Pandemonium

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I’m pushing aside
the memory of my nightmare,
pushing aside thoughts of Alex,
pushing aside thoughts of Hana
and my old school,
push,
push,
push,
like Raven taught me to do.
The old life is dead.
But the old Lena is dead too.
I buried her.
I left her beyond a fence,
behind a wall of smoke and ?ame.

Lauren Oliver delivers an electrifying follow-up to her acclaimed New York Times bestseller, Delirium. This riveting, brilliant novel crackles with the fire of fierce defiance, forbidden romance, and the sparks of a revolution about to ignite.

Curriculet Details
77 Questions
41 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 9th and 10th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining dystopian fiction, foreshadowing, and allusions. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about story arcs, inferences, and conflict. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of theme, character, and dystopian fiction. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension. This title pairs well with other canonical texts such as “1984,” “Anthem,” and “Fahrenheit 451.”

The curriculet is being added to your library

Now

"Pandemonium" is the second book in the series by Lauren Oliver. The first book, "Delirium," focuses on Lena's realization that life in her restrictive society is not idyllic and her developing relationship with Alex Sheathes. Watch this video from Jesse the Reader as he recaps "Delirium" and gives some theories for what will happen in "Pandemonium."  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
The opening of "Pandemonium" begins with Lena having a nightmare.  All of the following EXCEPT _____  let the reader know that it is a dream. 

Then

Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why is it a good strategy for Lena to think of what Alex would do in this situation? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
This sentence is an example of which of the following literary devices? 
Author Lauren Oliver sets her fictional story in real locations. Examine this map to see where Rochester, NH is in relation to Portland, ME.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Based on what you have read so far, the dictionary feature in Curriculet, and what you may remember from reading "Delirium," what do you think it means to have one's identity "invalidated"? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
The chapters in "Pandemonium" are named "Then" and "Now."  When is "Then" taking place?  
To build the plot of the story, author Lauren Oliver will establish conflicts and use foreshadowing to hint at future events in the story. Notice Squirrel's reaction to Lena. He does not seem very welcoming or agreeable to her presence. Could the sullen look he gives her and then the stomping out of the room establish the beginning of a possible conflict between the two characters? To learn more about conflict, view this video.  (This annotation contains a video)
Just as in the novel, "Delirium," author Lauren Oliver continually has Lena think about her mom. This is a subtle method of foreshadowing the entrance of characters later in the story. As you continue reading, pay attention to how often Lena mentions her mom. Do you think Lena will reunite with her mother in "Pandemonium"? Keep reading to find out. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why do you think Lena refuses any help What does this tell you about her personality? 
The Cocheco River is a tributary of the Piscataqua River, 38.3 miles (61.6 km) long, in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. Transporting goods by river is a method that has been used throughout history. Examine the map below to see the Cocheco River.  (This annotation contains an image)
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Notice that all of the people listed go by a nickname that was given to them based on a characteristic. What is the story of your own nickname or, if you do not have a nickname, what would you want it to be and why? 
Notice the storytelling technique author Lauren Oliver is using: through the introduction of supporting characters, she is also foreshadowing upcoming events. We do not know who the "R" are, but we will learn about them later in the story. As we continue reading, can you spot other examples of foreshadowing? To learn more about foreshadowing and red herrings, watch this video.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Why is zombie an appropriate name for the people who have received the cure? Use prior knowledge as well as textual information to support your answer. 
This passage provides interesting information about the dystopian society in "Pandemonium." The people who live in the Wilds have found a way to be sustainable by living in basements and other underground places despite violence from an oppressive government. Also, we see that religion and science are intertwined as propaganda rather than separated as they are in modern-American society. Learn more about the genre of Dystopian Fiction by viewing this video.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
How is the history of the blitz that Lena learned about in school different than the reality that she sees in the Wilds?  All of the following options are lies Lena was taught EXCEPT ____. 
In this passage, Lena is inferring that Sarah is talking about getting accustomed to living in the Wilds rather than getting used to eating the food available. We, too, constantly make inferences in our daily interactions. To learn more about inferences, watch this video.  (This annotation contains a video)

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Comparing and contrasting what you have read in the previous chapter with what you have read so far in this chapter, what can you infer about Lena's present location and situation? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What can you infer about Lena based on this sentence and what you have read so far? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Settings are not only comprised of locations, but also time. What is the setting of the "Now" chapters? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
You can infer all of the following from this passage EXCEPT ____. 
Thomas Fineman's words here are examples of Utilitarianism philosophy: that which brings pleasure is Good; that which causes pain is Bad. According to utilitarianism, one should consider the possible consequences of an act, but one can't necessarily know whether the act is Good or Bad until the ultimate consequences are revealed in the future. The most ethical choice is that which produces the greatest pleasure for the greatest number of people, or, to quote Star Trek, " . . . the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few." This notion is also embedded in the U.S. Constitution and has been used to justify everything from war, imprisonment, and capital punishment to the order in which patients are seen in an emergency room. In fiction, you can see utilitarianism taken to its extremes in novels like "Brave New World", "The Giver", "Fahrenheit 451", and Lauren Oliver's "Delirium" and "Pandemonium". In each of these, "the greater good" — the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number of people — is achieved by forcing total conformity. 
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Do you agree that the needs of the individual need to be sacrificed to ensure safety and health of a whole community? Include real life examples as you explain your opinion. 
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Do you think people should experience feeling heartbroken, frantic, or desperate? What purpose do you think those feelings serve? Explain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
What is the main argument of Julian Fineman's speech? 

Then

To learn more about the specifics of germ transmission, view this quick video.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
If you were a member of the homestead, what job do you think you would be capable of doing? 
In the area around Rochester, NH the month of September is characterized by rapidly falling daily high temperatures, with daily highs decreasing from 78°F to 67°F over the course of the month, exceeding 87°F or dropping below 58°F only one day in ten. Daily low temperatures range from 48°F to 58°F, falling below 38°F or exceeding 66°F only one day in ten. View this graph of the average daily high and low temperatures in September near Rochester, NH. This graph is based on the data collected from historical records from 1976 to 2012. (This annotation contains an image)
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Have you ever been to a place and thought that someone would love it there? If so, describe the place and person. If not, describe one of your favorite locations. 
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Lena struggles to manage her pain while she is trying to get back into running shape.  Click on this link  http://goo.gl/ZEjgHB to read an article about mental training techniques and be sure to pay careful attention to the techniques listed for managing pain at the bottom of the article.Based on the information in the article, what advice would you give to Lena to help her train better?  

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Lena speaks with Julian Fineman while retrieving her lost glove.  All of the following is revealed in this scene EXCEPT _____. 
The Scavengers are an extremist group of the Invalids. Extremists are those who go to extremes, especially in political matters to support or advocate extreme doctrines or practices which are highly disagreeable to the vast majority of the population.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What are the Scavengers? 
"Live free or die" is the state motto of New Hampshire.  (This annotation contains an image)

Then

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Why doesn't Lena like Blue? Explain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
All of the following is true about the birds and nests EXCEPT____. 
Trail blazes are a system of mapping a route in the woods. To learn more, view this short video.  (This annotation contains a video)

Now

This is an example of FORESHADOWING. Author Lauren Oliver is dropping clues that something major will occur at the rally today. As you continue reading, see if you can spot other examples of foreshadowing in this chapter. 
The Brooklyn Bridge is an iconic bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. Completed in 1883, it connects the boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn by spanning the East River.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
This excerpt is an example of which of the following literary devices? 
Times Square in modern-America is a major commercial intersection in Midtown Manhattan, New York City, at the junction of Broadway and Seventh Avenue and stretching from West 42nd to West 47th Streets. Times Square – iconified as "The Crossroads of the World"– is the brightly illuminated hub of the Broadway Theater District, one of the world's busiest pedestrian intersections, and a major center of the world's entertainment industry. (This annotation contains an image)
When writing, authors carefully choose names for their characters. Notice Thomas' and Julian's last name: Fineman. When first encountering Thomas, the reader will expect that he is a "fine man"--someone who has a reputable and moral character. In this case, the opposite is true: Thomas Fineman is not a fine man; he works for the DFA and as you will see later in the novel, is not a fine family man. This is an example of IRONY. To learn more about IRONY, view this video.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Pop Pop Pop is an example of which of the following literary devices? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Where is Julian taken to? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why does Julian repeatedly say, "Please..."? 
Quiz #1 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
What does Raven mean when she says, "We're on the other side of the fence now, Lena. Don't you get it? You can't tell me what to feel"? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What does the color yellow signify? 
Notice how author Lauren Oliver keeps you reading by ending the last two chapters with cliff hangers. What do you think of cliffhangers? Watch this short video discussing the use of cliffhangers as a storytelling technique.  (This annotation contains a video)

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What do you think the Scavengers are planning to do with Lena and Julian?   
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Recalling what you read about Julian in previous chapters, why do you think he hates hospitals, labs, scientist, and doctors? 
Whereas in "Delirium," author Lauren Oliver would adapt well-known allusions to fit the dystopic vision of her story, here Psalm 23 in The Bible is accurately repeated by Lena. Psalm 23 compares God to a shepherd guiding his flocks. God comforts people facing death and is a kind master who makes sure everyone in God's house is fed properly. Despite this Psalm being associated with funerals, the speaker is incredibly optimistic and believes that the Lord's presence has saved him forever. Psalm 23 is supposed to comfort people during trying times. 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Who is missing from the homestead after the bombing? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Lena states that they tell each other stories to distract themselves from the problems of their current situation.Imagine you are one of the characters sitting around the fire. What story would you tell?  

Now

Notice that even though the alternating chapters happen at different times, there are parallels between the two storylines and scenes. In the previous chapter, the characters were telling stories to comfort themselves from their predicament, and here Julian has asked Lena to tell him a story to also help distract them during their capture. View this video to learn more about writing story arcs.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
How are facts different from stories? 
This is an example of an ALLUSION. Author Lauren Oliver expects her readers to know this reference to Rikers Island. Rikers Island is New York City's main jail complex, as well as the name of the 413.17-acre island on which it sits, in the East River between Queens and the mainland Bronx, adjacent to the runways of LaGuardia Airport.  (This annotation contains an image)
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What do you learn about Julian in this scene? Why do you think he opened up to Lena? 
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Why do you think Lena holds hands with Julian at the end of this chapter? 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why do you think Raven keeps testing Lena?  
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This chapter ends with Lena's statement that hatred will rot you from the inside out.  Does Lena now hate Raven and the Wilds? Who or what does Lena hate? 

Now

Julian is alluding to the story of Dorothy and the Wizard of Oz, which is a book published in 1900 by L. Frank Baum and a 1939 movie starring Judy Garland. As you watch this movie trailer, think about why this story would be banned by the government.  (This annotation contains a video)
"Pandemoium" isn't the only story to focus on the topic of censorship. Ray Bradbury's "Fahrenheit 451" is a dystopian novel published in 1953. The novel presents a future American society where books are outlawed and "firemen" burn any that are found. The title refers to the temperature that Bradbury understood to be the temperature at which paper burns.  (This annotation contains an image)
Julian alludes to another well-known song of modern-America: The Beatles' "All You Need is Love." As you listen to the song, think about why the government would censor this song. (This annotation contains a video)
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Why do you think such books as The Wonderful Wizard of Oz and songs like All You Need Is Love are forbidden?  What do such books and songs teach? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Based on Julian's reaction, what can you infer about his brother's death? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Why have selected pages been marked up in Lena's copy of The Book of Shhh? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Using the dictionary feature in Curriculet, write your own sentence that includes the word tourniquet. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What can you infer from Julian's reaction to the mention of Massachusetts? All of the following options are correct EXCEPT ____. 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
In one sentence, write a summary of this chapter. 

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
To break out of the room, Lena and Julian do all of the following EXCEPT ____. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What code opens the door? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Lena begins to piece together who has been holding them captive.  Who do you think it is? What clues lead you to that conclusion? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why do you think that characters reacted violently to one another?  Could Lena and Julian have found another way out without killing the two Scavengers? 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
The word stoic has various meanings. Select the definition below that best defines the word stoic as it is used in the context of this sentence. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Write a sentence that correctly uses the word bifurcated. Be sure to include clues so that the word can be understood in the context of your sentence. 
Yarmouth is a town in Maine, located just north of Portland. View the map below to see Yarmouth's location.  (This annotation contains an image)
Notice how author Lauren Oliver continually provides Lena with opportunities to remember characters from "Delirium." Think about the purpose of such references. By having Lena remember her mom, Alex, and Hana, the reader must remember them, too. Will there be a reunion with these characters later in the series? Keep reading to find out. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What do you learn about Raven based on the story she tells Lena? 

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Based on this passage, what can you infer? 
This is an example of SYMBOLISM. Tunnels make frequent appearances in literature, serving as symbolic representations of journeys and passages from darkness to light. While tunnels certainly represent journeys, they more often symbolize the passage from one phase of life to another. In its most primal meaning, the tunnel symbolizes the birth canal. Just as a baby evolves and journeys outward, so do characters of a story. As you continue reading, think about how Lena and Julian are transforming throughout the story. 
Quiz #2 

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
How do you think the loss of Blue will affect Raven? Explain. 

Now

Recall what you read in "Delirium." Alex often remarked that Lena was beautiful as their relationship developed. Seeing beauty in the world is something the cured cannot do. Think about what Lena's statement about Julian here will foreshadow later in the chapter. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What can you infer from this sentence? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
The chase scene and resulting fight between Julian, Lena, and the pursuing Scavengers is action-packed.  Imagine you are a sports reporter watching the action as it happens. Click on this link to learn more about writing lead sentences.http://www.tpub.com/journalist/22.htm.   Then write a one sentence lead for this scene.  

Then

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
How is this chapter and the previous one similar? All of the following options are correct EXCEPT____. 

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Authors will use archetypes or established patterns in their stories. Here author Lauren Oliver uses an other character archetype to show that the world in which Lena lives is not only divided into the Invalids and Cured: there are deformed outcasts or rejects of society who have carved out a niche living in the underground locations. This character-group archtype is referred to as "Mole people," a term used to refer to homeless people living under large cities in abandoned subway, railroad, flood, and sewage tunnels and heating shafts. Such character types are seen in H.G. Well's "The Time Machine" and the character of Gollum in "The Hobbit." To learn about other character types view this video. As you continue reading, see what other archetypes you can spot in "Pandemonium."  (This annotation contains a video)

Then

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Who saves Lena, Raven, and the group from the attacking Scavengers? 

Now

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Is Lena showing prejudice against the underground people or is she being matter of fact in stating that they are different? Explain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What lesson has Lena learned from the people underground? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Why do you think societies are afraid of differences and irregularities? Have you been taught to fear differences or accept them? Explain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
This passage contains an example of which of the following literary devices? 
Could rat-man's warning be an example of foreshadowing? Keep reading to find out. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
This passage contains examples of which of the following literary devices?  

Then

The Tappan Zee Bridge is a cantilever bridge in the U.S. state of New York, crossing the Hudson River at one of its widest points; the Tappan Zee is named for an American Indian tribe from the area called "Tappan"; and "zee" being the Dutch word for "sea".  (This annotation contains an image)

Now

"Great Expectations" written by Charles Dickes is a bildungsroman, or a coming-of-age novel, and it is a classic work of Victorian literature. It depicts the growth and personal development of an orphan named Pip. It is set among the marshes of Kent and in London in the early to mid-1800s and focuses on the themes of wealth and poverty, love and rejection, and the eventual triumph of good over evil.  (This annotation contains an image)
Notice that Lena continually compares Julian to Alex. As you continue reading, think about why author Lauren Oliver would include such comparisons.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why do you think Julian is asking what it feels like to be infected? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What foreshadows the regulators capture of Lena and Julian? All of the following options are correct EXCEPT ___. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
While we the readers do not realize it yet, the scenes with Lena and the masked female regulator are significant. All of the following EXCEPT ___ are clues that let the readers know this woman is not an insignificant character. 
Notice that Tack refers to the same Utilitarian philosophy that the government uses to defend their rebellious actions. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What was the ultimate goal of having Julian and Lena kidnapped by Scavengers?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What do you think of Raven's and Tack's plan that involved lying to Lena and sacrificing Julian? Would you be angry like Lena or would you accept it as a part of war? Explain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What will happen to Julian? 
White Plains is located just to the north of New York City. View this map to see the exact location.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Allusions do not only refer to other works of literature or well-known places. Allusions can also be references to events that occurred earlier in the story. To what is Lena alluding to in this passage? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Do you think it is realistic that Lena is able to sneak into Manhattan on own her?  Use textual information to support your opinion. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Eavesdropping is a device that writers may use to move the along the plot of a story.  Listen to Mr. Fineman's conversation, Lena learns all of the following EXCEPT ___. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What is the MOST significant thing Lena realizes about her mother in this scene? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.6
Notice that one's attitude can influence others. By acting assertively, Lena is able to influence the actions of the nurse. Make a list of at three real-life scenarios or situations where attitude can determine the outcome.  
In the first book of the series, Lena first sees Alex standing on the observation deck during her evaluation. Notice again that even though Lena is trying to save Julian, we are reminded of Alex.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.9
Just as in "Delirium," author Lauren Oliver takes well-known stories and adapts them to fit the dystopian view of Lena's society.  Visit this website http://goo.gl/zvTq5U to read the story of Abraham and his son, Isaac, as told in the Book of Genesis.  How has the story of Abraham and Isaac been changed from the original? Why? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
The rescue of Julian is an action packed scene.  All of the following happen EXCEPT ____. 
While there isn't a hospital located in this area, in real life, Eighth Avenue and 24th Street do intersect in New York City. Click the link below the map to see a more detailed map of the neighborhood.  (This annotation has embedded rich content)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
What does Lena's statement here imply about her participation in the resistance? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What does Raven reveal about Lena's mom? 
This is an interesting statement Raven makes. Do you have any idea on who it could be? 
Keep in mind that "Pandemonium" is the second book in the trilogy. It seems that Julian and Lena have achieve a happy ending to this story, but notice how author Lauren Oliver adds a plot complication to the ending of "Pandemonium" so that you will continue on to the third book of the series, "Requiem." To read a preview of "Requiem," click on the blue hyperlink below. (This annotation contains a link)
Quiz #3