Son

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They called her Water Claire. When she washed up on their shore, no one knew that she came from a society where emotions and colors didn’t exist. That she had become a Vessel at age thirteen. That she had carried a Product at age fourteen. That it had been stolen from her body. Claire had a son. But what became of him she never knew. What was his name? Was he even alive?  She was supposed to forget him, but that was impossible. Now Claire will stop at nothing to find her child, even if it means making an unimaginable sacrifice. Son thrusts readers once again into the chilling world of the Newbery Medal winning book, The Giver, as well as Gathering Blue and Messenger where a new hero emerges. In this thrilling series finale, the startling and long-awaited conclusion to Lois Lowry’s epic tale culminates in a final clash between good and evil.
Curriculet Details
67 Questions
76 Annotations
3 Quizzes

In this digital curriculum written for 7th grade students, annotations prompt connections between folklore, poetry and current events. Embedded videos provide instruction on how motifs are used throughout the text, and situational and dramatic irony. Questions give practice with vocabulary in context, theme development, and interaction of story elements.

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Book I

This novel is divided into three books. Each book represents a different place and time in the telling of the narrative. Think about the title of Book I, "Before". What are the events in book one before?  

One

The action starts off in the middle of a scene when a female is being blindfolded by a leather mask. In literature, this is called in medias res. Then, the author immediately flashes back to a month before the blindfolding. What effect is achieved by beginning the novel with a character being blindfolded?  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Quizzically means 
A vessel is a container for holding something, like a cup, bowl, vase or jug. As you read on, think about what effect is achieved by referring to the Birthmothers as vessels. 
The author is using another flashback to when the main character was twelve years old. Essentially, you are reading a flashback within a flashback. All of these flashbacks will lead you to an understanding of why the main character was being blindfolded in the opening sentence of the novel.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
What effect is achieved by using the word Vessel to name the Birthmothers? 
Insemination is the act of making someone pregnant. Because the worker is using equipment, you can infer that the procedure was done artificially, or without sexual intercourse. 

Two

Claire is being given inhaled anesthesia while the doctors perform a Caesarean section, which is an operation that removes a baby through the abdomen. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which word has the OPPOSITE meaning as the word apprehensive? 
If you have read Lois Lowry's book, The Giver, you will have some knowledge of who number Thirty-six is. If you have not read The Giver, you will have to read on to find out. As readers, we all bring different amounts of background knowledge to the things we read. Think about how this influences the experience of reading from person to person.  (This annotation contains an image)
Click here to read a blog post that the author, Lois Lowry wrote about her own son, Grey. As you read, think about how the author's own experience may have influenced the emotions that she writes about in the book.  (This annotation contains a link)

Three

As you read this passage, think about what the river symbolizes. What words or phrases create a feeling about the river? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
What does the river symbolize? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Explain how this description of the fish hatchery also applies to the birthing center. 
Click her to watch a video that shows what a real-life fish hatchery looks like. As you watch the video, think about why the author may have chosen to have Claire work at a fish hatchery. Are there any comparisons the author is trying to make?  (This annotation contains a video)
Think about why 'wondering' would be against the rules. What happens as a result of wondering? 

Four

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
The author most likely chose the word indoctrination instead of training because 
Think about the purpose of this paragraph. What does it reveal about the dynamics within families, and the status of Birthmothers? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Cite text evidence to support the idea that infants are treated like products rather than people. 
Pay attention to the description of how the infants are fed. Think about what conclusions you can draw about infants in the community based on the author's description. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
What conclusion can you draw from the description of how the infants are fed? 

Five

The fact that Claire cannot officially volunteer at the nurturing center represents an obstacle for Claire as the plot moves towards a climax. Think about what other obstacles Claire might face as the plot develops. 

Six

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Select three words or phrases from this paragraph that support the idea that people are treated like products in the community. 
Click here to read an article that supports Dimitri's ideas about why infants are cute. Also consider which human emotions are NOT explained in this theory. (This annotation contains a link)

Seven

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
What meaning is suggested in this sentence by the author's word choice of satisfied? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
The purpose of this sentence is 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What other obstacle did Claire encounter in being with number Thirty-six? 

Nine

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
You can infer that the men are 
As you read this dialogue between Claire and Jeannette, think about why the author included it and what it reveals about families in the community. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
The dialogue between Jeannette and Claire reveals that 
A barge is a large flat-bottomed boat that is mainly used to transport heavy loads on rivers and canals.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which word or phrase emphasizes that humans are treated as products in the community? 

Ten

Claire did not attend the ceremony, but she hears about it from her co-workers at the fish hatchery. In this episode, the author is using dialogue to share the points of view of characters who the reader would otherwise not have access to. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
You can infer that nonplussed means 

Eleven

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Retiring is a multiple meaning word. Choose the definition of retiring that best fits the meaning in this sentence. 
As you read about Claire's interaction with the boatman, think about how the conversation moves the story forward. What is the author's purpose in including this interaction? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
What is the most important piece of information that Claire learns from her interaction with the boatman? 

Twelve

Think about how the author's use of sentence structure contributes to the meaning of this paragraph. The use of items in a series, and sentence fragments makes the language seem incomplete and dull. How does this relate to Claire's life? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
If you have read The Giver, summarize Jonas's role in Thirty-six's life.If you have not read The Giver, make a prediction about what role Jonas might play in Claire's story. 

Thirteen

The author is mentioning the cargo boat for the second time. Think back to Claire's conversation with the boatman. How might the cargo boat be significant in advancing the plot? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
How are the people on the boat different from the people of Claire's community? 
As a Birthmother, Claire was referred to as a Vessel. A vessel is also a word for a boat. Think about how the longing she feels for the newchild and the connection she feels for the boat are similar. What do each represent? 

Fourteen

Think about what the nurturer might have said if he had finished his thought. How does the use of an incomplete sentence foreshadow events to come? Watch the video below on foreshadowing.  (This annotation contains a video)
Think about how this paragraph represents an emerging theme. What emotion is Claire feeling that other people in her community do not?  (This annotation contains a video)
In the previous several paragraphs, the author includes a series of unanswered questions. How might the answers to these questions signal a climax to the plot line of Book I? 

Fifteen

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
The jokes were slightly derisive. Another way to describe the jokes is 
Notice how the author's use of a short sentence in a one-sentence paragraph draws attention to the importance of the pill. Why is the pill so important in the story? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Summarize the effects of the pills. 
The conflict developing is person-versus-society. Claire has to fight against societal norms that tell her to not feel love for her son. As you read on, pay attention to how Claire responds to the conflict. 

Sixteen

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What can you infer about Abe's future based on what the author does not describe? 
Sometimes, authors suggest meaning by leaving out information as well as by what they include. As you read this paragraph and think about all of the things Abe will have in his life, what is the author purposely leaving out? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Based on the phrase "as if they were accustomed to the shrieking boy in the crib", the word nonchalantly probably means 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Identify a simile that describes Claire's memory of her last days in the community. 
As you read the rest of this chapter, pay attention to how the author uses sentence structure to create a confused, chaotic tone. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
The author creates a confused, chaotic tone by using 
Book I: Before Quiz 

Book II

Book I was called Before. Now that you have finished Book I, think about why it may have had this title. What might the plot of Book II be "between"? 

One

In a Los Angelos Time book review (September 30, 2012), Susan Carpenter writes "Like a post-apocalyptic "Wizard of Oz," 'Son' starts in black and white but shifts to Technicolor with this change of scene." As you read Book II, pay attention to the author's use of color and how it compares to the dullness of Book I. 
Book I is told from a third-person limited point of view through Claire's perspective. Book II shifts to a omniscient third person point of view, in which there are many characters, thoughts and feelings represented. 
Selkies are mythological creatures found in Irish and Scottish folklore.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Litter is a multiple meaning word. Which definition of litter fits the sentence? 
As you read on, trace the development of Einar's character and the important role he plays in developing the plot. 

Two

In this passage, the author is beginning to describe Claire's point of view again. As you read on, pay attention to how the author shifts point of view back to Claire as she regains her memories. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
How does Tall Andras's point of view about Claire's past differ from Old Benedikt's and Alys's? 

Three

In this chapter, Claire begins to regain some memory. Pay attention to what prompts her memory and how she reacts. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What prompted Claire's memory? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Whose point of view is represented at the end of this chapter? 

Four

The bird that Claire will get for a pet becomes a motif to support a theme in the story.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Which of the following quotes represents an emerging theme in the book? 
When you can imagine what other people are feeling, you have empathy. Claire has empathy for Einar. As you read on, pay attention to how the author develops the theme of empathy. 
As you read the descriptions of Glenys and Martyn's wedding preparations, and Old Benedikt's memories of his own wedding, think about how this community contrasts with the community of Book I. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
How do the descriptions of the wedding preparations and Old Bendikt's memory of his own wedding contrast with description of spouses in Book I? 

Five

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Select three words or phrases that contribute to the joyful tone of this passage and create a contrast to the world of Book I. 
Think about how the description of making the mommet contrasts with the world of Book I. Verbs like "gouged", "scraped", and "tore", and phrases like "handfuls of grass," and "woodsy pine scent" create a messy, organic feeling which is very different from the sterile, precisely calibrated world of the community. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Identify a simile in this passage that describes Claire's memory. 

Six

As you read on, pay attention to how Claire's character is changing. Watch the video below on character development. (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
Describe how the setting has changed Claire. 

Seven

Einar's point of view is that the lambs don't need help to be born -- all they need is their mother. Think about how his point of view contrasts with the Nurturers of Book I. 

Eight

In this chapter, Claire has reached a decision to go find her son. As the plot develops, pay attention to the challenges and obstacles Claire faces until a climax is reached. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
The author most likely uses italics instead of quotation marks to emphasize that 

Nine

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Sinew is tissue that attaches muscles to bone, or bone to bone.  What do the vest and the boots laced with sinew suggest about the people in the village? 
As you read about why Einar chose to climb out, pay attention to how his story fits in to the theme of love and attachment in families. How are he and Claire similar in what they yearn for? 
In this paragraph, Einar suggests that something went wrong after he had succeeded in climbing the cliff. As you read on, pay attention to details that explain what happened. 

Ten

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Based on her reaction what can you infer about Alys's feelings towards Claire? 
The following passage consists of a series of related descriptions about how Claire is training to climb out. When film or literature is organized by stringing together related episodes, it is called a montage.  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Why does the author include the image of the bird at this moment? 
Pay attention to how the author suggests the passage of time. 

Eleven

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What can you conclude from the montage of training scenes? 

Twelve

In this sentence, the author is signaling a climax to Book II. Make a prediction about whether or not Claire will succeed in climbing out. 

Thirteen

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
The author builds tension in this passage  
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
Select three words or phrases from the text that support the idea that Claire is focused on her climb. 
The italicized sentences represent what Claire is thinking or feeling. What lessons is Claire learning during her climb? 

Fourteen

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
The word precarious in this sentence could be replaced with 

Fifteen

As Claire faces many challenges on her climb out, she begins to seem more and more like a true hero. In fact, her character is somewhat of an archetype.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.5
How does the author use sentence structure to suggest Claire's frame of mind? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
How is a bird a fitting opponent? 

Sixteen

What already happened to Einar after the climb, and what will happen to Claire, has been eluded to twice, but never explained. As you read on, pay attention to why what lies ahead is more dangerous than the climb itself. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Summarize what happened to Einar when he reached the top of the cliff. 
The word sinuous means "having many curves and turns." Think about how the author's word choice impacts the tone. 
Snakes are frequently referred to in literature as being deceptive tricksters, with the power of evil and chaos. By suggesting that the man has a snake-like tongue, the author might be making an allusion to the Book of Genesis in the Bible. A snake tempted Eve to eat from the Tree of Knowledge, which caused Adam and Even to be banished from paradise.  (This annotation contains an image)
The author, Lois Lowry, has explained in an interview that she doesn't feel the need to categorize her books into genres. Think about how Son has spanned the range from science fiction, realistic fiction, and now into the realm of fantasy. 
Book II: Between Quiz 

Book III

The previous two books were called "Before" and "Between." Think about how Book III's title, "Beyond," provides a conclusion to the novel. 

One

Throughout the book, the focus of third person point of view has shifted between characters, focusing on some characters more than others. As you begin Book III, pay attention to whose point of view is represented and how that character's point of view influences the narrative. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Whose point of view is represented in this chapter so far? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
The word congenial means pleasant because of a personality, qualities, or interests that are similar to one's own.Select three words or phrases from this paragraph that suggest this meaning. 

Two

As you read this chapter, pay attention to how the author uses dialogue and thoughts to reveal the points of view of Kira and Jonas.  
Kira is the main character in another one of Lois Lowry's books called Gathering Blue.  (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
Compare and contrast Kira's and Jonas's points of view about Gabriel building a boat. 

Three

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
If the trout are sinuous, they are moving 
The river had symbolic meaning for Claire in Book I. Think about what the river now symbolizes for Gabe. 

Four

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Sound is a multiple meaning word.  Which definition of sound best fits this sentence? 
Click here to read an excerpt from President Obama's speech on Citizenship Day, 2013. How are Jonas's and Obama's ideas similar?  (This annotation contains a link)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.9
Using the previous annotation as a reference, how is the village of Book III similar to the United States of America? 
If you have read Lois Lowry's book, Messenger, you will have some background information on the character of Matty. At this point in Son, the author does not reveal how Matty died. As you read on, look for details that explain Matty's significance in the plot line.  (This annotation contains an image)
This is the third reference to Gabe's gift. You should be developing an understanding of what Gabe is able to do when he veers. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Explain Gabe's gift of veering. 

Five

Gabe is willing to risk his life to find his mother. He does not know that his mother is there all along, although we, the readers do. This is an example of dramatic irony.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Suffused means to be filled with a particular feeling, mood, or tone.Which sentence also uses the word suffused correctly? 

Six

The character of Larissa appeared in The Giver. If you have read The Giver, think about the interaction Jonas had with Larissa and what it revealed about the community. If you have not read The Giver, why does Jonas assume that Claire would have known Larissa? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
The fact that Gabe is preparing to leave, unaware that his mother is close by represents 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.6
How has Jonas's point of view about Claire changed? 
The author is once again using the motif of Yellow-wing to suggest a theme. Think back to what Alys told Claire - fear dims when you learn things. How might this theme relate to the current plot line?  

Seven

A paddle is what allows someone to move a boat in the right direction. How might a paddle be a symbol for making decisions in life? What helps you make decisions to point your life in the right direction? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
What do the carved names on the paddle symbolize? 
Think about why it is so important for Gabe to leave alone? How did being alone work out for the man in the painting in the book -- alone on an island, with no paddle, with sharks swarming around? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Which of the following suggests a theme? 
Gabe imagines leaving his boat, or vessel, and running into his mother's arms. Notice how the word vessel was also used to describe his mother when she was pregnant with him in Book I.  

Eight

Click here to read a poem by Emily Dickenson. Think about how Dickenson's description of evil also applies to Trade Mart.  (This annotation contains a link)
The type of trade that Jonas is describing represents situational irony.  (This annotation contains a video)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.7
How are Jonas's description of the Trade Mart and Emily Dickenson's poem similar? 
Think back to what Gabe's gift is. How can he use his gift for what's ahead of him? 

Nine

Just like Claire had empathy for Einar, Gabe's power is to experience empathy. Is empathy something that was valued in the world of Book I? How might Gabe's empathy be used as the story reaches a climax? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Based on the author's word choice, you could say that the mood was 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
This sentence signals that the plot is approaching a 

Ten

Pay attention to Mentor's story and how it connects back to Gabe's friend, Matty. Why would this story convince Gabe that the Trademaster is real? 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
The word _______ could replace the word sardonic in this sentence. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.2
Summarize the story that Mentor told to convince Gabe to battle the Trademaster. 

Eleven

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
What does suffused mean in this sentence? 
Now that Gabe is setting off, he no longer wants to go alone. Although Jonas does not go with him, pay attention to whether or not Gabe is ever alone on this quest. 
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.3
What does the paddle symbolize for Gabe? 

Twelve

CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.4
Which word or phrase in the paragraph suggests the meaning of tenacity? 
This is a picture of what a guan dao looks like.  (This annotation contains an image)
Making a trade or deal with the devil is a common theme in folktales and literature. The most famous story is about a German magician named Faust, who trades his soul in exchange for knowledge and power. The Faustian story is so famous, it has been repeated in stories, songs, and TV shows including the Simpsons. (This annotation contains an image)
CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.7.1
What is happening to Claire? 

Thirteen

Book III: Beyond Quiz