The Best American Science and Nature Writing 2013
Pulitzer Prize–winning author Siddhartha Mukherjee, a leading cancer physician and researcher, selects the year’s top science and nature writing from journalists who dive into their fields with curiosity and passion, delivering must-read articles from a wide array of fields.
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Below is one of Galileo's sketches of the moon's phases found in his pamphlet, "Sidereus Nunicius." (This annotation contains an image)
What is Folger's purpose for including the anecdote about Galileo's "Starry Messenger" within this forward?
Click on the link below and then locate the link on the far left of the page entitled "Watch the Preview" of the documentary being made of Dr. Mukherjee's book. Expect to encounter a question about this preview in the introduction. (This annotation contains a link)
Introduction: On Tenderness
Below is a picture of the monastery in Brno where Mendel worked and lived. (This annotation contains an image)
What primary effect is created through the use of the similes in the highlighted text?
The highlighted text contains an example of a simile. Watch the short video to review the differences between similes and metaphors. (This annotation contains a video)
Which word from the text is derived from the Greek root that means "against or opposite of"?
The use of the word "habits" in the highlighted text refers to the outfits worn by monks. Below is a picture of a habit to help you visualize how certain denominations dressed. (This annotation contains an image)
What central idea is shared by both the video clip of the preview of Dr. Siddhartha Mukherjee's "The Emperor of All Maladies: A Biography of Cancer" (viewed during an annotation in the forward) and Mendel's analysis of his work in the highlighted text?
Mukherjee entitles his introduction "On Tenderness," which is a concept not normally associated with science. What evidence does Mukherjee present to support this claim? As you continue to read the articles included in this book, look for how tenderness is depicted as a central theme.
Mendel tenderly extracted knowledge from his experiments in cross-pollination while Mukherjee states that the scientists in this book tenderly extract knowledge about _________________.
The use of the word "Idyll" in the title is associated with short descriptive prose or poetry which focuses on pastoral or rustic scenes. As you read, determine why MacKinnon chooses to put the word "False" in the title. (This annotation contains an image)
There are four rhetorical modes (also known as modes of discourse) that authors frequently use. The first is exposition, and its purpose is to explain and analyze info. The second is argumentation, and this seeks to prove the validity of an idea or point-of-view by presenting sound reasoning. Persuasive writing is a type of argumentation that aims at urging some form of action. The third type is description; its purpose is to help the reader picture what is happening in their mind. Finally, the fourth mode is narration; it aims tell a story or narrate an event. This writing mode often uses descriptive writing.
MacKinnon claims that the god of the Old Testament would be most likely to reign over this area of the wilderness. Which mode of discourse or rhetorical mode does the author primarily use to support this claim?
Watch the short video on leveraging source material and making textual connections below. (This annotation contains a video)
The image of "false idols" may bring to mind the biblical verse from Exodus 20:3. It says, “You shall have no other gods before me." It may also bring to mind pagan worship from different cultures. However, it is used here to refer to "falsely idolizing" a make-believe version of nature.
In Roman mythology, Janus is often depicted as having two faces (as depicted in the picture below) because he looks into the past and the future. He is the god of beginnings and is represented by gates, doors, passages, and time. The month of January is also named after him (This annotation contains an image)
Why does the author make a comparison to Janus? What is meant by the highlighted text?
All four authors mentioned in the highlighted text belong to which literary movement?
Click on the link entitled "Literary Periods Timeline" below to review a timeline of literary movements. Locate which movement would include authors such as Emerson and Coleridge. (This annotation contains a link)
What claim does the author make?
Consider whether or not it is really "better" to "aim to be compassionate gods."
Below is a picture of the "bleeding-tooth fungus" or Hydnellum peckii. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain the significance of the title "False Idyll." In addition, how does tenderness relate to this article?
Which rhetorical mode or mode of discourse is primarily used in the last two paragraphs of this article?
The Last Distinction?
The Rubicon is a shallow river in Italy. The phrase "crossing the Rubicon" is an idiom that insinuates one has passed the point of no return. It refers to Julius Caesar's army crossing the river in 49 B.C. which resulted in a war. In the diagram below, you can locate the river. Here, the reference is used to illustrate that until now, humans believed that no one else could "cross the Rubicon" because no other species was capable of language. (This annotation contains an image)
According to "Europe's philosophical tradion of the Great Chain of Being" who is at the top of "the hierarchical ordering of all creation"?
The image below has become iconic and has been dubbed "The March of Progress." (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a diagram of the human vocal cords. (This annotation contains an image)
Why do Allen and Beatrix Gardner begin experimenting with chimps' abilities to communicate?
Watch the short trailer for the documentary "Terrace's Project Nim." As you watch, consider in what light the subject matter is presented. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on the film clip preview of Terrace's Project Nim, which word would not be used to describe the project?
What should have been a red flag that Terrace's experiment was doomed?
Below is a picture of a young bonobo. (This annotation contains an image)
Describe the conditions that Nim Chimpsky was required to learn in compared with Kanzi's conditions.
What does the highlighted text reveal about the author's position in this article?
Talk to Me
Below is an aerial picture of Grand Bahama Island. As you read the first paragraph, notice the description used to bring this location to life. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of two Atlantic spotted dolphins. (This annotation contains an image)
Which central theme plays a significant role in all three articles you have read so far?
Which piece of textual evidence from "Talk to Me" could be used to support the central idea of perception in all three articles that you have read so far?
The picture below is of Kanzi, the bonobo, who was discussed in Benjamin Hale's article, "The Last Distinction?" Here, Zimmerman expands the list of animals who have learned to communicate with humans. (This annotation contains an image)
What skill can dolphins demonstrate that was formerly believed to only be exhibited by primates?
Below is a chart showing brain size versus body size. Notice that the second to the bottom, which is the Physeter macrocephalus or sperm whale, has the largest brain but second largest body. (This annotation contains an image)
This idiom is used to denote something that you would very much like but is very difficult to get or achieve.
The reference to the T.V. sitcom "Seinfeld" adds humor to this expository piece while also helping the reader to visualize the ocean conditions.
Many scientific ideas have been considered "counterintuitive" or contrary to common sense. At the beginning of this book, you read about ___________________ idea that the moon is imperfect, which was counterintuitive at the time.
Explain the connotation associated with the metaphor, "dolphins are the humans of the sea." Be sure to give at least two examples to support your answer.
Lilly's methods are reminiscent of those used on Nim Chimpsky. Should scientists, like doctors, be held accountable for unethical behavior?
Why might observation be the best approach when learning about a different culture? What would be the benefits and drawbacks to Herzing's decision to observe dolphins in their natural habitat?
Notice that by including counterarguments, Zimmerman creates credibility because he is showing both sides of this issue to the reader.
Watch the short video on tone and mood. (This annotation contains a video)
What tone is conveyed by the use of the simile in the highlighted text?
Which social group is the bottlenoses compared to in the text?
Evaluate the author's position concerning Herzing's work at the resolution of this article. Does Zimmerman prescribe to a belief that Herzing's work is beneficial or to the counterargument that Herzing's work is unethical?
Beyond the Quantum Horizon
Below you will see the Flammarion engraving whose first documented appearance was in 1888. It depicts a man with a staff, who kneels down and sticks his head, shoulders, and right arm through a hole separating the sky from the earth. (This annotation contains an image)
Choose one of the three articles you have already read ("The False Idyll," "The Last Distinction?" or "Talk to Me"), and explain whether or not the central idea in the highlighted text applies to the article of your choosing.
J.B. MacKinnon, author of "False Idylls," would most likely caution David Deutsch and Artur Ekert about the dangers of "harnessing nature" because MacKinnon cited in his article that "there are ecological consequences to creating a 'wild world' that isn't really wild."
How do physicists avoid any "impediment from the uncertainty principle"?
Notice the seamless way that these authors use an anecdote, or the hypothetical "comedy routine" between the doctor and patient, to strengthen the expository mode of discourse primarily being used. This helps make dense, scientific explanations more understandable to a wider audience.
Erwin Schrodinger, a physicist, won the Nobel Prize for his work in quantum theory. (This annotation contains an image)
These two fields are often seen as opposites; however, the authors of this article claim that "Philosophy and fundamental physics are so closely connected." What general similarities can you recognize between the two fields?
According to the text, people desire knowledge of _________________.
Is Space Digital?
What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
The word "cosmos" originally comes from the Greek kosmos which means order. Here, the denotation is the universe as a ordered, harmonious system.
What is the most sophisticated and precise machine ever built?
Below is a diagram of the light spectrum. The longest waves are red while the shortest waves are purple. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a diagram of Michelson and Morley's experiment to find ether. (This annotation contains an image)
Which image below shares a similar connotation to the highlighted text?
Below is a picture of a black hole in space. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video on textual evidence and inferences. The information in this video applies to all genres of literature. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the purpose of the highlighted text? How would you characterize the author's style in this sentence compared with the rest of the article?
Below, you can see the two detectors mentioned in the highlighted text. (This annotation contains an image)
Using Hogan's quote in the highlighted text, explain what the central idea of the entire article is, and how it relates to the other articles you have read.
The Sweet Spot in Time
Where is the setting in the opening paragraph of "The Sweet Spot in Time"?
Below is a look at the inside of the Aquarius. (This annotation contains an image)
Which word would not accurately describe the overall tone as Earle recounts the era in which she grew up in?
Earle speaks passionately about how "our growth as a species appears boundless" as she recounts the time period in which she grew up. However, she also lays out the consequences of such growth, the majority of which negatively affect the environment and animals. Notice how she ends this paragraph by saying, "Never before have such dramatic changes been caused by the actions of a single species."
Below is a picture of the now extinct Caribbean monk seal. Notice that once again, Earle beautifully describes the marine life in her early career before juxtaposing these images with the horrific, dismal marine conditions that now exist. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video that gives you a glimpse into the living conditions within Aquarius. (This annotation contains a video)
What is contributing to the coral reefs in the Florida Keys being destroyed at an alarming rate?
Below is a picture of Lameshur Bay to help you visualize the location the author is referring to. (This annotation contains an image)
What happens in other fields as a result of female aquanauts' success?
What claim does President John F. Kennedy make in the highlighted text? Explain the significance of this statement.
The graph below illustrates that the Challenger Deep could fit Mt. Everest within it with an additional 6,500 feet of water above it. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the short video clip explaining the difference between literal and figurative language. Here, Earle captures readers with her use of description and imagery. She uses figurative language in the first half of the highlighted sentence ("Earth's natural fabric of life is in shreds,") and literal langauge in the second half ("with consequences that threaten our own existence"). (This annotation contains a video)
Which process is responsible for creating Earth's life-sustaining environment?
Identify the metaphor used in the highlighted text and explain what the intended purpose of the metaphor is.
The picture below is from one scene in the science-fiction move "Jurassic Park." (This annotation contains an image)
Explain what is meant by the highlighted text. In addition, throughout the articles you have read so far, communication has emerged as a central idea. Explain why communication is important in "The Sweet Spot in Time."
Below is a map that will allow you to better visualize where Midway Island is compared to North America and Asia. (This annotation contains an image)
The author moves from discussing pollution and the effects of global warming to the increased need for _______________.
Look at the picture and quote by this author, Sylvia Earle. Does it support her claims in "The Sweet Spot in Time"? (This annotation contains an image)
What is one negative consequence of small island nations becoming large ocean nations?
The picture below conveys the size of the Napolean wrasse. (This annotation contains an image)
After reading this article, think back to the title. What does "The Sweet Spot in Time" mean?
Machines of the Infinite
The picture below is of Princeton University where the article's opening scene takes place. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Godel's proposal compared to science fiction?
To summarize the P versus NP is a major unsolved problem in computer science. Essentially, it asks whether every problem whose solution can be solved by a computer can also be verified by a computer.
Normally the word "oracle" is used to denote someone who makes prophetic predictions from the gods in Greek and Roman mythology.
Which type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text?
The pictures below show a human fetus developing in the womb. (This annotation contains an image)
Summarize in your own words the main idea in the highlighted paragraph.
Which Species Will Live?
Below is a picture of this bird. (This annotation contains an image)
Why are Wildlife Conservation Society researchers voting?
Look at the political cartoon below. The cartoon illustrates how animals, who have no voice, would feel if the Endangered Species Act were to be amended to fit Americans. Notice how few human hands are raised at the question of who is opposed to extending or continuing the Endangered Species Act. What does this say about our society's values? (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the cartoon in the previous annotation (on the topic of the Endangered Species Act), which type of figurative language is used to strength the cartoonist's emotional appeal?
Below is an example of a Chinese giant salamander. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain the concept of triage in conservation. What responsibility do humans have to other species and the environment? Be sure to support your position with evidence from this article and one other in this book.
While you might be more familiar with California, on the west coast of the United States, Madagascar is an island off the coast of Africa and pictured on the map below. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of a mangrove forest. (This annotation contains an image)
Which species is an example of successful triage?
Summarize the Noah Principle. In addition, why does the author include "and stuff the ark to the brim" in the closing statement?
Below is a picture of larch trees. What do you suppose is the fascination with this type of tree? (This annotation contains an image)
Which word best characterizes the larch tree?
The picture below is of the Yaak River, originally named after the Kootenai Indian's word meaning arrow. (This annotation contains an image)
What does the author believe is the reason for the larch's survival?
Notice how the central idea of opposites emerges. How do seemingly contradictory things coexist? How can humans and nature coexist? Must nature always be the one to change, like the larch, in order to survive, or can humans change as well?
Which word best describes larches based on the highlighted description?
Below is a picture of lodgepole pines. (This annotation contains an image)
The highlighted text is an example of which type of tone?
How does the author's style in the highlighted text contributes to the beauty of the article? Things to consider in your response include word choice, sentence structure, figurative language, or rhetorical devices.
Which mode of discourse is primarily used in this section?
Quiz on Articles One through Nine)
Notice that right off the bat, Forrest creates a humorous tone with his description of enacting a stakeout.
Below is a photo of the evening skyline in St. Petersburg, Russia. What does Perelman's lifestyle say about his beliefs and values? (This annotation contains an image)
Which character traits best describe Perelman?
Rukshin references the discriminatory and anti-Semitic treatment of Jews under the Soviet Union's regime.
What is meant by the highlighted text?
Bobby Fischer is thought to be by many the greatest chess player ever. He was an American chess prodigy. (This annotation contains an image)
What central idea or theme would not be supported by the highlighted description of Perelman?
"Wearing a wire" refers to recording a conversation without the other participants' knowledge.
What conclusion does the author of "Shattered Genius" come to concerning Perelman?
The T-Cell Army
Which mode of discourse or rhetorical device is primarily used in the opening paragraph of "The T-Cell Army"?
Below is a picture of streptococcal bacteria under a microscope. It is important to note that at the time of this incident, antibiotics which can easily fight off an infection like strep, were not available. Antibiotics did not become widely used until after World War II. (This annotation contains an image)
The use of the word "inoculated" tells us that Coley injected cancer patients with extracts of pus from streptococcal abscesses in an effort to reproduce Stein's recovery.
A genome is the full set of instructions needed to make each cell, tissue, and organ. The diagram below illustrates the genome. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Allison's drug significant?
The purpose of the figurative language in the highlighted text is to show that Belvin has cancer throughout her body.
Breidenbach refers to the 1964 movie pictured below. (This annotation contains an image)
Where is the protein NY-ESO normally found after fetal development?
How might the central idea in the highlighted text apply to another article in this collection?
The Artificial Leaf
Below is a map of the Middle East. Can you find Iran and Iraq? (This annotation contains an image)
Which other article that you have read so far discusses the importance of photosynthesis?
The Grateful Dead dancing bears are a pop icon that represents the group. Reread the highlighted connection between this music group and Nocera's vision for energy use. (This annotation contains an image)
What issue concerning hydrogen causes Nocera to concentrate his efforts on plants and the sun?
Below is a picture of one type of glove box used in labs. (This annotation contains an image)
Who does Nocera believe would benefit from this technology?
The diagram below illustrates a basic fuel cell. (This annotation contains an image)
The Deadliest Virus
Below is a picture of Hong Kong, China. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of Chinese workers disposing of chickens. Imagine if an epidemic were to sweep through a city as densely populated as Hong Kong. What would be the ramifications? (This annotation contains an image)
Which historical epidemic is mentioned in the text to help readers understand how low the mortality rate normally is for influenza?
The author mentions well-known works like "Frankenstein" and "Jurassic Park" to illustrate how a deadly plot often associated with science fiction story lines is becoming reality. The picture below is from a 1931 film version of "Frankenstein." (This annotation contains an image)
Look at the map of Africa below. The red dots signify Ebola Zaire, the green dots signify Ebola Sudan, the yellow dots signify Ebola Cote d'Ivorie, and the blue dots signify Ebola Bundibugya. The larger the dot, the large the number of cases. Based on the map, which species of Ebola has had the most outbreaks? (This annotation contains an image)
What type of connotation is associated and for what purpose does the author use the word "pulsated" in the highlighted text?
According to the text, "There have been many hypotheses about how bird flu could become an epidemic." However, what two scenarios are most likely to happen in an infectious disease outbreak according to the video clip by Emory University?
Watch the short video clip by Emory University that addresses the pandemic in the film "Contagion." Be prepared to answer a question about this clip in relation to the ideas in the "The Deadliest Virus" article. (This annotation contains a video)
Our Place in the Universe
Below is the picturesque island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea. (This annotation contains an image)
What type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text to convey a sense of smallness within the massive expanse of sea and air?
Below is an image taken in space by the Hubble Space Telescope. The beauty of the picture is "out-of-this world" both literarily and figuratively. (This annotation contains an image)
The author has turned from discussing Illingworth to helping the reader to develop a better understanding of _______________.
Below is a picture of the Milky Way taken from Earth. (This annotation contains an image)
What central idea in this article is expressed in the highlighted paragraph?
The term "Mother Nature" is an example of personification in which people associate the weather and pure, raw physical enviroment with a woman.
This is a similar finding to the one discussed in the Introduction of this collection. However, in the intro, Galileo finds imperfections ______________.
Below is Cooke's painting, "Tallulah Falls." Why is this painting mentioned in "Our Place in the Universe"? Be prepared to answer a question during the next quiz about the central idea represented by this painting. (This annotation contains an image)
How is the introduction and resolution of "Our Place in the Universe" similar? From a stylistic approach, is this effective?
Out of the Wild
Python Cave is about 49 feet in length, 39 feet wide, and only 11 feet tall. It is home to approximately 40, 0000 bats, the pythons (who feed on the bats), and one deadly disease. Below is a picture of the bats; read on to discover what happens. (This annotation contains an image)
By comparing the opening of the cave to a half-submerged crocodile, the author's purpose is to primarily create a sense of ________________.
Marburg disease is a viral hemorrhagic fever. Its symptoms are indistinguishable from the Ebola virus. Essentially, symptoms initially include high fever, headache, severe diarrhea, vomiting, and fatigue. Patients may develop severe bleeding, often from multiple areas. In fatal cases, death usually occurs between eight and nine days after symptom onset.
The word "hemorrhage" comes from the Greek "haima," or blood and "rhegnumai," to break forth. In other words, the word means excessive bleeding.
According to the text, what is a "zoonose"?
The word "protean" comes from the Greek Proteus, a mythological master of disguise. He was a shepard in-charge of protecting Poseidon's sea creatures. He shape shifted to avoid having to share his gift of prophecy.
Based on what you just learned about Proteus, which word below would be an antonym for "protean"?
Explain what is meant by the highlighted text.
Below is a picture of CDC's Special Pathogens Branch preparing to collect fruit bats from Python Cave the site where Astrid Joosten contracted Marburg. (This annotation contains an image)
The use of sarcasm here adds humor while illustrating the severity of the situation.
Using the highlighted text and your knowledge of Alan Lightman's analysis of George Cooke's painting "Tallulah Falls" in the last article, "Our Place in the Universe," explain whether or not this author, David Quammen, shares a similar viewpoint with Lightman.
The highlighted text is an allusion or reference to Wordsworth's poem, "Ode: Imitations of Immortality."
The painting below by Goya is entitled "A Still Life a Butcher's Counter." (This annotation contains an image)
So far, the subject matter of this article is _____________.
Cannabis is marijuana.
Summarize why the author is experimenting with drugs.
Below is a picture of Topanga Canyon to help you visualize the setting. (This annotation contains an image)
Below is a picture of azurite to help you envision the color. (This annotation contains an image)
What central idea is conveyed through the author's drug use?
The use of the word "unmoored" in the highlighted text conjures up a boat (like the ones below) that is a drift. This image is associated with the "emptiness and structurelessness" that the author mentions. (This annotation contains an image)
How does Oliver combat the frightening hallucination that he is undergoing?
Below is a picture of Edward Liveing, whose work has a profound effect on our author. (This annotation contains an image)
Recall of the Wild
Below is a map of the Netherlands. You can locate Flevoland. (This annotation contains an image)
This comparison is a reference to _________.
The Paleolithic Era is more commonly referred to as the Stone Age. Why might scientists want to recreate this landscape?
Vera hopes to attract which animal to Oostvaardersplassen?
Below is a picture of Oostvaardersplassen. (This annotation contains an image)
Images of starving animals is compared to what historical event?
Below is a picture of this type of cattle. (This annotation contains an image)
Summarize Vera's attitude concerning Oostvaardersplassen.
According to Soule and Nos, what do ecosystems need to function?
Below is a picture of Bactrian camels. (This annotation contains an image)
Identify what the author's position is in this article.
Identify the type of figurative language used in the highlighted sentence to describe the setting.
Locate Murmansk on the map below. (This annotation contains an image)
The author Keith Gesson is spending multiple paragraphs describing the loading process. Why do you think he does this?
Summarize the key points in the highlighted paragraph.
Notice that Gessen's descriptions of the captain and crew make them more personable to readers.
The illustration/diagram below puts the Tsar Bomba in perspective of Hiroshima and Mt. Everest. (This annotation contains an image)
The highlighted text alludes to what?
Below is a diagram that depicts an ice floe. (This annotation contains an image)
Which word best characterizes the crew's life aboard ship based on the descriptions?
"USSR" stands for The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or the Soviet Union. It existed between 1922-1991; It is now known once again as Russia.
Summarize the crew's attitude towards global warming. How does nationality affect this attitude or belief?
Below is a diagram of the Transpolar Drift. (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the trailer for the controversial documentary, "An Inconvenient Truth" about global warming. As you watch consider the persuasive techniques used to promote this film. (This annotation contains a video)
Explain how the image of the bear would be supported by the central idea conveyed in the film trailer, "An Inconvenient Truth."
Below is a map of Huanghua port. (This annotation contains an image)
Quiz on Articles Ten Through Eighteen
The Crisis of Big Science
Below is a diagram of depicting the highlighted information. (This annotation contains an image)
What word below best describes the atmosphere which permeated the Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley at this time?
Below is a picture of the Large Hadron Collider. We can infer that the person is on a bike because of the large circumference of the LHC. (This annotation contains an image)
Why did Congress not fund the SSC?
Below is an illustration of what Tycho Brahe's observatory may have looked like. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain the relationship between the International Space Station and the SSC. How do politics influence scientific decisions?
Below is a picture of Copenhagen, Denmark. (This annotation contains an image)
Who are primarily employed at Specialisterne?
Below is a picture of dandelions. How might Sonne's question in the highlighted text apply to you? (This annotation contains an image)
What is a positive attribute that those with autism may exhibit?
The popular children's toy began in Denmark. (This annotation contains an image)
What is a central idea of this article and many others found in this collection?
This is a reference or allusion to J.R. Tolkien's works such as "The Lord of the Rings" trilogy. (This annotation contains an image)
The Life of Pi, and Other Infinities
What type of figurative language is used in the highlighted text?
The word "doppelganger" refers to a living person's double. In a more general sense, it can be used to identify someone who looks are acts like someone else.
Glenn Gould, one of the most renowned pianists of the 20th century, plays one of Bach's pieces in the video below. As you watch consider what the author's purpose is in mentioning Gould. (This annotation contains a video)
The picture of the human brain below allows you to locate the cerebral cortex mentioned in the text. (This annotation contains an image)
According to the author, what is the explanation for the incongruities between "the setting we evolved to live in and the situations we encounter in our modern era"?
Below is a picture of Louis Leakey, a British paleoanthropologist. He is best known for his contributions to studying human evolutionary development in Africa. (This annotation contains an image)
Summarize the three ways that science pushes "the bounds of our hominid credulity."
The Patient Scientist
Below is a picture of a dendritic cell. How does the appearance of this cell differ from others you have seen? (This annotation contains an image)
Based on the highlighted sentence, what should a reader expect to encounter next?
Using context clues, define "antigens."
Below is a diagram of the pancreas in relation to other organs in the body. It also includes a closeup of the parts of the pancreas. (This annotation contains an image)
Which central idea is shared in "The Patient Scientist" and the last article you read, "Super Humanity"?
Below is a picture of a T cell. If you are interested in learning more about these cells, consider doing some research to develop a deeper understanding of how these cells and others work. (This annotation contains an image)
Can a Jellyfish Unlock the Secret of Immortality?
This is a reference to "The Epic of Gilgamesh" which is perhaps the oldest written story on Earth. It chronicles the King of Uruk's adventures.
Below is a picture of a hydrozoan which originally appeared in this New York Times Magazine article. (This annotation contains an image)
What is strange about the hydrozoans that Sommer keeps?
Watch the trailer for the film adaption of F. Scott Fitzgerald's "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button." As you watch, consider the how this story best characterizes the "Turritopsis dohrnii" or Benjamin Button jellyfish. (This annotation contains a video)
What relationship do Shirahama's beach and sublime arched sandstone formation share with the jellyfish?
Below is a picture of an onsen in Shirahama, Japan. (This annotation contains an image)
A phylogenetic tree is a diagram depicting evolutionary interrelationships between a group of organisms from a common ancestral form.
What implications are suggested by the text concerning jellyfish and medicine?
The word "medusa" is usually associated with the mythological creature from Greek myths. She was believed to have the face of a female and hair of venomous snakes.
Based on the highlighted text, identify the problem and solution according to Kubota.
This is an allusion to the Minotaur, a mythological monster with the body of a man and the head of a bull. Below is a statue to help you visualize the ancient monster. (This annotation contains an image)
Is Facebook Making Us Lonely?
Below is a picture of young Yvette Vickers featured during the news story surrounding her death. (This annotation contains an image)
Which piece of textual evidence best summarizes the main idea of the paragraph?
The image below contains words, phrases, and lines from Whitman's "Song of Myself." The poem was included in Whitman's book, "Leaves of Grass." It deals with themes such as the idea of self, self versus others, and nature and universe. As you continue to read this paragraph, look for the characteristics that draw all the literary works mentioned together. (This annotation contains an image)
Which statement most accurately reflects the main idea of the highlighted text?
The word "ersatz" means made in imitation or artificial. Here, it used to describe the "fake" or "artificial" intimacy created with communicating online versus "authentic" or "real" intimacy which occurs face-to-face.
Which two central ideas are intertwined in these two highlighted paragraphs? Explain.
The Measured Man
Below is a picture of La Jolla Beach. (This annotation contains an image)
What makes Larry Smarr's commitment to a healthy lifestyle different from most?
The use of the word "pitchman" is most likely a reference to which field?
The word "oracle" is usually associated with mythology. An oracle in ancient times was a prophet of the gods.
Which essential conclusion does Larry draw about healthy living?
Below is a diagram that lists common symptoms of diabetes. (This annotation contains an image)
Identify the main idea of the highlighted text by selecting the piece of textual evidence that best conveys the central idea and justifying your selection.
Locate where the "sigmoid colon" is located on the diagram below. (This annotation contains an image)
The Wisdom of Psychopaths
"Hannibal Lecter" is the antagonist, a cannibalistic serial killer, in the thriller movie, "Silence of the Lambs." Here, it is used because Robert Maudsley, also a serial killer, reportedly killed a man in prison and ate his brain. However, according to the autopsy, this report is untrue.
The word "theater" refers to the operating theater, not the place where plays are preformed.
The use of intense imagery is used to convey what type of tone?
If you were faced with making a decision in Case One and Case Two, which option would you choose?
Which is not considered a "psychopathic attribute"?
Quiz on Articles Nineteen Through Twenty-Seven