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Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature whenever you encounter an unfamiliar word! (This annotation contains an image)
Jack's father has been away fighting in World War II. The term "theater" is used by the military to describe the area that is directly involved in war operations. This map shows the European Theater during WWII. (This annotation contains an image)
Why have things changed between Jack and his father?
Normandy and Dunkrik were important battles during World War II. This photo shows the massive landing on Normandy Beach in France by allied forces. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jack mean when he says, "....I could be standing right next to him and he would still be a million miles away"?
Before television and the Internet were commonplace, most people read to learn about the world around them. National Geographic is still in publication today, but in a world without TV or Internet, it was a favorite! The monthly magazine includes articles and stunning photographs of exotic animals and places around the world. The photo shows the magazine as it appeared in 1945. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you have read in the text, what is the most likely reason Jackie throws up?
Watch this video on point of view. In Navigating Early, the story is told from Jack's point of view. Think about what the video says about the lens through which a story is told and how that influences the story. Later, you will be asked to answer a question about point of view. (This annotation contains a video)
India ink has a very distinctive odor and was once the primary ink used in the printing of books. Today, it is mostly used in artwork. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on evidence in the text, what is the main factor influencing Jack's point of view in this story?
The state of Kansas is part of the Great Plains region. There are very few hills or other natural landmarks as the photo shows. (This annotation contains an image)
The Holy Grail is generally considered to be the cup from which Christ drank at the Last Supper. However, it could also be a dish or plate. The quest to prove the existence of the Holy Grail is the part of the legends of King Arthur and many other stories as well! The photo is just one interpretation of how the Holy Grail might appear. (This annotation contains an image)
Read the highlighted statement from the text. Which of the following statements uses vessel in the same way that it is used in the text?
This might be a good time to use the "define" feature! (This annotation contains an image)
What does the phrase "six of one, half dozen of the other" mean?
Before you dive into water, you have to make sure that you are in water that's deep enough for diving. Jack made certain that his dive was in water eight-feet deep. If you do not know the depth of the water, do not dive into it! You can suffer a paralyzing neck injury or even death diving into shallow water. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jack really mean when he says that with the ring he "could always find his way"?
Since ancient times, navigators have used the constellations and the North Star to chart their course. Can you pick out the Big Dipper in this photo? Here's a hint: the brightest star in the lower left corner is the end of the "handle" of the dipper. Trace a line to the next brightest star. There are seven stars in the Big Dipper. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you know about Jack's dad, why would he have liked the custodian's quarters?
The Appalachian Trail is a 2,180 mile trail that crosses 14 states. The trail follows the crests and valleys of the Appalachian Mountain range. This map shows the trail in red. (This annotation contains an image)
What is true of Early's communication style?
Louis Armstrong, Frank Sinatra, Glenn Miller, and Billie Holiday are throwback jazz artists. Here is a clip of Billie Holiday singing one of her biggest hits, "God Bless the Child." As you listen to the lyrics, think about why Early plays Billie on rainy days. (This annotation contains a video)
The number Pi is pronounced "pie." It is one of the most common constants in all of mathematics. It is the circumference of any circle, divided by its diameter. Nobody knows its exact value, because no matter how many digits you calculate it to, the number never ends. You can assume it is 3.142. The Greek letter for pi is shown below. (This annotation contains an image)
Polaris is the North Star and has been used for navigation since ancient times. What does the mother mean when she says the character Pi has to "earn his name"?
Part of this book will involve Early telling the story of Pi. You will be able to tell when it comes to that part because the chapter will be named instead of numbered. Look at this chapter, and you see it is named "Stargazer." This is the first installment of the Pi story as told by Early.
Ursa Minor and Ursa Major are constellations in the shape of a little bear and a big bear. You may notice in the photo that the Big Dipper and Little Dipper are part of the bears. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does the mother want to know that the star "is within both our sights"?
At first, the United States stayed out of the war that was raging in Europe. However, Hitler (the leader of Germany) became more aggressive. At the same time, on Dec. 7th, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Hawaii. These events forced the United States into World War II. The photo is of a newspaper that was published the day after the Pearl Harbor attack. (This annotation contains an image)
From Jack's point of view, his mother's talk is much like reading poetry. Why does he feel that way?
The flagship is the best, most important ship of a fleet. It typically carries the fleet commander. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Jack so confused?
How do the water diving incident and the the boat rowing scene contribute to the plot of the story?
Make sure you use the define feature to look-up this word if you do not know its meaning.
Many times authors refer to other works in their writings. This is a reference to The Wizard of Oz. It is a book that was later made into a famous movie. In the Wizard of Oz, a young girl from Kansas is lost and goes through many trials to find her way back home. Here is the scene from The Wizard of Oz that Jack mentions. This scene also happens to express the theme of the book and movie. (This annotation contains a video)
According to what you have read in the text, what is the primary reason that Jack has difficulty rowing?
Read this simile from the text. It hit me like a wave of ice-cold water. What does this mean?
Semper Fi is mentioned earlier in the text. Semper Fidelis is the motto of the United States Marines Corps and is part of their identity. It sums up their pledge to remain faithful to one another and to the Marine Corps. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Mr. Blaine excited during the class discussion?
Machu Picchu is a 15th century Inca site. It is located in the middle of a tropical mountain forest in Peru. The photo shows the stunning beauty of the ancient ruins. (This annotation contains an image)
What were the boys implying about Jack when they asked, "...what rock have you been living under.."?
Most accounts trace the first known Steeplechase race to County Cork in Ireland in 1752. Two men rode a match race over about 4 ½ miles; church steeples served at both ends as the start and the finish. (This annotation contains an image)
Jack sees Fish differently from the other boys. What does Jack mean when he says that the boys preferred not "to view their legend outside the trophy case"?
"To an Athlete Dying Young" by A.E. Houseman is a very well-known poem that you will probably read in middle school or high school ELA class. This poem tells the story of a young athlete who was the hero of his town but dies young, just like Fish. The poet reflects on the idea that the athlete who dies young doesn't have to live to see his record shattered or his fans and glory fade away. Here is a video of the poem. Listen carefully to the words, and you will see how this same theme applies to Fish. (This annotation contains a video)
Why does Jack feel a connection to Fish?
It was once considered polite and correct to refer to black Americans as "negro." Times have changed, and this word is no longer acceptable. In our world today, "negro" should not be used as it is very inappropriate.
Based on evidence from the text, why does Early become so upset at the idea of pi ending?
Notice this chapter is named. Early is going to tell another installment of his story of Pi.
In this short segment from the story of Pi, the character undergoes a change in his point of view. Compose a response in which you write about the shift Pi experiences during this part of his journey. Make sure you cite evidence from the text in your response.
When the Japanese surrendered, World War II came to a close. The war had lasted for four years and had cost over 400,000 American lives! When the war ended, it was a time of great jubilation in America. This photograph shows Times Square in New York City just after the announcement of the surrender. You can see the joy the news brought. (This annotation contains an image)
Read the sentence from the highlighted text. Which of the following statements uses sound in the same way it is used in the text?
The coxswain is in charge of the crew and steering of a boat. The coxswain sits in the stern of the boat and directs the crew. It is customary to throw the coxswain in the water after winning a race! In this photo, you can see the coxswain wearing the number four on his shirt. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jack mean when he says that Early "never doubted his authority"?
What does the character of Pi have in common with Jack and Early?
When people serving in the navy take time off, it is called shore leave because they are going to spend their leisure time on dry land! The photo shows an actual shore leave pass from 1945. (This annotation contains an image)
Pi is most likely referring to the story of Jonah. His story can be found in the Book of Jonah in the Old Testament. Jonah was running from God when he was swallowed by a whale; he was spit up three days later. (This annotation contains an image)
What does the phrase "out of the kettle and into the fire" mean?
A telegram is usually sent without punctuation marks; the word "stop" is used in the place of a period. Western Union delivered most of the telegrams during the World War II era. (This annotation contains an image)
Jack says that he "decided to do something worse than hit someone in the face." What does he mean by that statement?
The words in all capital letters are commands given by the coxswain. "Power ten" is the command to take ten strokes at more than full pressure. This command is used for passing and gaining water in a race. "Settle" is used in the middle of the race, and it means to stay at a steady rate. "Even it up" and "easy" mean to slow down and stop. (This annotation contains an image)
The words "dark," "cold," "rain," "moonless," "starless," and "lost" are all used in this scene. How does this contribute to the structure of the story?
There is a classic song, "Me and Bobby McGee" by Kris Kristofferson, that has this lyric: "Freedom's just another word for nothing left to lose.." That is what Jack is feeling. It is true that he has total freedom at this point in the story, but he also knows that freedom means he is truly alone. To be totally free may seem desirable, but it comes at the cost of any friendships or relationships! (This annotation contains an image)
Dorothy is in the Wizard of Oz movie clip you watched earlier, and Toto is her dog. Ruth and Naomi are from the Old Testament. Naomi falls upon hard times, but Ruth remains steadfastly loyal to her. Bucky is Captain America's sidekick. Why do you think Early brings these people up to Jack? (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Jack know what it means "to be left behind"?
What does the saying, "you could have knocked me over with a feather" mean?
Dog tags are worn by soldiers so that if they are injured or killed in battle, they can be identified. In this photo of a dog tag, you see the soldier's name with his next-of-kin also listed. The "A" above the hole is his blood type, and the "C" below the hole means that this soldier is Catholic. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Jack feel that Early is the only person he can trust?
Why does the captain wish to "loosen the tongue" of Pi?
In the Book of Jonah from the Old Testament, Jonah also tells the sailors to throw him overboard. "Pick me up and throw me into the sea," he replied, "and it will become calm. I know that it is my fault that this great storm has come upon you." Jonah 1:12 (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you have read in the text, why is Pi's "heart light"?
Do you see a similarity between Pi's mother dying while he is away at sea, and Jack's mother dying while his father is away at sea?
Why does Jack change his response when he remembers that Early has no mom?
A brain aneurysm is a bulge or ballooning in a blood vessel in the brain. A brain aneurysm can leak or rupture, causing bleeding into the brain. This can quickly become life-threatening. A brain aneurysm is rare. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you have read in the text, what is the mistake Jack has made?
To enlist in the military, you have to undergo a series of physical evaluations to make sure you are fit for duty. The military assigns codes based upon your results. A 4-F means that you have a medical condition that makes it impossible for you to serve. In this photo, a prospective military member is getting an eye exam. (This annotation contains an image)
Why did this gesture from Melvin mean so much to Jack?
June 6, 1944 was D Day. That was the day that allied forces made a landing on the beaches of Normandy, France. This was a major and risky undertaking that would eventually bring about the end of the war. Here are the inspiring words that General Eisenhower said to his troops on that day: "You are about to embark upon the Great Crusade, toward which we have striven these many months. The eyes of the world are upon you. The hopes and prayers of liberty-loving people everywhere march with you. In company with our brave Allies and brothers-in-arms on other Fronts, you will bring about the destruction of the German war machine, the elimination of Nazi tyranny over the oppressed peoples of Europe, and security for ourselves in a free world." (This annotation contains an image)
How do Early and Jack differ in dealing with the deaths of Fish and Jack's mom?
When you "pour salt in a wound", you make a bad situation even worse. "You'll never get the taste out of your mouth" is a way of saying that you will have a lingering bad feeling. Both of these expressions are idioms. (This annotation contains an image)
According to the text, why does Jack not correct Early about the sharks?
When the Wizard of Oz was made in 1939, the filmmakers chose to film the first part of the move in black and white. That way, when Dorothy arrived in Oz, the color would be made even more dramatic by the contrast. The photo shows the beginning of the movie when Dorothy is still in Kansas. (This annotation contains an image)
How does this encounter with the barge contribute to the structure of the story?
Using the expression, "card-carrying member" is an exaggerated way of saying that the person is a full-fledged, loyal member. Here is a cartoon about being a card-carrying member. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Early ask if the men on the barge have any rum?
What does "with no small amount of disappointment" mean?
Do you see the parallel between Pi's story and these events? Might the "pitiful-looking girl" be the same as the wench from Pi's story?
What does Jack mean when he says that MacScott is "old enough to be a grandpa, but I couldn't imagine him being one"?
How does this part of the story compare with the adventures Pi has in his tale?
Catacombs are most often associated with the Roman Empire. Catacombs are underground passageways that were used for religious practices as well as tombs. The photograph shows an ancient catacomb. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jack begin to realize from his dream about the translucent people?
Black powder is very flammable and explosive. Even a small amount of friction or the tiniest spark can result in a terrific explosion. (This annotation contains an image)
A lever-action rifle has a lever or handle that is cocked to prepare the gun for firing. These are classical guns that are most typically used for hunting. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you have read in the text, what is the most likely reason that Jack is pleased there is a three-quarter moon?
The Appalachian Trail is marked for daylight travel in both directions, using a system of paint "blazes" on trees, posts, and rocks. A blaze is a rectangle of paint in a prominent place along a trail. Distance between blazes varies. In some areas, blazes are almost always within sight; in areas managed as wilderness you may encounter only four or five per mile. in the photo, you can see a trail blaze. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on evidence in the text, what does Jack mean when he says he was getting ready "to dig his heels in"?
This is a common misconception. Tracking dogs are actually able to smell your scent in the air above the waters and pick your scent back up on the other bank. You would have to travel downstream in the water for a very long distance to lose the dog and his handlers. (This annotation contains an image)
Early and Jack are attempting something that is very dangerous. Moving water is extremely powerful, even if it does not appear that way. You should never enter flowing water without an adult nearby. In this photo, you can see the river is only knee-deep, but it is powerful enough to sweep a car away. The rescuers have tied off the car and themselves to fight against the power of the moving water. (This annotation contains an image)
Read the highlighted sentence from the text. Which of the following statements uses bob in the same way that it is used in the highlighted statement?
Why has no one ever asked Early "what he thought"?
In the New Testament, in the Gospel of Matthew, Jesus says to some fishermen he encounters, "Come follow me, and I will make you fishers of men." That means instead of catching fish, they would be "catching men" and teaching them about Christ. In the text, the man is making a joke because he actually did "catch" a person. (This annotation contains an image)
Gunnar is heating the needle in order to sterilize it. Heating it will kill any germs that are on the needle. Medical offices and hospitals use a more sophisticated method, but they also heat instruments for sterilization purposes. This picture shows someone heating a needle over a candle to sterilize it. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the highlighted statement from the text, what can you tell about Gunnar?
Gunnar says that he sewed the other boy's lips "so good" that he never said anything again. What does he mean by that?
Gunnar is teaching Jack the same lesson that his mom taught him. You are responsible for your own actions and choices. "Getting caught with your hand in the cookie jar" means you've been caught doing something wrong. It is easy to blame someone else when things don't go just as you have planned, but you are accountable for you. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on evidence in the text, what does Gunnar mean when he says, "You two are greener than a couple of cucumbers"?
Fly fishing is a method of fishing in which an artificial "fly" or lure is used to catch the fish. Casting a weightless lure requires a significantly different technique than other methods of casting. In the photo, you can see that the fisherman has waded into the water to cast, and his line is much longer than when rod and reel fishing. (This annotation contains an image)
How do Jack and Early differ in their approaches to this new experience of fly-fishing?
You can start a fire with anything highly reflective, such as a magnifying glass, eyeglasses, camera lens, a mirror, the back of a CD. Angle the glass or mirror so sunlight reflects onto the tinder bundle. Eventually it will smoke and turn into flame. If you want to try this, you should only do so if an adult is nearby. (This annotation contains an image)
Walt Whitman is one of America's greatest poets. He wrote during the mid 1800s, but the beauty of his poems stand today. One of his poems, "When I Heard the Learned Astronomer" has the same theme as Gunnar's talk. We can spend so much time striving to analyze and understand the stars that we forget to appreciate their beauty. (This annotation contains a video)
What is Gunnar's point of view regarding nature?
Gerard Manley Hopkins is one of the three or four greatest poets of the Victorian era. He is regarded by different readers as the greatest Victorian poet of religion, of nature, or of melancholy. (This annotation contains an image)
What does "fighting is for people who don't know their own worth" mean?
Based on evidence in the text, why has Gunnar never written Emmaline?
This saying means that when you think you have come across something great, you might want to investigate it first. It may not be what it appears to be. (This annotation contains an image)
As Gunnar was petting the dogs, he was rubbing menthol from his shaving cream on them. Menthol has a very strong odor which would make the dogs lose the boys' scent.
How does knowing that Early and Jack are going to leave Gunnar's contribute to the structure of the plot?
Comic book heroes must have an enemy to fight! Red Skull is the villain in the Captain America comics. He first appeared in the comic in 1941. Red Skull is considered one of the best comic books villains ever created. The photo shows the 1941 comic book in which Red Skull made his first appearance. (This annotation contains an image)
Early thanks Jackie for coming along with him on his quest for the bear, but is Early the only one benefiting from the journey? Is Jack gaining something as well? Cite evidence from the text as you write your response.
Jack is a little confused about the purpose of a covered bridge. They were not covered to protect travelers. They were covered to protect the BRIDGE. At the time these bridges were constructed, bridges were made of wood. The wooden bridges would rot after about 15 years without a covering to protect the wood from the rain and snow. A covered bridge would last much longer since the wood was protected from the elements. Today, people enjoy the beauty of the covered bridges, and there are even websites that list where the most beautiful bridges are located. (This annotation contains an image)
You should never eat berries that you cannot identify. Some berries are so poisonous that they can kill you if you eat them. This photo shows mistletoe berries; they are very toxic. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on evidence in the text, why is Jack feeling relaxed at this time?
What does Jack mean when he says to Early, "You're the one with the crystal ball"?
As you read this segment about Pi, think about how all of the other Pi stories parallel the things that have happened to Jack and Early. This part can be a little confusing, but think of it in terms of what might happen next to Early and Jack.
What does it mean that "something shook loose within him"?
A tree's rings can be seen by cutting horizontally through a tree. A tree has a ring for each year of its life. In addition to its age, scientists can determine years of abundant rainfall and years with little rainfall by looking at the width of the rings. Look at all of the things that can be determined by the tree ring in the photo. (This annotation contains an image)
What is Jack referring to when he says that something in him had been "severed last summer"?
Before you read this chapter, watch this video on theme. As you watch think about some of the experiences Jack and Early have had on their journey. In particular, consider the personal losses they share that set them on their quest in the first place. At the end of this chapter, you will answer a question about theme. (This annotation contains a video)
McGuffey reader and Quackenbos's Practical Arithmetic are books that were used by schoolchildren in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The Odyssey is classical literature about a great quest that you will probably read in high school. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jack most likely suspect about the schoolbooks and clothes?
Based on what you have read in the text, why is it strange that the jam is blueberry?
How does this compare with Early's experience? Do you see a similarity in point of view? Early can't face the death of his brother just as Eustasia can't accept the death of her son.
What does Jack mean that he "joined in, but only to make it look as if we were both duly occupied"?
Does this paragraph suggest that Jack is beginning to accept his mother's death? Is he realizing that her love means that she will always be his mother, even after her death?
Consider how this chapter examines the different ways Eustasia, Early, and Jack are coping with the loss of their loved ones. How does this contribute to the theme of the story?
Animals leave very distinctive prints as they walk. Skilled trackers can determine the animal, its size, and direction by looking at the tracks it leaves behind. This photo shows the paw print of a large black bear. (This annotation contains an image)
What does this statement reveal about the main difference between Jack's mom and dad?
The Old Farmer's Almanac is full of useful information to farmers and is still in publication today. It contains long-range weather forecasts as well as information about the phases of the moon and the tides. It was used with great confidence in the years before televised weather forecasts. (This annotation contains an image)
How does this coincide with what Early believes happened to his brother?
As they write, authors use descriptions to show a change in tone and mood. Notice here that the blue sky has turned gray, and the air "has a bite" to it. Does this create a sense that all is well or that something not-so-good is about to happen? (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what you have read in the text, what is happening to Early and Jack?
Along the Appalachian Trail, there are shelters and cabins that are available for courtesy use by trail hikers. This photo shows one such cabin located on the northern part of the trail in Maryland. (This annotation contains an image)
How does the fact that the boys have "parted ways" contribute to the plot of the story?
Here is another similarity between Jack and Pi. Remember that Pi was also "away" when his mother died, and he felt "burdened" by that fact. Is the Story of Pi really about Fisher and numbers, or is it a story about the healing that comes with learning to accept the loss of loved ones?
What does Jack mean when he says that he "had to think like Early"?
Remember that the Allier River in France is the one that Early believes his brother made his escape in when the bombing that killed his unit occurred.
This is an important detail as it means that Martin paid the extra fifty cents to have his gun engraved. An author always includes such details as a hint of things to come.
Why does Jack have a "sense of satisfaction"?
At the time that MacScott and Martin were boys, it was very commonplace for young boys to have guns. Guns were a needed tool in the Appalachian Mountains. They were used for hunting which was the primary way families fed themselves. In this old photo, these young Appalachian boys are posing with their hunting dog. (This annotation contains an image)
What was the most likely reason that Martin didn't take MacScott's gun after he won it in the bet?
What does it mean if someone's "words are hitting their mark"?
Remember earlier when Jack was thinking about how to "absolve" himself of the guilt he feels over his mother's death? When something is absolved, it is made "right." Could MacScott be trying to absolve himself over Martin's death by taking care of Mrs. Johannsen?
When families kept their own livestock, it almost always included a flock of hens. On occasion a hen would be killed for dinner. Most typically the hen's neck would be twisted so as not to ruin the meat. The chicken's nerves would over-fire making it look as if it were still running. Today, this may sound cruel, but it is the way families in this country lived for many, many years. (This annotation contains an image)
Read this statement from the highlighted text. Which of the following statements uses branch in the same way that it is used in the text?
What is the most likely reason that MacScott does not shoot the Great Appalachian Bear?
Most black bears are not aggressive and avoid contact with humans. However, if they feel threatened or confronted, they are very dangerous animals. (This annotation contains an image)
Who is the bear that Jack is seeing and hearing in his semi-dream state?
Does this sound like it could be a theme of the story? Has this quest that the boys have been on really been about finding Pi or finding themselves? (This annotation contains an image)
Why has Mrs. Johannsen died?
Do you see a common theme emerging in which the main characters are all confronting the loss of loved ones?
Why does Jack go on this rant about all of the things he is going to do when he gets back to Morton Hill?
During World War II, traditional army uniforms were called olive drabs because of their plain drab appearance. This old photo shows soldiers in the uniforms just before they make their landing on Normandy Beach. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Fisher not the brother that Early remembers?
The stress of war places a terrible emotional burden on the young men and women who fight them. The emotional scars are very difficult to overcome and are often considered the "hidden" cost of war because these are the injuries no one sees. (This annotation contains an image)
According to what you have read, how are Fisher and Jack's dad similar?
For many years people made their own medicines out of common household ingredients. Cider, honey, and a little alcohol is simply homemade cough medicine. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Jack feel that Fisher's dog tags could just as easily have his name inscribed on them? Think about what they have in common as you write your response. Make sure you cite evidence from the text in your response.
Does this sound like the shell necklace in the tale from Pi's story? Could Jack's dad be carrying the burden of his mom's death?
According to what you have read in the text, what do you think that Jack has in mind?
When someone survives an event that kills the other people that were with them, they often suffer from "survivor's guilt." It is a depressing condition in which the survivor feels that he or she should have not been spared since their companions weren't. (This annotation contains an image)
What is significant about Jack's dad using a phrase his mother had used?
Proof by contradiction is a form of indirect proof. You prove your point by proving another idea wrong. (This annotation contains an image)
As you read this last installment of Pi, think about how Pi really represents all of the relationships in the story, You will see part of Fisher, part of Jack, and part of Jack's dad in the story.
What do the catacombs represent in this story?
The phrase "have all of your i's dotted and t's crossed" means that no small detail has been overlooked. (This annotation contains an image)
Always read the epilogue of a book as it wraps up all of the unfinished details of the story.
How does Jack reveal a change in his character?
The poem "No Man is an Island" by John Dunne explores the idea that all people are connected; that is a shared theme with this book. Listen to this poem read, and think about how it expresses the idea that "our stories are intertwined." (This annotation contains a video)