Jumped

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The wrong angle

Trina: "Hey," I say, though I don't really know them. The boyed-up basketball girl barely moves. The others, her girls, step aside. It's okay if they don't speak. I know how it is. They can't all be Trina.

Dominique: Some stupid little flit cuts right in between us and is like, "Hey." Like she don't see I'm here and all the space around me is mines. I slam my fist into my other hand because she's good as jumped.

Leticia: Why would I get involved in Trina's life when I don't know for sure if I saw what I thought I saw? Who is to say I wasn't seeing it from the wrong angle?

Acclaimed author Rita Williams-Garcia intertwines the lives of three very different teens in this fast-paced, gritty narrative about choices and the impact that even the most seemingly insignificant ones can have. Weaving in and out of the girls' perspectives, readers will find themselves not with one intimate portrayal but three.

Curriculet Details
32 Questions
34 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for middle school students contains interactive videos exploring internal and external conflict and figurative language, as well as annotations describing onomatopoeia, idioms, and flashbacks. Students will explore the themes of social responsibility and apathy. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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Chapter 1

Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click (or press on mobile devices) the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
The phrase "the thrill... has got me trotting like a fat cop on foot in a TV chase scene" is an example of a simile. A simile is a figure of speech that compares two things and uses the words "like" or "as". Another example of a simile is "Eddie is as quick as lightning". To learn more about similes and another similar figure of speech, the metaphor, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 2

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Which of the following best describes Trina's style of narration? 

Chapter 3

By now you have probably noticed that each chapter is narrated by a different character. As such, each chapter will take on a different perspective of the same day at a big urban high school and be told in a unique voice. The three main characters in this story are Leticia, Trina and Dominique. Be sure to check to see who is narrating each chapter before you dive in; the narrator's name will be on the top right of the chapter page. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What can you infer about Scotty from Dominique's description? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
How does Dominique's description of the policewoman compare to Trina's? What do the girls' perspectives on the cop tell you about their characters? 
The word "boom" is an example of onomatopoeia. Onomatopoeia describes a word that sounds like the word it is meant to describe. The words "buzz" and "snap" also exhibit onomatopoeia. Authors often use onomatopoeia to make a scene more vivid for the reader. Can you think of other words that display onomatopoeia? (This annotation contains an image)

Chapter 4

How would you feel if your friend called you from school with news that there was going to be a fight? How does Bea react? Would your reaction be similar to Bea's, or different? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
In your opinion, does the author of Jumped write realistic dialogue? Do the conversations that our narrators have with others seem like conversations that teenagers might have? Use at least three specific elements of character dialogue to back up your argument. 
Trina's problem has officially become Leticia's problem. Although Leticia is just a bystander and has nothing to do with Dominique's run-in with Trina, Leticia now has a tough choice to make. Should she warn Trina, or should she stay out of it and say nothing? In literature, the problems a character deals with are called conflicts. In this case, Leticia's conflict is internal. She has to decide what to do about the fight. Other conflicts are external, in which a character struggles with something outside of him or herself (like being trapped in shark-infested waters). To learn more about internal and external conflict, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 5

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Which of the following does NOT suggest that Trina has been in this situation with Assistant Principal Shelton before? 
Trina has a unique voice. Notice how she makes up creative phrases to describe even mundane scenarios. For example, instead of saying that she puts her summer top away for the winter, she describes putting it "with the mothballs". Likening herself to a zebra being captured by hunters is another interesting way to dramatize how AP Shelton and Trina's mother covered her up with a sweater. 

Chapter 6

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does this chapter reveal about Dominique's character thus far? 
This phrase is an example of an idiom. An idiom is a phrase that everyone knows not to take literally. AP Shelton does not want Dominique to actually keep her nose clean. In this case, "keep a clean nose" means "stay out of trouble". Another example of an idiom is saying someone spilled the beans. "Spilling the beans" means telling a secret, and has nothing to do with its literal interpretation. Can you think of other idiomatic phrases? 

Chapter 7

Leticia is missing a big connection here. She is right that the military school part and the pushing people out of trees part probably don't relate directly to her. But this character does have lots of time to decide whether or not to reveal his connection to his classmate's death. Leticia, similarly, has the rest of the day at school to decide whether or not to say anything about her connection to the Dominique/Trina fight. What would you do? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does this chapter reveal about Leticia's character? 

Chapter 8

Trina sometimes injects rhythm into what she is saying. In this scene, as she describes how quickly Miss Womack talks, you can almost feel the beat as she discusses polypeptides and how much Miss Womack's words make her want to dance. The repetition of the word "fast" at the end adds to this rhythmic feeling. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Which of the following is true about Trina? 

Chapter 9

This sentence is an example of figurative language. Figurative language is language that is not meant to be taken literally. In this case, there is no record player and no needle. Rather, Leticia is saying that Jay stops repeating himself over and over, like a record player. The "needle" breaks, freeing Jay to say something other than what he has been repeating. Idioms are a specific type of figurative language. To learn more about figurative language, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)
This story is an example of a flashback. A flashback is when a narrator describes events that occurred before the present time in the narration. To learn more about flashbacks, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
What is the purpose of Leticia's flashback in this chapter? How does it relate to the main plot of the novel? 

Chapter 10

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Based on what Dominique tells the reader about Mr. Delmonico, what do you think this wink is about? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
How does Dominique's narrative style compare to Trina's? 

Chapter 11

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
Who might France and Germany be metaphors for in this sentence? 

Chapter 12

Apathy is emerging as an important theme in this novel. Apathy means being unenthusiastic, not caring, or not being interested in something. You can describe someone as being "apathetic" if they exhibit these characteristics. To learn more about themes in literature, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
How does each character relate to the theme of apathy? Give at least one example each for Trina, Leticia and Dominique. 
Quiz 1 

Chapter 13

This is one of James Brown's best known songs. James Brown was the "Father of Soul," and declared himself "the hardest working man in show business". Known for his singing and dancing abilities, James Brown was incredibly popular from the late 1950s until the late 1970s. Please watch James Brown performing "Get Up, Get into It, Get Involved". Why might Principal Bates choose to play this song over the PA? (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 14

Though this might seem like a funny suggestion, or even a sort of logical one, it highlights Leticia's immaturity. The fact that Leticia thinks it is okay to mess with the schedules of all the Spanish-speaking kids, just so that she can have an easier time, suggests that she is pretty self-absorbed. This also touches on the novel's theme of social responsibility. Social responsibility is the idea that every individual ought to act with all of society in mind. In other words, people should do things that will benefit the greater good, not just themselves. In the case of "Jumped," this might mean snitching so that Trina doesn't get beat up. That said, it is not always easy to make decisions that put the group ahead of the individual. Do you think Leticia should speak up, or hold her silence? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
This sentence contains an example of 

Chapter 15

Note the use of a metaphor here! What can you infer about Reese and Bishop based on Dominique's referring to them as "trees skimming the rim"? 

Chapter 16

The next paragraph contains dramatic irony. Dramatic irony is when the reader knows that an event is significant, but the characters themselves do not. To learn more about different types of irony, please watch the video below!  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
What makes this passage ironic? 

Chapter 17

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What does Leticia think of Dominique? How does Leticia's opinion of Dominique compare to your own opinion of her? Use textual evidence to back up your ideas. 
This sentence seems a bit out of place, or at least unnecessary. As it turns out, Leticia's admiring her nails turns out to be foreshadowing. Foreshadowing is when the author drops a hint about something that is about to happen. In this case, you will have to read on to see what this sentence foreshadows! To learn more about foreshadowing and why authors use it, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 18

Do-si-do'ing refers to a certain type of square dancing that is often taught in physical education. If you have never seen square dancing before, check out the video below! (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
Both Leticia and Dominique describe Dominique's P.E. class. How do their descriptions compare? 
Notice how the author really builds up tension in this scene. Didn't you really want Dominique to get a chance to hit the ball? It is a relief when she finally gets a hit in. Do you think that slapping the volleyball will release enough tension in Dominique that she will give up on beating Trina up? Or, do you think she still wants to fight Trina at the end of the day? 

Chapter 19

Leticia is an interesting character. On one hand, she seems petty and immature. On the other, she appears to just be frustrated by the lack of power she perceives herself as having. Do you sympathize with her, or do you find her to be dislikable? 
Why do you think Leticia refers to her parents by their first names? What is the effect of her choice to do this? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does this chapter reveal about Leticia's character? 

Chapter 20

Trina is participating in step dancing, or stepping. Stepping is a form of dance that involves using the entire body as an instrument for making beats and rhythms while performing choreography. It has its roots in African and African-American dance traditions, and is performed widely throughout the United States. To see an example of a step performance, please watch the video below! (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Imagine what this scene would look like if narrated by another student in the cafeteria. What aspects would stay the same? What parts of Trina's narration are probably a reflection of how she sees things, but not necessarily how anyone else in the cafeteria perceives them? 

Chapter 21

Raging Bull, directed by Martin Scorsese and starring Robert DeNiro, is a film about a troubled boxer. Like Dominique, the boxer in this film has problems with impulse-control and anger management. The trailer for the movie is below! (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 22

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
Leticia's take on Trina's actions in the cafeteria is clearly much different than Trina's. What is the effect of this difference? 

Chapter 23

Dyke is a derogatory term for a lesbian. It is meant to be hateful, and is clearly used as an insult here. Of course, just because Pheoma and Griffy like to play ball does not make them lesbians, though this is a common stereotype of sporty women. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Based on this chapter, what is Trina's relationship to Dominique? 

Chapter 24

Quiz 2 

Chapter 25

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
In this sentence, the word "croc" is an example of 
Have you ever had a class that required you to speak a different "language," even though everyone was still speaking English? Most school subjects come with their own specific vocabularies, but two that have particularly unique ways of speaking include science and art. 

Chapter 27

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.9
How does Dominique's character compare to Lennie's in Of Mice and Men? Please come up with at least one similarity and one difference between these characters. 
Please watch the video below, which summarizes John Steinbeck's novel "Of Mice and Men". Be prepared to answer a question that relates to this video after watching it. (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 28

Surrealism is an artistic movement that started in the early 1900s. Surrealist art comes in many forms, including paintings, theater and even music. Surrealism blends reality with dreams, which you can see clearly in the painting below by Salvador DalĂ­. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
Using the rest of the paragraph for context, what does la Ășnica most likely mean? 

Chapter 29

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
What does the end of this paragraph reveal about Leticia? 
The Treaty of Versailles (pronounced ver-SIGH) formally ended the fighting between Germany and the Allied Forces in World War One. Signed in 1919, the treaty was extremely harsh on Germany, calling for the country to disarm (get rid of its army) and pay huge amounts of money in restitutions to countries that it had fought against. The picture below illustrates the signing of the treaty. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
How has your opinion of each of the main characters changed over the course of the novel? Have the girls themselves changed, or do you just have a better sense of them as you learn more about their backgrounds and personalities? 
Since this novel takes place over the course of a day, it's reasonable to believe that none of the characters develop or change much over the course of the story. Nonetheless, you may have noted subtle changes in the way characters act, or the way you perceive them as you get to "know" them better. Please watch the following video about character development and be prepared to discuss it in the question below. (This annotation contains a video)

Chapter 30

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
One of the novel's themes is apathy, or not caring. Dominique is not apathetic; she cares a lot about playing basketball. However, she is unable or unwilling to do what she needs to do to get playing time on the team. Do you agree that the situation is out of Dominique's control, or do you think she has more control over things than she is willing to admit? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Note the great use of figurative language! Dominique is not literally crawling on the floor, but she uses this phrase to illustrate how she is groveling and humbling herself before all of these teachers and coaches in order to get what she wants. It appears that Dominique has just about had it with begging for her spot. How will she react the next time she receives bad news? 

Chapter 31

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
The smudge Trina refers to in this passage is 

Chapter 32

This passage illustrates that Leticia really is thinking about doing something with regards to Dominique and Trina's fight. How do her thoughts conflict with her actions? Do you think she will end up saying something? 

Chapter 33

This chapter contains the climax of this novel. Unlike the previous chapters, it is not told by just one person, so make sure you read carefully and note who is speaking at what time! 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What can you infer from these sentences? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
How do you feel about Leticia's response to AP Shelton and the fight in general? Are you surprised? What is your opinion of Leticia after the fight has occurred? 

Chapter 34

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1
What can you infer from this last sentence? 

Chapter 35

Quiz 3 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
What is the mood of the ending to this story? What message is the author trying to get across by ending the story this way? 
Tone and mood are important aspects of any novel. Your emotions have probably bounced around quite a bit while reading this book, and that is largely thanks to the author's writing style and the characters' narration. Please watch the following video about tone and mood and be prepared to discuss them in the question below. (This annotation contains a video)