The first time she saw him, she flipped. The first time he saw her, he ran. That was the second grade, but not much has changed by the seventh. She says: "My Bryce. Still walking around with my first kiss." He says: "It's been six years of strategic avoidance and social discomfort." But in the eighth grade everything gets turned upside down. And just as he's thinking there's more to her than meets the eye, she's thinking that he's not quite all he seemed. This is a classic romantic comedy of errors told in alternating chapters by two fresh, funny new voices. Wendelin Van Draanen is at her best here with a knockout cast of quirky characters and a hilarious series of misunderstandings and missed opportunities. But underlying the humor are two teens in transition. They are each learning to look beyond the surface of people, both figuring out who they are, who they want to be, and who they want to be with. From the Hardcover edition.
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Chapter 1 - Diving Under
Review the definition of characterization below. Direct characterization is when an author tells the reader what the character's personality is like. Indirect characterization requires the reader to make inferences about the character's personality based on: physical description, dialogue, thoughts, feeling, actions, or interactions with other characters. (This annotation contains an image)
From Bryce's perspective, what kind of girl is Juli?
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up?
Watch the film clip from the opening scene of the movie, "Flipped." As you watch determine whose perspective the story is being told from in the film. (This annotation contains a video)
One difference between the film and the novel is the depiction of the setting. In the film clip of "Flipped," the music and costumes indicate that the film most likely takes place when?
Watch the short video on point of view and cultural perspective. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 2 - Flipped
We can infer from the first paragraph of this chapter that Juli, the narrator, falls for Bryce. When she says that she "flipped," what do you think she means? As you continue to read, look for references to the title.
Based on Julie's actions in the highlighted text, what can you infer about her?
Watch the short film version of "Flipped" from Juli's perspective. How is her version different from Bryce's? (This annotation contains a video)
How does Juli's perception of Shelly Stalls differ from Bryce's? Give at least one piece of textual evidence to support your answer.
Watch the short video explaining similes and metaphors. As you read, look for examples of these types of figurative language. How do they help you to visualize what is happening in the text? (This annotation contains a video)
Notice how Juli and Bryce each give their own version of what is happening. It is humorous to hear each take on the same event. Can we trust what they are saying as facts or are they opinions?
Chapter 3 - Buddy, Beware!
Why does Juli make the front page of the newspaper?
Below is a picture of a sycamore tree to help you visualize the type discussed. What do think Juli means when she tells Bryce he is "visually challenged"? (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the highlighted text, what can you infer about Bryce's parents' values versus Juli's parents' values?
A hyperbole is a huge exaggeration. This type of figurative language is used to create a strong emotional response. Notice that Bryce says Juli climed "miles" up to get the kite. While it may have been high, miles up in a tree would not be possible.
Watch the short video on internal and external conflict in literature. You may also see internal conflict written as character versus self. External conflict can be divided into several categories such as character versus character, character versus nature, and character versus society. What type of conflict is emerging in this novel? (This annotation contains a video)
What type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text to convey Bryce's annoyance at Juli?
Use the define feature and read the definition for the word miffed. Which of the following words is an antonym (opposite meaning) of miffed as it is used here?
We are starting to see that Bryce has a compassionate side. He may not want to admit it yet, but he is not completely unaffected by Juli. What in the highlighted text supports this claim?
Why is this chapter entitled, "Buddy, Beware!"? Explain using details from the chapter.
Chapter 4 - The Sycamore Tree
Personification is a type of figurative language like similes and metaphors. However, personification does not use comparisons. Instead, it is created when an author gives an object human actions or characteristics. For example, an author uses personification if he or she says that the sun smiles. Notice how this example impacts the tone; the image of a smiling sun conveys a happy tone.
It is interesting that Juli gave similar advice to Bryce when he was unable to see the beauty and majesty in the sycamore tree. Here, Juli's dad challenges her perception of her relationship with Bryce. Why might he give his daughter this advice?
Why does Juli use personification in the highlighted text?
Watch the short video on symbolism in literature. Then be prepared to answer a question about symbolism in the next few paragraphs. (This annotation contains a video)
Juli says the breeze is"the sweetest smell I'd ever known." What might the breeze symbolize or represent to Juli?
Juli's father teaches her that "The whole is greater than the sum of its parts." This is an allusion or reference to the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, who is credited with originally sharing that idea (seen in the picture below). This is an important concept in this novel; as you continue to read, look for how this idea continues to be developed. (This annotation contains an image)
Juli has already indicated that she often feels alone and longs to connect with others. What word would you use to describe how Juli feels as she watches her classmates board the bus?
What does Juli's dad give her to help her through her grief?
Chapter 5 - Brawk-Brawk-Brawk!
Watch the scene from the film that helps us to understand Bryce's feelins about eggs. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the primary purpose of the metaphor in the highlighted text?
Watch the short video on tone versus mood in literature. (This annotation contains a video)
What is one major difference between the film's scene with the snake eating the egg and the text?
Use the define feature to read the definition of objective. Then evaluate, based on the definition, whether Bryce is truly being objective, or is he being the opposite, subjective?
Which word best describes Bryce's tone in the highlighted text?
Below is a picture of a (rather fancy) chicken coop. The description of this scene would suggest that Juli's coop is not as elaborate. (This annotation contains an image)
How does Bryce figure out whether there is a rooster in Juli's coop?
Watch the short video explaining irony. (This annotation contains a video)
Which piece of textual evidence is the best example of irony?
The highlighted expression adds humor to the story. We immediately know that there will be no "divine intervention" to save Bryce. How will each character react when confronted by the sight of the perfect eggs?
Chapter 6 - The Eggs
Once again, Juli creates a humorous tone through her description of how Champ becomes a part of the family. In the highlighted text, we can infer that only Juli's mom is not happy about Champ taking up residency. However, this decision also reveals the family's sense of compassion.
Bryce's mother is appalled by the band name that Juli's brothers choose, and Bryce's family assumes the name reflects the boys' vile nature. After reading Juli's account, summarize where the band name comes from.
Below is a picture of a hygrometer. (This annotation contains an image)
Juli and her father "candle the egg" like in the picture below. Read the labels to develop a better understanding of what you can see during this process. (This annotation contains an image)
Which type of indirect characterization is used in the highlighted text to reveal Julie's realization that there is often more than meets the eye?
What type of literary device is used in the highlighted text?
The term "free-range" refers to poultry which are allowed to roam free. Many believe that these chickens (both the eggs and meat) taste better as opposed to chickens raised in cramped cages like the ones in the picture below. (This annotation contains an image)
Dramatic irony occurs when the audience knows something that the characters don’t. Explain why the highlighted text is an example of this type of irony.
The diagram below illustrates symptoms of salmonella infection. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 7 - Get a Grip, Man
What does Bryce mean when he says he is a "royal cluck-faced jerk"?
An extended metaphor is a comparison of two unlike things that is continued through multiple lines in poetry or prose. In this novel, Bryce finds multiple ways to compare himself to a chicken or an egg; these comparisons are being woven throughout Bryce's narratives. The picture below of a fried egg symbolizes how Bryce will feel if his grandfather tells the family what Bryce did to Juli. (This annotation contains an image)
What connotation is associated with the two similes in the highlighted text?
Bryce's description of his grandmother's use of powder brings to mind a woman using a large, fluffy, vintage powder puff like in the picture below. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain why the author included the highlighted section. Use two details from the story to support your answer.
Suddenly Bryce's grandfather's explanation of what happened to Juli's uncle takes on even more significance. We, along with Bryce, learn that he could have just as easily ended up like Juli's uncle. It is also ironic that Bryce's grandfather says that Bryce didn't hang himself coming into the world because Bryce has managed to "hang" himself with his comments to Juli.
Using the define feature look up the meaning of the word iridescent. Which object below would not be considered iridescent?
Watch the short video on imagery. Where have we seen moments of imagery in this text? (This annotation contains a video)
The imagery used to describe Juli "like she's at the helm of a ship...sailing into the sun" invokes images of a solitary existence while also conjuring up images of adventure and beauty.
Chapter 8 - The Yard
Identify the type of conflict used in the highlighted passage.
Below is a picture of a doe to help you visualize the comparison being made. Why might Juli compare her mother to "a doe waiting to be shot through the heart"? What connotations are associated with these animals? (This annotation contains an image)
What is Juli's tone in the highlighted text?
Read Robert Frost's poem, "The Road Not Taken" below. As you read, identify the theme of the poem and consider how it relates to Juli and Bryce's grandfather's lives. (This annotation contains an image)
Read Robert Frost's poem, "The Road Not Taken." As you read, consider how the message of the poem applies to Juli. (This annotation contains an image)
Juli says, "And the next day during school I looked around at the people I'd known since elementary school, trying to figure out if they were more or less than the sum of their parts. Chet was right. A lot of them were less." Explain what Juli means and give at least one piece of textual evidence to support your answer.
Robert Frost ends his poem "The Road Not Taken" by saying, “Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—/I took the one less traveled by,/And that has made all the difference.” How do these lines apply to Chet?
Below is a picture of a dandelion. You can imagine the feeling of release and freedom that Juli is experiencing from talking about something that deeply affects her life but which is normally kept a secret. (This annotation contains an image)
Chapter 9 - Looming Large and Smelly
What shocking observation does Bryce make?
What does Bryce confess to his mom?
Notice the change in Bryce's perspective. The word choice used in the highlighted text is beautiful because Bryce describes Juli as "glowing through newsprint." This tips us off that he is beginning to see her as "iridescent."
Many people view the term "retarded" as insultive and derogatory. The use of this term may suggest that this story is not taking place during in the present day but during the recent past when this term would have been used without riaisng any eyebrows. The term intellectual disability is now a more accepted term. As you continue to read, look for evidence as to when this story is taking place.
Based on the highlighted text, how does Bryce now view his friend Garrett and his father?
Chapter 10 - The Visit
At this time, Juli is content not to ask her father questions about Uncle David. What do you think she wants to ask her father but does not? It appears that for now sharing this experience is enough to make Juli feel close to her dad and peaceful.
Use the define feature to read the definition of pungent. Then select the sentence that uses pungent in the same way as the text.
Review the definition of point of view in literature below as well as the types: 1st person, second person, third person limited and third person omniscient. What point of view is used in this story? (This annotation contains an image)
The tone of the highlighted passage is tense, disbelieving, and frightened. Which word would most likely describe the mood for the majority of readers?
Below is a picture of a pinwheel like Uncle David receives for his birthday. This is usually considered a child's toy. (This annotation contains an image)
Although the author switches between Bryce and Juli's perspective in alternating chapters, from what point of view is each individual chapter written?
The highlighted text is an example of indirect characterization that uses Juli's thoughts to reveal her introspective and astute personality. Many kids her age would not wonder about what their grandparents went through to take care of their intellectually disabled child. Juli demonstrates that she is empathetic and mature.
Watch the library scene below. Expect to encounter a questions about the differences between the film and text in the quiz at the end of this chapter. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter 11 - The Serious Willies
We understand that Mrs. Loski desires to have a formal dinner (like the picture of the formal place setting below) over an informal barbecue. Why does this decision reveal about her as a character? (This annotation contains an image)
Explain why Bryce is disturbed that he is "the spitting image of [his] father."
Below is a picture of a portable CD player. These replaced tapes, but they preceded devices like the ipod. This device indicates that the setting is more modern day (a difference between the novel and the film), but it is not necessarily present day. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Lynetta do in response to her father's sarcastic treatment of the Bakers during dinner?
The phrase "swimming down the wrong hatch" means that Bryce chokes on his food.
Based on the highlighted text, which words best describe Bryce's father?
Chapter 12 - The Dinner
Many kids in Juli's situation might try to get out of going to dinner because it would be uncomfortable. However, Juli decides to go through with the dinner to spare her parents' feelings. This reveals that she is compassionate and puts others first.
Explain whether or not Juli and Bryce's relationship can be "flipped" around in order to be saved.
Below is a picture of black fish eggs or caviar on crackers. Many people consider caviar a luxury. What message does Mrs. Loski send by serving this as an appetizer? (This annotation contains an image)
What type of figurative language does Juli use to dismiss Bryce's apology?
Why does Juli's dad have such an emotional reaction to his sons' admission of how much they love having him as their dad?
Watch the short video on theme. Which themes are emerging in our text? (This annotation contains a video)
Juli foreshadows, or gives a hint here in the highlighted text, that things are about to change and make her question whether or not she is really strong and self-confident. What do you predict will happen?
Chapter 13 - Flipped
Below is a picture of the original book cover for this novel. How does the cover of this book fit the plot? In addition, "Flipped" is the title of this chapter. The only other chapter with this title in the book is Chapter Two, where Juli "flips" for Bryce. Based on this knowledge, what do you predict might happen to Bryce in this chapter? (This annotation contains an image)
To what does Bryce compare the Basket Boy Auction?
Notice that Bryce's sarcastic tone and phrases such as "everlasting torture as a mama's boy" aim to create a humorous mood in readers.
How much is the winning bid for lunch with Bryce?
Bryce comes to the realization that a beautiful exterior does not guarantee a beautiful interior. What makes Miranda and Shelly truly ugly?
Below is a picture of a beach located in the Mexican Riviera. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Bryce do to Juli?
Explain how Bryce's words and actions reveal that his perspective has changed or "flipped."
Bryce is an example of a dynamic character, or one who changes over the course of a story. Review the other types of characters one may encounter in a text in the picture below. (This annotation contains an image)
Which central idea would not be supported by the events in the plot?
Chapter 14 - The Basket Boys
This is an example of dramatic irony. We already know that not only will Jon Trulock be a basket boy, but Juli will bid and win to have lunch with him.
What does Darla mean when she tells Juli, "You are stickin' to your diet!"?
We now see Juli's earlier foreshadowing come to fruition. Juli's sense of resolve, peace, and confidence is shaken when she thinks of Bryce and Shelly together. This is an indication of her internal struggle over her feelings towards Bryce.
Explain what is ironic about Mrs. stueby's statement in the highlighted text.
Below is a picture of the actor, Humphrey Bogart. He is best known for his role in the iconic romance movie, "Casablanca." By Jeffrey including this in his bio, he lets the girls in the audience know he is a romantic. (This annotation contains an image)
Why does Juli bid on Jon?
Juli's conversation with her mom is humorous because of her dramatic assertion that she is over Bryce. However, we learn that she has only been over him "since last Friday." This reminds us that even though Juli can be mature, she is still a teenager.
Explain the similarity between Patsy and Juli's situations.
Watch the ending of the film version of "Flipped." How is the film similar and different to the text? (This annotation contains a video)