willing to stay on the Nautilus? 
Why would the two men tie themselves up on the deck so they could be outside during the hurricane? 

CHAPTER XX - FROM LATITUDE 47° 24' TO LONGITUDE 17° 28' | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
What are "the conquered of the ocean"? 
Below you can see where the cable was laid on the ocean floor. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.1
How can Aronnax tell that the Nautilus is looking for something? 

CHAPTER XXI - A HECATOMB | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

The notion of "the avenger" seems to indicate that Captain Nemo himself is looking to take revenge for some past wrong. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
What does Ned mean by "the unicorn"? 
Knowing about Nemo's prior actions, what do you think he will do about the current ship firing on them? 
It is interesting to see Captain Nemo, usually calm and distant, show such powerful emotion. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
To what is the shape of the Nautilus compared in this paragraph? 
What are these shadows? 

CHAPTER XXII - THE LAST WORDS OF CAPTAIN NEMO | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.2
List three changes that have taken place on the Nautilus since it sank the other ship. 
Notice how the action of the story is picking up speed, much like the Nautilus as it races through the water. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
The highlighted phrase means that Captain Nemo 
A maelstrom is a whirlpool, as pictured below.  (This annotation contains an image)
Do you think the captain brought the ship here on purpose? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.4
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted phrase? 

CHAPTER XXIII - CONCLUSION | Twenty Thousand Leagues under the Sea

Watch the trailer for the Disney movie based on the book, then answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.7
What similarities do you see between the movie and book? What differences? 
Follow this link to read one of Aesop's fables about revenge. Then answer the following question. (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.6.9
How could the moral of the above fable apply to Captain Nemo? 
If you're wondering whether or not the Nautilus survived the maelstrom, check out Jules Verne's "The Mysterious Island." 
Part Three Quiz