Flags of Our Fathers: Heroes of Iwo Jima

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Now abridged for young people, Flags of Our Fathers is the unforgettable chronicle of perhaps the most famous moment in American military history: the raising of the U. S. flag at Iwo Jima. Here is the true story behind the immortal photograph that has come to symbolize the courage and indomitable will of America. In February 1945, American Marines plunged into the surf at Iwo Jima–and into history. The son of one of the flag raisers has written a powerful account of six very different men who came together in the heroic battle for the Pacific’s most crucial island. From the Hardcover edition.
Curriculet Details
36 Questions
38 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 8th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining point of view, purpose and historical context. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about film adaptions and interviews. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of heroism, truth, and individuality. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

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Chapter One - Sacred Ground

Flags of Our Fathers is a nonfiction book about the true story surrounding the iconic photograph of the American flag being raised after the Battle of Iwo Jima. The book was later made into a film of the same name by Steven Spielberg and Clint Eastwood.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a map that shows Iwo Jima's location.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.5
In the two highlighted paragraphs, what is the most important detail that the author includes? 
Below is the image that the author is showing to the Marines.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
What is the author's main purpose at this moment?  

Chapter Two - All-American Boys

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1
What is the main quality that Jack looks for in a job of service? 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
Notice how much influence the mothers have on all three of the soldiers so far. This is a common thread among them.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1
What is the conflict among the family? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.  
Below is a picture of a textile mill. Notice the children present in the mill as well.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
What is Rene Gagnon's attitude toward war here? 

Chapter Three - America’s War

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
What is the main purpose of this paragraph?  
Below is a video of Roosevelt's speech, often as known as the Infamy Speech.  (This annotation contains a video)
Another tactic the Japanese army used was kamikaze, which were suicide attacks by military aviators from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than was possible with conventional attacks. Numbers quoted vary, but at least 47 Allied vessels, from PT boats to escort carriers, were sunk by kamikaze attacks, and about 300 damaged.During World War II, about 3,860 kamikaze pilots were killed, and about 19% of kamikaze attacks managed to hit a ship. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.8
What difference does the author claim between Japan and United States? 

Chapter Four - Call of Duty

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
After the reading the definitions for impenetrable, which word is the best synonym? 
Below is an aerial view of Bougainville to give you an idea of what the landscape is like.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a video about point of view. This book has an interesting use of point of view. In a way it is first-person since the author incorporates himself, but it is also third-person omniscient with the way he jumps to different soldiers. Pay attention to the information on point of view as well as cultural perspective. Consider how the cultural experiences of the men influence their attitude toward war.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
What is different about Jack and Ira's attitude toward fighting? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.  

Chapter Five - Forging the Spearhead

Armistice Day, which coincides with Veterans Day, marks the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany. Below is the headline from The New York Times from November 11, 1918. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
What essentially brings the flag raisers together? 
Not only fiction can have conflict. Nonfiction has conflict as well because it represents the problems the individuals face. Harlon is experiencing internal conflict at this moment. Watch the video below to better understand conflict.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
"[T]he surreal city of men" is a metaphor in reference to  

Chapter Six - Armada

Below is an aerial view of Iwo Jima.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
This paragraph mainly describes the 
Below is a trailer for the film Letters from Iwo Jima. Ken Watanabe plays General Kuribayashi. Clint Eastwood directs the film. He is also the director of film version of this book.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
Why does the author include this information about the conflict between General Smith and the Navy?  

Chapter Seven - D Day

Below is a scene from Letters from Iwo Jima that shows the American soldiers disembarking on the island and the Japanese beginning to fire.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
At this moment, the American soldiers are feeling 
Below is a scene from the film Flag of our Fathers. This provides more of a perspective from the American soldiers. Pay attention to the different details and perspectives compared to Letters from Iwo Jima.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
Both Harlan and Jack Bradley are __________ during this scene. 
Quiz #1 

Chapter Eight - D Day Plus One

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
What sort of mood does the description of the rain create? 
A Banzai charge is the term used by the Allied forces to refer to Japanese human wave attacks mounted by infantry units. Banzai charges had some successes at the end of battles by overcoming soldiers unprepared for such attacks.  (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a video of an interview with Jack Lucas.  (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter Nine - D Day Plus Two

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.1
How does the author create obstacles and conflict for American soldiers in the beginning of this chapter? Provide textual evidence to support your answer.  
Below is an image of a Navy Cross.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
Use the Define feature and read the definition of stalemate. Which of the following is the best synonym for the stalemate? 

Chapter Ten - D Day Plus Three

A knot is a unit of speed equal to one nautical mile per hour, approximately 1.151 mph. 

Chapter Eleven - The Flags

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.5
The use of the serpent in this paragraph is a  
Robert Leader later became a Notre Dame artist and teacher. He died on April 11, 2006.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
Colonel Johnson's issue with the flag stems from  
Below is a video of a news reel from Iwo Jima. It ends with footage of the flag raising.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.8
How can the true story of the flag raising moment alter someone's idea of the famous image?  
Below is the image of the "gung-ho" picture.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter Twelve - Myths

Below is one of the sculptures that De Weldon made being examined by President Truman.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
What is the main purpose of these paragraphs?  

Chapter Thirteen - “We Gave Our Today”

The term friendly fire is known as an oxymoron. An oxymoron is a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory terms appear in conjunction. Some other examples are jumbo shrimp, sweet sorrow, serious joke.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
This moment shows 
Mike Mansfield served as a U.S. Representative until 1953 and as a Senator until 1977.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
This moment contributes to the author's 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
Much of this chapter details the death of the flag raisers. What sort of impact do the descriptions of their deaths have on you as a reader?  
Below is a video called "Reflections on Iwo Jima." It contains interviews with Marines about their experience in the battle of Iwo Jima. Watch the video and answer the question below.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.7
Did watching the video impact you differently than reading similar stories in the book? Why or why not? 

Chapter Fourteen - Antigo

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
Use the Define feature and read the definition of anchored. Which word is the best antonym for anchored?  
The author has returned to the beginning of the book. He revisits the mystery of his father. Consider how the reader knows and understands the father better now because of the description of the battle of Iwo Jima.  
Quiz #2 

Chapter Fifteen - Coming Home

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
What does this moment reveal about Ira Hayes? 
Below is an image of Rene with the flag raising photo.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
This moment between Ira and officer emphasizes the idea of _________ in the book. 
Below is an image of the three soldiers being recognized for raising the flag.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter Sixteen - The Bond Tour

Below is an image of the unveiling of the statue.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
D you think it is right for the government to have the soldiers and mothers appear in public to promote war bonds? Explain your view.  
Below is a trailer for the film version "Flag of our Fathers". Pay close attention to the scenes depicting Ira, John, and Rene on the war bonds tour.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.5
Why does the author include this information? 

Chapter Seventeen - A Conflict of Honor

Below is an image of the Enola Gay.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
What is most significant about this moment between John Bradley and Betty Van Gorp. 
Old Glory is a common nickname for the flag of the United States, bestowed by William Driver, an early nineteenth-century American sea captain. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.4
In this paragraph Ira is mostly showing 

Chapter Eighteen - Movies and Monuments

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.3
At this moment the Marines are being  
Below is the final scene from The Sands of Iwo Jima.  (This annotation contains a video)
Below is an image of the three flag raisers with then Vice President Nixon.  (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter Nineteen - Casualties of War

Below is an image from Ira Hayes' funeral.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.6
What does John mean by "truly a war casualty"?  

Chapter Twenty - Common Virtue

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RI.8.2
The main theme in this chapter so far is  
Below is a video of the author, James Bradley, speaking about the impact of the photograph. Consider how what he says relates to his purpose in the book.  (This annotation contains a video)
Quiz #3