Animal Dreams

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"Animals dream about the things they do in the day time just like people do. If you want sweet dreams, you've got to live a sweet life." So says Loyd Peregrina, a handsome Apache trainman and latter-day philosopher. But when Codi Noline returns to her hometown, Loyd's advice is painfully out of her reach. Dreamless and at the end of her rope, Codi comes back to Grace, Arizona to confront her past and face her ailing, distant father. What the finds is a town threatened by a silent environmental catastrophe, some startling clues to her own identity, and a man whose view of the world could change the course of her life. Blending flashbacks, dreams, and Native American legends, Animal Dreams is a suspenseful love story and a moving exploration of life's largest commitments. With this work, the acclaimed author of The Bean Trees and Homeland and Other Stories sustains her familiar voice while giving readers her most remarkable book yet.

Curriculet Details
90 Questions
91 Annotations
3 Quizzes

In this 9th-10th grade digital curriculum includes annotations to images that illustrate both the setting and vocabulary words, videos that relate to the theme and literary devices, and reader insights that help bring light to complex ideas and events in the story. The curriculum touches upon many themes, including the loss of hope, the discovery of identity, and the consequences of utilitarian exploits on the earth. There is also significant attention drawn to the way in which the author highlights the interplay between nature and humanity. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension

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Homework #7

Barbara Kingsolver is an award-winning author whose novels reflect themes of how we interact with our communities and social justice. (This annotation contains an image)
Three characters are introduced here. The father, Dr. Homer (whom this section of the text is named after) watches his two little girls, Cosima and Halimeda, sleep. 
What does the highlighted sentence imply about the girls' mother? 
Day of All Souls is a Christian holiday in which members of a family gather together and pray for their loved ones who have passed away. It is celebrated more exclusively in Catholic and liturgical denominations. It is called Day of the Dead in Latin America, El Dia De Los Muertos.  (This annotation contains an image)
This last sentence is spoken from the mind of the father, who, perhaps, foreshadows the future, or tells us what will come next. Notice how he paints a picture already of how he believes their closeness will cause pain in their future.  

Homework #9

This novel may be structured unlike any novel you have ever read. The first chapter, which belonged to the Homero, section, was told in third-person by Cosima's father. The Cosima section is told in first-person. Furthermore, you will learn that some of the events are told out of chronological order. There are flashbacks and scenes in the present. Although the structure of this novel is challenging at times, learn to stream together the entire narrative from Cosima's early childhood to her present day. You will also benefit from asking yourself why the author chose to flashback, jump forward, or use alternating narrators. The video below explains structure and how it applies towards literature.  (This annotation contains a video)
The language that the author uses on this page calls to mind the imagery of _________. 
The latter half of the 20th century was a time of great political unrest in Nicaragua, a country in Central America. During the 70s and 80s, the country was sharply divided between Communists (who were even supported by Russia) and conservative supporters who pushed for democracy. Many civilians and soldiers were killed in the bloody revolution and war that took place there.  (This annotation contains an image)
Which statement about Grace, Arizona is true? 
Notice the mood the author develops as Cosima tells us about what she feels like when she goes back to Grace. She is afraid. Afraid to see her father. Afraid to leave a life of mobility. Under it all we get the sense that she is most afraid of herself...who has she become?  
What does Cosima seem to notice with acuity and describe with figurative words?  
Cosima has grown-up so much that she is out of touch with her old self. In what way does the ending of this chapter show this? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #11

Notice here the rich, descriptive language the author uses. This particular sentence is a simile. But it's important to realize that the author uses this language to describe perception. Why would Homer see the leaves as knife blades? Think about what this has to do with the action in this part of the story. Watch the following videos on similes and metaphors--two common literary devices used for description.  (This annotation contains a video)
Why did the author choose this simile to describe the girls? 
The narrative will jump between dream and present, flashback and present. The technique is similar to a method referred to as stream of consciousness--a method that is meant to mirror the constant thinking flow of an individual. Pay careful attention to know which "time" the author is in when telling this story. Events seem to flow seamlessly into each other at times.  
What important characteristic do we learn about the girls in this dream? 

Homework #13

Cosima's fixation on peacocks has to do with what they represent to her, which is a variety of things: the innocence of childhood, the heritage of her hometown, Grace, and the beauty of nature in harmony with people. It's interesting, though, that she senses all of this is being threatened. What do you think is going on with her and her hometown?  
What does Cosima's frequent reference to Carolo suggest? 
You should begin to notice that the author weaves in quite a bit of knowledge about the biological world. Here we learn something about microorganisms and bird mites. These facts, though they seem random, are a reflection of both the character and author's knowledge and passion to see the world in terms of animals and biology, and a desire to change it for the better through community work and instruction of science to those who lack knowledge. The focus on the biological is a hallmark of many of Kingsolver's novels.  
Cosima indicates, albeit in an exaggerated way, how badly she wants to fit in and feel like she belongs somewhere. Keep this in mind as we begin to explore the larger themes in this novel.  
Johnny Appleseed was an American folk legend who traveled across the Midwest and planted apple seeds in the ground. He had passion for revitalizing the American landscape and helping those in need. He saw planting apple trees as a way to help others by giving them food and beautifying their regions.  (This annotation contains an image)
What can we infer from Emelina's comment to Cosima? 
What does this analogy suggest about Hallie? 
Use the Define feature to look up the highlighted word. According to this definition, Cosima describes this short period of life as being perfect or unspoiled. It becomes clear to us that this is a highpoint in her life, and she has a hard time being happy about any other time or place she's been. Cosima, therefore, appears stuck. Sometimes people fixate on a certain time in their life and have a hard time moving on. Why do you think she hangs so tightly onto this time?  
Cosima seems to have a pessimistic view on life. What does Cosima mean by this last line? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #14

How does Codi feel about living in Grace with Emelina? 
Notice the figurative language used here and how it, again, makes a connection to something that has to do with animals. When we hear "roaming in alarming new pastures," we picture a cow or horse traveling outside its normal home and going into unexpected and dangerous places.  
Codi feels overwhelmingly _______ about her life at the present moment.  
The quince tree is a cousin of the apple and pear. It is deciduous and yields a sweet fruit that resembles a pear more than an apple.  (This annotation contains an image)
What detail does Codi notice that seems different and out-of-place from the Grace she remembers? 
Both Hallie and Codi are so tall that people jokingly said they were basketball players. Forty-percent of a team is simple math: 2/5. They represent 2 out of 5 needed players on the court.  
This phrase summarizes an extremely important aspect of this novel. One's memory is subjective--it is an interpretation of the past. Truth, however, is objective. This doesn't mean, though, that an interpretation cannot contain some truth (or even most of it). Think about an instance where you had most of a story right, but missed out on a few details  
What does the semilla besada represent? 
In what ways does Cosima seem haunted by her past? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #15

The study of dreams is an interesting discipline, full of many theories and approaches in interpretation methods. Sigmund Freud, one of the most popular psychologists of the modern era, was known for connecting dreams to subconscious fears, hopes, and needs. He believed that all dreams stemmed from an unmet childhood need. Other dream interpreters focus on the symbols that are represented in dreams and help the dreamer connect them to what is going on in their waking life. What do you think the fear of losing a baby represents to Cosima? 
What does Cosima's final statement here imply about her? 

Homework #16

Use the Define feature to look up this word. Based on how it is used in the story, what is most likely true about Cosima? 
Cosima is the daughter of Doctor Noline. His reputation helped get her the job. 
Religious segregation is another form of prejudice that clouds American history. In addition to racial segregation, many Americans are and were divided among religious lines, most notably the Catholics and Protestants who have been fighting since the Reformation in the 16th century.  
What can you infer about Cosima from this highlighted sentence? 
According to details we learn about Hallie, which of the following duties would she most likely perform in Nicaragua? 
Trisha's comments strike a vein in Cosima, who is already feeling inadequate when compared to her sister.  
A leaching process involves removing a particular substance, in most cases minerals, from a solid by using water or another liquid chemical solution. Iron ore is an example of a solid that is leached. The ore is separated from the iron and left in the ground. Organic materials can even be leached, like beets in which sugar is removed by soaking them in hot water. This process mentioned here is, most likely, not environmentally friendly. 
What interest would Cosima have in the leaching situation and what would her likely response to it be? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #17

What does this information tell us about Cosima? 
Doc Homer takes his job very seriously. His standard excuse that there might be work to do at the hospital is apparently not a joking matter to him. In what ways would a father who is so engrossed into his work affect his children? 
What does Doc Homer do that makes Cosima feel sorry for him?  
The 'honorable captain theme' is a famous one in literature. Captains are the epitome of both pride and honor, a mixture of habits that make them not often seek help when they need it yet make them admirable for making sacrifices above what others might normally not do. From Captain James Kirk on Star Trek to Odysseus from the Odyssey to Captain America, captains represent a universal figure in literature that we all have come in contact with at some point. Each unique in his or her own rights, but similar in many ways.  (This annotation contains an image)
Why did Hallie and Codi feel unloved by their father? 
This is an interesting concept that underlies the author's appreciation for natural things. The camera, she says, is merely an extension of the human eye. If you were to study the design and mechanics of a camera and compare that to the eye, it would become very clear that they are both very similar. What other technology can you think of that stems or originates from the human body?  
Another dream here for us to think about. Realize that these dreams are meant for the reader to interpret. Look at the symbols in the dream. Cosima loses her eyesight. What do you think eyesight represents?  
Based on what you know about human nature, why do you think Cosima forgot this memory of her and her sister being saved by Eddie in the coyote den?  

Homework #18

This translates into English as "I know my cause."  
What approach is Codi taking in order to develop a good rapport with her students? 
What impression does Codi have about her role as a teacher? 
Orthopedic shoes were designed to support the arches of the foot, encourage good posture, and help the rest of the leg bones grow correctly. Below is a picture of what these shoes might have looked like. Notice the thick soles and cushions inside.  (This annotation contains an image)
What is Hallie's primary reason for traveling into Latin America? 
Codi gives us insight into what might be the reason she has a hard time helping others. She admits her own self-centeredness, and explains that it is because she has inner pain she has not yet dealt with. One of the central conflicts in this story centers around the conflict that Codi has within herself: can she wrestle down her own demons and do something good for others?  
In what ways can you tell that Codi has an interest in Loyd? Use details from the story to support your response.  
Part I Quiz 

Homework #20

Doc Homer is obviously bothered by guilt. His guilt, as we see here, though, is irrational and only demonstrates why he isolates himself. He has taken the blame for all the bad things that have befallen on the women in his life--from his wife's death to his daughter's teenage pregnancy. He believes that he is the cause. The theme of man vs. himself emerges here as we see Doc Homer wrestle with guilt and fear. Do you think he will be able to forgive himself before he loses his mind to dementia?  

Homework #22

What detail from this passage indicates that Codi is looking forward to seeing Loyd? 
This dream could be a processing dream where one simply replays recent events and conversations and even processes feelings and thoughts about those events that were latent in the subconscious. Or, this dream could represent Codi's own physical response to the awakened state of her reproductive system and her reaction to Loyd.  
This comment represents irony: both Carlo and Codi are doctors.  
Paramour means forbidden lover. Codi is Carlo's girlfriend, but she feels very out of place in this hotel while Carlo is in his comfort zone.  
The Garden of Eden was a place from the Bible where God placed Adam, Eve, and all of his original creations. It was a garden full of life, total freedom, and peace with God. This statement is ironic: Grace and the river are far from perfect.  (This annotation contains an image)
What can we infer as the cause of the dead water that is supposed to have microscopic life very visible? 
Look at the pH scale below for water. This water was probably somewhere in the 3 or 4 zone.  (This annotation contains an image)
The atmosphere in the restaurant can best be described as  
The theme of isolation and fitting in pops up again here. Codi feels alone because she is comparing herself to others. Is it fair to believe that one does not fit in simply because of differences?  
Rez is slang for an Indian reservation. 
Codi's comments make her appear 
In what way do Codi's purpose and her practical skill intersect here? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  
Codi is referring to the instinctual similarities between animals and humans. Technically, humans are animals, and she is merely pointing out that this is the case to justify her desire for Loyd. This also represents the unique perspective of the author. Most authors deal with human nature in terms of our virtues and intellect that separate us from animals. This book, however, looks closely at our basal nature, and instead of maligning it, treats it respectfully, almost reverently. 

Homework #23

The concept of seventh heaven is a figurative expression that is meant to indicate that a person is in the happiest and most perfect place they could be. A few of the world's major religions--Hinduism, Judaism, and Islam--all have a seventh heaven, or highest state of after-life existence possible. Hallie has found this in Nicaragua.  
What is Loyd referring to when he says that he would die for the land? 
How does Codi most likely feel on her date with Loyd? 
The ancient Pueblo homes of New Mexico were built over eight hundred years ago. Below is a picture of what some of them look like.  (This annotation contains an image)
The term cell was coined by Robert Hooke, an English scientist from the 17th century. He noticed cells for the first time while he was looking at slivers of a cork under a primitive microscope. He said that they reminded him of the rooms, or cells, monks would pray in at his father's church. 
Why does Codi not want to be vulnerable with Loyd? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  
Notice that this discussion brings up the concept of dreams again. Here we learn two sides to dream science--some people think we dream only about what happens in life; others think we dream about that and imaginative things that we want or what might happen. What do you think this debate has to do with the development of the characters and the conflict and resolution in the plot? 

Homework #25

Why does Codi ask Hallie to bring her their mother's black sweater? 
Kingsolver reminds us just how distant Homer is from his daughters. He feels unqualified to be a father; his daughters have built walls to protect themselves and show no vulnerability around him. One of the themes of this novel--learning to love those that are difficult to love--is coming to the forefront. The main conflict, though, is learning to deal with the pain that separates people in these kinds of strained relationships. How will Codi and her father repair what's been broken? 
What does the final passage of this chapter tell you about Homer? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #27

In what way is Codi not becoming a better teacher? 
Let's break down this phrase. Invulnerability means that no one gets to you. Transient means not lasting for a long time. Therefore, Codi means that she is not worried about getting in trouble because she doesn't expect to be in this job for the long haul.  
Modus operandi is a Latin phrase for mode of operation, or normal way of doing things.  
What does Codi seem to have such a hard time doing? 
Doc Homer's mind is most likely regressing back to what he felt when Codi was pregnant. Although this happened long ago, he is reverting back to this emotional time in his life. If you recall, the chapter before this shows us that he was thinking deeply about his daughter's miscarriage.  
What flaw do Codi and Doc Homer both possess that will likely need to get resolved before they can be happy? 
This surprising turn of events reveals that Doc Homer's wall of fortitude is slowly crumbling. His humbling honesty strikes his daughter in an impactful way, enough to make her cry. 
What does Codi most admire about Emelina? 
A class action lawsuit refers to a lawsuit in which a group of similarly wronged people sue a corporation or company. This type of lawsuit usually only happens in the United States where our legal system seeks to protect individuals from unfair practices of private organizations. Many successful cases have been won in class action lawsuits.  
What does this last name suggest? 
Homero Nolina could be related to Codi. This would also make her related to the Gracela sisters who brought peacocks to the town.  

Homework #29

What technique does the author use to intensify the emotions in this scene in which Codi is trying to get her dad to give her an answer to what she wants? 

Homework #31

Why does Viola refrain from giving Codi more than just hints about her mother and her family history? 
The Environmental Protection Agency was founded in the 1970s after former president Richard Nixon urged Congress to create this agency. Their mission is to protect human health and the environment.  (This annotation contains an image)
Sulfuric acid is an extremely corrosive liquid chemical. Although it is used in household cleaning products and batteries, it can cause severe damage, including burns upon contact, to inorganic (non-living) and organic (living) matter. What kind of damage do you think this could do to an environment? (This annotation contains an image)
What do the peacock feathers Viola picks up represent?  
There are a few themes emerging in this story. Many are obvious, such as Codi's need to find her purpose and identify. Other themes, though, are rooted more in the context of the story and involve an understanding of the political, social, and environmental forces at work. Watch the video below, and be prepared to find and discuss some of these emerging themes throughout the rest of the story.  (This annotation contains a video)
As Loyd is getting to know Codi it is becoming obvious that he is becoming  
What does this metaphor imply? 
The themes of fear and destiny begin to emerge here. Most often, characters who have no known destiny or purpose find that fear is at the heart of what keeps them from finding their future. Codi's fear is not being accepted. She wants to run away rather than be rejected again. Loyd presents a contrast to this--he won't reject her, and this scares her even more.  
Loyd grew up with this sport as part of his culture. This may be, in part, why it doesn't seem to bother him. It would be similar to someone foreign watching you witness and cheer for something brutal, like football players injuring each other or MMA fighters beat each other to a pulp.  
What imagery does Codi notice in this scene that contrasts cruelty with compassion? 
Codi is wrestling with the theme of accepting the inevitability of death. In what ways do the events of this chapter affect her view on death? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #32

What are the elderly women of Grace selling? 
Carlo's reluctance to make any changes suggests that he is, in fact, mourning the loss of Codi and Hallie. When people do not want to move on from a situation, they leave things as is. Codi is not the only one in this story who has a hard time moving on from the past.  
Why does Codi most likely defend Grace? 
Notice the confusion that Codi struggles with. In all her years of trying to convince herself that she had moved on from Grace, she realizes that maybe she was running away from who she really was--not moving on to bigger, better things. The famous line from the Wizard of Oz's Dorothy, "There's no place like home," seems appropriate here.  
What emerging theme does this line suggest? 
What is Codi's biggest insecurity, as revealed in this passage? 
What events in this chapter lead Codi to feel strongly that her dream means she has no identity? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #33

Codi's comment reveals that she is scared of commitment. Because Loyd quit fighting birds, and even sold his business, it shows that he fully committed to his relationship with Codi. She obviously is still wavering in her decision on whether or not she'll stay in Grace and be with him.  
Why does Loyd most likely give up cockfighting and sell his business?  
Do you remember these words? They were Codi's exact words to Loyd about what happens to the chickens during the knife and spur fighting. Those words strike a personal chord in Loyd.  
Why does Codi have such an easy time falling asleep here? 
Though not likely the exact same spot that Loyd has taken Codi, these cliff dwelling spots in this video were home to an Native Americans. Watch the following video to learn more.  (This annotation contains a video)
Loyd's question is an example of  
Here is a beautiful view of the Jemez Mountains.  (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Codi want to see Loyd as a fellow orphan? 
One of the more famous landmarks in New Mexico, Ship Rock, is a monadnock, a small, isolated mountain.  (This annotation contains an image)
Why might Crete not resonate well with Codi? 
Explain the difference between Hallie and Codi and heir outlook on life. Use evidence from the text to support your response-- especially the letter from Hallie. 

Homework #34

Why does Codi want Loyd's mother to hug her?  
Codi is referring to her Mary Martin haircut. A picture of the boyish cut is shown below. This would have been socially unacceptable, most likely, in Loyd's culture.  (This annotation contains an image)
This is similar to the idiom "You can't judge someone until you've walked a mile in his shoes."  
What seems to be the cause of Codi's low self-esteem and lack of self? 
Another emerging theme comes to the forefront of the story. This theme is a cultural one and it has to do with the concept of home: home is how one lives; not where one lives.  
Loyd suggests that Codi cannot find happiness no matter where she goes.  
What do kachina dolls and Santa Claus represent in their respective cultures? 
The utilitarian perspective sees the world and everything in it as existing for what it can do for the individual. In this worldview, God made the world for us to do with as we pleased, like a present that we could enjoy or dispose of when we were done using it. It's a consumer mentality. The other worldview suggests that the world is like a guest-house. We are guests and we have a responsibility to take care of what we've been entrusted with. 
What thematic conflict do the rain dance and surrounding festivities highlight for Codi? 
Part II Quiz 

Homework #36

Who is responsible for Hallie's kidnapping? 
The screaming teakettle shows the blurred lines between reality and mental decline Homer. However, it also symbolically represents how he has bottled up emotions for so long. Emotion is a weakness to him, but he can't help but crying.  

Homework #38

This idiom means that neither Codi nor her father were totally sane.  
What is the root cause of Codi's slightly inappropriate and impassioned speech to her class? 
This common theme in literature--the difference between reality and what one thinks in his/her mind--is a tragic flaw in many characters. Think of Hamlet and his famous soliloquy: "To be, or not to be--that is the question?" Hamlet couldn't decide whether he should tell a secret that might ruin his life, or keep it inside and let it destroy him. The inability to act always traces its way back to one common human emotion--fear. Think about how Doc Homer's fear has affected his daughter. In what ways does Codi let fear control her?  
What does Doc Homer suggest about human pain in this conversation? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  
What emotion does Codi show her students that seems to most impress them? 
One of the walls that Codi has built around her heart has to do with trust and hope. She knows from previous experiences that trusting and hoping for good things only results in death and pain. She does not let herself feel hope. Consider the following proverb: Hope deferred makes the heart sick, but a longing fulfilled is a tree of life. What hope has she wanted but not been given? 
Why will Malcolm Hunt probably not use all of Dona's interview footage? 
Codi is hearing everything her father never told her because of his shame. She is learning about her origin and family tree. She is learning that she is related to one of the most important founding members of this town. How do you think this information will shape her sense of identity?  

Homework #39

Notice the change in tone. The heavy rains provide a backdrop of intensifying drama. Many authors have used storms as a way to mirror the chaos inside characters or in the unfolding events of a plot. Think of King Lear who goes mad and storms off, no pun intended, into the woods as a madman. Or think of the movie Shutter Island in which the most intense action occurs while everything on the island goes into chaos with the raging storm above. What do you think the storm here signifies?  
Why is the river so important to Grace? 
In what ways does Codi cope with the imminent danger of her sister? Use details from this chapter to support your response.  
In the middle of the dark storm, both in Grace and in Codi's soul, we see how she gains hope from seeing the passion this toddler has to walk.  
Noah, the man who God told to build an ark so He could destroy the rest of the world with a flood, sent out a dove after the flood to find dry land. The dove returned with an olive branch, now a symbol of peace, hope, and support. The women of Grace sent out their peacocks, also a bird, and were met with hope and support, as well.  
What is Mr. Rideheart referring to here? 
Bureaucracy refers to the legal paperwork and procedures that have to be followed in order to bring about change. 
Which statement does Codi make that best illustrates how she is losing her feelings for Carlo? 
Make a prediction here. Based on what you know about Doc Homer and his history, what do you think Codi will be looking for and finding that will help with the historical preservation project? 
What does Codi mean by this? 
How does the light bulb pop in this scene relate to the dream where Codi goes blind? Use evidence from throughout this story to support your response.  

Homework #40

This a very profound and poetic statement. Take a moment to ponder it. In the context of the story, Codi hurts for her father faster than she wants to accept that his mind is decaying. We all experience this with relationships that don't go the way we hope and desires that we know we'll never attain. The ironic thing about this statement is that it applies to Codi in many other ways. Can you think of what they are?  
Why did Doc Homer hide his marriage history from his daughters? 
Why does Codi get voted teacher of the year? 
This line shows how much pain is still a part of Codi's life. Recall that she even admits that pain is something that stands in the way of truth. What do you think she needs to realize about her mother in order to move forward in life?  
Read the poem by Robert Frost linked below and answer the following question. (This annotation contains a link)
How do you think the Robert Frost poem can connect with the choices Codi has made, and has yet to make, in her life? 
What do Loyd and Codi both share in this section of the story? 
If Codi grew up naturally trying to save lives, and then, helplessly, fails to save the child inside her, then it's obvious why she feels like she lost her happiness--her joy was found in preserving life and she feels that she failed, even though she had no control over what happened.  
What character flaw does Hallie fear she could possess? 
Recall the proverb that was quoted earlier: Hope deferred makes the heart grow sick. It seems like Hallie recognizes the need for hope, too. Consider the following song about hope:  (This annotation contains a video)

Homework #41

What is the difference between the living and dead (or long dead)? Skin. This is what Codi refers to here. Notice her increased awareness of life and death. Usually people dwell on these things when they are stressed with dealing with life and death situations. 
How was Hallie killed? 
Hallie appears to not have had luck in Nicaragua. This statement that she made is therefore ironic. However, something to think about here is that Hallie was lucky while she lived. She lived the dream, her dream. She spent the last moments of her life doing exactly what she wanted. That kind of fulfillment makes somebody lucky. What do you think? Was Hallie lucky?  
How does Codi's grief manifest itself in this chapter? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #42

Codi means that Hallie's decomposing body will break down into organic matter and add nutrients to the soil. In keeping consistency with the themes of this novel, Codi is indirectly drawing attention to the fact that her sister ironically is even serving a purpose in her death. For someone who has found it so hard to find a purpose, this idea is both comical and painful. We can sense this by the tone she uses, "she loved stupid banana trees and orchids."  
Read the poem linked below then answer the following question.  (This annotation contains an image)
In what way is Codi similar to the hummingbird in the poem and in her own description of herself? Use evidence from both texts to support your response.  
This phrase comes from the New Testament, in which Jesus of Nazareth proclaims to his disciples that if they have enough faith in God and His power that they could move mountains. The phrase here takes on both figurative and literal meaning here. Codi realizes that anything impossible can be accomplished; the mining company also has to physically relocate, thus moving their mountain.  

Homework #43

How does Codi feel about the people who attended the funeral? 
Notice how heavily the author is drawing on symbolism throughout the funeral service. The peacock, for example, represents the hope that existed within the early parts of Grace. The tokens that Codi brings, like the black and red blanket, symbolize her closeness with Hallie. What other images do you see within the service and what do they mean? 
Translated: "Thank you, grandmother." Codi is recognizing Dona Althea as her relative.  
Why does Codi refer to the ladies in Grace as her fifty mothers?  

Homework #45

As his mental state declines, Doc Homer mistakenly thinks that Codi is referring to the time she buried her unborn child.  
What seems to be the real reason Doc Homer was so hard on his girls? 
Why was Doc Homer so afraid to have hope and love for his girls? Use evidence from the text to support your response.  

Homework #47

Since the last chapter, Codi's father has passed away. She is now visiting his grave and other family members-even extended family members.  
What does this phrase refer to? 
Part III Quiz