The Possibility Dogs

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An inspiring story that shows how dogs can be rescued, and can rescue in return.

With her critically acclaimed, bestselling first book, Scent of the Missing, Susannah Charleson was widely praised for her unique insight into the kinship between humans and dogs, as revealed through her work in canine search and rescue alongside her partner, golden retriever Puzzle.

Now, in The Possibility Dogs, Charleson journeys into the world of psychiatric service, where dogs aid humans with disabilities that may be unseen but are no less felt. This work had a profound effect on Charleson, perhaps because, for her, this journey began as a personal one: Charleson herself struggled with posttraumatic stress disorder for months after a particularly grisly search. Collaboration with her search dog partner made the surprising difference to her own healing. Inspired by that experience, Charleson learns to identify abandoned dogs with service potential, often plucking them from shelters at the last minute, and to train them for work beside hurting partners, to whom these second-chance dogs bring intelligence, comfort, and hope.
Along the way she comes to see canine potential everywhere, often where she least expects it – from Merlin the chocolate lab puppy with the broken tail once cast away in a garbage bag, who now stabilizes his partner’s panic attacks; to Ollie, the blind and deaf terrier, rescued moments before it was too late, who now soothes anxious children; to Jake Piper, the starving pit bull terrier mix with the wayward ears who is transformed into a working service dog and, who, for Charleson, goes from abandoned to irreplaceable.
Curriculet Details
91 Questions
91 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for high school students contains interactive videos exploring rhetorical devices as well as annotations describing elements of argument, the use of appeals in argument, and developing an argument using testimony and authority. Students will explore the central arguments and claims that service dogs provide a needed service to people suffering from mental and physical disabilities and the public needs to be educated about the laws protecting the rights of handlers and their dogs. Lastly, students will explore the author’s hypothesis that shelter dogs or rescue dogs can be excellent candidates for service dogs. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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The author begins the text with a story about a retired firefighter suffering from Post-traumatic stress disorder or PTSD. The firefighter utilizes a service dog to help him cope with the trauma he suffered battling a difficult blaze. Throughout the text, the author includes testimony to support her central argument: psych service dogs are just as integral and important as service dogs that are utilized by a blind, deaf, or otherwise physically impaired person. Testimony is an important tool used in argument. It gives the argument more credibility because the person providing the testimony is restating a first-hand account of what happened.  
What literary device does the author employ to contrast Bob and his service dog? 
The author uses Bob's own words to describe the relationship between him and Haska. The dog is not a rescue dog, but "she saves him plenty every day." The author is clear that this is not a sentimental or emotional response; it is a frank and direct. The author uses this description to introduce the function of a service animal and to contrast a pet and a service animal.  
Based on Bob's description of Haska's duties, you can infer that a psychiatric service dog's duty is to 
The author cites legislation such as the Americans with Disabilities Act in order to illustrate her point that people do not understand that disabilities can be both physical and mental. For example, she contends that restaurant owners "are not aware of the difference between a pet and a service animal and perceive any dog on premises as a health-code violation." A second argument the author defends in the text is the lack of education of the public of the laws regarding service animals and the rights of their handlers. There is a need to raise public awareness and eliminate the unnecessary conflict that arise when the public is not aware of the laws that protect the disabled and their service animals. Below is a link the the ADA's webpage regarding small businesses and service animals. (This annotation contains a link)
The author explains that Bob feels compelled to explain the purpose of his service dog because his disability is "invisible" compared to a physical disability. The author includes this anecdote to help illustrate which point? 


Note the structure of the second chapter in relation to the first chapter. In Chapter One, the author introduces the idea of a psychiatric service dog through the use of Bob's testimony about Haska. In Chapter Two, the author continues to develop the argument by providing further grounds, or supporting evidence, through the use of authority. Authority is when a person uses facts or an expert in the field to help support the argument she presents. She cites her own knowledge of identifying indicators of post-traumatic stress and her diagnosis by two medical professionals.  
The author indicates that the source of her PTSD was an incident involving 
As the author recollects her trauma, the description of the setting is foreboding and ominous. Through the use of vivid detail, the author is able to convey the impact of this event on her life and subsequently her mental state.  
After finding the deceased dogs, the author describes myriad of emotions: grief, fury, helplessness, and guilt. She repeats the term guilt three times to convey  
The author maps out her developing post-traumatic reaction in order to demonstrate to the reader that mental illness as a result of a traumatic incident can be gradual and not immediate. This helps to develop the grounds for her argument that psychiatric service dogs are as necessary as a physical service dog. Below is a link to a PTSD fact sheet. This may help you understand the broadness of the term.  (This annotation contains a link)
The author acknowledges that she "didn't know enough about obsessive-compulsive behavior to recognize the symptomatic gnat could of what-if that was beginning to drive my impulses." She admits her own lack of knowledge to  
The author uses her own experience with anxiety as grounds for her argument for the purpose of service animals. Through her own compounding and debilitating anxiety, she illustrates how a person's lifestyle and physical health is adversely effect by mental stress. 
The author states that as a puppy, Puzzle was "at her least patient and most willful." In order to walk the dog, the author had to utilize "a whole series of obedience commands that [Puzzle] deeply resented." Puzzle's demeanor combined with the author's compulsion to check and recheck the locked door forced the author to abandon her compulsion for the sake of Puzzle's training. This is grounds for the argument  
The author's experience with Puzzle is an example of how a dog can redirect a person from their compulsive behavior. The author admits that Puzzle was not doing this intentionally, but Puzzle was a young and willful puppy who did not want to wait. But the author contends that as a result of Puzzle's insistence and redirection she was able to leave the house "with or without" Puzzle, and she was "less anxious, more assured."  


The author asks a rhetorical question when she asks, "Can a dog really lead someone out of his own despair?" A rhetorical question is a question that is asked with no expectation of an answer.  
As the author reflects on her own compulsive behavior and how Puzzle motivated her to relinquish the need to check her locked door, she asks "Can a dog really lead someone out of his own despair?" This question is a rhetorical question or erotesis. The purpose of this question is to  
As the author develops her argument, she is careful to acknowledge the limitations of her argument. This is called a rebuttal. A rebuttal to an argument points out the circumstances when the argument would be proven false. In this case, the author admits that though Puzzle is a wonderful search and rescue dog with a gentle temperment, "Puzzle is a search dog; she's not trained to intervene in psychiatric conditions." The author goes onto explain the service dog spectrum: "on one end, the search dog trained to find a missing human in crisis, and on the other, the psychiatric service dog whose work may help prevent that crisis." This is an important dichotomy. 
The author cites medical professionals and a study published in the The Journal of Psychiatric Services as grounds to support her claim that dogs may be used as service animals for the mentally ill. The medical professionals and study are examples of  
The author develops her argument about the importance of service animals through the use of testimony and authority. She also acknowledges the limitations of her argument: not every dog can be a service animal because a psychiatric service animal must be "stable, intuitive, compassionate, strong" and they are "very rare dogs." However, she does not consider breed a factor that qualifies an animal for service.  


All of the following are what the author considers evidence of compassion between dogs and humans except 
The author's repetition of the word "smart" to describe Smokey is an example of a rhetorical device known as epizeuxis or palilogia. The repetition of a word is usually used to emphasize an idea. In this instance, the author emphasizes Smokey's intelligence and contrasts it with the perception that Misty lacks intelligence. 
Consider why the author includes the details about Smokey and Misty's former home and owner. What is the author trying to convey to the reader by including this exposition? 
Reread the highlighted passage. Consider how Erin's dogs impacted the last months of her life. Also consider the dog's reaction as their own became increasingly ill and as her mobility was impacted by her illness. Remember, the author began the chapter with a statement: There is evidence that dogs are compassionate to human beings. Do you think Erin and her dogs are evidence of that claim? 
Misty and Smokey left a home where they were the lone dogs and entered into a "rodeo of cats and dogs." What can you infer about the author's home based on that metaphor? 


The author describes the avenues a person may seek in order to find a psychiatric therapy dog. Both options are considered viable but also have downsides. To obtain a dog from a professional organization is expensive. To train one's own dog requires a diligent handler, and it is strongly recommended that handlers seek professional assistance in selecting and training the dog. These are examples of potential rebuttals to the author's argument that service dogs are a worthwhile investment and a valuable tool to help people who suffer mental illness. 
The author's examples of Neo's handler and Melissa both help to illustrate  
The author's claim in this chapter is that a service dog is not an appropriate choice for every individual suffering from mental illness. Just as there is not one course of medical treatment that is appropriate from everyone suffering from a disease, owning a service dog requires effort and a willingness on the behalf of the handler. "The partnership comes with significant obstacles." Do you think that acknowledging this fact strengthens or weakens the overall argument of the text?  
Click on the link to read a current news event about a service dog and his handler who were both confronted and not allowed admission to a Starbucks.  (This annotation contains a link)
The author's intent to train a shelter dog to be a service dog serves many purposes: she wishes to utilize the knowledge and skills acquired through the process to assist others, she wishes to showcase her service dog to assist others with training, and eventually she may need the assistance of a service dog due to her own physical illness.  


To an outsider, Puzzle seems like a perfect service dog, but the author disputes that belief because  
In this chapter, the author develops a key element to her overall claim: not all dogs that are trainable are content with being a psychiatric service dog. Puzzle is a prime example of a highly trainable dog whose use of scent affords her to find missing persons and the ability to find her way in unfamiliar territory.  
The author uses italics in order to denote  


Click on the link below to listen to the news story the author references.  (This annotation contains a link)
The author's mission to rescue a shelter dog and train him to be a service dog is a personal mission. But you already know that her overall argument is that service dogs are essential to some people who struggle with mental illness. You are also aware that she believes that service animals are not determined by breeding, but they should be evaluated on a case by case basis. Based on these two claims, what is the warrant, or the mental connection, you can make between the abundance of shelter dogs and the need for service dogs? Why not utilize shelter dogs for service? If they author can successfully find and train a shelter dog for service, this is a possibility. 
What does the author view as her largest obstacle in order to find and train a shelter dog? 
Paula is an authority on the topic of shelter dogs. The author utilizes Paula's knowledge and expertise as backing to support the warrant that a shelter dog can become a service animal.  
Though Paula admits it is challenging to evaluate the dogs in the shelters due to the noise, stress of other dogs, and the lack of space to appropriately test the animals. Based on Paula's advice, which statements are true?  
Paula takes Jasper home because she feels an emotional connection to him and empathy for him. In terms of argument, this is known as pathos. Pathos is an emotional or motivational appeal made to the audience. Though Jasper did not make this appeal, Paula's decision to keep Jasper as her dog was based on her emotion and not her logic or logos.  
As an authority, Paula states that "she thinks about Jasper every time she gets discouraged. She tells others about him to demonstrate that great dogs can come in odd packages." This is an example of which part of the structure of argument? 


The chapters in the text do not follow a traditional plot structure in the sense that one begins where the preceding chapter ended. However the author does connect her chapters through the development of her argument. In the previous chapter she concluded with the idea that any dog may surprise you. In this chapter, she is practicing her evaluation skills on her own dogs. Can you predict the outcome of her evaluation? 
The author's tone is lighthearted and cheerful as she describes her practice evaluation process. What is her tone as she describes the standards and protocols for evaluations?  
The author considers Paula's advice for the author to "find one" dog to train "smart" because it allows the author to experience the process as a new handler would and make her a more effective teacher. In terms of argument, do you think the warrant that shelter dogs would be ideal candidates for service training would be better supported by a larger number of shelter dogs that were successfully trained as service dogs? 
Based on the highlighted passage, which is a valid statement about evaluating a dog for service? 
The author's journalistic structure and reporting of her evaluation is done to provide an overview of each of the dogs' responses to the first component of the evaluation. This also allows the reader to compare and contrast their evaluations. Remember, the author provides these details with a purpose. What do you think she will reveal throughout the course of her evaluations? 
As the author evaluates each of her dogs, she provides factual details and comical interjections. Which excerpt below is an example of the author's playful and loving attitude about her dogs? 
As the author completes each series of evaluations she is surprised by her dog's reactions. With the exception of Puzzle, they are all Pomeranians, but they do not all react in the same way. Surprisingly, Misty is the most qualified for the service training despite her former owner's inability to bond with her. 
The author admits that "Poms are not typically considered retrievers" so she must adapt the evaluation for the dogs by substituting a wad of paper for a ball. This supports which claim made earlier in the chapter? 
Consider all of the elements that go into a service dog evaluation. The process is complex and if a dog passes this initial evaluation there is no guarantee he or she will be successfully trained to pass the psychiatric service dog exam. This helps to convey the author's argument that service animals are not simply a glorified pet.  
After her "casual hybrid of tests" the author believes that Misty is the best candidate. She states, "Misty is a good example of a dog with the right-on aptitudes and a troubled body." What does this imply? 


The author proposes a good question: Should the handler have a voice in choosing his or her service dog? Is this another quality that differentiates psych service dogs from search and rescue, therapy, or detection dogs? 
Based on the author's rhetorical question at the beginning of the chapter, "Is the bond about love?". Why do you think the author includes Gene's example? 
Gene's anecdote about the source of his mental health issues is also about the source of his son's physical disabilities. Ironically, the service dog was initially assigned to assist Ben but eventually redirected his energies to assist Gene.  
How does the story of Gene and Merlin relate to the author's overall claim? 
The story of Gene, Ben, and Merlin's journey is intertwined. Gene and Ben adapted their lives to Merlin as much as Merlin adapted his life to caring for their needs. This helps to illustrate Gene's early point that as time goes on, the handler's needs may change, so the dog must adapt as well. This is why Gene feels the relationship between dog and handler is paramount. 
Initially, how did Merlin help Gene to deal with his generalized anxiety disorder? 
Because Merlin was not originally Gene's psych service animal, Gene had to train Merlin commands such as "brace." In order to do this, Gene had to work alongside his therapists to identify the triggers for his anxieties. This helps to illustrate the point made in previous chapters that in order to train a psych service dog, a person must also deal with his or her illness. Both are essential in the healing process.  
Gene's therapist suggested that Merlin and Gene bond further over a "common goal." The therapist suggested taking Merlin to a dog agility class or something that would interest the dog as well. In order to do this, what would Gene have to overcome? 
Do you think it is surprising that Merlin enjoyed the presence of smaller dogs? Consider the qualities that made him a good service animal: easy-going, loves attention, seeks a bond, social. This seems like a natural fit. 
Quiz #1: Chapters 1-9 


The author describes Misty's appearance "like a boat tilted to starboard" as Misty gasps for air. This is an example of which literary device 
Which term best describes the author's mood during her drive to the vet's office? 
Each chapter of the text has a purpose in terms of the development of the larger argument the author presents. The loss of Misty is devastating to the author for myriad of reasons. She adores Misty; Misty earned a particular soft spot in her heart because of Misty's genuine desire to bond with humans. Do you think the author included this anecdote to memorialize Misty? Or do you think this contributes to argument as well? How? 
What do you think the author may be implying about coincidences? Do you think she believes the stray, starving puppy arrives on her doorstep by accident? Is there a secondary reason why she chooses to include the story of her introduction to the puppy? Use textual evidence to support your response.  


Initially the author is convinced that she will find a new home for the puppy once he is treated and deemed healthy. Her reasons for finding a new home for the puppy are based on logos or logic: she is mourning the loss of two dogs, she is busy with work, her other dogs are also mourning the loss of their packmates, and her former issues she thought she overcame years ago are reoccurring. Despite all of her logical reasons to not keep the puppy, do you think she will keep him?  
When an author attempts to evoke an emotional response, such as pity, he or she is using pathos. Think about the difference between pathos and logos, which was introduced previously. 
Here is a picture of Jake Piper at his initial visit to the vet. He does not look well, but he will be okay.  (This annotation contains an image)
When the author returns home from Jake's initial vet visit, she notes that the changes in her house do not "escape" her dogs. "All of the dogs are following" her; when she stops, they stop as if to ask "What's next?" The author includes this anecdote in order to convey  
When the author inspects the abandoned property, she finds a shed where she believed Jake was trapped. Though it seems inconceivable that a small puppy could travel such a far distance, in time the author realizes Jake Piper is not an ordinary puppy. He overcomes many obstacles in his young life. Below is a photo of the shed where the author believes Jake Piper escaped.  (This annotation contains an image)
The author tells the story of Jake Piper's first home in order to convey how abandoned animals can easily go undetected by neighbors or local authorities. This example is used to illicit an emotional response to this type of behavior. This is known as  
After discovering Jake's original home, the author poses four questions. The highlighted questions are examples of  


Puzzle's maternal instinct and the bond she and Jake Piper form is the foundation for the service Jake will be able to perform. He will take his obedience cues from Puzzle and his temperament will make him a excellent candidate for a service animal. Below is a picture of baby Jake Piper and Puzzle.  (This annotation contains an image)
The author describes Jake as a lover of all humans. She says, "Like Misty, Jake glows with human contact." Based on this statement you can infer that  
The author states that she has "compassion for [Jake's] history and respect or his intelligence and his willing heart." This is important in terms of the author's argument as well as her own situation. In order for a rescue dog to be a possible candidate for service, the handler must acknowledge and have compassion for the "baggage" that all rescues will have. In order to overcome the issues that this baggage may cause, the handler must have patience and be innovative. This is another component of the author's argument about utilizing rescue dogs as service animals. Unlike Puzzle, who was bred and determined to be a candidate for detection from a puppy stage, rescues are unknowns.  
Based on the highlighted text, what does the term augmentation most nearly mean? 
The author outlines the progression of Jake's training. She does not try to train him to be a psych dog or a therapy dog at first. Instead she teaches him the basic obedience commands and then tries other commands in order to see what Jake is capable of. What do you think the author is implying by including these details and sequence of training? 
The author includes the narrative about Maddye the cat and Jake Piper's interaction in order to  


The author begins the next chapter with a narrative about a woman named Merion. Merion describes her condition as carrying "the weight of time on [her] back everywhere." Based on the author's description of Merion's home and Merion's own description of her condition, you can infer that Merion has anxiety about  
The author does not simply mention Merion as a character in her text that suffers from a mental illness. The author provides vivid detail about Merion's experience to help illustrate how debilitating mental illness can be. In Merion's case, she is not sure about how her obsession with time relates to the cause of her behaviors, but she is sure that her obsessive behaviors may cost her job and reputation.  
Merion doesn't know why she decided to cut off her hair, but based on her actions preceding her haircut, one can infer that Merion 
Merion's obsession with time is a product of her anxiety. Upon initially meeting her service dog, the mood is apprehensive, but once Merion pets her dog there is a connection made between handler and animal. Merion's reaction is described as "humbled," "scared," and "in awe." Do you think Merion's anxieties are relieved by the presence of the dog?  
"Merion desperately wanted to have things in control" when her new dog arrived home. The author includes details about Annie and Merion's first night as a pair in order to illustrate  
The author chooses to include Merion's story in her text because it illustrates how important it is for a new handler and a dog to adjust to one another. Merion seeks out a trainer to help her training Annie to cope with her time obsession. These are grounds that support the author's claim that having a successful service dog is not the same as having a pet. A service dog must be trained and possibly retrained to adapt the handler's changing mental condition.  
Merion's meeting with the first trainer was not successful because the trainer was too aggressive. This helps to support the idea that  
There is a similar quality between all handlers and service dogs: they develop a new network of fellow dog owners they did not have before. The dogs seem to breakdown an invisible barrier for the handlers and allow them to be a part of something larger than their mental illnesses.  
Based on the author's description of Merion and Kelly, you can infer that the two women appear to be antithesis of one another. This means that they are direct opposites. 
After concluding Merion's story, the author states, "Merion tells me trust is as important as affinity." This is the author's way of developing her argument. The previous chapter about Gene and his dog Merlin was included to demonstrate how important a bond between dog and handler is. This chapter is included to demonstrate how important trust is between dog and handler. Both trust and bonding are essential qualities in a successful dog and handler pairing.  
In order to train Annie to prevent Merion from pacing, Annie must be taught to intervene Merion's behavior and redirect her. The author uses Merion's experience to teach the reader that obedience training is not enough to qualify a dog as a service animal. This is grounds to support which of the author's claims? 
The author outlines the steps needed to teach Annie to block and to redirect task. When viewed by an outsider, this may seem simple, but it actual requires a series of steps for the dog to successfully achieve his or her goal of redirection and relief of the handler's anxiety. This supports the author's previous statements that training a service dog is a costly task; it requires an investment of time and money. 
The author has demonstrated several times in the text that in order to train dogs for service, handlers inadvertently begin to  


As the author interjects her own personal narrative throughout the text, she also makes connections to the other service animals in the text. She does this to reiterate the qualities needed for a psych service animal and how they differ from a detection animal or a therapy dog.  
The author capitalizes the phrase "Ready to Go In" to illustrate 
The author acknowledges that her dog is "not a perfect dog by any means." This helps to strengthen her argument because she does not present Jake as perfect. If she did create this image, any misstep Jake takes can cast doubt on her entire argument.  
The author includes the anecdote about her dogs and their reaction to the chicken in order to illustrate  


Based on the introduction to the chapter, what grounds do you think the author will present to support her claim that a rescue dog can become a service animal? 
All of the following statements intimate the Milk Dud colored Pomeranian will be a possible candidate for a therapy dog except 
The author notes that the adoption supervisor's statement that the Pom "doesn't want [the author] to leave her... may or may not be genuine but is certainly strategic." The adoption supervisor is using _________ in hopes that the author adopts the Pom. 
Mizzen is happy addition to the author's household. It is not ironic that Jake Piper and Mizzen develop a bond because they are both inclined to therapy service. They share similar qualities. Once again, the author is able to reiterate the qualities needed to qualify a dog to be a service dog candidate through the relationship of Jake Piper and Mizzen.  
Though the text addresses a serious issue, the author includes anecdotes such as Mizzen "feeding" her head to Jake Piper in order to  


Though this is a non-fiction text, the author utilizes imagery and vivid characterization to capture moments in Jake Piper's life. Based on her description of his tight muscles and the "swoosh-swooshes" of his tail, it is evident that he is fighting the urge to break his Sit and investigate the little infant.  
The author contrasts Puzzle as a puppy and Jake Piper as a puppy on the lead in order to illustrate 
The author is skilled at capturing the change in Jake Piper's demeanor as he reads situations and people and adapts. It is evident this dog is exceptional.  
In the previous anecdote about Jake Piper, the author praised him for his natural ability to assess and adapt to new situations such as the family with the infant. As excited as Jake was to interact, he became calm as he approached the baby. When the author recalls Jake Piper learning the "Leave It" command, we learn that Jake had much difficulty achieving this task because he loves food so much. Why does the author include both anecdotes? 
The author explains the benefits of the simple and basic commands that most dogs should know, even if the dogs are not candidates for some type of service. Most commands such as sit, stay, wait, and leave-it serve as a means of protection for the dog as much as they serve to demonstrate obedience.  
The author acknowledges that "even if Jake Piper ultimately cannot work service, he is becoming the kind of dog that is a joy to take places." By acknowledging the limitations to her claim, the author is stating a potential _________ to her argument: not all rescue dogs may qualify for service.  


The author describes Kristin as "pretty girl in armor." This statement implies that  
The author includes Kristin's example because it is unique. Unlike the other examples of Bob and Haska, Gene and Merlin, and Merion and Annie, Kristin is only nineteen. She is suffering from episodes from an unknown origin. Yet, she is still a candidate to benefit from a psych service animal.  
Kristin's reaction to the suggestion of a service dog is insulted. "She told them she wasn't stupid enough to be distracted with a pet." The author includes this example in order to  
The author develops her argument throughout each chapter through narratives of handlers and their dogs. In previous chapters she addresses the need for affection and trust between handler and dog. In this chapter the author explores how the dog can be a welcome distraction from the handler for the outside world. This is ironic because you would think that having a service dog draws attention to the handler's illness. But as demonstrated in Kristin's case, her dog "couldn't be a bigger, hairier beacon that something's wrong with her," yet people are so "interested in him that she was off the hook." The one consistency in each anecdote the author includes is that the service dog restores confidence to the handler.  
Which of the following statements illustrates the momentousness of Kristin's first trip from home alone with Juice Box? 


The author includes her personal anecdote about losing radio contact while flying as a segue into how service dogs can assist people who often become disoriented or lost. The author utilizes the narratives of handlers to help develop her argument on various levels. In this case she is developing a clearer picture of the range of mental illnesses a psych service dog may attend to. In the earlier chapters of the text, the author discussed the "invisible" disabilities versus the "visible" disabilities that people suffer from. Unfortunately, some people believe that people with mental illness who require a service animal are feigning an illness as an excuse to bring their pet into a restaurant or food store. By illustrating several types of mental illness that necessitate a service animal, the author is address the naysayers. The link below is to an article written by a reporter who would be characterized as a "naysayer."  (This annotation contains a link)
Which appeal does the author use in her description of the variations of disorientation psych service dogs can be trained to assist? 
The author explores training Jake Piper and Puzzle the "Door" command because Jake Piper may need to demonstrate this skill in the future. The command is not easily taught; it requires a series of commands in order to learn how to lead a handler to an exit successfully.  
Can you think of an instance where you needed to learn a broad concept, but in order to do so, you had to learn a series of of smaller concepts? How challenging was the task? How long did it take to achieve mastery of the broad concept? 
Why of the following is a synonym for "recalcitrant?" 
Quiz #2: Chapters 10-18 


The author addresses the "breed bias that surrounds any dogs that looks like a pit bull" briefly, but she does not make it a central argument in the text. Her overall argument is that any dog has the possibility to be a service dog.  
Alex's condition is surprising because he is an extrovert and a public speaker. The author includes this example to disprove 
The author describes Alex's breakdown as a result of realizing "the depth of his own disconnect." As a result of his social anxiety, Alex cannot connect to people on a personal level.  
Compare and contrast Alex and Roscoe to Gene and Merlin. Why do you think the author includes two narratives that are similar in her argument?  
Unlike Merlin who was trained to be a service animal, Roscoe is a shelter dog who successfully became a service animal for Alex. This is backing for the warrant that service dogs may be found in a shelter.  
What does the author mean when she states that "Roscoe's influence traveled"? 
When Roscoe became ill, "Alex's mind was on his dog's happiness." Alex was determined to give Roscoe the best care possible and make his remaining time with him meaningful and enjoyable. Their example demonstrates the bond between handler and service animal can best be described as 


When the author explains how she will teach Jake the "Home" command, she uses her reasoning and deductive skills to determine how she will introduce the idea of "Home" to Jake. This illustrates that in order to successfully train a dog, you must be willing to learn about the dog's strengths and weakness and adapt to the dog. This is why the relationship between handler and dog is considered mutual. The dog does not simply give and give to the handler and receive nothing in return. 
As Jake experience much success in learning the "home" command, he also falters. The author includes these details to reiterate the idea that  
The author is frank and sincere in her retelling of her training experience with Jake. This demonstrates her credibility and helps to strengthen her overall argument.  


Based on the author's experiences with social media, which statement is true? 
Though many readers may not be able to relate to Nancy's mental issues, many readers may relate to the idea of facing a future that will have unwanted changes: aging spouse, possible medical issues, a loss, and financial uncertainties. This is overwhelming for anyone - mentally ill or not. The author's choice of anecdotes and writing style allow the reader to relate to many incidences in the text. The reader naturally supports her argument due to the emotional connection to her anecdotes (pathos) and the logical connection to the narratives (logos). 
Nancy poses a rhetorical question to the author, "Is it possible that simply searching for the right canine partner is a therapeutic step?" Though a rhetorical question is meant to provoke thought and does not need to be answered, do you think that finding a therapy dog is part of the therapeutic process? Use textual evidence to support your answer. 
Which statement best describes the contrast between a pet and a service animal?  
The author includes information about the legislation to demonstrate how easily the language may be misinterpreted and how someone unfamiliar with mental illness and psych service dogs may not recognize how a dog is trained to intervene in his handler's behavior. This supports the warrant that more time and energy must be devoted to educating the general public about service dogs, their handler's conditions, and the laws that protect their collective rights. 
Nancy is harassed by a neighbor who does not like idea of Lexie living in their community and does not believe she is a service dog. It is an impediment to Lexie's  
Because Nancy's disability is invisible, and she appears "normal" to an outsider, many people do not understand the dynamic between Lexie and Nancy. The author contrasts this with the anecdote about Lexie and the woman grieving the loss of her husband on a public bench to give a visual manifestation of Lexie's purpose and ability. 


Based on the author's description of Mizzen, the best term to describe her is  
Unlike the other examples of testimony throughout the text, the story of Mizzen and the mother-daughter pair is included to demonstrate the ability Mizzen has and not to demonstrate the relationship between handler and service dog. Mizzen has qualities that would make her an great candidate for service, but not as a psych dog. She would make a great candidate for visiting therapy. 
The author describes the usually excited Mizzen as "contained" in the older woman's frail arms. The author includes this detail to convey to the reader Mizzen's ability to  


The author develops her argument in broad strokes and small details. As the author sneezes repeatedly, she notes that Jake Piper "comes forward to sit by me, rests one pay on my right foot." This continues to build upon the claim that dogs can sense a need in humans. In the previous chapters the author developed this idea using the examples of Lexie and Mizzen. Though this chapter is primarily about Jake's training, the author connects and reiterates her claims throughout the text. 
The highlighted paragraph is an example of the author's use of ___________ to help develop the grounds for her claim.  
The author discussed her issues with OCD in Chapter Two. When Puzzle was a puppy, the author began to be obsessed with crime in her neighborhood and began compulsively checking her door to be sure it was locked. She attributes Puzzle with helping her stop her compulsive behavior. 
All of the following are examples of the "anxiety ➡ reward" cycle of OCD except 
In order to teach Jake to intervene in the case of someone with OCD, the author does internet research and relies on testimony from people who suffer from OCD in order to recreate a scenario for Jake to intervene in. This also helps the author determine how to train Jake. Remember, each intervention appears simple to the observer, but it is made up of a series of smaller commands the dog must learn before he or she can intervene successfully. 
In order to teach a dog to intervene during a handler's OCD episode, the dog must be taught to intervene and force the handler to redirect. This is known as  
When dogs intelligently disobey their owners, they are taking their handlers out of the situation that causes them anxiety and effectively breaking the anxiety/reward cycle. Eventually, the reward will bring the handlers clarity and perspective about their mental illnesses. 
When a friend of the author questions why she did not teach Jake to intervene with door checking, the author agrees to teach him to. She states that, "I've never assumed I wouldn't have a problem with doors again. I've just hoped very hard that I wouldn't." Based on this statement you can infer  


The author uses social media as a means of interacting with others in her field, to assist people with service needs, and also to be informed about rescues in need. How does the author's use of and discussion about social media help to develop her argument?  
Todo is technically a stray dog because his owner is sick or deceased and has no one left to care for him. The author mentions this detail to convey  
This is the author's actual Twitter handle. Below is a link to her page. She is not private, so you may tweet her questions about the text if you are allowed to do so.  (This annotation contains a link)
By utilizing Twitter to assist her in rescuing Todo, the author demonstrates  
Though the author was able to use Twitter to help her prevent Todo from being euthanized, she is careful to point out that the adoption process was not circumvented. People who wish to adopt a pet must be vetted in order to prevent further animal abuse and cruelty. The author followed all protocols necessary to adopt Todo.  
The author states that many people were invested in Todo's fate. The volunteers at the shelter were advocating for him and seeking to find a placement for him because "this was a dog that loved people." In terms of the overall argument, the author may be intimating what about Todo? Use textual evidence to support your response.  
Despite being abandoned, living in a shelter for two months, and needing vet care, Todo is content in human arms. 
Due to his size and temperament when held, the author gets "the sense that in his previous life, Ollie was very much a dog in arms." This is an indicator that Ollie may do well in which area of service? 
The author's use of detail in her description of Ollie's behavior indicates that she is observant and intelligent. This helps the reader to trust her as an authority on the topic.  
Based on the "good-bye" exchange between Jonathan, Tricia, and Ollie, one can infer that dog rescuing requires individuals to be  
Through the elements of storytelling, the author contrasts the frenetic and tense energy of the airport to Ollie's behavior to convey Ollie's ability to provide a calming effect on those around him. 
Based on the boy's reaction and the mother's tone, what is the mother hopeful about? 
The reaction of the boy and of Ollie demonstrate how the interaction between dog and human can impact both parties. The boy is calmed by his interaction with Ollie and due to Ollie's small stature, the boy must be patient and careful. Ollie welcomes the love and attention.  
In addition to demonstrating how any dog is able to be a therapy dog, the author includes Ollie's story in order to address the concern about  
The author uses Ollie to demonstrate many claims in her argument: any dog may be trained to be a therapy dog, senior dogs are often forgotten and abandoned, and dogs that may have physical limitations (ie: deafness and blindness) should not be discounted and considered unable to be trained. The author indicates that Ollie has compensated for his deafness and blindness by becoming "touch acute" and "marks thresholds by a change of air current." This demonstration of intelligence implies he can be trained.  


Based on the initial anecdote the author includes, can you infer what the chapter will be about? Consider the author's style and how she has developed her argument thus far. Use textual evidence to support your answer.  
Based on the author's dialogue with the woman, it is evident that some people believe they would benefit from a dog, but they are really looking for their passed animal instead. Why do you think the author includes this story? Does it help to address any rebuttals the author believes people may have to her claim that service dogs may help people with mental illness overcome their anxieties? 
Why is it necessary for the author to bring Jake to a place where he has difficulty obeying? 
The story of the woman in the second half of the chapter mirrors the woman in the first half of the chapter. Do you think the author includes this story to reiterate the ideas expressed in the initial narrative? Or will she contrast the ideas? 
The author brings Jake Piper to Petsmart in order to test  
The author briefly discussed "breed-bias" in a previous chapter. "Color bias" is also an issue that prevents dogs from being considered as rescue animals. As a result, the author's organization Possibility Dogs specifically states they are breed and color friendly on her website.  (This annotation contains a link)
The author believes that "great photographs can make a difference for so many of these dogs." This implies that people 
The author reiterates the wariness that outsiders have about a dog's appearance. Caro is a prime example of a black dog whose personality is the opposite of what people anticipate when they see her color. 
The author includes the highlighted comments in order to support  


The author admits that she is willing to move in order to accommodate Puzzle and help her heal. This illustrates the commitment the author has to her dogs. She is not only an authority on the subject of dog training, but she is a devoted owner as well.  
Though Jake's checkup is due within the next month, the author decides, "We'll do it now." What can you infer about the author's mood based on this decision? 
The dogs' collective response to Puzzle's absence demonstrates the dogs' ability to sense change. Puzzle absence particularly effects Jake. This can be attributed to Puzzle and Jake's bond or can be argued that Jake is particularly perceptive. 
Do you think it is just a coincidence that the author decides to take Jake on a walk so Jake can practice leading a distressed person home? Use textual evidence to support your response.  
Which of the following terms is a synonym for "benediction"? 
The highlighted statement has a dual meaning: Puzzle will be okay and therefore the author will be okay, and after realizing the home and shed where Jake Piper was once abandoned is demolished, Jake Piper's past can finally be overcome.  


The author admits, "Jake is by no means a perfect dog. He has his temptations." Aside from acknowledging limitations in her argument, it also illustrates that training a service dog is  
The tone of the text shifts in the last two chapters from a didactic and argumentative piece to a personal narrative about the author's own story and need for a service dog. The author's personal testimony is grounds to support her argument, but it is much more personal than her journalistic account of training Jake Piper.  
Throughout the text, the author differentiates between service dog and pet. As she takes Jake on a final excursion before his test, she says, "Thinking like a handler is all about the detail." This indicates there is a difference between handler and  
Compare and contrast puppy Jake Piper and service dog in training Jake Piper. How has he changed over the course of the text? 
Reread the author's journal entry and her reaction at the end of the day. Does the author's terse description accurately capture the work that it takes to train a dog? Why or why not? Use the textual evidence to support your response. 
The story of the black lab serves a didactic purpose. Without explicitly stating it, the author warns dog owners about the proper care for their animals. Due to an owner's negligence, the lab, the truck driver, and the author and Jake Piper could have been killed. 
Based on the author's description of the cafe and the reaction of the service people, the author anticipates  
"Peace won by inches" summarizes a handler's journey with a service dog. Consider that image and what it implies. Does the author want you to believe that a service dog magically changes a handler's life? 
As the author reflects on her journey, she looks at "Jake and recognize how great a part that pit bull played in Jake's own saving, in the saving of every rescued dog I've since brought into the house." Based on this observation, what can you conclude about the author's motivation for rescuing animals? 
The highlighted statement indicates that though Jake Piper is prepared for his service test, the journey of handler and service animal is perpetual. 
Quiz #3: 19-27