1984

Ky5lrnvllzra t

In 1984, London is a grim city where Big Brother is always watching you and the Thought Police can practically read your mind. Winston is a man in grave danger for the simple reason that his memory still functions. Drawn into a forbidden love affair, Winston finds the courage to join a secret revolutionary organization called The Brotherhood, dedicated to the destruction of the Party. Together with his beloved Julia, he hazards his life in a deadly match against the powers that be.

Curriculet Details
84 Questions
83 Annotations
3 Quizzes

Designed for students in 9th and 10th grade, this free digital curriculum contains annotations explaining communism and socialism, the dystopian genre and tips for determining the central theme of a text. It also contains interactive videos that support comprehension, such as videos about allusions and inferences. Over the course of the book, students will answer Common Core questions and quizzes related to the comprehension of the text, the embedded historical context, and the ramifications of a world without freedom or privacy. This free online unit will increase student engagement while building reading comprehension.

The curriculet is being added to your library

I

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
George Orwell's first line for the novel, 1984, is one of the most famous first lines in the history of literature! Write down at least three questions that pop into your head as you read this first line.  
Orwell sets a very specific mood through his inclusion of details about the setting. For instance, his description of the lack of privacy creates a sinister and suspicious mood. Learn more about how authors create mood by watching this video.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Based on the information that Orwell gives his reader about the location and society of Oceania, which of the following conclusions can you make about the setting of this novel? 
SparkNotes made a fantastic video summary for this novel. It will really help support your comprehension of the text, but if you don't want to spoil the novel, make sure to stop the video at 4:25!  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Which of the following inferences best explains why Winston, the protagonist, is so nervous about writing in his diary? 
In Oceania, the class system is extremely divided. The leader, 'Big Brother,' is worshipped by the citizens. The 'Inner Party' is the ruling class, controlling all of the power and the government. The 'Outer Party,' while not as powerful as the Inner Party, are the middle class. The lowest class, the 'Proles,' live in poverty and are oppressed by the ruling party.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Based on what you have read so far, the Thought Police are most likely  
George Orwell wrote 1984 in the wake of World War II, when socialism and communism were taking root across the world. Many of the characters are allusions to historical figures, such as Stalin or Lenin. Goldstein, the enemy of the party, is said to be based on Leon Trotsky, an enemy of Stalin who was branded a 'traitor' during the early years of the Soviet Union.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What emotions does Winston feel during the Hate?  
These three slogans of the Party are examples of oxymorons. Oxymoron is a literary term that describes two words that oppose or contradict one another. Follow the link below to watch a video and learn more about oxymorons.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Based on the structure of these pages, which of the following correctly explains how Orwell structures this portion of the text? 
Orwell often uses figurative language in order to increase the imagery or mood of his writing. Here, he uses two similes to describe Winston's reaction to the knock at the door and his terror and fear. Learn more about how authors use figurative language by watching this video. (This annotation contains a video)

II

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Which of the following adjectives best describe the mood and imagery of the setting of this novel?  
Orwell's inclusion of these nationalistic children ties closely to the way in which children were used in the U.S.S.R during Stalin's regime. This link explains how the "Young Pioneers" were used to create national pride and help spread a positive image of communism.  (This annotation contains a link)
Here, Winston considers the roll of children in Oceania's government. Watch the following video of the Young Pioneers in the U.S.S.R. and then consider this question: why would countries or leaders consider children to be useful tools in their spreading of propaganda? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
INGSOC is the name of  
In 2013, Americans learned that the National Security Administration (the NSA) had been collecting mass amounts of data from citizens' emails, phone calls, and other electronic communication in the name of homeland security. People immediately began making connections to George Orwell's depiction of surveillance in 1984. Take a look at this website and then decide for yourself. Are Americans being patrolled for thoughtcrime too?  (This annotation contains a link)

III

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Winston repeatedly dreams about drowning or sinking. In two sentences, explain the symbolic meaning of these dreams. What do they represent or illuminate about Winston and his life? 
Winston's health problems play an important role in the creation of his character. His failing health represent the confusion and inner turmoil with which he is struggling. As the story progresses, his health mirrors other aspects of his character. This video explains how authors develop characters over the course of a text. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Which important event in Winston's life does this dream and the old man's mumbling foreshadow? 
Dystopian novels often contain a warning for society: that if we continue to live in a certain way, our society will become dystopian in nature. In contemporary society, people often allude to the fact that we are living in the dystopia that George Orwell was trying to warn us against. This webpage compares Orwell's Oceania to our current-day America. You be the judge - do we live in a dystopia?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
In this chapter, Winston reveals that the party's slogan is: "Who controls the past controls the future; who controls the present controls the past." Which of the following best interprets the tone of this slogan? 

IV

Often in this novel, Orwell creates a new name for an object or idea that already exists. He uses this name as an example of the way in which the government twists reality to support their views and their 'ideal society.' These fabricated terms are called 'euphemisms' and play an important role in any government, but also in our daily lives. Watch this video to learn the definition and see quite a few examples! (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Which of the following statements correctly explains the ironic nature of the title "Ministry of Plenty"? 
The poem, "The Unknown Citizen," by W.H. Auden, considers themes that are also cultivated in Orwell's 1984. Read the following poem closely - your next question will ask you to analyze the similarities between the novel and the poem.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.7
The relationship between W.H. Auden's poem and Orwell's novel can best be described as:  
Newspeak is a complex language that Orwell created for this novel. Read the first three paragraphs of this article on Newspeak, in order to determine the thesis behind the creation of Newspeak. Why did the government create this new language?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
What is Comrade Ogilvy's relationship to Winston, the protagonist?  

V

George Orwell had a personal relationship with the concept of rationing. During World War II, especially in England, food and other necessities were rationed in a patriotic attempt to ensure that there were enough supplies for the troops fighting in the war. Countries often waged propaganda campaigns, such as the image below, to inspire citizens to conserve their food and other items in support of the war. Wasting food or taking too much was seen as treasonous. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
In this paragraph, Orwell uses vivid imagery in order to paint a picture for the reader. Which of the following statements best explains how Orwell uses diction order to create a specific tone in this excerpt?  
The main idea of this article posits that the 'texting language' of teenagers has become our generation's version of Newspeak. Read this article: do you agree or disagree with the author's thesis?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
In your own words, explain what Winston believes will happen to Syme. Why would this happen? 
In many ways, Orwell based the character Syme on himself. The act of writing 1984 was revolutionary during a time when the world was battling communism. Just as Syme is guilty of thinking and knowing too much, Orwell predicted that he might suffer a similar fate.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Why is Parsons so proud of his children? 
Thomas Cole, a famous painter in the 19th century, painted a series of paintings entitled "The Course of the Empire." Analyze the five following paintings and compare and contrast their depictions of civilization with that of Orwell's Oceania. Which of the paintings, "The Savage State," "Destruction," or "Desloation" best compares to the state of civilization in 1984? (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why does Winston experience feelings of doubt and distrust around the dark-haired girl?  

VI

Orwell often uses foreshadowing and flashbacks in order to create tension and surprise for the reader. As a reader, you always need to be guessing with Orwell. Practice here: make a prediction about what is going to happen between Winston and this made-up woman. Watch this video to about other ways that authors create tension.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Based on the textual evidence of this paragraph, what does the Party consider to be the purpose of marriage?  
In many countries, procreation is considered a nationalistic duty. You are 'serving your country' by creating a new generation of people who will support the economy and strengthen society. In China, however, the booming population has forced the country to put a "one child policy" in place. Families are taxed for having more than one child and considered to be insubordinate if they do not follow this policy. Below, a poster encourages citizens to practice family planning in order to create a more prosperous People's Republic of China.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Based on Winston's account of his encounter with the prostitute, the reader can conclude that he feels ________________. 

VII

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
How does Winston characterize the proles, the 85% of Oceania's population who represent the contemporary working class? 
Orwell's description of "old London," in the days before the "glorious Revolution," provide the reader with an allusion to the works of Charles Dickens. Dickens, a great Victorian writer, painted a picture of London as a grimy, poor city overflowing with ragamuffins and deceit.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Orwell uses the expression "the Party claimed..." in order to emphasize 
Just as Orwell injected some of himself into his creation of the character Syme, he used a famous London cafe as the inspiration for the Chestnut Tree Cafe. Cafe Royal served as a hub for many intellectuals, writers, and politicians who met there, sometimes in secret, to discuss important topics. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Which of the following inferences best explains the importance of the men's broken noses? 
The central conflict of this text revolves around Winston's realization of the problems in his society. However, he struggles to understand this conflict and whether or not it is a conflict within himself or with the Party and the government as a whole. This video explains the differences between external and internal conflict. What type of conflict in Winston facing?  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
One of Orwell's most famous quotes, this last sentence of chapter seven, states Winston's belief about the future of Oceania. Complete the following sentence in your words. If a man is able to retain the knowledge of absolute truths, such as two plus two make four, then __________________. 

VIII

Orwell's depiction of the prole neighborhoods vividly imitate the images of East Berlin or other cities trapped behind the Iron Curtain during the Cold War. These photographs capture life in East Berlin (the D.D.R.) under the rule of communism. What similarities do you see to Orwell's descriptions? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Orwell's use of dialect in the conversations of the proles primarily serves to  
In order to fully understand the political undertones of this text, it is important to understand the differences between communism and capitalism. This info graphic illustrates that difference using a fun cow analogy!  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why are the proles uneasy about Winston's presence? 
Winston's description of the time before the Revolution illustrates a time period known as the Victorian era. Watch this video to learn about the social and economic backdrop of the time period.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Based on the context of this sentence, the term "bourgeoisie" is an antonym of which of the following terms? 
The concept of memory plays a large role in the emerging theme of this text. Themes should be statements, not just ideas, so watch this video and use the hints for determining theme to come up with a theme statement for this novel, incorporating the idea of memory. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why is Winston attracted to the age of the coral and glass paperweight? 
Though Oceania does not burn its books, it censures them in another way: by rewriting them and destroying the past. Listen to the first minute of the audiobook of Ray Bradbury's dystopian novel about book burning. What are the similarities between the two stories? What are the differences? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Based on the context of this sentence, the word "incongruous" most nearly means 
Because Winston knows that Big Brother is always watching, he knows that it is extremely important to always have an alibi for his whereabouts, should he be questioned.  (This annotation contains an image)
Mini Quiz # 1 

I

In Oceania, citizens greet each other with the name "comrade" rather than their personal names. This is done to reduce the possibility of personal relationship development and make everyone 'equal,' an essential aspect of the party's success.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Why does the narrator describe this love note as "incriminating"? 
In this highlighted sentence, Orwell is using a metaphor. What are the two things that he is comparing? What is he trying to show through this metaphor? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
"On the following day he very nearly succeeded in speaking to her. What does this sentence illustrate about Winston's character? 
The description of Big Brother's statue was probably influenced by the statues of Stalin that were erected in the U.S.S.R. during his reign. Over fifteen statues of Stalin were built in Russia alone during his rule. The image below depicts a statue in Budapest that was toppled after WWII.  (This annotation contains an image)
Here, Orwell uses a literary technique called 'juxtaposition,' in which an author positions two unlike ideas or things next to each other in the text in order to draw comparisons between them. Need to better understand the concept of juxtaposition? Check out this presentation!  (This annotation has embedded rich content)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.6
In his novel, The Things They Carried, a story about the Vietnam War, Tim O'Brien writes:“War is hell, but that's not the half of it, because war is also mystery and terror and adventure and courage and discovery and holiness and pity and despair and longing and love. War is nasty; war is fun. War is thrilling; war is drudgery. War makes you a man; war makes you dead.” Which of the following statements articulates the relationship between O'Brien and Orwell's uses of juxtaposition? 

II

The mood of this portion of the novel changes dramatically as the characters leave the the city and the setting of the plot changes. Watch this video on setting and determine which elements change in order to create a completely different, pastoral setting for Winston's love escape to the country.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
In the last chapter, you made inferences about Winston's personality. Using the knowledge, which of the following statements best contrasts Winston and Julia's character? 
In this highlighted sentence, Julia explains her personal theory about conformity. Read this famous poem by Martin Niemöller, a Nazi prisoner and outspoken pastor. As you read, compare Julia's ideology with Niemöller's. (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
The highlighted sentence uses ______________ in order to create vivid images of the wild, natural mood of the country.  
Here, Julia describes the members of the Inner Party as swine, another term for a pig. This term has a much more negative connotation than the word 'pig.' What is the connotation of a word? It is the different meanings that a word can take on based on the emotional connections that it has for the reader. Watch this video to see the many different emotions that simple words can produce.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Orwell describes their sexual union as a 'political act.' What does he mean by this? 

III

Orwell again uses historical fact to create the setting of this text. Here, he alludes to the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. This video paints a vivid picture of the destruction left by an atomic bomb.  (This annotation contains a video)
Orwell embeds Julia's character, including this statement about her character, with irony. Watch the short video below to learn more about irony in literature.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Orwell's characterization of the Party's power as "unalterable, like the sky" supports which of the follow adjectival descriptions of the Party?  
Turning in family members or neighbors is not a foreign concept to Americans. During the 1940s and 50s, Americans were overcome with an anti-communist hysteria. Led by a U.S. Senator, Joseph McCarthy, Americans began to report their friends and neighbors as communist sympathizers. Which famous Americans were labeled as communists? Find out in this article.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Here, Orwell presents two possibilities for the future of the person who stands up to the Party. Based on this, do you believe that Winston and Julia should continue to oppose the government? Why or why not? 

IV

The old wise man figure, performed here by Mr. Charrington, is an archetypical character who often represents wisdom or knowledge. Watch the video below to learn more about archetypes. Are there other archetypes in this novel? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
The phrase "intentionally stepping nearer to their graves" can be paraphrased by which of the following idioms? 
The red-armed prole woman is a significant symbol of freedom and rebellion.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
The perfumed scent of 'synthetic violets' revives a memory in Winston's mind. What memory is it? 
Rats are extremely symbolic in 1984. They represent Winston's fear of the Party, of being 'found out,' the squalor of poverty and a lack of cleanliness. This video explains how authors use symbols to inject meaning into their writing.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Winston treasures the paperweight because it represents a connection to 
Winston believes that the paperweight holds stories of the past. People often collect and treasure amber, a resin material that traps insects and preserves them for thousands of years. Both of these items preserve things from the past, an important concept in this text.  (This annotation contains an image)

V

This poster of a Eurasian soldier is an example of propaganda, a term that describes information that is meant to shape public opinion or present a biased viewpoint. This website provides examples of propaganda used in Nazi Germany. Ca you see the Party using similar propaganda?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Why does Winston hope that Katherine will die? 
The government of Oceania fabricates wars in order to create a patriotic fervor among its citizens. Wars inspire a united front at home and encourage everyone to support the cause of the war. Is Julia right to be so apathetic about the government's constant war-mongering? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
What type of figurative language is present in this highlighted sentence? What is the function of this figurative language? 

VI

Here, the reader begins to learn more about O'Brien, the primary antagonist of the novel. It is extremely important to pay close attention to the way in which the author develops the protagonist and antagonist in opposition to one another. If you are unclear about the definitions of protagonist and antagonist, brush up by watching this video. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Winston describes his meeting with O'Brien as the "sensation of walking into a grave." Which analysis of this phrase is best supported by the text? 

VII

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why does Winston feel guilt for the death of his mother? What does he mean when he says that he "didn't murder her. Not physically"? 
Orwell repeatedly uses flashbacks in order to provide the reader with important details about Winston's childhood. When a writer repeatedly uses a structure, image, or literary device, this is called a motif. Watch this video to learn about the impact of motifs in a text.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Julia's response to Winston's emotional story about his mother and sister can best be characterized as 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Why does Winston consider the proles to be more human than the Party members? 

VIII

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Based on the description of O'Brien's home, what can you infer about economic divisions in Oceania? 
As you read, it is always important to be asking questions about the text. For example, as we read this section, we should be wondering if Winston smart to confide in O'Brien? Can Winston trust him? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Who is Emmanuel Goldstein? 
Here, Orwell uses repetition in his dialogue in order to reiterate an important idea about Winston. Read this poem by Maya Angelou and notice the repetition that she uses. What is the impact of using repetition in a text? Why do you think authors use it? (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Based on the context of this sentence, which of the following definitions best describes the meaning of the word 'persiflage'?  
Winston's fascination with the past is a prominent motif in this text.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
What does Winston realize as he leaves O'Brien's house? Cite a specific word or phrase that helps you draw that conclusion. 

IX

By referencing Rumpelstiltskin, George Orwell draws an allusion to a famous fairy tale from the collection of the Brothers Grimm. Anytime an author references history or literature in order to draw a comparison to the text, that is an example of an allusion.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Which of the following best explains the function of the figurative language in this highlighted sentence? 
Often, authors will highlight important words, phrases or ideas by changing the formatting of the text. For example, Orwell capitalizes the Party slogans and italicizes 'the book' in order to highlight it. What do these italics implicitly signal to the reader? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Where have these chapter titles appeared before? 
Sometimes as you read, you might encounter a part of a book that is not as interesting to you. Though you do not want to miss out on important information, you might not be as interested in reading a section, for example, about the history of Oceania. When good readers encounter these instances, they often will skim a page for the main idea and then move on. This ensures that they do not miss important information but also allows them to keep their momentum going as they read through the book.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Which of the following correctly explains why technological advances ceased in the society of Oceania? 
Orwell based the social class system of Oceania off of the social structure of Stalin's Soviet Union. The diagram below illustrates the social groups and their various levels of power.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
You have answered multiple questions about the oxymoronic nature of the ministry names in Winston's society. Now, explain the irony of the name of the 'Ministry of Peace.' How is this an example of any oxymoron? 
Bolshevism is a off-shoot of communism based on the teachings of Vladimir Lenin, one of the primary teachers of communist doctrine.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Based on the highlighted sentence, the reader can infer that citizens of Oceania are 
Orwell's use of a simile to compare the structure of society to a gyroscope presents an interesting image to the reader. However, if you do not know what a gyroscope is, you cannot fully understand the impact of the comparison. Learn about this fascinating device by reading this article.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
What does Orwell mean when he writes that "equality was no longer an ideal...but a danger to be averted"?  
Kurt Vonnegut, a contemporary writer who took much inspiration from Orwell, wrote a short story whose theme centers around the danger of equality. Interested in an extension reading? This short story is gripping, terrifying, and beautifully written. Does equality create a perfect society? You might be surprised.  (This annotation contains a link)
Collectivization was a policy enforced under Stalin in which peasants were forced to pool their land, livestock and farming tools in order to work and live with other peasants on land that had been redistributed to them to farm collectively. This policy had severe human costs and resulted in the starvation deaths of upwards of ten million Soviet peasants. It was considered to be one of the most brutal and inhumane aspects of Stalin's national policies.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
The phrase "nuclei of discontent" can best be paraphrased to mean 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
At the start of this novel, you learned about euphemisms and their function. In the highlighted sentence, which of the following words can be considered to be euphemisms?- doublethink- blackwhite- crimestop 
Oligarchies are governments run by a small number of powerful people. Sometimes, critics of the U.S. government speak out against the oligarchical nature of our society. This political cartoon describes one of these criticisms. What do you think - is the U.S. a democracy or an oligarchy? (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Winston read many pages of Goldstein's manifesto while Julia fell asleep and did not listen. What does this story illustrate about their dedication to the cause of rebellion? 

X

Migrant Mother. Dorothea Lange. Niporno, California 1936. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.7
The previous photograph was taken by Dorothea Lange, a famous photographer in the early 20th century. It depicts a young mother in the American Dust Bowl, struggling to survive and feed her family. Which of the following describes the similarities between the red-armed woman and the lady in the photo?  
Stop! Make a prediction here: who does this voice belong to? Why is he telling Winston and Julia that they are dead? 
This highlighted sentence is a line from the rhyming song, "Oranges and Lemons," which Winston repeatedly quotes throughout the novel. Watch this analysis of the nursery rhyme in this video. How does this rhyme foreshadow the plot of the novel? (This annotation contains a video)
Mini Quiz # 2 

I

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
In your own words, explain what Winston has been arrested for.  
George Orwell is constantly forcing you, the reader, to make inferences as you read. When you make an inference, you always need to use the text. If you need to brush up on the important steps to making inferences, this video will help! (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why isn't Ampleforth surprised when he sees Winston in the cell? 
Rudyard Kipling was a famous English author and poet. He was outspoken about his opposition to communism, a fact which Orwell seems to allude to as he describes the government's censoring of his poems. Read one of Kipling's most famous poems here:  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Orwell foreshadows Parson's arrest early in the novel when Winston fixes the family's sink. Who turned Parsons in? 
Orwell vividly describes the other prisoners in the cell in order to create a vibrant picture in the mind of the reader. How do these descriptions create a specific mood in this scene? What adjective would you use to describe this mood? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
This man would rather die than go to Room 101. What horrible atrocities could the Party be committing there to elicit such a response? Use your imagination! 
Winston draws our attention back to Julia, a character who, outside of Winston's love for her, has played only a small role in this novel. Characters who do not change over the course of the novel are called 'static characters' and Julia is one of these characters. Watch this video to learn more about the different types of characters in a text.  (This annotation contains a video)

II

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Complete this sentence: O'Brien and the white-coated man are most likely using the syringe to _____________. 
Orwell's description of the Party's torture methods are directly influenced by those of the Soviets under Stalin's leadership.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
What does Orwell mean when he describes O'Brien as both Winston's 'tormentor' and 'protector'? 
O'Brien believes that Winston has a memory disease that needs to be cured. This article describes how people can have their memory erased through the use of science. Would you erase some of your bad memories if you could?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Which of these words best describes the activity in which O'Brien is engaging with Winston in this scene? 
O'Brien asserts that the Party controls and creates reality. Is it productive for one person or group of people to control the reality and beliefs of an entire society? This video explains the story of Jonestown, a mass suicide led by a charismatic preacher who controlled the thoughts and beliefs of all of his followers. Watch this video and decide for yourself: should people have the freedom to create their own ideas and realities? (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
How is Winston's admission to seeing O'Brien hold up five fingers symbolic? 
Orwell uses personification and other vivid imagery in order to illustrate how the fingers are taking over Winston's mind and inundating his consciousness. The fingers begin to take on a human-like form. What is the impact of this personification?  (This annotation contains a video)
One of the most famous martyrs of the Medieval inquisitions was Joan of Arc, who died on the stake for crimes of heresy. Learn more about this amazing woman by reading this article! (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
O'Brien's statement that Winston is "a flaw in the pattern" can best be interpreted to mean 
The devastating explosion that Winston experiences presents symptoms very similar to a lobotomy. A lobotomy is a surgery that was used to treat mental illness. It damages the prefrontal lobe of the brain.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Which of the following adjectives correctly describes O'Brien's mood at in this highlighted paragraph? 
As you read, it is always important to keep track of the plot structure and chain of events. While authors sometimes use chronological story structures, they also often tend to mix up the timeline to add more depth or complexity to a story. Orwell abides by chronology, but also occasionally uses flashbacks or fast-forwards to add dimension to the text. Watch this video to learn more about structure and its impact on a text.  (This annotation contains a video)

III

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Fill in the blank: O'Brien introduces the questions of "how" and "why" as important parts of the __________ phase of Winston's 'reintroduction.' 
When a speaker or author attempts to convince us of something, they often use of these three rhetorical appeals in order to make their point. As O'Brien attempts to convince Winston of his new "beliefs," he also uses one of these appeals. Watch this video and see if you can figure out which of the three he is attempting to use.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
The Party belief about life before humankind is best articulated by which of the following main ideas?  
Solipsism is an important concept in Winston's reintegration process. Use this link in order to find the definition of solipsism and an example.  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
In the context of this sentence, despotism is best defined as 
Winston's physical transformation is symbolic of a larger mental transformation. How has this transformation changed Winston? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.4
Fill in the blank: Orwell uses ____________ in this statement in order to ___________________.  

IV

As we begin to head toward the resolution of the text, it is always important to consider the themes that are present. Watch this video and then ask yourself: what is are some of the major themes of the novel? (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Winston believes that he is 're-educating' himself. Do you think that Winston is completely brainwashed or mentally free?  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Which of the following pieces of evidence illustrate Winston's transformation from rebel to conformist? 
Throughout the text, Orwell repeatedly uses similes in order to add layers of meaning and description to his writing. Can you think of another author or book that uses figurative language in a similar manner? Do you find it effective or excessive? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Winston's hallucination of "waiting for the bullet" signifies that Winston believes that  
These posters are pasted on every surface in Oceania.  (This annotation contains an image)

V

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.6
O'Brien says that Room 101 is "the worst thing in the world." It is a place where a person's greatest fear is used against them. If you were placed in Room 101, what would the Party use against you? What is your greatest fear or phobia? 
Orwell uses the rat, as opposed to another animal, to represent Winston's literal and figurative fears. Based on the information presented in the highlighted paragraph, what might the rat symbolize or represent? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.3
Why does Winston finally turn on Julia and give up his 'protection' of her? 

VI

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
Winston's presence at The Chestnut Tree allows us to conclude that 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.1
In the phrase "white always mates," Orwell uses an extended metaphor to communicate that  
Yet again, the text refers to this motif of addition and freedom. Winston's acceptance of this 'fact' illustrates his complete conversion over the to side of the Party. 
Based on what you read about lobotomies earlier, what is a likely reason that Julia has a large scar across her forehead and temple? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Why does Julia no longer feel love or affection for Winston? 
One of Winston's most important changes is illustrated in this highlighted portion. At the start of the text, Orwell introduces us to a man who enjoys and takes great pride in his work. Now, Winston rarely goes into the office and is simply party of the bureaucratic machine.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.5
Discuss Orwell's structural choice here. He returns to one of Winston's flashbacks at the end of the text. What is the impact of that structural decision? Why does he do it? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.9-10.2
Which of the following theme statements best articulates the primary theme of 1984?  
Mini Quiz # 3