Moon over Manifest

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Winner of the 2011 Newbery Award. The movement of the train rocked me like a lullaby. I closed my eyes to the dusty countryside and imagined the sign I'd seen only in Gideon's stories:Manifest-A Town with a rich past and a bright future. Abilene Tucker feels abandoned. Her father has put her on a train, sending her off to live with an old friend for the summer while he works a railroad job. Armed only with a few possessions and her list of universals, Abilene jumps off the train in Manifest, Kansas, aiming to learn about the boy her father once was. Having heard stories about Manifest, Abilene is disappointed to find that it's just a dried-up, worn-out old town. But her disappointment quickly turns to excitement when she discovers a hidden cigar box full of mementos, including some old letters that mention a spy known as the Rattler. These mysterious letters send Abilene and her new friends, Lettie and Ruthanne, on an honest-to-goodness spy hunt, even though they are warned to "Leave Well Enough Alone." Abilene throws all caution aside when she heads down the mysterious Path to Perdition to pay a debt to the reclusive Miss Sadie, a diviner who only tells stories from the past. It seems that Manifest's history is full of colorful and shadowy characters-and long-held secrets. The more Abilene hears, the more determined she is to learn just what role her father played in that history. And as Manifest's secrets are laid bare one by one, Abilene begins to weave her own story into the fabric of the town. Powerful in its simplicity and rich in historical detail, Clare Vanderpool's debut is a gripping story of loss and redemption. From the Hardcover edition.
Curriculet Details
96 Questions
100 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for sixth grade students contains interactive videos exploring elements of plot and historical connections, as well as annotations describing plot structure, figurative language, and character change. Students will explore the themes of prejudice and belonging. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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Santa Fe Railway

Who is narrating this story? 
Based on the highlighted text, how does Abilene feel about her father, Gideon? 
The sign announcing the border of Manifest, Kansas is important. As a result of weather, age, and bullet holes, half the words on the sign have disappeared. The town's motto has changed from "A town with a rich past and a bright future" to "A town with a past." This gives us a hint that the town is no longer as bright and optimistic as it once was, and that its past will be important to the story. 

Homework #8

Make sure to pay close attention to the chapter heading and the dates. These headings will help you figure out the time period, location, and narrator of each chapter. The two selections in this chapter are articles from the 1917 Manifest Herald newspaper that forms the lining of Abilene's compass box. 
What real historical event occurring in 1917 does Hattie Mae's news update refer to? 

Path to Perdition

By Abilene's actions and language, we can tell this story is set in the past. In what specific year does Abilene jump off the train and come to the town of Manifest? Explain how you know. 
Gideon and Abilene have no home, they hop on and off trains without paying, and they go to church for the free meals. It is clear that they are very poor. Their experience was very common in 1936. From 1929 to 1939, the United States struggled financially and was in the middle of what is now called The Great Depression. The Great Depression affects many of the characters in "Moon Over Manifest," so make sure to watch the video below for important information about this historical time period.  (This annotation contains a video)

Shady’s Place

WIth Abilene Tucker as our first-person narrator, we are limited to her point of view. An advantage of this is that we usually know what Abilene is thinking and feeling. But a disadvantage is that we often get only partial information about situations that Abilene does not fully understand. Watch the video below to learn more about point of view. Pay attention to the explanation of first and third person point of view. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on the selected text, which words best describe Abilene's personality? 
The variety of names listed shows that the town contains residents of many different ethnicities. Matenopoulos is a Greek name, Santoni is an Italian name, and Akkerson is a Dutch name. 
What a word! Did you know that you can look up any word in the story or the pop-up questions? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently. Try to guess what "discombobulated" means, then check your answer using the dictionary feature. 
What is one detail of Shady's home that seems unusual for a church pastor? What might that detail suggest about Shady and his church? 
"Moon Over Manifest" contains many examples of figurative language, or language that does not literally mean what it states. Shady's life is not actually a jigsaw puzzle, but Abilene believes it has many pieces to it, and so it is similar to a puzzle. Watch the video below for a description of three common types of figurative language: simile, metaphor, and personification.  (This annotation contains a video)
Which line in the highlighted paragraph does not contain figurative language? 
The fictional town of Manifest, Kansas is located in the Great Plains region of the U.S. The blue state labeled "KS" is Kansas. Des Moines, the capital of Iowa, is located diagonally to the right of Kansas in the state labeled "IA." The distance from Des Moines to the nearest corner of Kansas is about 200 miles. (This annotation contains an image)

First Morning

What kind of figurative language does Abilene use when she describes her hair as feeling like straw? 
These are 1930s schoolchildren like Abilene might expect to meet. (This annotation contains an image)
Which word below is the best synonym (same meaning) for the word "quandary"? Use the dictionary feature if you need to. 

Sacred Heart of the Holy Redeemer Elementary School

As a story's plot progresses, new conflicts continually arise. These conflicts create tension and problems to solve. They push the action forward. When "Moon Over Manifest" opened, Abilene's main conflict was being separated from her father. Now she faces another, smaller conflict when she goes to school and has to face unfamiliar faces and unwelcome attention. Study the diagram below for an overview of plot structure.  (This annotation contains an image)
Abilene is not an orphan, but she does feel temporarily abandoned by her father. Although she won't admit it, she is growing worried that he won't come back for her. 
Explain the meaning of Abilene's figurative language here. What does she mean by "rose" and "thorn"? 
Sacred Heart of the Holy Redeemer is a Catholic school run by Sister Redempta. A Catholic sister is someone who does not marry, but instead promises to serve the church and community. In the 1930s, sisters wore habits (long robes), like those shown in the photograph below. Sister Redempta teaches her students to perform corporal works of mercy, which are types of good deeds. They include giving food, drink, shelter, and clothing to people who need them, along with helping the sick and the imprisoned. (This annotation contains an image)
How does Sister Redempta's point of view differ from Abilene's? 

Fort Treeconderoga

Finally! Abilene has been waiting all day to open this box and study its contents. The long wait helped to build suspense and make the box seem even more important. 
What had Abilene hoped she would find in the cigar box? 
Abilene is not used to being in one place long enough to make real friends. She doesn't know how to react to Ruthanne and Lettie's efforts to get to know her, so she ends up trying to push them away. 
What does the highlighted selection reveal about Lettie and Ruthanne? 

Main Street, Manifest

For a taste of the radio show Lettie is referring to, listen to the first 30 seconds of the clip below.  (This annotation contains a video)
What is one positive result of the girls' spy search? 
To add to the financial troubles of the 1930s, a severe drought took hold of the Midwest. Some areas did not see significant rain for almost a decade, and the Midwest began to be called the Dust Bowl. Crops dried up and animals shriveled. Manifest is not suffering as much as the dried-up farmland in the photo below, but it is still dry and dusty.  (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the events of this chapter, what does this message seem to mean? 
This spooky setting (darkness, lonely music, creaking rocking chair) helps to create tension in this scene. 
What new problem has been introduced to the plot? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Kansas was a "dry" state from 1881 to 1946, which meant that the Kansas government passed laws prohibiting the making and selling of alcohol. Prohibition of alcohol led to the creation of stills (hidden equipment for making alcohol), moonshine (illegally made liquor), and speakeasies (secret bars). 
What form of figurative language does the highlighted line contain? 
Even today, people still disagree about whether mediums have special powers. Many religions consider it sinful to meddle with fortune-telling. When Abilene mentions "risk[ing] eternal damnation," she fears she is committing a serious sin by getting her fortune told. 
How does Miss Sadie react to the letter? 

Triple Toe Creek

Notice the date of this chapter: 1917. This is 19 years before the story's present as narrated by Abilene. This chapter, which picks up where the last chapter left off, is from the point of view of Miss Sadie. While Abilene speaks in first person when she narrates, Miss Sadie's section is narrated in third person. 
What do we know about Jinx at this point? 
The Ku Klux Klan, or KKK, gained strength from 1915 to the 1930s. The Klan used fear tactics to intimidate groups of people that they saw as threats to America values. The ghostly robes and masks they wore helped increase the fear they aroused in people.  (This annotation contains an image)
Why does the town of Manifest attract so many immigrants? 
Poison ivy is known for having three leaves all connected at the stem. (This annotation contains an image)
Arthur Devlin is the wealthy owner of the mine. Lester Burton is the pit boss. This means Mr. Burton is in charge of all the underground operations and reports directly to Mr. Devlin. 
How did their encounter with the Ku Klux Klan change Jinx and Ned's relationship? 

A Bargain Is Struck

What is the narrative point of view of this chapter? 
The subject of fortune-telling appeared in the famous 1930s movie "The Wizard of Oz." Watch the video below in which the main character, Dorothy, visits Professor Marvel, a man who claims to be able to read people's past, present, and future. Professor Marvel is a fake, however, who uses Dorothy's information to make good guesses. Pay attention to how Dorothy's experience with a fortune-teller compares to Abilene's. (This annotation contains a video)
What is one similarity and one difference between Abilene's encounter with Miss Sadie and Dorothy's experience with Professor Marvel? 

Likely Suspects

As the rising action continues, so do the conflicts. In the highlighted paragraph, Abilene is expressing her inner troubles or her internal conflict. Watch the video below for an explanation of the two kinds of conflict: internal and external. (This annotation contains a video)
Abilene can't remember if Gideon told her he was coming back to her. What internal conflict most likely causes this uncertainty? 
Do you think Shady actually knows anything about Gideon? Support your answer with a reference to the text. 
Abilene suspects Shady has alcohol hidden in the bag. 

Homework #19

Calamine lotion is used to soothe itching caused by poison ivy. Abilene pulled out this article because she realized it connected to the story Miss Sadie told about Jinx replacing toilet paper with poison ivy at the KKK meeting. Do you notice any other hidden references to poison ivy in this paragraph? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Use the dictionary feature to look up the word perdition. Then choose the word below that is the best antonym (opposite meaning) for perdition. 
What do Jinx and Abilene have in common? 
Orphan trains were real. Between 1854 and 1929 over 100,000 orphans were put on trains and sent to be adopted by new families across the country. Lucky children were loved by their new families; unlucky children were treated as unpaid servants.  (This annotation contains an image)

The Art of Distraction

Once again, we are plunged into Jinx's world of 1917. This story within a story is an example of a parallel plot. As it progresses, the story goes back and forth between events in Abilene's life and events in Jinx's life. As we read, we must try to discover the connection between the two plots. Watch the video below for a full explanation of parallel plots.  (This annotation contains a video)
Between the characters in 1936 and the characters in 1917, the names can be a bit hard to keep track of. If you need a reminder, the beginning of the book contains a list of characters and their descriptions. Click the orange "C" in the upper left corner of the screen, then choose "Table of Contents," followed by "Characters." 
World War I lasted from July 1914 to November 1918. Although the war began in Europe, the United States did not join the war until December of 1917 after Germany began sinking U.S. ships. More than 50 countries were engaged in the war, but the main powers included Germany and Austria-Hungary against Great Britain, France, Russia, Italy, and the United States.  (This annotation contains an image)
What does Ned mean when he says he has a "questionable background"? 
Which words describe Ned and Jinx's relationship at this point? 
Notice how Jinx can manipulate people. He is getting Mr. Hinkley to explain how to make a firecracker so cleverly that Mr. Hinkley doesn't even realize it. 
How might this scene from Miss Sadie's story connect with Abilene's life in 1936? 
Jinx's knowledge of the art of distraction gives us a hint about his background before coming to Manifest. Like the rest of the people in this story, Jinx's past continues to influence his actions and shape his future. 

Frog Hunting

Abilene uses the idiom "left me hanging" to describe the way Miss Sadie ended her story in the middle of a scene. By Abilene's use of this idiom, we can infer that  
The connection between the past, present, and future is one of the themes of this book. The theme is the central idea in a story that reveals a truth about life. Watch the video below for more explanation and examples.  (This annotation contains a video)
Abilene has been interrupted in her attempt to read the name on the gravestone. This leaves us with an unsolved mystery that adds to the rising tension of the story. 
What does this chapter reveal about Sister Redempta's role in the town? 
Quiz 1 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Sister Redempta tells the story of the orphan boy to make Abilene feel better. What does this reveal about Sister Redempta's character? 
The verb meaning of "manifest" is "to make clear or evident to the eye or the understanding; show plainly." Think about what is being manifested, or shown plainly, as you continue reading.  
Consider this question as you read: why does Miss Sadie continue telling these stories if she is no longer being paid to do so? 

The Victory Quilt

Wars are expensive! During WWI, the U.S. government had to pay for food, weapons, salaries and much more for all its troops. The government alone could not afford this. Troops often were poorly fed and clothed, so ordinary citizens helped out. They started fund raisers (like the Victory Quilt Auction) or bought Liberty Bonds, which loaned the government money to be paid back at a later date.  (This annotation contains an image)
Which theme of the book is being developed in the highlighted selection? 
This is a subtle insult to Ned. By saying Ned's "folks" started the "mess" of World War I, Lance is saying he associated Ned with foreigners and doesn't see him as American. 
Which word best describes Lance's tone here as he accuses Ned of being a German spy? 
Be on the lookout for connections between the parallel plots. Remember Miss Sadie's strange fence covered in pots and forks? Perhaps Jinx may have had something to do with that. 
In 1917, medical knowledge among the average citizen, and even among doctors, was limited. People believed easily in new miracle cures because they did not understand the science behind their ailments. 
What was Jinx most likely feeling when he heard the preacher speak? 
This is a story within a story within a story! Jinx is telling a story inside Miss Sadie's story, which is inside Abilene's story. 
Which word below is the best synonym (same meaning) for jinx? 
What are two ways that Jinx's past with his Uncle Finn influences his present life in Manifest? 

Homework #25

Like a true reporter, Hattie Mae reports only facts that she observes or is told. She describes Jinx and Shady's bidding war at the quilt auction, but she does not understand it. Miss Sadie's story helps to fill in the blanks, however. Based on Miss Sadie's story, why do Jinx and Shady battle over the quilt up to $25.75? 
Unlike Uncle Finn's fake medicine, the medical advertisements in the Manifest Herald are considered legitimate. This vitamin revitalizer was created by Velma T. Harkrader, the local chemistry teacher. These medical advertisements in the paper are not random. Keep on the lookout for the role medicine plays in the story. 

Homework #26

Ned is using some badly spelled French. He is saying that he is being sent to fight in France. 
Why does Abilene include the news article about President Wilson's visit along with Ned's letter at this point in the book? 

Under the Stars

Abilene uses many different words to express her emotions as she tells her story. Her emotions reflect the tone of the story and affect our mood as readers. Watch the video below for an explanation of tone and mood.  (This annotation contains a video)
Listen to the "Hobo's Lullaby" recorded below. It was written by Goebel Reeves who lived as a drifter and hobo in the 1920s. Think about how the song compares to Lettie's song.  (This annotation contains a video)
How does the "Hobo's Lullaby" relate to Abilene's emotions in this scene or another part of the book? 
Finding these worms in the dead of the night may be mysterious and eerie, but it is not magic. Due to their soft plant tissue, young cottonwood saplings are known to attract certain worms and caterpillars.  
What theme does the highlighted paragraph help develop? 

Homework #28

Is Ned's tone upbeat or upset in the highlighted paragraph? List two words or phrases that helped you determine your answer. 

Homework #29

Jinx's Manchurian Fire Throwers strike again! 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

"Digging deeper" is both literal and figurative here. Miss Sadie often sees meaning where others don't and is trying to teach Abilene to see it as well. She is helping Abilene to (figuratively) dig out Manifest's past and sort out the truth as she (literally) digs rows and arranges the earth. When the digging is over, perhaps a seed will take root... 
Why is this flashback so important to Abilene? 
Use the dictionary feature to look up the word balm. Then re-read the highlighted sentence. What effect does the storytelling seem to have on Miss Sadie? 

Elixir of Life

In the early 1900s there were few laws regulating working conditions. No minimum wage and no overtime laws meant that bosses could overwork and underpay their employees. If an employee refused to work under these conditions, he could lose his job. By organizing, the miners are trying to form a sort of workers union. One miner might be fired for refusing to obey Mr. Devlin, but if a large group of workers all refused, Mr. Devlin might hesitate to fire so many workers since he would end up losing money.  (This annotation contains an image)
Sheriff Dean allows Shady to brew the illegal alcohol (moonshine) as long as he receives payment in whisky each month. What does this indicate about Sheriff Dean's character? 
Like Abilene's life, Jinx's life keeps getting more complicated. What stage of the plot diagram are both plots in the middle of?(Watch the video at the link below for a reminder of the stages in a plot.) 
Jinx's instructions to Shady hint at his plans for getting alcohol for the sheriff. Hints like this are called foreshadowing. Watch the video below for an explanation of foreshadowing.  (This annotation contains a video)
What does this blazing cross most likely foreshadow? 

Homework #32

Mrs. Larkin's conduct is especially funny because it is the opposite of what we would expect from a member of a Women's Temperance League (pictured below). "Temperance" means refusing to drink alcohol, but Mrs. Larkin is acting drunk after sampling Velma T.'s elixir. This is, of course, because Jinx and Shady borrowed Velma T.'s corn-based medicine to satisfy the sheriff and later replaced it with Shady's corn-based moonshine.  (This annotation contains an image)

Dead or Alive

Word choice can be very important. When Hattie Mae uses the words "sweet pea," her tone is affectionate and makes Abilene feel a taste of the love she craves from her father. 
Hattie Mae's comment that "This town left its imprint on your daddy" is another way of stating which theme of Moon Over Manifest? 
Imagine Abilene gazing down a railroad track like this. Think about what the long tracks represent for her as they fade into the distance. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Abilene suspect Shady does at night? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Why do you think Miss Sadie keeps sending Abilene to collect plants and flowers? Support your answer with a reference to the text. 
Once again, Miss Sadie seems to feel the need to tell this story, even when Abilene does not want her to. 


"Fraternal" means "brotherly." Fraternal orders were groups of men from the same ethnic heritage who worked together to support each other. The town of Manfest contains immigrants from Scotland, Greece, Poland, Norway, Italy, Germany, Russia, Hungary, and more. Each one of these groups has a fraternal order, which means that the people of Manifest rarely have to interact with people of other ethnicities. 
What is one result of the Widow Cane's death? 
Here is a summary of the land issue: The Widow Cane lived on land that belonged to the county, but was not part of the town of Manifest. Since the Widow Cane died without descendants to inherit her land, the county intends to sell the land. Because Manifest borders the land, the Manifest township gets the first chance to buy the land and is allowed ninety days to do this before the land is opened up to all buyers. If Arthur Devlin buys the land, he will become even more powerful and controlling of his workers in the mines. The miners and their families want Manifest to buy the land so Arthur Devlin cannot. 
One way Arthur Devlin controls the town is by the way he pays his workers. Instead of giving them cash, he gives them vouchers, which are basically coupons that can only be used at Devlin's company store. So when Devlin pays his workers, they end up giving the money right back to him when they are forced to buy their food, clothing, and supplies from his store. 
The highlighted paragraph shows the Manifest immigrants feeling _______ for the first time. 
Here is another scene that develops the theme of prejudice. Jinx, being the outsider in town, gets the majority of Mrs. Larkin's blame even though Shady was equally responsible for the altered elixir that made her drunk. 
What is one way that Jinx's past has been harmful to him in Manifest and one way that it has been helpful? 

Homework #36

These medicine advertisements have been appearing since early in the book. Now we are finally starting to see a connection between the advertisements, Hattie Mae's column, and Miss Sadie's story: they all deal with some form of medicine. 

Homework #38

What do Ned's letters suggest?  

One Short, One Long

"Sunny to sad" are the perfect words to describe the way Ned's tone changes from his June 28th letter to his June 29th letter. 
Abilene imagines that Jinx is her father, Gideon. What are two similarities between Jinx and Gideon that might support Abilene's theory? 
Which example of imagery on this page does not help create a mood of suspense? 
Mr. DeVore's strange action is just one more mystery to increase the plot's tension and keep the action rising toward the climax. 
The telegram was the forerunner of the telephone. Watch the video below for a glimpse at how telegrams worked.  (This annotation contains a video)

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

What is one way that the 1918 story has affected the 1936 story at this point? 
Abilene's method of getting information of of Miss Sadie is clever. It resembles Jinx's manipulation of the firecracker salesman at the fair. 

The Walls Go Up

Notice how the many different immigrant groups are now working together as one to achieve a common goal. Jinx's scheme and Mr. Devlin's threat have brought them together. 
What is something President Wilson says in his speech that relates to the townspeople of Manifest? Explain how it relates. 
Woodrow Wilson was the president in 1918. Click on the blue link below and read the first paragraph of the speech he gave on immigration during his first term in office. In it, he talks about the Americans of all backgrounds being welded, or melted, together. As you read, think about how his speech relates to "Moon Over Manifest."  (This annotation contains a link)
Notice the fine line between folk medicine and official medicine. Velma T.'s official medicine doesn't seem much more effective than moonshine. 
Some people in town chose to stay during the quarantine, while others chose to leave. Why was it essential to Jinx's plan that the sheriff be among those who left? 
What theme does the last paragraph develop? 

Homework #42

Notice the format of this article. It is no small piece of Hattie Mae's local auxiliary news. It is headline world news from the front page of the Manifest Herald newspaper. 
Which helped you picture the influenza crisis better: the Manifest Herald article or the short video? Why? 
This Influenza Epidemic described in this Manifest Herald article was a real epidemic. Often referred to as Spanish Flu, it killed millions across the globe. Watch the video below to learn more.  (This annotation contains a video)

Homework #43

What events have changed Ned's attitude from hopeful to homesick? 

Ode to the Rattler

Characters' points of view can be affected by their personality, their background, and even by the way they are feeling at a particular time.  
Which line below contains imagery? 
The desk may have resembled this one in the picture below, which opens up for students to put books inside.  (This annotation contains an image)
What is the only fact that the students in 1918 seemed to know about the Rattler? 
These words used to represent a loud banging sound are examples of onomatopoeia. See below for more examples of onomatopoeia.  (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Abilene believe "Manifest" is the wrong name for the town? 

Drawing Straws

Many immigrants who came to America changed their names to make them sound more American (Keufer --> Cooper). Some people thought this was good because it showed a sense of unity with their new country; others thought it was sad because it meant the immigrants were giving up a part of their heritage and their past. 
Abilene is right that many of the townspeople do not seem willing to reveal their past. Which character below does help manifest some of Manifest's secrets? 
"Things are not always what they seem," Miss Sadie says. Perhaps Mrs. Evans is not a mean lady who turns children to stone, but a lonely woman just waiting for an invitation of friendship. 
What other wound has been both nursed and ignored at times throughout this book? 
Without realizing it, Abilene causes the people at Shady's church service to talk about the past. The experience seems difficult, but somehow soothing for everyone. The sharing feels "real nice," as Abilene says. 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

According to Shady, what is the role of a good story? 
Which line below contains foreshadowing? 
Quiz 2 


These are known medicinal ingredients.  
Notice that Jinx accepts a mustard pack instead of cash, even though raising money was the original purpose behind selling the elixir. What is the town's other main reason for selling the elixir? 
Jinx fears that his past is catching up to him. He was lucky to find peace and a sense of home in Manifest, but if he is indeed "jinxed" like his uncle said, perhaps his luck is too good to last. 
Uncle Finn's re-entry into Jinx's life is an example of 
Do you think Jinx belongs in Manifest? Why or why not? 
The presence of a mole in Manifest reminds us that all is not perfect among the neighbors. Although many of them have learned to work together, someone among them is a traitor. 

Homework #48

Read the lyrics to the song "Just before the Battle, Mother" at the link below. Then write three sentences connecting some aspect of the song to Ned's September 12 letter.,_Mother 

A Dying Breath

Abilene is talking about handwriting analysis. This is a real technique that law officials still use today. Handwriting analysis is a difficult science that is based on a combination of penmanship characteristics that make each person's writing unique. With knowledge of these characteristics, an expert analyst can use a writing sample to identify the writer of an unsigned document. 
Abilene comes up with a mysterious plan for discovering the Rattler's identity.    Which character in the 1918 plot does Abilene's character most closely parallel? 

Homework #50

How does Hattie Mae's article help Abilene's quest to find the Rattler? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Abilene's word choice here is significant. "Brewing" suggests something that is boiling or bubbling, like the tea. Eventually, the brewed substance either boils over violently or is poured out gently. Abilene is suggesting that Miss Sadie's secrets will find a way out, just as the tea exits the pot. 

Day of Reckoning

Even if $740 is not enough to buy the land, it is an important sign of neighborly cooperation. 
Which physical details make the stranger seem important? 
The stranger's mysterious comment and sudden departure help build suspense. We can be sure that we will hear more about this strange visitor. 
How do most of the townspeople feel about Shady? 
Lester Burton reveals his greed and selfishness here. He knows his boss wants to buy all the land for mining, but Burton is willing to go against Devlin's wishes in order to get rich with healing spring water. 
According to the highlighted sentence, how does Judge Carlson feel about selling the land to Burton? 
By buying part of Widow Cane's land, Burton lowered the cost of the remaining land. In addition, he now owes land taxes which will give the town extra money to buy the remaining land before Devlin does. 
Here is a connection between the past and present. In the 1936 storyline, Hattie Mae's last name is Macke and her husband's name is Fred. Now we know how they met. 
What role does Mrs. Larkin play in tricking Burton so that the Manifest township can buy the land? 

Homework #53

Just as the war is nearing its end, so is the story as it heads toward its climax. 

Homework #54

The trenches were long lines of deep ditches built to protect soldiers while they fired on the enemy. Like the men in the photo below, many soldiers in WWI ate, slept, and fought in trenches for weeks on end.  (This annotation contains an image)
After reading Ned's letters, what do you think are the three most important characteristics of a "home" from Ned's point of view? 

The Jungle

"The Jungle" was the term for hidden hobo campsites during the Great Depression.  (This annotation contains an image)
Hobos tried to help each other out and even had a system of codes used to leave helpful messages for the next hobo.  (This annotation contains an image)
It turns out Shady wasn't drinking alcohol when he disappeared at night. He was helping his fellow man. How does this information help us sense that the book is drawing to a close? 

Remember When

By helping the town remember its past, Abilene, Lettie, and Ruthanne are helping the town reclaim its identity and come back to life. Of all the medicines mentioned in this book, perhaps memories and stories are the strongest of them all. 
What fact do the girls discover at the end of the chapter? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

The highlighted sentence is an example of 


Miss Sadie seems to be warning us that the town of Manifest was too happy; their joy at beating Devlin to the land was too good to last. 
What is the meaning of the idiom "I've got a few skeletons in my closet"? 
Prune juice is a laxative. Look up the word "laxative" to figure out how Shady plans to get revenge on Sheriff Dean. 
How has Jinx changed from his arrival in Manifest to this point? 
What sound does Jinx hear before the gunshot? 

Miss Sadie’s Divining Parlor

Just like hope, love brings risks. There is always the chance that you can lose what you love. For this reason, love, a wonderful feeling, often goes hand in hand with pain, a terrible feeling. 

St. Dizier

What is in the coffin? 
Ned's death "buried" Jinx and changed his life forever. This was a turning point in Jinx's story and means that Ned's death is the ________ of the 1918 plot. 

Homework #61

Do you remember this line from the beginning of the book? Abilene says it on the last day of school when her classmate asks where she is from. 

The Shadow of Death

The parallel plots have come together at last. The climax of the 1918 plot brings about the climax of the 1936 plot. When Miss Sadie tells of Ned's death, all the pieces come together and Abilene finally realizes her father's connection to Manifest, Kansas. 
List three secrets that have been made manifest to Abilene at this point. 
What aspects of Moon Over Manifest does the book trailer emphasize? What is one change you would suggest to make the trailer represent the book better?    
A book trailer is a short video, much like a movie trailer, that gives a general idea of a book's subject in order to encourage people to read the book. Watch this book trailer for "Moon Over Manifest" below.  (This annotation contains a video)

The Shed

Miss Sadie's leg wound is the physical symbol of her inner pain. Piercing the leg infection lets the dangerous pus out; telling the story released the poisonous suffering from her heart. 

The Diviner

Immigrants really could be sent back if they were unhealthy and considered a medical threat to the general population. 
Miss Sadie learns to act like a fortune teller because that is what people expect of her. She is not someone who sees the future, however. She was simply taught to study nature and interpret it. Remember her words earlier about the Widow Cane's land? "They piece together what I could have told them all along . . . That where grass grows thick and animals refuse to burrow, there is ore below." 
Why doesn't Miss Sadie reveal that she is Ned's mother? 

Beginnings, Middles, and Ends

How has Abilene helped bring changes to Manifest? 
Abilene has been filled with doubt about her father all summer. Now her doubts are banished and her hope has returned. Although the past may have been filled with sadness, the future does not have to be. 
What character change do Abilene's "last words" reveal? 

The Rattler

As the last mystery has been cleared up, the plot has reached its 

Homework #67

Will Abilene make a good "Reporter About Town"? Why or why not? 
Quiz 3