Lord of the Flies

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Classic novel by a Nobel prize winner about a group of boys who, after a plane crash, set up a primitive society on an uninhabited island. Vietnamese translation by Le Chu Cau. In Vietnamese. Distributed by Tsai Fong Books, Inc.
Curriculet Details
55 Questions
78 Annotations
3 Quizzes

This free digital curriculum for high school students contains interactive videos exploring human nature and protagonist versus antagonist, as well as annotations describing imagery, symbolism and how setting affects characters and conflict. Students will explore the themes of civilization versus savagery and the loss of innocence. The Common Core aligned questions, answers and quizzes in this free online unit will increase student engagement in the book while supporting reading comprehension.

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William Golding is a famous British author who lived from 1911 - 1993. Golding was a teacher and he served in the Royal Navy during WWII. In 1983, he received the Nobel Prize for Literature. Follow the link below to read a short biography about Golding. (This annotation contains a link)
Watch the video on imagery below. As you read the novel, think about the ways in which Golding uses imagery to describe both the characters and the setting. Notice how at first that there are no character names, just descriptions. (This annotation contains a video)
The genre of Lord of the Flies is dystopian fiction and coming of age literature. A dystopian novel is one set in a world that is fundamentally unpleasant in some major way. 
Why are the boys on this island? 
The author is revealing a lot about these characters, not just through his use of vivid physical descriptions, but also through their actions and what they're saying. This is called characterization (how the writer reveals the personality of the character). What have we learned about Ralph and the other boy so far? 
Piggy was most likely given this nickname because of 
Watch the video below. It is an introduction to CBS' reality television show called Survivor: Heroes vs Villains. The characters in the novel and the people on Survivor are in similar circumstances (on an unknown island with unfamiliar people, etc.). On day 1 in Survivor, the emphasis is on making fire (if possible) and building a shelter. How is this similiar to what the boys are doing in this chapter?  (This annotation contains a video)
From Ralph and Piggy's conversation, the reader can infer that the novel most likely takes place during which decade? 
Watch the video below to find out more about conch shells and how they can make sounds. (This annotation contains a video)
Why does the author include "—" (called a dash) in Piggy's dialogue? 
Why does Ralph blow the conch shell? 
The picture below gives you a visual for how these boys look in their British school uniforms.  (This annotation contains an image)
The picture below gives you a visual of how the choir boys are dressed. How is this group different than the group described a few paragraphs earlier? (This annotation contains an image)
In these lines, Merridew can best be described as 
Watch the video on symbolism below. What could the conch be a symbol of? (This annotation contains a video)
What is the most likely reason that Ralph appoints Jack to be in charge of the choir and allows him to choose their role? 
Piggy says this to prove that he's a legitimate candidate for exploring the island, but no one listens to him. How do you think the other boys see Piggy? 
Reread the highlighted lines. Why do you think Ralph chooses to respond to Piggy in this way? Give two details from the text in your answer. 
The map below is an artist's rendering of the island. (This annotation contains an image)
Ralph's comment best displays which of the following beliefs? 
Below is a picture of a coral reef surrounding an island. (This annotation contains an image)
Creepers refer to tangling vines and other foliage in the forest, as seen in the picture below. (This annotation contains an image)
What does this incident reveal about Jack's character? Give specific text-based details in your response. 


The boys are shocked when they hear Ralph's news. This is an overwhelming experience for them because they were just in a plane crash and are now stranded on an unfamiliar island with no adult supervision or help. Imagine how you would feel if you were in their situation. 
Ralph makes a connection to the novel Treasure Island. Watch the trailer below for a movie version of this classic tale of adventure. Can you see how Ralph could relate Treasure Island to their present circumstance?  (This annotation contains a video)
The reference to the "beastie" reveals the boys' 
Read this short article on deserted island survival from USA Today. Are the boys taking the basic steps they need to in order to survive? (This annotation contains a link)
While Ralph and Jack share similar qualities, the dominant trait they both possess is 
Neither Ralph nor Jack knows how to start a fire, but they are too proud to admit it. 
Piggy keeps saying that he has possession of the conch because he wants to be acknowledged and wants people to listen to what he has to say. 
Watch the video on tension below. Can you identify any tensions in the novel thus far? (This annotation contains a video)
What do the boys use to start the fire? 
Think back to the clip from Survivor and the article from USA Today. Is Piggy right? 


Watch this video on character development then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a video)
Describe two ways in which Jack has changed since arriving on the island. Give specific details from the text in your answer. 
Notice the sarcasm in Ralph's voice here. Sarcasm is a form of verbal irony, where you say the opposite of what you mean. Ralph is obviously frustrated because the boys are not helping to build the shelter, not a jet or TV set. 
Watch the video below. Many internal and external conflicts are developing in the novel. Which ones can you identify?  (This annotation contains a video)
As it is used in the highlighted sentence, an antonym of fierce most likely means 
Take note of the tension that comes and goes between Ralph and Jack. How would you characterize their relationship? 
Why do the little kids follow Simon? 
Simon appreciates the beauty of the wild. He finds solitude in this place. For a text-to-text connection, Bella and Edward from Twilight find peace in a beautiful meadow in a forest. They often go there to spend time together away from everyone else. (This annotation contains an image)


The boys' abilities to recognize the rhythm and patterns of the island reveals 
What responsibilities do the "littluns" have? How does this compare to the older boys and their jobs on the island? 
Unlike Maurice, Roger shows 
What does this incident reveal about Roger's character? What stops him from hitting Henry directly with the stones? 
Jack is talking about camouflage to help conceal a person. The image below is of a US soldier in camouflage. (This annotation contains an image)
Why do the hunters put on "masks"? 
Who is responsible for keeping the signal fire going? 
Jack detects that something is wrong because the boys are not happy even though they just killed a pig. 
Imagine how the boys must feel knowing that the ship that just sailed away may be their ONLY chance of being rescued. How would you feel if you were Jack in this moment? What would you do? 
See the image below of Piggy and his broken lens. Does this picture from the 1963 film version of the novel match the image in your imagination? (This annotation contains an image)
Describe how Piggy's broken glasses are symbolic of the transformation happening on the island. Use specific text-based details in your response. 
Why might the author have the hunters repeat these lines again? What effect do they have on the reading? 
Quiz Chapters 1-4 


Read the following article from The Wall Street Journal about six different leadership styles then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a link)
After reading the article, which leadership style does Ralph use most effectively? Give two examples from the text in your answer. 
In these personal moments, what is Ralph beginning to realize? 
Watch the comedic clip below from Our Gang (aka The Little Rascals). Are the two meetings mostly similar or different? Why? (This annotation contains a video)
What important leadership quality does Piggy possess? 
Why does Ralph think it's necessary to have an assembly? 
Jack blames the littluns for the fear that's growing on the island. The littluns become scapegoats, which is a person who is blamed for the wrongdoings or mistakes of others. 
Jack and Piggy are a good comparison between irrational and rational thinking: Piggy understands that there is no beast on the island-- the only thing to fear is the people on the island. On the other hand, Jack wants to hunt down this beast and kill it. 
As it is used in the sentence, the word subdued most closely means 
Can you envision the fear the boys feel as they look out onto the ocean? (This annotation contains an image)
Maurice talks about a legendary creature, the giant squid. For more information on giant squids, follow this link from the Smithsonian. (This annotation contains a link)
Simon suggests that the beast could be  
Watch the video on foreshadowing below. What do you think the author is foreshadowing here? (This annotation contains a video)
Watch the video below from an earlier assembly in Chapter 2. (This annotation contains a link)
Describe three differences between the two meetings. Use specific details from the text and/or film. What do these differences convey about what's happening to the boys the longer they stay on the island? 
How do you think things would be different if grown-ups were on the island? 
What is the effect of the use of the word wail on the overall mood (a feeling created in the reader by the text)? Give specific details from the text in your answer. 
Watch the video below about tone and mood in literature. How would you describe the author's tone so far in the novel? Think back to Golding's experience in World War II. (This annotation contains a video)


As you read this description, think about what events are going on in the outside world. Why are the boys on the island in the first place? 
Sam and Eric mistake ____________ for the beast. 
Leadership and civilization are among the main themes of the novel. These themes are highlighted here. Ralph does not blow the conch because he is afraid that if he does the boys will not assemble, which will signify he has lost his power.  
Here Jack reveals how he truly feels. Jack doesn't believe in a democracy where everyone shares their ideas and has a voice. He wants to be in charge and speak for everyone. What form of government would this be? 
In this passage, which of Simon's character traits is displayed? 
Why does Jack agree to go first on this exploration? 
Ralph is losing control over the boys. Golding includes the word "mutinously," which refers to a group revolting or rebelling against their leader. One of the most common references to mutiny is when a ship's crew overthrows their captain. Watch the video clip on mutiny below from Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides. (This annotation contains a video)


What causes Ralph to feel a sense of hopelessness here? 
Simon's hopefulness gives Ralph some reassurance. 
Watch the video on flashback below. What is Ralph thinking about in the following flashback? (This annotation contains a video)
See the picture below of a cottage on a moor in England. A moor refers to a hilly area that is undeveloped or it could also refer to a wetland. (This annotation contains an image)
How is Ralph's life different now than in his flashback? Give three specifics from the text in your answer (clearly contrasting then and now). 
What is Ralph's role in this reenactment? 
Everyone laughs at Jack's comment, but is he really kidding? Would he actually sacrifice/kill another human being? What do his past actions reveal about character? 
A canopy is made of the uppermost trees of a forest. In the movie The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug, Bilbo Baggins climbs a tree to look over the canopy ceiling of the forest, as seen in the picture below. (This annotation contains an image)
Why do many of the boys want to go back to camp? 
As you read the next few pages, think about the mood Golding creates in this scene. 
Is this the beast? What else could it be? 
All of the following parts of the setting affect the mood in this section EXCEPT 


Jack calls out Ralph's lack of leadership and uses all of the following against him EXCEPT 
How do the boys react to Jack's call for mutiny (to overthrow Ralph as chief)? 
What is Piggy's suggestion?  
What do Ralph and Piggy suddenly realize? 
What does Piggy mean when he calls Simon "cracked"? What kind of a character is Simon so far in the novel? 
Feeding the beast their leftovers is Jack's idea to appease it. Does this seem rational to you? 
Watch the video on static and dynamic characters then answer the question below. (This annotation contains a video)
Describe the dynamic change in Jack and the other hunters from the beginning of the novel. What were they like when they first arrived on the beach? What are they like now in Chapter 8? Give specific text-based details in your response. 
Through the years there have been many different book covers for this novel. See one of them below that highlights this moment in the book. (This annotation contains an image)
As it is used in the highlighted sentence, which of the following is an antonym for the word vexed? 
Jack comes back to steal fire and to show his dominance over the new tribe of hunters. 
Quiz Chapters 5-8 


This is a great example of how Golding uses imagery to help the reader see and feel what the setting is like for the boys. 
Simon discovers the dead man and the parachute (see image below of a military parachutist in action). The parachute keeps being blown by the wind causing it to move and appear "alive." (This annotation contains an image)
Watch the video on protagonists and antagonists below. Who can you identify as the story's protagonist and main antagonist? (This annotation contains a video)
As a leader, Jack is neglecting all of the following basic survival needs EXCEPT 
The storm heightens the mood in this scene creating a(n) _____________ atmosphere. 
Golding uses Simon as a Christ-like figure with innate goodness and innocence as a contrast to the evil that exists within the other boys. What do you think Simon's murder says about the thematic battle between civilization vs savagery on the island? 


Ralph is willing to accept responsibility for his actions (in this case being an accomplice to the murder of Simon). Does Piggy feel the same way? 
What other character had a similar realization to the one highlighted earlier in the novel? 
Watch the video clip below from The Hunger Games and answer the question below. (This annotation contains a video)
Can you identify any similarities between this novel and The Hunger Games? Are there differences as well? Be as specific as possible when comparing and contrasting these two texts. 
According to Roger, a "proper chief" does all of the following EXCEPT 
The fire has been a symbol of hope to Ralph throughout his time on the island. Because of everything that's happened, he is even starting to forget why the fire is important. 
Why does Ralph want to return to a town? 
Why does Jack steal Piggy's glasses? 


Ralph summarizes the bad things that have happened on the island, and he traces them all back to Jack. 
Why does Ralph suggest washing up before going to Jack's tribe? 
All of the following boys are traveling with Ralph to Castle Rock EXCEPT 
Below is a picture of Jack's tribe at Castle Rock from the 1963 film version of the novel. Do these boys look like they represent civilization or savagery? (This annotation contains an image)
The building tension between Ralph and Jack now becomes a physical confrontation. 
Why do you think Ralph calls Jack a beast? Give two examples from the text in your answer. 
Watch the video on theme below. Piggy lists these dichotomies which also happen to be themes in the novel. (This annotation contains a video)
Explain the symbolism in the conch shell shattering with Piggy's death. 


Ralph explains how he sees Bill among the hunters, but it's not really Bill anymore. Almost all of the boys have succumbed to the evil that lives within them. They have turned away from the rules of civilization and have embraced a life of savagery. 
Watch the video below highlighting the main theme of the novel. (This annotation contains a video)
Here is another example of foreshadowing in the text. The hunters are killing human beings. How much further can they go? What else are they capable of? 
At this point in the novel, Ralph is 
Watch the video on archetypes below. Do any of the characters in the novel have an archetype? (This annotation contains a video)
In a sentence or two, summarize Jack's plan to find Ralph. 
Ralph remembers the hunters' plan of attack for the pig. Ralph has now replaced the pig as the hunted prey on the island. 
How does Ralph use the forest to his advantage? 
The officer is referring to Ralph as "the little scarecrow" most likely because of his size (skinny from the lack of food) and appearance (worn from the days on the island). 
Watch the video of the final scene of one of the movie versions of the novel below. Why do you think the filmmakers decided to have silence in the last couple of minutes? (This annotation contains a video)
Quiz Chapters 9-12