Pretty Little Liars #2: Flawless

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Spencer stole her sister's boyfriend. Aria is brokenhearted over her English teacher. Emily likes her new friend Maya . . . as much more than a friend. Hanna's obsession with looking flawless is making her sick. And their most horrible secret yet is so scandalous that the truth would ruin them forever.

And why shouldn't I tell? They deserve to lose it all. With every crumpled note, wicked IM, and vindictive text message I send, I'll be taking these pretty little liars down. Trust me, I've got enough dirt to bury them alive.

Curriculet Details
76 Questions
90 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 8th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining stereotypes, panic attacks and sexual orientation. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about archetypes and tone. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the subjects of irony, characterization, and author's word choice. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

The curriculet is being added to your library


This is an epigraph. An epigraph is a quotation set at the beginning of a literary work or one of its divisions to suggest its theme. The theme is the lesson that the author is trying to teach us about life. As you read the novel, think about what lesson the author might be trying to teach the reader and how this epigraph connects to that lesson. 

How It Really Began

The author begins this sequel to Pretty Little Liars by describing a very minor character from Book 1. Watch the following video on archetypes and note how the author has created the character of Toby as an archetype, meaning a very typical example of a certain person or thing. Toby is the typical example of the creepy neighbor boy. (This annotation contains a video)
Small details in a novel can give the reader a sense of the time and place of the novel (otherwise known as its setting). By mentioning the program Cribs, this sets the novel sometime between 2000 and 2011 when the show aired. 
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up (such as 'errant')? 
Use the Define feature to see the definition of the word demure. Based on this description, which antonym below would best describe the other girls in Emily's group? 
Which word best describes Ali's reaction to Toby's spying on them?  
In the first book, the "Jenna Thing" was referred to constantly, but the reader never knew what exactly happened the night of the accident. This is the first time the author is revealing the true events of that evening and why the girls have been obsessed with hiding the truth. 
One definition of irony is a state of affairs or an event that seems deliberately contrary to what one expects. What is ironic about Toby's circumstances versus those of the girls after the accident? 

Chapter 1

From the textual evidence found in this first paragraph, it is clear to the reader that the previous chapter was told as a flashback. Events have now jumped to the present, more than three years later, and the action is picking up at the exact point that the first book ended. 
What could Ali have seen which would cause Toby NOT to reveal that Ali had shot off the firework? Use textual evidence to support your prediction. 
Note here that Spencer feels responsible for Jenna's accident, even though Alison was responsible for the entire idea and implementation of the plan. Each girl feels this responsibility, and Ali made sure through her actions after the incident that each girl WOULD feel that way in order to keep her secret safe. What impression does the reader get of Alison's character from these clues? 
Which of the following is NOT a reason why Spencer doesn't tell the other girls about talking with Toby the night of the accident? 
This description of Emily makes use of which literary device? 
Once again, A knows something about the girls as soon as it happens. Note also that Spencer initially suspects Toby, yet the reference to Toby in this text would make us believe that A is not him. Do you agree with Spencer's suspicions of Toby or do you have another suspect in mind who is impersonating Ali? 

Chapter 2

Hanna makes some interesting observations here on the theme of "appearances versus reality." With which thematic statement below would Hanna agree? 
The reader might recall from the first novel that Hanna and her father had a strained relationship after the divorce, and they haven't seen each other for years. The shock of his presence is so great that Hanna has a physical reaction as if slapped. 
Hanna is referencing Nicole Kidman's and Angelina Jolie's work with the United Nations. Based on this textual evidence, what does Hanna seem to think is the purpose of volunteering? 

Chapter 3

Maya references Lancaster, PA and "the simple life". Lancaster is, in fact, the site of the oldest Amish settlement in America. (This annotation contains a link)
Note the author's choice of adjectives in this section--shaky, crazy, puzzling. What kind of mood is created by the author's wording in these sentences? How does the description of the room compare to Emily's mood in this scene? 
In fact, none of the assumptions that Emily is making about the Amish is true. These kinds of false assumptions about entire groups of people are called stereotypes. 

Chapter 4

Based on context clues, what would be an appropriate synonym for the word avant-garde in this sentence? 
The reader will note another example of a stereotype--by defining her brother as "cookie-cutter Rosewood," Aria is making assumptions about all teen boys in Rosewood. Watch for examples of characters who break this stereotype as you continue reading. 
The author uses a number of details in this paragraph to create the mood of the Victory Brewery. By placing the bar next to a tattoo parlor and a store which was probably selling marijuana, the ambiance created by this description is very different from the descriptions of Rosewood that we've been reading. 
Based on Aria's observations about Rosewood boys previously, which of the following words is NOT a synonym for "quintessential" in this sentence? 
The woman on the stamp is wearing a faldur, which is indeed a pointed cap. (This annotation contains an image)
How would you be feeling if you were Mike? Write three or four sentences from Mike's perspective in which he shares his feelings about his trip to the Victory. Use textual evidence for support. Include a prediction of where Mike went after he left the bar. 

Chapter 5

Note that this novel makes frequent use of flashbacks. Watch the following video about flashbacks and consider what new information the author is providing us through this flashback. (This annotation contains a video)
According to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas Cole inspired the generation of American landscape painters that came to be known as the Hudson River School. Born in Lancashire, England, in 1801, at the age of seventeen he emigrated with his family to the United States. Cole later began painting portraits, genre paintings, and a few landscapes, and set out to seek his fortune through Ohio and Pennsylvania.  (This annotation contains an image)
Which couple would be the best illustration for the common cliche "opposites attract"? 
Read the quote below and consider its meaning as you answer the question that follows. (This annotation contains an image)
Consider again the annotation from two pages ago: "The worst thing in the world isn't being alone. It's being surrounded by people that make you feel like you're alone." If you were going to use that quote to caption an image of a scene from this book, what scene would you use? 

Chapter 6

Watch the following video which explains the difference between dynamic and static characters. Carefully note the actions of the characters in this chapter to determine whether they are dynamic or static characters. (This annotation contains a video)
Betsey Johnson is an American fashion designer best known for her feminine and whimsical designs. Many of her designs are considered "over the top" and embellished. This picture below will give the reader an idea of the type of dress Hanna is describing. (This annotation contains an image)
Based on what we know about Hanna so far, what type of character description best fits her actions here? 
Each main character has now received a follow-up text from A which indicates that she is being closely watched. Make a prediction about who A might be, now that we know that Ali is dead. 

Chapter 7

What can you infer about Emily, given that she considers this description an example of a "good-girl life"? 
With which of the following statements would Emily agree? 
Note that Toby came to Emily's rescue and seems genuinely concerned about her in this chapter. Consider, if Toby was the one sending the threatening A texts, whether or not he would come to Emily's aid. 

Chapter 8

According to Web MD, "Anxiety/panic disorders are much different from the normal anxiety we feel from time to time – more overwhelming, more disturbing. They affect about 40 million American adults age 18 years and older (about 18%) every year." Click on the link below to find out more about panic attack symptoms and solutions. (This annotation contains a link)
Read back through the last three paragraphs.  Which words does the author use which do a particularly good job of describing the weather in these paragraphs? What kind of atmosphere is created by the use of these words? 
Which of the following statements would be a correct conclusion drawn from Aria's analogy? 
Aria is not only dealing with the loss of her friend, but also with the potential loss of her family as she's always known it. See the article below for tips on dealing with a loss. (This annotation contains a link)
This is the same Sean that broke up with Hanna at the party on Friday because of this exact issue. It seems as though Sean has had a change of heart since last week, but he still hasn't called Hanna back. What conclusions can the reader make about Sean, based on the conversation that he is having with Aria? 

Chapter 9

Just in case you don't know what Squidward looks like: (This annotation contains an image)
It's evident that the events in her life were major distractions to Spencer's success in class. See the article below on eliminating distractions and studying successfully. (This annotation contains a link)
Use the Define feature to find the definition of "minutiae." Which of the following could be considered the minutiae of Spencer's life? 
From Pretty Little Liars 1, we learn that Wren is a med student in his 20's, while Spencer is a high school student. She is clearly making more rational adult decisions here than Wren is. This would indicate to the reader that Spencer is a dynamic character who is showing change and growth throughout the novel. 

Chapter 10

Click on the link below to watch a video on types of irony. Watch for ironic situations in the chapter to follow. (This annotation contains a video)
Having read the myth of Narcissus, what comparisons can you make between the characters of Narcissus and Hanna? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Narcisse perfume and the term narcissism, a fixation with oneself, originate with the myth of Narcissus. Follow the link to read the story and then answer the question that follows: (This annotation contains a link)
Which statement best summarizes Hanna's interest in V Club? 
Hanna seems to be envisioning something similar to the A that Hester Prynne was forced to wear in The Scarlet Letter. Prynne's A (for adultry) was meant to symbolize the exact opposite of Hanna's V symbol (for virginity). (This annotation contains an image)
Hanna's use of the phrase "a little drunken error in judgment" to describe stealing and crashing an extremely expensive automobile belonging to Sean's father would be an example of which type of literary device? 

Chapter 11

Note Aria's sincere concern for Emily, even though they really aren't friends anymore. Does this behavior align with what you've seen of Aria's character or seem out of character for her? 
Note the author's contradictory use of description in this section. At first Emily just had a scrape, then she had blood gushing out of her leg. Finally, Toby fixes her leg with mini Band-Aids. How might you change the wording in these sections to lend coherence to the story?  
EMS stands for Emergency Medical Services. Do Toby's medical decisions regarding Emily support the fact that Toby had experience with an EMS unit? If not, what actions should he have taken as someone with some medical experience? 
While "Brad and Jen" is referring to Brad Pitt and Jennifer Aniston, the rest of the references in this paragraph are to events in Rosewood. We already have heard about Imogen Smith and Ali's murder; however, it's interesting that the author throws in a seemingly innocuous comment about "what was on the Rosewood Day girls' bathroom floor the day the janitorial worker screamed." This may be nothing--or it may be a reference to an event which will be revealed later in the novel. 
The handprint seems to be working as a physical reminder or symbol to Emily of an important lesson that she needs to learn. Which theme is best supported by the handprint and her observations about Toby? 

Chapter 12

Note that the author capitalizes Point of No Return as if it were a proper noun--an actual place or event. Spencer thinks she understands the ramifications of her decision. Do you think she really understands that she may be giving up all of these things for Wren? 
Based on interactions between Melissa and Spencer previously, Melissa's sudden interest in Spencer seems very out of character. Why might Melissa be acting in this fashion? Do you think it really is a lesson learned from Ali's death? 
Which term best describes Spencer's decision to go to Foxy with Andrew? 
Chapters 1-12 

Chapter 13

The last time Aria talked to Ezra, he thought she had told about their relationship. It seems like he's forgotten about his suspicions, or he'd be worried for his career. Still, Aria is correct in identifying that his speech and his actions seem to be contradictory. 
What observations did Aria make about Sean when she talked to him the day before which would NOT make him a typical Rosewood boy? 
Note that Hollis College is a liberal arts college in fictional Rosewood. Hollis is also where Aria's father Byron is a professor. James is suggesting that Ezra has a girlfriend in New York and also dates college girls from Rosewood, which would contradict what Ezra told Aria the week before. Keep reading for Aria's evidence of why she believed Ezra was single. Do you believe her evidence or James' rumors? 
Why does Aria have this reaction when comparing Ezra and her father? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 

Chapter 14

In the first chapter, the description we get of Toby is, "When most people saw Toby, they crossed to the other side of the street. Pale, tall, skinny, and always wandering around the neighborhood alone, seemingly spying on everyone." Based on what we know of Ali's character, do you agree with Emily's conjecture that Ali could have been seeing Toby? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Emily seems to really be struggling with issues of sexual orientation. She has already experienced some backlash because of her relationship with Maya. The linked article from the American Psychological Association answers important questions about sexual orientation and adolescents. (This annotation contains a link)
Note how, even though Toby has been away from Rosewood for years, he seems to have better insight into his former classmates that Emily does. Do you think it is easier to make observations about people when you are outside of the group or when you are a part of the group? 
What literary device does Emily use to describe her feelings in this paragraph? 

Chapter 15

Use the Define feature to find the appropriate definition for "virtue." Which literary device is being used here to show the contrast between this word and Hanna's intentions? 
Note the author's use of physical description as well as dialogue to indicate how a character is feeling. We can already tell from Mona's physical description that she is probably upset. Think about what the dialogue would sound like if this scene were acted out. What verb and adverbs would you add to indicate to the reader how this line would sound? 
It's interesting that Hanna makes reference to Mischa Barton, as the actress has also had weight issues and problems with the law as Hanna has. (This annotation contains a link)
Hanna said she loved these shoes (which cost between $300 and $600 a pair) at the beginning of the chapter. Why would she now say she kind of hated them? Use textual evidence to explain what the shoes symbolize to Hanna and why her feelings about them have changed. 

Chapter 16

I Know What You Did Last Summer was a 1997 movie based on a Lois Duncan novel. Read the plot summary from Wikipedia to answer the question that follows: (This annotation contains a link)
Which statement below is NOT a similarity between the plot of this novel and the plot of the movie I Know What You Did Last Summer? 
Snæfellsjökull is a 700,000-year-old stratovolcano with a glacier covering its summit in western Iceland. The mountain is one of the most famous sites of Iceland, primarily due to the novel Journey to the Center of the Earth by Jules Verne, in which the protagonists find the entrance to a passage leading to the center of the earth on Snæfellsjökull. (This annotation contains an image)
Look back at the verbs used to describe Mike's dialogue. Which word best describes Mike's tone of voice in this section? 
Given the location of Iceland, Aria would be talking about the Atlantic puffin, which is found on islands in the North Atlantic Ocean. (This annotation contains an image)
"Like a sack of potatoes" is a simile that has been used so often it has become a cliche', but what exactly does it mean? In this instance, a sack of potatoes just sits there and does nothing, similar to what Aria is doing in this scene, when she has a chance to finally tell her mother the truth. Instead, she "stood there, useless." 
Based on context clues, who do you predict Aria will see at the Strawberry Ridge Yoga Studio the next morning? 

Chapter 17

While incorrect, children frequently blame themselves in divorce situations. Hanna thinks that it is something she did which caused the divorce. Her father's lack of communication for four years hasn't helped this impression. See the article below for more information on the effect of divorce on children: (This annotation contains a link)
Which sentence below best summarizes what this chapter reveals about Mr. Marin's relationship with Hanna? 
Mr. Marin's comment about Jenna, especially in light of her accident, seems more than a little insensitive. What makes his comment seem cruel? 
Le Bec-Fin was a 5-star French restaurant in Philadelphia which was open from 1970 to 2013. (This annotation contains an image)
Re-read the highlighted sentence. Which of the following statements most accurately reflects why Hanna has been binge-eating lately? 

Chapter 18

Watch the following video on tone. Note Carolyn's tone in this piece of dialogue. She seems genuinely happy for her sister. Emily seems to be the only one of the girls who has a good relationship with her sibling. Why do you think Emily and Carolyn get along better than Spencer and Melissa or Aria and Mike? (This annotation contains a video)
Note Maya's tone in this paragraph. Emily thinks she can no only see and hear Maya's tone of disappointment, but smell it as well. Detecting tone, or a person's attitude toward someone or something, often involves multiple senses. 
Before you use the Define feature, re-read Emily's thoughts after saying that she "felt so ambivalent." Using just context clues, how would you define the word "ambivalent"? Explain how you arrived at this definition.  
This is an interesting comment, coming from Mrs. Fields. In the first novel, Emily is convinced that her mother is racist and doesn't like Maya because of comments Mrs. Fields makes. When she first comes out of the house, Mrs. Fields also doesn't sound pleased that Maya and Emily have been talking. How do you account for this change in Mrs. Fields' attitude? 

Chapter 19

Which vocabulary term best defines Aria's observations about people who do yoga in this sentence? 
According to an Ashtanga website, "Ashtanga yoga is a system of yoga transmitted to the modern world by Sri K. Pattabhi Jois (1915-2009). This method of yoga involves synchronizing the breath with a progressive series of postures—a process producing intense internal heat and a profuse, purifying sweat that detoxifies muscles and organs. Click on the link below to hear Kino MacGregor explain what the Ashtanga yoga method is all about. (This annotation contains a video)
Chakras are energy points in your body and are used in conjunction with yoga. See the chart below for more information about the location and function of chakras. (This annotation contains an image)
Is Aria guilty of stereotyping someone before getting to know them again? Decide whether Aria was stereotyping Meredith. Why or why not? Explain. 

Chapter 20

We've discussed the theme of "appearances versus reality" before. Here is another example of this theme. Spencer sees herself as the most ambitious student at Rosewood Academy, yet she has five things to do for Monday that she hasn't yet started on. Which term below would best describe Spencer's situation? says, "Adam Smith is often touted as the world's first free-market capitalist. While that designation is probably a bit overstated, Smith's place in history as the father of modern economics and a major proponent of laissez-faire economic policies is quite secure. This Scottish philosopher argued against mercantilism to become the father of modern free trade." 
To "extend an olive branch" to someone is a phrase meaning to offer peace to them. An olive branch held by a dove was used as a peace symbol in 18th century Britain and America. The symbol of the olive branch and dove came from the Biblical story of Noah. A sign that the flood was finally over was an olive branch brought back to the ark by a dove. The fact that Spencer's father clearly went out of his way to get her favorite food was his way of asking for peace and reconciliation. 
What can we infer from Mr. Hastings' response to Spencer's question? 

Chapter 21

Even though Hanna has determined that A is not going to win, what changes have been made to Hanna's life because of A's actions? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Hanna is referencing a frequently-used quote after 9/11. A USA Today article on the quote starts, "In Las Vegas, a former governor said it. In Columbia, S.C., a criminologist said it. Outside Washington, D.C., a retired general said it. A social studies teacher in Marietta, Ga., said it, as did the mayor of Shelby, Mont., and an editorial writer in Jackson, Miss.: 'If we hide in the basement; if we cancel the ballgame; if we don't go to school; if we trade freedom for security; if we strike a scapegoat or stoop to vengeance or turn on each other; if we change in any of a thousand ways — then, they all said on Sept. 11, 2001, the terrorists have won.'"  
Which literary device does the author use to give the reader insight into the characters of Naomi and Riley? 
The Atkins diet is a low-carb diet (and it's not surprising that Naomi and Riley, who seem to be the new It Girls, are dieting). One side effect of low-carb diets can be bad breath, as is referenced in the article below: (This annotation contains a link)

Chapter 22

What does this paragraph imply about Aria's parents, Ella and Byron? 
The Blair Witch Project was a 1999 horror movie based on "found" videotapes of three college students trying to track down information on a witch who lived in Blair, MD in the 1700s. (This annotation contains a video)
The croque monsieur is a traditional French ham and cheese sandwich. Use the link below to make enough for a crowd: (This annotation contains a link)
Note Sean's qualifications for "the right person." What can the reader infer about Sean's relationships with Aria and Hanna based on this qualification? 
Imagine you are Aria. If you had the opportunity to confront Meredith, what would your script sound like? Predict how the scene between Aria and Meredith will play out. 

Chapter 23

Just as a reminder, the last text A sent said, "You hurt me, so I'm going to hurt you. Or maybe I should hurt a certain new boyfriend instead?" Spencer's panic in trying to contact Wren seems to be justified. If Spencer hadn't received this text from A, which word might best describe Spencer's actions here?  
According to Wikipedia, plagiarism is "'stealing and publication' of another author's 'language, thoughts, ideas, or expressions' and the representation of them as one's own original work." Spencer is trying to justify her use of her sister's papers and argue that it isn't cheating. She's not alone. Read the article below about politicians using word-for-word information from sources like Wikipedia and whether or not this constitutes a serious problem: (This annotation contains a link)
Is Ali right? Is it better to have two big secrets or to have everything out in the open? If Spencer had told the truth, would Ali have been murdered? 
Use the Define feature and read the definitions for canvassed. Which of the following is the correct definition of canvassed as it is used here? 

Chapter 24

Which theme is best supported by Emily's feelings in this scene? 
Taro cards are often believed to have magical or predictive powers.  (This annotation contains an image)
Clearly, Ben's use of air quotes here is not meant to be comedic as in the SNL skit you just watched. What does Ben's use of air quotes imply in this statement? Use textual evidence for support. 
Generally when someone uses a phrase with air quotes, they are trying to be funny. See the link below for a sample Saturday Night Live sketch using air quotes: (This annotation contains a video)
Ben's actions could be defined as sexual assault or sexual harassment. The legal definitions of these acts vary from state to state. However, Emily took the necessary actions to keep herself safe, even though there were bystanders who should have stepped in to help her. Click on the link below for more self-defense tips. (This annotation contains a link)
Chapters 13-24 

Chapter 25

Technically, what Tom had said was, "Saturday, I've booked us for dinner at Le Bec-Fin," and "I'd love a weekend with you." It's easy to see how Hanna thought "us" was just her and her father, although it's also understandable that Tom simply didn't specify who "us" meant. What novel theme might be supported by this chain of events? 
Which of the following statements is true about Hanna's reunion with Isabel and Kate? 
The book Hanna is referencing is The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka. Follow the link to read a short summary of the plot from Goodreads: (This annotation contains a link)
A pintade is, in fact, a guineafowl similar to a partridge which is native to Africa. (This annotation contains an image)
Consider A's choice of wording here. How is it a "gift" for Hanna to know that her boyfriend is already dating someone else? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 

Chapter 26

Watch the following video about theme. Think about what the author is trying to teach us about life as you continue reading. (This annotation contains a video)
Re-read Spencer's dialogue here and think about the tone that Spencer is projecting. If you had to chose a verb and adverb ( for example, "she said quickly") following Spencer's dialogue to illustrate Spencer's tone, which of the following would you choose? 
Imagine you are Andrew overhearing Spencer's end of the conversation. Predict what Andrew would say in response to Spencer's revelations. 
Looking back over Spencer's actions in this chapter, which of the following themes best illustrates a lesson Spencer needs to learn about life? 

Chapter 27

"Take it like a man" is considered a cliche. A cliche is an overused phrase which, while it does have a meaning, should be avoided in writing because it has been used so often. Watch the video below as an example of a common cliche' and its extreme overuse. (This annotation contains a video)
Aria seems obsessed with identifying her fellow students as "typical Rosewood" girls or boys, as it has been repeated several times. Which of the following cliches' best represents the lesson Aria needs to learn? 
Aria is surprised and touched by Sean's admission that he "sort of likes [her] more because of last night." Why would Sean's seeing Aria at (what she would consider) her worst cause him to like her more? Use textual evidence for support. 
A hasn't forgotten her last warning to Aria--have you? What is it that Aria is supposed to do before the stroke of midnight? 

Chapter 28 discusses the causes of bulimia. Among them it lists that "environmental factors may be responsible for triggering the onset of bulimia. These might include peer pressures, family attitudes, the influence of the media creating a need for thinness, poor self-esteem and a lack of acceptance of self and body shape." Which of the list of factors above is Hanna experiencing in her life? (This annotation contains a link)
Hanna says that she thought going to the burn clinic and the V Club was "making a difference." What can we infer is the difference she was hoping to make through her actions? 
What do you think Mona's real message is when she tells Hanna "Take your time"? 
Note here that the author chooses to use a verb and adverb to indicate tone. Even though Mona says "Fine," it's clearly not fine with her if Hanna leaves again without telling her what is going on.  

Chapter 29

Spencer's reason for not telling the rest of the girls the truth about the night of The Jenna Thing would support which type of conflict? 
While the girls believe they have solved the mystery of A, they are jumping to a lot of conclusions. We still don't know for sure that Ali's death had anything to do with The Jenna Thing--it happened almost a year later, and based on evidence laid out in this novel, Ali made a lot of enemies over the years because of her behavior. Create a list of the clues that you've gathered about A. How many of these clues absolutely point toward Toby? How many could prove that A is someone else? 

Chapter 30

Tiffany's is a high-end jewelry company that started in New York in 1837. If everyone at Foxy is getting a parting gift, what might be appropriate for both the guys and the girls? Check out Tiffany's website to find an appropriate Foxy parting gift. (This annotation contains a link)
Unfortunately, the Define feature doesn't give us an accurate definition of accosted, which means to approach and address someone boldly or aggressively. Based on this definition, which person below is the most likely to accost someone? 
Which of the following words should Toby use to describe people who are treating him differently than they used to treat him?  
Go back to the list of clues you made about A. Is there anything in Toby's conversation with Emily which should be added to your list? Do these revelations make Toby your best A suspect or not? 

Chapter 31

Based on Hanna's background, the fact that she would go to Darren Wilden for help is an example of which type of literary device? 
Hanna is trying to think logically under pressure. How DID Toby find out about all of these things, especially since he just moved back into town? Can you think of a logical explanation for Toby having this knowledge? 
In both of the Pretty Little Liars novels, the author makes use of flashbacks to show the reader Ali's true character. We know that she bullied people she didn't like, but here we have another example of how even her friends weren't off limits. Ali tries to laugh it off with the comment, "Can't you take a joke?" but bulemia is serious eating disorder and nothing to joke about. 
What common realization have both Hanna and Emily had about bullying lately? How do they feel about these revelations? Use textual evidence for support. 
In this paragraph, Hanna uses imagery to create a picture in our minds of Mr. Marin. Hanna makes use of description appealing to multiple senses (sight and sound for example) to help us to imagine the mood of the scene. Watch the following video about imagery and how it adds to the plot of a story: (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following words would correctly match Hanna's observations about Kate's character? 

Chapter 32

Toby can't finish his sentence, but you can. How do you think Toby intended on finishing the sentence, "And neither can--"? Use textual evidence to explain your sentence completion. 
Emily looking for protection makes sense, so her grabbing the baseball bat seems logical. Her choice of location, however, is puzzling. If you were trying to protect yourself from someone you thought was a killer, where would you go? 

Chapter 33

Which character would be able to empathize the most with Spencer's situation concerning Wren? 
Imagine you are Spencer, after having received this news. How would you feel? 
The reason Melissa broke up with Wren in the first place was because she saw him making out with Spencer. Why do you think Melissa got back together with Wren? And if she didn't know about him and Spencer, would she be dumping him again? 

Chapter 34

Just in case you've never heard Elvis Costello, this is his live version of the song "Alison." (This annotation contains a video)
The reader is finally getting an idea of how Ali was able to make the rest of the girls feel responsible for The Jenna Thing for so long. Even though she clearly had shot off the rocket that night and blinded Jenna, the fact that the girls had ALWAYS treated Jenna poorly made them all feel responsible for what happened to her. 
The fact that Hanna is willing to have all of the consequences fall on herself and no one else would indicate that she is what type of character? 

Chapter 35

According to this Katie Couric article, dreams about school are one of the seven most common dreams to have. Which type of recurring dreams do you have? (This annotation contains a link)
Aria has been given a number of clues that something is very wrong. Which of the following clues most strongly implies that the "something wrong" has to do with her parents' marriage? 
Munch was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose work had a major influence on Symbolism and German Expressionism. (This annotation contains an image)
Look again at Edvard Munch's The Scream. What comparisons can you make between the feelings of the subject in the painting and Aria's feelings after this encounter with her mother? 
Of course Spencer doesn't think it's "nothing," and now neither does Aria. They've been dealing with threats from A since before Ali's body was discovered, so both girls know that the presence of a number of police cars in one location does not mean nothing. 

Chapter 36

We just found out from Officer Wilden's walkie talkie that a body was found. Before you start the chapter, make a prediction about who will be found and where. Then keep reading to see if your prediction was correct. 
Why is Hanna trying to interrupt Emily's story? What does she know that the other girls don't know? 
Once again the author uses the verb and adverb after the dialogue to add to the tone of the character. The reader can tell both from Hanna's words and her tone that she finally realizes how Ali had all of them covering up for what she alone had done. 
Why do you think Emily was the last of the girls to take off the bracelets that Ali gave them years before? 

Chapter 37

The lesson Toby learns during his lifetime is that "you can't ever really change who you are." Could this be an overarching theme for the entire novel? Use textual evidence to show how this could be another theme for this novel. 
All four girls FINALLY know the whole story of The Jenna Thing. The reader now knows, too, what it was that Toby thought Emily was talking about when she said, "I know what you did to her." She was talking about Ali's murder, but Toby thought she was talking about the sexual abuse of his step-sister. What part of the plot outline would this revelation be considered? 
Even though the girls think everything is over, and even though they know how much damage keeping secrets has done to their lives, they still aren't willing to share everything that Ali knew about them with each other. 
This is what is considered a cliff-hanger ending. Just when we thought everything was over--it's not! We know poor Toby can't be A. Who else was on your list of possible A suspects? 
Chapters 25-37 

What Happens Next…

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