We know that Ujurak has died, but what does Lusa believe has happened to him since?
Lusa is fighting off the natural instinct to hibernate through the winter. Instead of sleeping through the season, the bears are traveling.
Black bears do not have the same diet as polar bears. To learn more about what bears eat, check out the link below! (This annotation contains a link)
Explain the cause of Toklo's irritation. Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Compare how Toklo reacted to Ujurak's guidance compared to how he reacts to Yakone's leadership.
The bears are seeing the Northern Lights or the Aurora borealis. Watch the clip below to see what it looks like. (This annotation contains a video)
Based on what is being described and your own prior knowledge, what are the bears seeing?
The bears are looking for food in trash cans. Look at the chart below to see why human food is so appealing to the bears. (This annotation contains an image)
Orcas are also known as killer whales. These mammals are predators that hunt for seals, penguins, and the occasional polar bear. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain the affect that Toklo's attitude is having on the group. Use examples from the text to support your response.
Comparing the sleeping bears to the stillness of stones is an example of simile. A simile is a comparison that uses like or as.
Explain why Toklo is so upset that Ujurak visited Kallik.
Explain the role Ujurak plays in the lives of the bears. How is Yakone's experience different?
A fire beast is a vehicle.
Lusa is describing a human carrying a gun.
Compare how the setting is affecting each of the bears. Why is the journey so difficult for Lusa and Toklo?
Keep track of how Toklo controls his anger around Yakone. Do you think they will ever get along? Will Toklo be able to change?
"Anxiety, sharp as an orca's tooth," is an example of which literary term?
How does Yakone's change in tone affect Kallik?
Pay attention to how this situation plays out and what is revealed about Yakone's past.
The bears believe that Ujurak can still take any shape even through death. This creates a conflict for them as they will not hunt in fear of killing Ujurak.
What problems is Ujurak causing now that he is dead? Use evidence from the text to support your response.
The humans probably threw a net over Lusa in an attempt to capture her.
The bears create names for each human-related item based on what it looks like. What do you think the BlackPath is?
Explain why Toklo hides his pleasure in seeing the white bears.
Describing the wind as biting is an example of personification. Watch the clip below to learn more. (This annotation contains a video)
"The wind probed their fur with cold claws," is an example of which figurative language device?
Humans have developed the area and built roads, homes, and highways. The bears have a much smaller area to travel and live in now.
Compare how Yakone and Lusa react to Toklo's fall. What does each reaction reveal about that bear's character?
It makes sense the the polar bears are skilled in listening to the their step on the snow. This would help the bears as they travel on icebergs.
Comparing her feelings as being colder than the landscape outside allows the reader to understand that Kallik feels ____________.
Explain why Yakone might feel jealousy of the bear's plan to go search for Toklo. Use evidence from the text to support your response.
Notice that Kallik saw the stones and read it as a sign from Ukurak.
The bear's instinct to hibernate is not only mental but also physical. Watch the video to learn more.
(This annotation contains a video)
Explain the role Ujurak plays for the bears as they stay motivated to search for Toklo. How does the idea of Ujurak watching over motivate the bears?
Toklo needs to stay positive in order to find a way out of the tunnel. Like Lusa, he will not give up.
Why is Toklo suddenly so fearful?
For the bears, the firebeasts are an antagonistic force. The humans and their creations have a negative impact on the bears. (This annotation contains a video)
How does the use of imagery in this sentence create a clear image for the reader? What emotions are conveyed?
Through the loss of Ujurak the characters are forced to grow and thrive without his guidance. In doing so they challenge their views of themselves and each other.
Explain why Lusa is so nervous and why she is surprised when Toklo doesn't fight her.
Why is Lusa having a hard time falling asleep?
Lusa and Kallik are delighted because Toklo is acting like himself again.
Explain how Toklo would have reacted if Yakone had returned carrying the goose compared to how he reacted to Kallik.
Below is a picture of a polar bear (Yakone/Kallik), a brown bear (Toklo), and a black bear (Lusa). Notice how much smaller the black bear is. (This annotation contains an image)
Toklo reacts to Yakone negatively to express both fear and irruption. Toklo doesn't like to be wrong or challenged.
Why is finding the brown bears so important to Toklo?
Explain Kallik's reaction to Toklo's gentle tone. What does this change in character reveal?
The group has become closer and more like a family through their shared experiences. Family is an emerging theme. Keep track for how it evolves. Watch the video below to learn more about theme. (This annotation contains a video)
Compare how Lusa reacts to irritation compared to Toklo. How are the two bears different?
Toklo was excited to find more brown bears but Nanulak is proving to be more work than expected.
How has the arrival of Nanulak affected Toklo? How is Toklo's behavior changing?
Toklo is realizing his mistake and notes that his quick response to anger will only get him in trouble.
What is different about how Toklo is reacting to Nanulak's catch compared to how he treats Yokalone?
Nanulak was abandoned by his family and probably did not have the opportunity to enjoy playful moments.
Explain Toklo's reasoning in applying Ujurak's message to Nanulak's arrival.
Nanulak is gifted with better senses and skills because he is a mixed breed bear.
Here is an example of cave art. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain the affect Nanulak may have on the theme of family. How do you think the bears will change and grow?
Lemmings are small rodents that live in the Arctic. (This annotation contains an image)
Why is Toklo surprised by the white bear's offer?
"His heart was pounding, and he felt hot inside his fur," lets the reader know that Toklo feels ___________.
Pay attention to how Nanulak's comments compare to Toklo's interactions with the white bear.
Toklo puts loyalty before his own needs. This statement illustrates how seriously Toklo takes Ujurak's guidance.
Explain Kallik's observation of Nanulak. What is she assuming about his lack of ice-walking skill?
What does the old bear mean by "spirit-forsaken mixture?"
Notice that Toklo immediately assumes that the other bears are bothering Nanulak.
Lichen is a type of moss. This is a photo of Arctic lichen. (This annotation contains an image)
How does this scene change the reader's view Lusa and Nanulak?
Chapter Twenty-One: Toklo
Explain how Toklo's purpose has evolved from traveling with the other bears to only caring for Nanulak. What changed?
Ujurak has shown Toklo Nanulak's true nature through the dream. Keep track of how Toklo moves forward with this information.
There is a lot of information in this statement. Ujurak is giving Toklo advice and for the first time Toklo isn't taking it.
Explain why Ujurak would return to Toklo to say that Nanulak should be abandoned.
What purpose would the author have in stating the snow resembled blood? Keep track to see if it leads to something.
What reasons could Nanulak have for not being excited to see other mixed bears? How does this tie into his strange behavior?
Check out the image below to see an Arctic fox. (This annotation contains an image)
What is strange about Nanulak's interactions with the mixed bears and his attachment to Toklo?
Chapter Twenty-Three: Kallik
Nanulak is only interested in being with Toklo and has no regard for his companion's journey.
How is Nanulak's display of behavior different from how the other bears act?
The humans are demolishing the land with TNT. The debris from the explosion is hot to the touch and is what is burning Kallik.
Why is Kallik so eager to see Ujurak? What guidance do the bears still need?
Nanulak's bullying makes Kallik feel guilty. She is doubting the power of seeing Ujurak and doesn't trust the signs anymore.
Nanulak's influence has spread to the bear's trust in Ujurak. Explain how this will change the course of the bear's journey.
Toklo realizes that Yakone's size can benefit them all and is not something to hold against the white bear.
What affect will the bear's dismissal of Nanulak's bad behavior have on how Nanulak continues to behave?
Chapter Twenty-Four: Toklo
Who has already warned Toklo about turning back?
Ujurak has already pointed out that Toklo must leave Nanulak. By having Ujurak state that Nanulak's story is not over the author hints to the future. (This annotation contains a video)
Chapter Twenty-Five: Lusa
Based on this statement what term best describes what the Bear Bowl is?
Toklo is finally standing up for the group and Nanulak is resorting to immature behavior. Watch how Nanulak's comment will hurt him more than Lusa.
How does Lusa's explanation of why Toklo is focused on Nanulak affect her view of family?
Chapter Twenty-Six: Kallik
Kallik also noticed that something was off with who Nanulak looked. Keep track of her ability to notice details.
Nanulak doesn't want to face the white bears himself, he wants Toklo do take of them for him.
How is Toklo's trust of Nanulak getting in the way of what the white bear is admitting?
Chapter Twenty-Seven: Toklo
Nanulak is not seeking revenge for being beaten up, he is seeking to hurt the white bears for his own pleasure.
How has Nanulak's obsession with being a mixed bear affected his relationship with his family? How has it affected his relationship with Toklo?
Chapter Twenty-Eight: Toklo
Another emerging theme seen through Nanulak's actions is tolerance. Notice that none of the other bears care about their fur color.
What is the root or cause of all of Nanulak's anger?