Strange changes are taking place in Village. Once a utopian community that prided itself on its welcome to new strangers, Village will soon be closed to all outsiders. As one of the few people able to travel through the dangerous Forest, Matty must deliver the message of Village’s closing and try to convince Seer’s daughter to return with him before it’s too late. But Forest has become hostile to Matty as well, and he must risk everything to fight his way through it, armed only with an emerging power he cannot yet explain or understand.
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Right away, Lowry creates suspense by giving the reader some of the information, but not all. The reader also knows that the main character is scared by what he has to do.
What can you infer about trading in this setting?
What Matty needs to go check on is probably what he's afraid of from the first paragraph of the story.
This is probably an exaggeration, which is known as a(n)
It is interesting that the characters almost personify the forest and other objects by giving them names like, "Forest" and "Village." As you continue to read, think about why the characters might do this.
Seer is blind but has a special vision. This is an example of
The description of the Gaming Machine makes it sound like Ramon's family traded for what we know as a "slot machine." A picture of one can be seen below. (This annotation contains an image)
Why might the characters personify the forest by calling it "Forest"? Use textual evidence to support your answer.
The author continues to create suspense by revealing to the readers that Matty needs to do something that will scare him, but not revealing what that is throughout the chapter.
Lowry uses the word churrump to imitate the sound of the frog. What type of figurative language is this?
Matty's thoughts here make the reader question, "What is so different about this frog?" We should keep this question in mind as we read.
Which of the following is the best synonym for keening?
The characters use the word keening in a different way. A keening to them is a type of ceremony or event where others mourn.
Matty's exchange with Seer was a flashback. A flashback gives us information about an event that occurred before the events in the story. Watch the video below for more information on flashbacks. (This annotation contains a video)
Like "Forest," the words "Warnings" and "Village" are also capitalized; however, they are not personified. What might be another reason certain words are capitalized?
It seems strange to have Ramon develop a cough if this does not come into play later on in the story. This could be foreshadowing an event to come surrounding Ramon.
What have we learned about Village?
Up until this point, the point of view has been from a third person point of view that was limited to Matty's thoughts. Here there is a switch, as the story focuses on Leader instead, and we now have his thoughts as well.
Moby Dick is a famous novel by Herman Melville. When a story references another piece of art or literature, it is a literary device called an allusion. The cover of Moby Dick can be seen below. (This annotation contains an image)
Seer made the argument that trading music and reading for a Gaming Machine is not worth it. Why is his argument persuasive?
It seems as though Seer knows what Ramon's parents traded for the Gaming Machine, and he thinks it is very drastic.
Seer clearly does not support trading in Village, but Matty is curious about it. This may ________________ the fact that Matty will go despite Seer's guidance.
This is the third book in a series, and the Leader is a character from the first book. He comes from a place where there are many secrets, and this turned out to be a negative experience for him. Therefore, it makes sense that he would want to be the head of a community that valued honesty.
The characters have learned the lesson that knowledge, honesty, and caring for one another should be a high priority in their lives. This is also a lesson the author would like the readers to know; therefore, they could all be considered
Leader did not have access to open information or books in his previous Village; however, it is clear that he values the new policy of honesty and knowledge by his abundance of books.
Reflect on this passage. What do you take away from what the Leader says?
This feeling of openness and honesty comes from the Leader's desire for honesty in Village.
Matty is discussing how as you get older, your perspective changes. Which of the following is the best summary of what Matty is saying about how your perspective changes?
The fact that Matty can go back to his boyhood home emphasizes the theme of honesty and openness. Below is a video that explains theme a little more in depth. (This annotation contains a video)
What would it mean to Village if it was closed off to the outsiders?
We are reaching the problem of our story. Selfishness is creeping into Village and threatening what Village stands for, selflessness. It also makes the reader question what is causing the selfishness to creep in?
Why might Seer question whether or not Mentor has traded?
The beginning of this chapter beings with a simple scene between Matty and Seer in the garden. What might be the purpose of this scene at the beginning of the chapter?
Seer has mentioned that selfishness has started to creep into Village. While you read, think about what some unseen things are that selfish people might want. Beauty? Power?
Predict what Matty's power is. Use textual evidence to support your answer.
Matty has be able to heal the dogs, but as a reader, we know more than Jean. We know that Matty has probably saved the dogs with something other than a combination of herbs. When the readers know more than some of the characters, this is called dramatic irony. Watch the video below for more information on dramatic irony. (This annotation contains a video)
What is the cost of Matty's power?
The question of, "what makes the frog special?" is about to be answered, and we can infer or predict why after the story of the dog.
What is the purpose of this flashback?
This story provides the reader with insight into the first time Matty discovered his power. The first time he used this power, he was clearly unaware of what was happening and was not able to use it efficiently, and it still drained his energy. If we compare the size of a frog to dogs, the amount of energy that was drained from him must have been significant.
How did Matty's thoughts change about his power while he was sleeping?
What are new ones?
The people of Village coming to greet new ones is an example of how they act selflessly.
We have just learned that Matty has the powers of healing, and the new ones that come into Village often need healing. This connection is most likely not a coincidence.
Why should this chanting make the reader stop and take note?
Think about how our view of Mentor has changed now that he is the leader of this rebellion. Does our changed perspective have something to do with our original impression being shaped by Matty's point of view?
Stop and take notice. Matty has just made an observation that Mentor seems to have changed in physical appearance. Make an inference as to why this is important to our story by using textual evidence.
Seer can "see more than most," and he is giving Matty advice on how the Trade Mart has changed. Think about how this advice may affect Matty and the story.
Matty's power is powerful and useful. What might be the outcome if he does decide to trade it?
Which phrase or sentence in this passage lets the reader know that the Mentor has changed?
Again, the topic of change in Mentor is continuously brought up in recent chapters, making the reader realize that this is a significant event or topic in the story.
We get a sense that the trading Mentor is doing this for Stocktender. Which of the following can we infer that Mentor is trading for based on evidence from the story?
"Connotation" means the negative or positive feeling that comes along with the word. "Jeered" has a negative connotation. It is a type of yelling that has to do with taunting or ridicule.
Why might the citizens of Village want to whisper their responses to "Trade away what?"
This conversation makes the reader realize that whatever the villagers are trading, they're not objects. We have an idea of what they are trading for, but we still don't know what they are giving away. This adds to the suspense of the story.
Make a prediction about what the woman from near the marketplace traded away. Use evidence from the text and explain your reasoning.
Section 1 Quiz
A trowel is a type of shovel used for gardening. (This annotation contains an image)
What does Jean mean when she says, "He has traded his deepest self"?
Look at the plot diagram below. The exposition helped introduce our characters and our setting. Our conflict or inciting moment, is when we are starting to suspect something is happening with the Trade Mart. Now that Matty's suspicions about the Trade Mart have been confirmed, our story is entering the rising action. (This annotation contains an image)
Make a prediction as to what Matty's true name will be. Remember: his true name is based off of his talents or profession. Use evidence and reasoning to support your answer.
The village from which Leader came did not approve of emotional depth and valued sameness. Therefore, the emotions of love and grief were not available to those living in the village. Leader's story was told in the book The Giver, which is the first book of this seres. (This annotation contains an image)
Explain how this conversation between Matty and Leader might move the plot along.
The word "frolic" has positive connotations, so this seems to be an appropriate name for a lively puppy.
How has the nature of Village and their selflessness affected the new ones?
You can sense the urgency in this woman's voice. The reader can feel her desperation for help and answers.
What type of conflict is Matty experiencing?
This is an allusion to Shakespeare's Macbeth. Lady Macbeth has a famous line, which is what Matty repeats here.
What is Matty's power, and how might it be helpful to Village?
Matty has seen the change in Village. The change is no longer speculation. Think about the pacing of this problem? Has the problem developed at a reasonable pace? Has it been too slow, or too fast?
Earlier in the story, the author wrote that Ramon had a cough. This cough foreshadowed that _______________.
Many of the Villagers are now acting selfishly. How does this connect to our theme? What is the author trying to say?
How has the decision to close the wall changed the course of the events in the story?
Matty has just learned that Leader has a special gift just like himself. Think about how this might affect Matty's impression of or feelings towards Leader.
How has the decision to close the border moved the action forward?
It seems as though a distinct second half of the story is beginning, revolving around Matty's travels through Forest. This indicates that the decision to close Village off to new ones could have been the climax, or turning point of the story. Below you will find the plot diagram. (This annotation contains an image)
Because our point of view is limited to Matty's, we are given more information than some of the other characters. For example, we know that Matty has a gift, whereas everyone else does not. When the audience knows more than the characters, what is this called?
When a character who is older and wiser gives another character advice, as a reader, we should always take note. Leader is telling Matty that when it's time to use his gift, he will know. Think about how this advice might come up in the future chapters.
Leader is comparing Forest's thickening to the clotting of blood using the word like. What type of figurative language is this?
Again, Leader is giving Matty advice to not go on his journeys through Forest. But Matty feels compelled to go because of his promise to Seer. Matty's disregard for the advice Leader is giving foreshadows danger on his journey.
Matty is now going to face Forest although it is very thick, like Leader said. What type of conflict is Matty most likely going to encounter on his journey because of this change?
Think about how hard it would be to leave the only place you've ever known by yourself. How might Kira feel when Matty comes to take her away and on a journey through a dangerous Forest?
Make a prediction on why Ramon and his sister may be getting sick. Use evidence from the text and your own reasoning to support your claim.
Notice that the tapestry Kira made mimicked the warnings Leader gave. Forest became dark and ominous in Leader's mind and Kira's tapestry. Think about what Kira's gift may be, based on this evidence.
What does Frolic hear?
Adding a puppy to the story and having him accompany Matty on his journey was a conscience choice. Think about how the addition of this character impacts the story.
In the beginning of the story, we noticed that Forest was named, which almost personified the forest. What is another role Forest is playing?
This chapter begins with a flashback to Matty's life before Village. Watch the video below for more information on flashbacks. (This annotation contains a video)
What do we know about Kira's threads and embroidery?
Matty has planned to make it back on his trip if they "move steadily and without interruption through Forest." Based on what we know about how Forest is changing, is it likely that they will move through Forest without interruption?
Clematis is a type of flower that can be seen below. (This annotation contains an image)
We have encountered many different characters throughout this story. Round characters are well-developed, dynamic characters go through a significant change, flat characters are characters who are not well-developed, and static characters never change. What type of character is Kira at this point?
Matty is realizing the extent of his power and how much he might be able to help. He could help Kira, Ramon, and others with his healing powers. The question is, will he end up using them?
Coreopsis is another type of flower which is yellow and grows on bushes.
The timeline of the beginning of this chapter is a bit confusing. How does the timeline change?
Lowry is able to create imagery even in these two sentences. The reader can see how his hands are smeared with blood and the blood line on his leg has already started to clot and dry. Watch the video below for more about imagery. (This annotation contains a video)
Which of the following is the best synonym for taut?
Think about how Kira's gift may help Matty, Frolic, and herself on their journey back to Village.
If Kira can see what is happening in her tapestries, what is the significance of Seer having the tapestry of Forest in his house?
Section 2 Quiz
Below you can see morning glories. (This annotation contains an image)
Matty keeping this secret from Kira makes it so that the audience knows more than Kira, which could be considered ________.
The story has now changed the point of view to a scene that involves Leader and Seer, and not Matty, Kira, and Frolic.
Having access to Leader's point of view, the reader has learned that Forest is planning to destroy Matty, Kira, and Frolic. This is definitely an example of dramatic irony, and _______________.
We know that Matty has developed a crush on Jean. We also get a bit more information about what Jean and Matty were like as children in this passage.
Explain what is happening, and make a brief prediction about how this will affect their journey.
The foreshadowing of something dangerous happening is strong. It adds a great deal of suspense. As readers, we know something bad is going to happen, but we don't know what, and we don't know when, creating a suspenseful and thrilling story.
Define the word barring in your own words, or give a synonym.
If you were Matty, would you tell Kira about how the trip is becoming more difficult? Or do you think it's better that she doesn't know? Think about what Matty is going through while reading about their journey.
When Forest attacks someone, what does that mean?
The question most readers might think at this moment, is "how is Matty going to get through this?" We know that he has the gift of healing, but will Matty "spend his gift" on himself?
Quicksand is a type of mud or sand that traps someone going into it, and it is very difficult to get out of. Watch the video below for more information about quicksand. (This annotation contains a video)
The author could simply state that Kira's feet looked badly injured, but instead, writes a very descriptive passage. This is called __________.
Now how would Village respond to an injured person entering from Forest? Will Matty be greeted this way?
What does the word "malevolent" mean?
When an author uses "like" or "as" to compare two things, it is called a(n)________________.
Matty originally asked Leader if Kira and Leader's gifts could meet in the middle. Leader is possibly using this thought to come and save them in Forest.
Whose perspective is this chapter told from?
Seer is feeling what Kira and Matty are feeling in Forest, even though he can't see.
The imagery of Kira's wounds is significant. The author does an amazing job at making her wounds sound disgusting without going over the top.
Do you think Leader and Kira will meet? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
The structure of this chapter has the point of view changing between Matty's and Leaders. Be sure to pay attention to this switch as you read.
Do you think that Matty is going to use his gift to help the others? Cite evidence from the text to support your response.
Matty's gift being felt is described with exceptional imagery here.
The theme of this story is selflessness. What has just happened with Matty?
Things in Village have gone back to the way they were before Trade Mart. Mentor is not balding again and not standing as straight as he was after he traded.
It is likely that Forest is a symbol for the corruption that was happening in Village. Watch the video below for more information about symbolism. (This annotation contains a video)
Section 3 Quiz