The Giver

Z1klp8emlm8q t

The Giver, the 1994 Newbery Medal winner, has become one of the most influential novels of our time. The haunting story centers on twelve-year-old Jonas, who lives in a seemingly ideal, if colorless, world of conformity and contentment. Not until he is given his life assignment as the Receiver of Memory does he begin to understand the dark, complex secrets behind his fragile community. Lois Lowry has written three companion novels to The Giver, including Gathering Blue, Messenger, and Son.

This ebook includes a sample chapter of sequel Gathering Blue.

Curriculet Details
37 Questions
44 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This Curriculet written for 7th graders, includes annotations that prompt thinking about real-world connections, symbolism, and theme. Also included in the Curriculet are videos that explain motifs and verbal irony, and ask students to compare the book to performances of The Giver. Embedded questions guide students in recognizing explicit details, story elements, and how the author uses point of view to tell the story.

The curriculet is being added to your library


The concepts of memory and the past play important roles in The Giver. Here, the author is using a flashback to tell about a memory of the past. Other times, the author will use dialogue. As you continue reading, pay attention to the other ways the author communicates memories and information about the past.  (This annotation contains a video)
So far, the author has explained that the world of this book includes a Speaker that makes announcements to everyone all at once and that it is possible to be "released" from the community. Does this seem like the real world that we live in, or a fictionalized world of the author's creation? 
When the Instructor refers to the adjective being too strong, he is referring to the connotation of the word. A connotation is the feeling or association that a word evokes in addition to its literal meaning. Connotations can be positive, negative, or neutral. 
Order the following words from the more negative to most positive connotation:frightenedeagerapprehensive 
As Lily shares her feelings, the points of view of Lily and her parents are revealed through dialogue. As you read on, pay attention to how Lily's point of view changes as a result of talking with her parents. 
How did Lily's point of view change as a result of sharing her feelings with her parents? Use an example from the text to support your answer. 
The rule in Jonas's community about family units is very strict. In our world, families are made up of many different people. However, some places have had rules about the number of people in families. From 1979 until 2013, the Chinese government had a "one-child policy" for people living in urban areas. This policy was designed to limit population growth after terrible famines occurred in China in the 1950s and 1960s. What reasons could Jonas's community have to create their strict family number rule?  (This annotation contains an image)
Compare and contrast the community's rules about families with China's one child policy. 


The author reveals details about the December ceremonies with 
Because Gabriel is a baby and does not really act or react to the things around him, he is more of a symbol than a character. As you read, think about what he might symbolize, including whether or not his name might be a Biblical reference to the angel Gabriel. (This annotation contains an image)
How might the highlighted statement represent a theme in the story? As you read, pay attention to how the idea of "rules" is discussed and what the author wants you to learn.  (This annotation contains a video)
Did you know that you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click or press on the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
Jonas believes that he and Asher will always be friends. As the plot develops, pay attention to how certain events influence the characters of Jonas and Asher. Will those changes bring the characters closer together or farther apart. 
Summarize the process for receiving assignments. Cite an example from the story to support your answer. 


The word chastisement in this sentence could be replaced with 
It is said that the eyes are the window to the soul. Think about what Jonas means when he says that Gabriel's eyes have "depth." (This annotation contains an image)
All of the following are rules of the community EXCEPT 
The following episode is significant to Jonas's understanding of his world. As you read, pay attention to how the apple changed and why. 
Jonas feels everything in his community is going well. But there is one slight change--Gabriel. Bringing Gabriel into his life is only the first of many changes Jonas will face in the novel. Some changes will take a while and some will be swift, but all of the changes will challenge Jonas's way of thinking. Jonas will be forced to change too. Watch the trailer for the movie version of The Giver below. As you read, think about the changes Jonas faces throughout the story.  (This annotation contains a video)


Did you know you can look up any word in the text of the book or the text of the questions and answers? Just click or press on the word you want to define and hold until the blue text selector pops up. When you release, a define option will appear. Since it's so easy to look up words, make sure you use this feature frequently... Is there a word on this page you need to look up? 
Which of the following is textual evidence to support the idea that the community does not value individual differences? 
Jonas seems to disagree with the rule against nakedness. Do you think the community encourages people to question the rules? What does this show about Jonas's character? 
What other evidence from the text supports that idea that a release of the Old is a joyful occasion for the community? 


As you read about Jonas's dream, pay attention to what his dream reveals about him and about his community. 
The author probably uses the word dwelling instead of home to emphasize  


What can you infer about a community that requires people to sign a pledge to not become attached to an infant?   
The community values order and defines success as the ability to follow rules. Does this seem reasonable to you? How might the author be using this question to develop a theme? 
"Scrupulously" means to be done with careful attention. Which of the following sentences shows that the community makes decisions scrupulously? 


Think about how much babies change in their first year. Even though a few months can make a huge difference in the development of infants, all new children are treated the same and classified as Ones. What implications might this have for Gabriel as he grows and develops?  (This annotation contains an image)
What is the author's purpose for including the flashback about "snacks" and "smacks"? 
As the ceremony continues, pay attention to how the author builds tension. Watch the video below to learn more about tension.  (This annotation contains a video)
What is one way that the author builds tension in this scene? Provide a quote from the text to support your answer.  


Summarize the role of the Receiver as described by the Chief Elder. 
The author is purposefully withholding details about how the apple and the faces are changing. Pay attention to how and when she reveals specifics of how things are changing for Jonas. Why do you think she is being unspecific now? 
Part 1 Quiz 


What do you think happened to the previous receiver? As you read on, pay attention to how the author structures the story to reveal details about her. 
The word relish in this sentence means 
What can you conclude about why Jonas doesn't want to think about the final rule on the page? As you read on, pay attention to why the rule might be important. 
What implication does the rule about lying have for Jonas? 


Watch the video clip below to learn about symbolism in literature. What do you think the pale eyes symbolize? (This annotation contains a video)
What can you infer from the man's statement? 
Watch the video below to learn about motif in literature. "Back, and back, and back" is a motif that will be repeated throughout the book. Think about how that phrase relates to theme.  (This annotation contains a video)
So far, memories of the past have been revealed in flashback or in dialogue between the characters. As you read on, notice the unique structure the author creates to provide details about the past. 


Select three words or phrases from the highlighted passage that contribute to the excited tone. 
Jonas's community has many technologies that do not exist in the real world, but could exist some day. For this reason, the novel belongs in the science fiction genre. The novel also describes a community where everything appears to be perfect, a utopia, but actually it is not a perfect society at all, a dystopia. Dystopian novels and movies have become very popular with series like The Hunger Games and the Divergent Trilogy. Watch the trailer from the Divergent movie below and compare Tris's society to Jonas's.  (This annotation contains a video)
How is Jonas's point of view on Sameness beginning to change? Use an example form the text that shows Jonas may no long fit into the idea of Sameness. 
What can you infer about why the Giver doesn't respond? What might he have said if he did reply to Jonas's statement? 


What is the author foreshadowing in the highlighted paragraph?  (This annotation contains a video)
The word admonition in this sentence could be replaced with 
Consider the sentence structure of the highlighted paragraph as Fiona lists the things she will have to learn for her Assignment. What conclusion can you make about Fiona's feelings towards her Assignment? 
Think about how the author uses text structure to reveal details about the setting. Up until this point, we did not fully understand that no one in the community is able to see color. As you watch this clip from a play adapted from The Giver, consider how the details about color are revealed on stage.  (This annotation contains a video)
Think back to the video you watched of the stage adaptation of The Giver. How did the stage version use costumes, set pieces, and lighting to reveal details about color? 


Here is a video that shows how elephants exhibit grief and mourn the death of another elephant. It seems that the elephants show more emotion when confronted death than the people in Jonas's community.  (This annotation contains a video)
The author uses the word anguished instead of disappointed because 
Memory of the past is an important theme in The Giver. How do the books in the Giver's room serve as symbols to contribute to this theme? 
Although the Giver is smiling, the author describes his tone as "oddly harsh." Consider if his comment is ironic or sincere.  (This annotation contains a video)


The hill is steeper, and the snow is thinner and coated with ice. Make a prediction about how this sled ride will be different from Jonas's first experience with sledding. 
Which sentence contains a simile that describes Jonas's pain? 
At the beginning of the book, you read a flashback about the day the plane flew over the community. What do you understand now about the incident that was unclear when you first read about it? 
According to the Giver, being able to experience pain makes him 


As you read this transmitted memory, pay attention to the way that the author uses color. What feelings are suggested by the color descriptions? 
Select a sentence from the text that demonstrates how the author uses color to create a violent tone. 


As you read the Giver's favorite memory, pay attention to how the author creates a happy mood. 
Jonas still believes that the Old of the community are well cared for and respected. What textual evidence do you recall that suggests otherwise? 
Flames from candles can be dangerous, yet at the same time provide light and warmth. What other things in life are both good and bad at the same time? Consider how this relates to the theme. 
Part 2 Quiz 
What influences Jonas's decision to throw the pill away? 


Consider the story of the Garden of Eden from the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Adam and Eve were prohibited from eating the forbidden fruit from the Tree of Knowledge. When they did, they became aware of the existence of good and evil. How is the apple a fitting symbol for what Jonas is experiencing?  (This annotation contains an image)
How does the word choice of mumble impact the meaning of the sentence? 
"Coming of age" is a common theme in literature, especially in books written for twelve and thirteen year old young people. It means growing up, or maturing. Consider how Jonas comes of age during the book. 


Which word from these sentences provides the best context clue for the meaning of excruciating? 
Think about what the author might be foreshadowing with the highlighted paragraph. 


The Giver's question has been italicized to emphasize 
The highlighted section is the climax of the book. It changes everything Jonas thinks and every choice he will make in the rest of the novel. It is one of the most disturbing scenes in the book. It is also one of the most powerful scenes in dystopian literature. Jonas, a boy who thinks his world is perfect, suddenly realizes nothing is as it seems--not his family, not his friends, not his community. In real life, it can be very frightening to deal with hard situations. It can also help to reach out to trustworthy friends and adults to talk about dealing with difficult emotions. It is important to reach out to people who can help, just like Jonas does with the Giver.  
Click here to watch a clip from an interview with Lois Lowry. Notice how she explains the way she developed the world of the community. Why do you think The Giver is one of the most challenged books of its time?  (This annotation contains a video)


Why do the Giver and Jonas have feelings, but no one else in the community does? Use textual evidence to support your answer.  
The cover of the first edition of The Giver features a photograph of an old man. Below is Lois Lowry's explantation of how the photograph became the cover and how it relates to the book. LOIS LOWRY: "I love the jacket of The Giver, partly because I did it myself. Many years before I wrote The Giver, when I was a journalist and a photographer, I was assigned to write an article about a man who was a painter. He lived on an island off the coast of Maine. I went to that island and spent time with that wonderful human being named Carl Nelson. While I was there, I photographed him. He had since died, but I had kept a copy of that photograph because I loved his face so much. We used Carl Nelson’s photograph on the cover of The Giver. After it was published, a niece of Carl’s told me that in the last five years of his life, Carl had been blind. Carl Nelson’s life was filled with color; his paintings were often paintings of flowers, and he was a fabulous gardener. For him to lose color, as The Giver in the book begins to lose color, seemed such a wonderful analogy that I’ve always been glad his photograph is on the cover of the book."  (This annotation contains an image)
As Jonas begins to realize his community is not all that it seems, he decides to escape. Summarize Jonas's escape plan and the reasons why he has decided to leave. 


Think about how the author is using symbolism in these sentences. Bridges represent a transition from one place to another, and the dark churning water represents danger. How are these fitting symbols for Jonas's journey? 
Jonas's father is using a happy, carefree voice with Gabriel as he explains the baby will be released, or killed, in the morning. What tone does the author create with this scene?  
Jonas left earlier than expected, so he never had time to receive the memories of strength and courage. Do you think he is displaying courage right now? Where is his courage coming from? 


What does the changing landscape symbolize? Use descriptive words from the text to support your answer. 


Part 3 Quiz 
There are many different interpretations of the ending. Click here to read the author, Lois Lowry's message on why she wrote the ending this way.  (This annotation contains a link)