The Kill Order

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Curriculet Details
108 Questions
100 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for middle school students contains interactive videos exploring the genre of dystopian literature and real-life scientific and historical connections to a fictional, futuristic setting. Students will explore themes related to survival, self-preservation, love, and heroism. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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The Kill Order is the prequel to the popular Maze Runner series by James Dashner. The series focuses on survival in a post-apocalyptic world. (This annotation contains an image)
This novel's prologue helps serve as part of the exposition: the part of the book in which characters, the setting, and the conflict are introduced. Rather than explaining the setting to the reader, the author writes in such a way that the reader must infer certain details. What can you infer about the setting of this novel based on what you've read so far? 
Which type of figurative language does the author include in this passage? 
You can probably tell already that this book will contain new terminology that is specific to its futuristic setting. For example, so far we've seen mention of "The Glade," "The Maze," "Grievers and Cranks," and "WICKED." These terms are likely to become clearer; as you read, keep track of what you learn. What kind of setting do these terms help to establish? 
The prologue is told from Teresa's point of view. This type of narration is known as third person limited, because while Teresa isn't telling the story herself, her thoughts are the only ones the reader fully understands. For more information about point of view and the effect it has on a novel, watch the video below.  (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following can most reasonably be inferred about Thomas and Teresa based on the details given in this prologue? 
This novel is an example of the genre known as dystopian literature. In a dystopian novel, the main character must struggle against a society that has become so corrupt that it actively seeks to oppress its own citizens. Novels such as 1984, The Hunger Games, and Divergent are also examples. Characteristics of the genre include a totalitarian government and a hero who makes a stand against it. As you read, look out for details that help define the genre and place this novel within it. 

Chapter 1

Which of the following words would most likely be used to describe the character of Alec? 
Mark, Alec, Trina, and the other people in this settlement are survivors of a global disaster, but the details of that disaster aren't clear to the reader yet. The author chooses to use a structure called "in medias res." Watch the video below to learn more about this structure. Why might an author choose to begin a novel "in the middle of things"?  (This annotation contains a video)
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
What is the reason for Mark's abrupt shift in mood? 

Chapter 2

Hyperbole, or an extreme exaggeration, is used here to show how both Mark and Trina feel far removed from their life prior to the solar flares. Even though only about a year has literally passed, the world has changed so much in that time that it feels much longer. Continue to watch for clues about what life has been like for these characters during the past year. Understanding characters' past experiences helps us to understand their motivation later.  
Based on details from the text, which of the following details most accurately describes the relationship between the setting of the novel and the main character? 
"The Three Stooges" is an example of an allusion, or a reference to something well-known. Darnell, Misty, and The Toad remind Alec of a television show by that title, shown below. How can you tell that Alec's allusion is lost on Mark? What does Alec's reference help you understand about his character? (This annotation contains an image)
The author chooses to end this chapter with a suspenseful "cliffhanger." This technique will be used often throughout the novel. How does this sort of ending engage the reader? 

Chapter 3

What details about the Berg help you understand that this novel is set in a futuristic time period, despite the primitive surroundings? 
This group of survivors have set up camp in a settlement outside of Asheville. The picture below shows a current picture of Asheville, North Carolina. Based on details in the text and your own inferences based on them, how do you think the Asheville of today compares with the future Asheville as described in this novel? (This annotation contains an image)
Mark's hesitation about the Berg is an example of what literary technique? 
The strangers in the Berg open fire without warning. This sets up our first important example of external conflict, which will help drive the plot forward and develop the main characters. For more information about the vital role conflict plays in a story, view the link below. Continue to be on the lookout for examples of both internal and external conflict throughout the novel.  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 4

By using words such as "panicked," "screams," and "fleeing," what tone does the author establish in the opening paragraphs of this chapter? 
In order for a reader to fully understand a text, he or she should be asking questions while reading. For example, the mystery of the darts is one that will need to be solved. We also should be wondering why the Berg has arrived in the first place. What other questions about the novel do you have? Keep track of both these questions and the answers that you discover as you read.  
What inference can you make about Mark and Alec's relationship? 

Chapter 5

Based on this detail, what can you most accurately infer about Alec? 
Mark is the protagonist, or main character, of our novel, and he's already proving to be something of a hero. Yet he is not a stereotypical hero, because he is often unsure of himself and his abilities. Will Mark remain this unsure over the course of the novel? Watch for details that show his development as a character.  

Chapter 6

How does the mood of this passage suddenly contrast with the past several paragraphs? 
This line contains an example of which type of figurative language? 
Mark's discovery allows him to solve the mystery of why the Berg's crew doesn't use real guns. How is this discovery even more disturbing than if the crew had been firing bullets intended to kill settlers? 

Chapter 7

What internal conflict does Mark experience after the discovery of the darts?  
The frustration that both Mark and Alec feel when they are not given answers helps to increase the tension in the novel. This tension will continue to build throughout the novel, creating the plot's rising action. Eventually, the tension will reach its highest point, called the climax. For more information about basic plot structure, see the video below. How do tension and conflict work together in a novel?  (This annotation contains a video)
What can you infer are the pilot's "orders"? 
What can you infer has happened to Mark? 

Chapter 8

In this chapter, Mark experiences a flashback. This technique, in which the author places the reader directly into an event from the past, helps us understand more about the characters and what they have experienced in the past. For more information about flashback and how to recognize it in literature, watch the video below. What do we learn about Mark in this chapter that we didn't know before, and why is this knowledge important to the reader?  (This annotation contains a video)
One effective way for a reader to relate to a novel is to compare the setting with what he or she already knows. Although this novel is set in a futuristic time period, what details from this chapter can you relate to life today? Give specific details from the text to support your answers. 
Trina's bravery and selflessness is apparent in this scene, yet in the earlier scene where Darnell is shot (which actually occurs a year later), she criticizes Mark for trying to save him at the possible expense of their own lives. What can you infer about how the events of the past year have influenced both characters? 
What new information do you learn about Mark in this flashback? 

Chapter 9

We continue to get more information about just how devastating the solar flare catastrophe was to Mark's society. For more information about the potential effects of a similar event, watch the video below. What details from the video compare to details from the text? (This annotation contains a video)
Which literary technique does the author use in the unsettling phrase "the stench of death"? 

Chapter 10

The conflicting idea of self-preservation vs looking out for others has already surfaced several times in the novel, which gives the reader a hint about the author's developing theme. For more information about identifying theme, watch the video below. Continue to keep track of this conflict throughout the novel. How will it finally be resolved, and what theme clearly emerges in the end? (This annotation contains a video)
Which literary technique does the author use to describe the empty, barren atmosphere of the settlement? 
Based on details from the text and your inferences, why does Alec get in between Mark and Trina? 

Chapter 11

Darnell's sickness is dark and depressing in any context, but to Mark, the saddest thing is Darnell's loneliness and isolation as he suffers. Where else have you seen evidence that Mark dreads loneliness even more than sickness or death? Continue to watch this characteristic of Mark's develop as the conflict builds.  
What is "that horrible sound" most likely to be? 

Chapter 12

Based on details you've read so far, which quality is least likely to be one that Mark admires and loves in Trina? 
When Misty complains of headache so soon after Darnell's incident, the reader must infer that the virus, whatever it is, attacks a person's brain. Continue to ask yourself questions as you read: what is the purpose of the virus? Who is responsible? Keep track of clues that can help you answer these questions.  

Chapter 13

What does the Toad feel is "all so messed up"? 
With Misty's situation, the author continues to develop the conflict between self-preservation and helping others. Toad will choose to stay behind while the others leave. Who do you think is right? What can you understand about the other side's opinion, even if you don't agree? 
Misty and Darnell both seem to lose their sanity after they become infected, but they react in very different ways. What does this hint to you about the nature of the virus, if not every person who is infected reacts in the same way?  

Chapter 14

Which of the following is least likely to be a reason why Mark believes a stranger is following Trina and him? 
This chapter contains a clear example of situational irony. We expect that Alec, the large stranger who has been tailing them for quite some time, poses a threat to Mark and Trina, yet he actually ends up being the one to save them. For more about irony and how it affects a novel, watch the video below. What other examples of irony can you find in the novel?  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 15

Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 
This small band of survivors has been through so much turmoil in the past year that they don't find trekking through the Appalachians to be particularly difficult, but this could change for them rapidly. The picture below shows the terrain of Western North Carolina. Besides the mysterious virus, what other natural threats are Mark and the others likely to face? (This annotation contains an image)
What event causes Mark to forget the tension and stress of the virus, even if it's only temporary? 
The picture below shows the constellation Orion, Mark's sister's favorite. Why does looking at the stars, a simple pastime, cause Mark to feel emotional pain? What does this detail help us to understand about him? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 16

What unspoken threat is "clear" in Alec's voice? 
Toad's admission in this passage startles everyone, as it shows that he has clearly lost his sanity. How has the nature of the virus changed as it spread from Darnell, to Misty, to Toad? Why might this information be significant to Mark and the other survivors? 
Based on the text, what has Alec most likely done? 

Chapter 17

Trina is an "enigma" to Mark because she is both tough and delicate at the same time. In literature, this type of contradiction is also called a paradox. Another example of a paradox in this novel is the setting that Mark notices and describes early on: the earth is starting to heal and grow new life, yet it is also scarred and deadly. Continue to look for examples of paradox as you read.  
The idiom "sinking farther into the doldrums" helps show what about Mark's state of mind? 
For more information about how viruses in real life can replicate and spread, watch the video below. Although this is a work of fiction, how does the virus in this novel compare with real-life viruses such as flu? What similar concerns do real-life scientists share with characters like Alec and Lana? (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 18

The painting below, by Vincent Van Gogh, is called "Girl in the Woods." After studying the painting, answer the question below.  (This annotation contains an image)
What is Alec protesting? 
What details about the painting, including its subject and also its colors and mood, are similar to the way this little girl is described in the text? Why does the little girl cause Mark to shiver?  
What is it about Deedee that makes her unique? 
Although Mark begins to forget about the people who abandoned Deedee, the reader should not. The reader should be questioning who these people are and why they left Deedee behind. What other questions does a careful reader have at this stage in the novel? 

Chapter 19

What type of plot structure does the author use to begin this chapter? 
The image below shows an erupting solar flare. In 2012, many scientists say that a large solar superstorm narrowly missed hitting earth. They estimate that such a storm would have knocked out power for electricity, transportation, and water to a large number of people and would have cost trillions of dollars in damage. What effects did this fictional solar storm have on Mark's world? Continue to look for details as you read.  (This annotation contains an image)
The idea of melting polar ice caps is one that has been explored in other examples of dystopian literature and in disaster movies. The video below shows what could happen worldwide if such an event occurred. How did an event like the one in the video effect the characters in this novel? (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 20

The reader has met all of these characters and knows they survive the year after the sun flares strike Earth - except for Baxter. What can you infer happened to this character? Use evidence from the text to support your inferences. 
What is Alec most hoping to avoid by getting to the Lincoln Building? 
The picture below can make this scene easier to picture. The subway concourse in the novel is more crowded than it is in the picture, and people are nervous, on-edge, and surrounded by death and injury. Where does Alec's group want to go, and how will they need to get there? What are the dangers involved in their mission? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 21

While solar flares like those described in the novel have not hit Earth, subways have been flooded in the past. Watch the video below, which shows images of the flooded New York subway system during 2012's Hurricane Sandy. What details from the footage are similar to Mark's memory? (This annotation contains a video)
Which words in this passage most clearly help to establish a mood in which the reader feels nervous about Deedee's fellow villagers? 
What has helped Mark forget his unpleasant memories? 

Chapter 22

What skill is Alec clearly proud of in himself? 
This isn't the first time that the reader has seen Mark to be a reluctant or uncertain hero. He doesn't have the same faith in himself as a leader as he has in Alec. However, despite his doubts about himself, where have we seen evidence of Mark's own bravery and quick thinking? 
How does the mood shift when Mark and the others begin to hear singing? 

Chapter 23

As you can tell by the author's word choice, this next scene is intended to be extremely creepy and strange. When an author wants the reader to feel a certain way, he or she will include specific words in order to create a specific mood. What words in this passage help to create an eerie mood? 
A cult is defined as a religious or social group with beliefs that deviate from what most of society considers to be normal. Cults have long been associated with strange, ritualistic behavior and hero worship of a charismatic leader. What do Alec and Mark think makes this particular cult particularly strange and dangerous? (This annotation contains an image)
Why did Mark expect the dancing people to be "wearing crazy robes or be flat-out naked"? 
Now that Mark and Alec are going to meet these people face to face, new complications arise in the plot. Since things are about to change, take a moment to think about everything that has happened up to this point first. What important details would you include in an objective summary of the novel up to this point? For more information on how to choose details to include, watch the following video.  (This annotation contains a video)
Quiz, Chapters 1-23 

Chapter 24

What does the "flat monotone" of Mark's captor most clearly indicate about his state of mind? 
The author offers two different interpretations of why the darts were fired on settlements: either Deedee's actions are responsible, or there is a corrupt government agency wanting to destroy its own people. Yet even though two options are presented, the author makes it clear which one the reader should believe. Which interpretation is more likely to be accurate, and how can you tell? 
Which of the following is not a reason why Mark feels afraid to look too long at this man? 

Chapter 25

Both Mark and Alec are confused and concerned when they hear Jed's story. The details about the time frame concerns them the most. If it has been over two months since Jed's village was attacked, what does this new detail suggest about the virus? 
Why is Mark the one to communicate with Jed instead of Alec? 

Chapter 26

Alec's biggest criticism of Mark is that he thinks too much. According to Alec, a person needs to be able to think on his feet and act on his instincts at times. Does Mark takes Alec's advice to heart? As the conflict continues to build, pay attention to whether Mark learns to follow his instincts. 
Things change for Mark at this point in the novel. Previously, he has often followed Alec's leadership without having any real leadership skills of his own. How will this forest fire impact Mark's motivation? For more about characters and their driving forces, watch the video below. How will the character of Mark become more complex now that his motivation is becoming more distinct?  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 27

Which literary technique does the author use in this passage to describe the forest in detail? 
Alec's face is hidden from Mark when he speaks. He is also clearly winded, tired, and in pain. Continue to observe Alec closely over the next several chapters. What clues does the author give you that his health may be deteriorating? If Alec is not well, what does this mean for Mark? 
Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 

Chapter 28

Notice how the author reiterates Mark's reliance on Alec's leadership. The author may be foreshadowing the idea that if something is going to happen to Alec, Mark will have to change. Watch the following video about foreshadowing. Where else have you seen examples of this technique in the novel? (This annotation contains a video)
Mark is feeling competitive with what character in this passage? 
Mark questions Alec's judgment, and it turns out that Alec believes he may be right. This detail indicates that Mark is becoming more confident in his own abilities to lead. Continue to watch for examples of this development.  
What can you most reasonably infer from this detail? 

Chapter 29

Notice how Mark has regularly started giving Alec direction, which Alec willingly accepts. What does this new development show you about both characters? 
Which literary technique does the author use in this passage? 

Chapter 30

Mark and Alec have stumbled across a headquarters or hiding place of some sort by accident. Looking back at the last few moments of this adventure, where did the author give the reader clues (foreshadow) that something like this was likely to happen?  
Mark continues to develop as a character in this passage. When the reader first saw him, Mark was hesitant and unsure of himself. How does this passage show that he is changing? Where else have we seen evidence of his development as a character? 
What internal conflict is Mark battling in this passage? 

Chapter 31

Why does Mark use the word "Grandpa" here? 
Alec and Mark notice that the building they are in has some of the most advanced technology that they have seen in a year. What does the presence of a generator and electricity lead you to infer about the people who have been staying here? How has their experience been different from Alec and Mark's? 
When Mark and Alec eavesdrop on this conversation without the other characters knowing, the author is using a technique called dramatic irony. Watch the video below to understand more about this literary technique. In the case of this scene, what does the author's use of dramatic irony add to our understanding?  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 32

We now have a name for the virus and a possible explanation for the cult's presence. What details from the text support Mark's theory that the members of the cult were test subjects? 
Mark continues to grow as a character as we read. In this conversation with Alec, it is almost as if the two switch roles: Alec becoming hesitant while Mark wants action. How is this different from what we'd come to understand about both of these characters earlier in the novel? 
Which words in this passage contribute to the mood that the author intends for the reader to feel? 
The appearance of this stranger helps propel the reader toward the climax, or point of highest conflict and intensity. Based on his first words to Mark, what can you infer about this man and the story he is about to tell? How does his presence influence the plot? 

Chapter 33

Which of the following cannot logically be inferred from Anton's words? 
What was the virus intended to do? 
Remember the details that you noticed in the prologue of this novel. What new details that you have learned from Anton's story help explain some of those early terms and ideas? How is Anton's story likely to affect Mark and Alec's mission now? 

Chapter 34

In this passage, the author uses figurative language to compare Mark's dreams to ______.  

Chapter 35

This detail may surprise the careful reader who knows that Baxter is not among the group of survivors one year later. Since Baxter survives the crowd and the flood, what question should you be asking? Continue to look for answers to this question and others.  
In this flashback, the group reaches the Lincoln Building thanks to Alec's leadership. Now that you've read several excerpts from Mark's memories of that day, put them together in an objective summary that explains what happened from the time the sun flares hit Earth to this moment when Alec tells the survivors to climb.  

Chapter 36

When a character in a novel experiences traumatic, life-changing events, it's important for the reader to try and empathize with that character. Sharing a connection with a character can help the character's development become clearer and more realistic. What details about Mark make it easier for a reader to feel this sort of connection with him as a character? 
Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 
This isn't the first time that Mark has chastised himself for thinking of the past. Looking forward instead of backward emerges as a theme in this section of the novel. How have you seen evidence that Mark is truly trying to learn this? 
Mark is relieved that he and Alec have not been seen as they attempt to eavesdrop on this crowd. What can you infer is likely to happen if they are spotted? 

Chapter 37

Based on the crowd's reaction to Bruce's presence and opening words, what can you most reasonably infer about him? 
What event has led Bruce and the others in the bunker to "march on Asheville"? 
The Flat Trans, as it was described earlier by Anton, is a teleportation device. Apparently, the only surviving strongholds are in Asheville and Alaska, and the Flat Trans connects them. If Bruce and the others achieve their plan, how would this be devastating to the rest of the world's dwindling population?  
This passage contains an allusion to Charles Darwin, a naturalist and scientist known for his theories of evolution. One of Darwin's most famous ideas was his theory of natural selection, which people often simplify to mean that some species are better equipped for survival than others. What does Bruce's allusion show about his beliefs? 

Chapter 38

In both this passage and in the description of Bruce and the crowd in the previous chapter, Mark notices that these people do not behave normally. What specific details from the text support the theory that they have contracted the Flare? 

Chapter 39

In this action sequence, the reader can clearly observe how Mark has changed as a hero. Rather than acting hesitantly and even second-guessing himself, he is acting on instinct, just as Alec suggested. Continue to observe this development over the next section of the novel. What point does the author seem to be making about survival? 
Which of the following is not an image that the author uses to describe this scene? 
How does the author use language in this chapter to create tension? Cite specific examples from the text.  

Chapter 40

Discovering workpads onboard the Berg would be like discovering a computer in enemy headquarters. Think about action movies you've seen where something like this happens. Why is this an important discovery? What information might Mark and Alec be able to find? 
Which of the following is the most logical inference about the noise that Mark hears? 

Chapter 41

Mark has often been reluctant to be the hero in the past. Now, with Alec occupied trying to start the Berg, he has no choice but to do everything he can to save the day. Continue to track Mark's development into a sort of action hero. How has he changed since the day the sun flares struck Earth? 

Chapter 42

What does the simile in this passage mean? 
Mark's sudden, violent rage is surprising; it doesn't fit the personality that he's shown throughout the novel, and it seems deeper and darker than just a will to survive and save Trina. What are the possible explanations for Mark's dark state of mind? 

Chapter 43

While Mark has been having to fight so many external conflicts - with the dart shooters, the cult, and Bruce's followers - he has not taken much time to consider his physical health and state of mind. Yet, he now realizes that he has also been battling an internal conflict. What is true about Mark's mind? 
What effect does the third person limited point of view have on this chapter? 

Chapter 44

Mark believes that despite the crippling effects of the Flare, there is hope in the idea that there is probably a cure out there somewhere. What is likely to be his motivation in the next section of the novel? 
Which of the following best describes the author's use of irony in this passage? 
It's possible that the author uses the image here - of a world that is "upside down" - to mean something beyond the literal implication of Mark being held upside down. When people speak figuratively about a world being turned upside down, what do they mean? How can the setting in this novel fit that description as well? 

Chapter 45

Which type of figurative language does the author include in this passage? 
After several moments of intense, dramatic action, the author provides a little bit of humor in this scene as Mark and Alec tease one another. Why might an author choose to structure a novel in this way, injecting humor in a tense moment? 
Which of the following best summarizes the internal conflict that Alec notices in Mark at this moment? 
Quiz, Chapters 24-45 

Chapter 46

Which words within this paragraph best show the author's use of imagery to describe the scene inside the Lincoln Building? 
Use the picture below to help you see this scene from Mark's eyes. Compare the picture with details from the text. How would this photograph look different if it had been taken by Mark at this moment? (This annotation contains an image)
What does Alec mean by this statement? 
The death of Baxter in this manner may take some readers by surprise. Although you likely inferred that Baxter dies before reaching North Carolina, you may not have expected it to occur like this. Why do you think the author includes this scene? What is his purpose in showing how frightening the world has become? 

Chapter 47

Based on this statement, the reader can infer that  
Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 
It's interesting to note that the author changes the tense of the verbs when he describes Mark's flashbacks. Each flashback is written using the present tense. Why do you think the author decides to structure each flashback so that they feel like they are taking place in the present rather than in the past? 
What specific details earlier in the chapter gave clues that Alec was planning something like this?  
The world has become a bleak place since Mark and Trina were sitting in the subway together before the flares hit. How has it changed? How have people changed as a result?  

Chapter 48

Which of the following is the most accurate meaning for the idiom "dead to the world"? 
The image below shows a picture of a retinal scanner. What does the use of such a device for security indicate about the people who own the Berg? (This annotation contains an image)
Normally, Mark and Alec act as character foils for one another, which means that they highlight one another's most opposite traits. For example, Alec's impulsive nature stands in stark contrast to Mark's deliberate personality. Alec's arrogance in his abilities makes Mark look even more unsure of himself. In this passage, they still act as foils, but how have their typical traits started to develop? 
Based on details within the text, the objects in the box are most likely to be _____. 

Chapter 49

Mark isn't impressed with the discovery of the Transvice or the discussion of the Flat Trans. Yet, the reader should assume that neither are mentioned offhand by the author. Both exist as a form of foreshadowing. What role do you think both the Flat Trans and the Transvice weapon may play later in the novel? 
Why is Alec pointing a weapon at Mark? 

Chapter 50

In Mark's mind, what is the most devastating effect of the Flare? 
In some novels about survival situations, including other dystopian novels, the ultimate goal of the protagonist is to live at all costs. Where have we seen examples that this is not, however, Mark's motivation? 
The picture below shows the scene of a riot. Compare this picture with the text. What similarities and differences do you notice? How would an onlooker like Alec and Mark feel in both scenes?  (This annotation contains an image)
What can you most reasonably infer is happening in this passage? 
The comic below shows some action figures from popular culture. What details from this chapter show Mark and Alec to be similar to these characters in ways? How are they different? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 51

In this passage, the author provides the reader with clues about Alec and about the time period in which this novel is set. What new information do you learn about both? 

Chapter 52

Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 
Mark feels nothing for the woman who has attacked him. Yet a year ago, in the Lincoln Building, Mark felt sympathy for the woman who was so obviously manipulated and tortured by Boss. Has the Flare changed Mark emotionally, or have the past year's experiences altered him forever? 
Explain how the events of this chapter show Mark's development as a character. Cite specific details from the text.  

Chapter 53

Notice the author's use of foreshadowing in this passage: "do not let anyone" touch the Transvices. Based on the heavy foreshadowing, what do you predict is likely to happen to the Transvices later? 
What is the effect of the author's use of hyperbole in this passage? 
Based on textual evidence, which of the following is most likely to be the reason why the infected didn't look up at the Berg? 
Based on details within the passage, what can you most reasonably infer about the man with the match? 

Chapter 54

Mark's motivation has changed yet again. When he first becomes aware that he is infected, he intends to find an antidote, but that has changed. What is his purpose now? What obstacles do you foresee getting in his way? 
The idea of survival - even at the cost of letting others die - is one that the author introduced early in the novel. What theme about survival and self-preservation is the author making clear through Mark's statement here?  
Mark has seen and experienced many horrific things since the day of the solar flares, yet the scenes he witnesses in this neighborhood as he searches for Trina and Deedee are especially disturbing to him. What details help set this terrible, yet vivid scene? Give specific examples from the text.  

Chapter 55

What emotion is driving Mark's actions at this moment? 
This event may have been foreshadowed earlier in the novel when the Toad came up to the group's campsite not long after he'd been infected. What similarities exist between this scene and that one?  

Chapter 56

The metaphor "a tightening noose" is used in this passage to  
Mark's actions in this passage most clearly indicate that  
In stark contrast with the scene outside, Alec and Mark suddenly come to a calm, quiet basement. The single "stream of sunlight" in the dirty room probably symbolizes Deedee herself. Out of all of them, Deedee is still the most unchanged and unaffected by the Flare. How is she like the "stream of sunlight" that Mark notices among the dust and darkness? (This annotation contains an image)
How has The Flare affected Trina's mind? 

Chapter 57

Which type of figurative language does the author use in this passage? 
Based on the text, what can you infer through the author's indirect characterization of Deedee? 
Mark's worry and fear both indicate that although he feels that the Flare might overtake his sanity at any moment, he is still lucid and capable. He hopes that he is also capable a heroism that will enable him to save Trina and Deedee. Does Mark fit your typical picture of a hero? Why or why not?  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 58

For much of the novel, Mark and Alec have been fulfilling the role of the hero: battling villains in hand to hand combat. How do Trina's actions here - and the crowd's reaction - come as a surprise? Why do you think the author chose to include this detail in the novel? 
What detail from this passage helps the reader understand the strangers' true intentions toward Mark? 

Chapter 59

Based on evidence in the text, why is Trina most likely running with "her eyes afire and focused on Deedee"? 
What tone does the author create by his word choice in this passage? 
Mark makes the decision not to stop in order to continue his mission of helping Trina and Deedee. Does this decision make him more or less heroic to you? 

Chapter 60

Why is Mark devastated when he sees Trina again? 
The discovery of this document leads us to the climax of the novel. In the next chapter, you will discover what the "KILL ORDER" is and how it relates to The Flare. When we reach the climax of a novel, the conflict has risen to the point where the story cannot go any further without something changing. What predictions do you have about what Mark has discovered and how it will change everything? 

Chapter 61

Based on the text, which of the following is most likely to have been the "proposal" referred to in this message? 
In this message, Mark discovers that the virus was not supposed to act as it has. How does the description of the proposed virus in this e-mail contrast with the actual virus that Mark has witnessed?  (This annotation contains an image)
Why does the PCC recommend that a deadly virus be unleashed onto the world's population? 
Discovering the truth about the virus is devastating to Mark. It also raises an important question: do the ends justify the means? In other words, the PCC has a good intention, or end: to save civilization. However, the method they employ, or the means, is obviously questionable. What theme about whether or not the ends justify the means do you think the author is emphasizing? How can you tell? 

Chapter 62

What does the author accomplish by including this flashback of Mark and Trina in the cave? 
Mark and Trina survive the solar flares and all of the natural disasters that were effects of that event. However, a group of people decide that they should no longer be survivors. Why is this ironic? 
What can you most reasonably infer from this conversation between Mark and Alec? 

Chapter 63

Why does Alec want Mark to come to the cockpit and learn to fly the Berg? 
In this moment, we clearly see how much Alec and Mark mean to one another after the year they've experienced together. Since this story is told from Mark's point of view, we don't often see past Alec's gruff exterior. What specific details in this passage, however, show us how he truly feels? Where else have we seen evidence that he cares for Mark and the others deeply? 
What can you infer from Deedee's words and actions? 

Chapter 64

Mark knows that he is infected, yet he refuses to give in to the sickness. What is it that he hopes to accomplish while he is still sane and rational? Why is saving Deedee so important to him? 
How has the Flare most clearly impacted Trina? 
What new complication adds tension to this section of the novel? 

Chapter 65

Deedee's immunity has been mentioned several times in the novel. Since Mark is no longer sure of his own survival, and since he feels that his relationship with Trina is doomed, he could choose to give up. Yet Deedee's immunity still gives him hope. Why? 
What "territory from which he wasn't sure he'd come back" does Mark feel that he has entered? 

Chapter 66

Now that we know that Mark is contaminated with the Flare, we see first-hand the effects that it has on a person's brain. Notice how his sickness affects Mark's state of mind in this chapter as you read.  
All of Mark's experiences of the past year have combined to turn him into a different kind of person. Yet he still hopes to do good before he is overtaken by the same madness that the Flare has caused in other people. Watch the following video about dynamic vs. static characters. In what ways is Mark an example of a dynamic character? (This annotation contains a video)
How does the Flare most directly affect Mark's emotions? 

Chapter 67

What internal conflict is Mark facing in this passage? 
Based on the text, what is the purpose of a Flat Trans? 
In the resolution of this novel, the theme is fully realized: there is more to life than survival. What decisions do Mark, Trina, Alec, and the others make throughout the novel that help us realize this theme? What is their hope for Deedee's future? 
In the epilogue to this novel, we discover that Deedee will grow up to be Teresa, the girl who, with Thomas, enters the maze that was mentioned in the prologue. This novel serves as a prequel for another novel called The Maze Runner. Watch the following trailer for an upcoming movie adaptation of The Maze Runner and answer the following question.  (This annotation contains a video)
Who is Deedee? What can you infer has happened to her - and to the other survivors - after this book ends? 
Although many would consider the ending of this novel to be bleak, the author chooses to include a silver lining by having Trina remember Mark despite her sickness. Does the ending of this novel surprise you, or did you see it coming? Use details from the text to explain your answer.  
Quiz, Chapters 46-67